Research Article
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Determination of Some Phytochemical Contents of Local and Standard Grape Varieties Grown in Diyarbakır Province

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 4, 443 - 449, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.4.2

Abstract

Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) has been the subject of many research studies because of its phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties which are known to have positive effects on health. In this research study, some phytochemical contents of local and standard grape varieties widely grown in Diyarbakır province were determined. Amount of total phenolic, total anthocyanin and total flavonoid were examined in the berry seed, berry pulp and berry skin of each variety. The statistical differences among Boğazkere, Öküzgözü and Kızıl Banki were obtained and with the addition of Şire variety all varieties were compared in terms of statistical differences. Content of total phenolic was between 389.15 mg GAE / kg and 4050.17 mg GAE / kg, while content of total anthocyanin was recorded between 25.60 mg / kg and 634.00 mg / kg.Total flavonoid content was recorded from 2.34 mg CE /kg to 2402.00 mg CE/kg.With this study, it was determined that some phytochemical contents of different tissues of the grapes vary and this difference also occurs between the grape varieties.

References

  • Akın, A. and Altındişli, A. (2010). Determination of Fatty Acid Composition and Total Phenolic Contents of Grape Seed Oils of Emir, Gök Grape and Kara Dimrit Varieties. Akademik Gıda, 8(6): 19-23.URL:http://www.akademikgida.com.
  • Akyurt, B., Başyiğit, B., Çam, M. (2018). Phenolic compounds content, antioksidant and antidiabetic potentials of seven edible leaves. GIDA(2018) 43 (5): 876-885 doi: 10.15237/gida.GD18076
  • Balbaba, N. and Sefair Bağcı,S.(2020). Determination of Some Quality Properties and Total Phenol Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity in Bertiz Kabarcık Grape.KSÜ Tarım ve Doğa Derg 23 (6): 1414-1421. DOI:10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.658449
  • Eshghi,S.,Salehi,L.,Karami,M.J.(2014).Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic Compounds and Anthocyanin Contents in 35 Different Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) Cultivars Grown in Fars Province. International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology.Volume 1 Isuue 2.pages 151-161. doi:10.22059/IJHST. 2014.52787
  • Gervasi,T.,Oliveri,F.,Gottuso,V.,Squadrito,M.,Bartolomeo,G.,Cicero,N.,Dugo,G.(2016).Nero d’Avola and Perricone cultıvars:determination of polyphenols,flavonoids and anthocyanins in grapes and wines.Natural Product Research Formerly Natural Product LettersVolume 30, 2016 – Issue 20 Pages 2329-2337.https://doi.org /10.1080/14786419.2016.1174229
  • Gökçen,İ.S.,Keskin,N.,Kunter,B.,Cantürk,S.,Karadoğan,B.2017.Grape Phytochemicals and Researches on Grape Cultivars Grown in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Forest Science 1(1) 2017:93-111. https://doi.org /10.32328/turkjforsci.285695
  • Gülcü, M.,Demirci,A.Ş.,Güner,K.G.2008. Black Grape; Rich Nutrient Content and Its Importance for Health. 179-182.Turkey 10. Food Congress; 21-23 Mayıs 2008. Erzurum.
  • Gürsöz S. (1993) A Research on Yield and Quality and Ampelographic Characteristics of Viticulture in the Southeastern Anatolia Region and Especially Varieties Grown in Şanlıurfa Province.84 p. Çukurova University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Horticulture.Adana. Ph.D. thesis.363 p.
  • Harbi,M.,Tlili,İ.,Bouhlal,R.,Fattouch,S.(2013). Sugars and Total Phenolic Contents in Different Fractions of Autochthonous Grape Varieties Grown in Tunisia.Food 7(special issue 1).13-16.2013Global Science Books.
  • Karataş ,H.,Karataş,Değirmenci D.,Özdemir,G. (2015).Sectoral Analysis of Viticulture in Diyarbakır Province. Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture. ISBN: 978-975-7635-58-1. TRC2-14-DFD/0010. Diyarbakır.1-90 p.
  • Lutz,M.,Jorquera K.,Cancino,B.,Ruby,R.,Henriquez,C.(2011). Phenolics and Antioxidant Capacity of Table Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Cultivars Grown in Chile Journal of Food Science Volume 76 Issue 7 Pages C1088-C1093. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02298x
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Plant Production. Grape Evaluation Report. Access Date :28.09.2020
  • Özdemir,G.,Pirinççioğlu,M.,Kızıl G.,Kızıl M.(2017).Determination of total phenolic and flavonoid content of berry skin,pulp and seed fractions of Öküzgözü and Boğazkere grape cultivars . Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture. Vol. LXI, 2017 Print ISSN 2285-5653, CD-ROM ISSN 2285-5661, Online ISSN 2286-1580, ISSN-L 2285-5653.pp.219-224
  • Özdemir, G. and Sessiz, A.(2018).Determination of Physical and Chemical Composition in Different Maturity Time of Öküzgözü Boğazkere and Şire Grape Berries.Bahçe 47.Special Number 1 ISSN:1300-8943.pp.243-248
  • Özden,M. and Vardin,H. ( 2009). Quality and Phytochemical Properties of Some Grapevine Cultivars Grown in Şanlıurfa Conditions. J. Agric. Fac. HR. U. , 2009, 13(2):21-27
  • Özden,M. and Özden A.N. (2014). Comparison of Different Coloured Fruits in Terms of Total Anthocyanins Total Phenolics and Total Antioxidant Capacity.Electronic Journal of Food Technologies. Vol: 9, No: 2,2014 (1-12).www.teknolojikarastirmalar.com e-ISSN:1306-7648
  • Pehlivan,E.C. and Uzun,H.İ.(2015). Effects of Cluster Thinnings on Yield and Quality Characteristics in Shiraz Grape Cultivar.YYU J ARG SCI 25(2):119-126.ISSN:1308-7576.URL:http://tarimdergisi.yyu.edu.tr. Record number:20163025116
  • Polat,A.(2016).Determination of Some Phytochemical Profiles of Grape Varieties Which are Grown in Şanlıurfa Province. Harran University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Horticulture.Şanlıurfa. Ph.D. thesis 210 p.
  • Sanyürek Karaca,N.,Tahmaz,H., Çakır,A. Söylemezoğlu,G.(2018). Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of some Grape Varieties Grown in Tunceli Province.Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 5(4): 551–555. https://doi.org/10.30910/turkjans.471340
  • Söylemezoğlu,G.,Atak,A.,Boz,Y.,Ünal,A.Sağlam,M.(2016).Viticulture in Turkey .Chronica Horticulturae Volume 56 Number 2.pp.27-31.ISSN:0578-039X
  • Srivastava,M.P., Tiwari,R., Sharma,N. ( 2013). Assessment of phenol and flavonoid content in the plant materials . Journal on New Biological Reports 2(2): 163-166 (2013).ISSN:2319-1104(Online).
  • Tahmaz,H.,Söylemezoğlu,G.,Yüksel.D.,Baydar,Göktürk,N.(2016). Determination of Phenolic Compounds on some Table and Wine Grape Varieties .Selçuk Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences.Volume 27.sjafs.selcuk.edu.tr
  • Turkey Statistics Institution(TÜİK) 2019 www.tuık.gov.tr Access Date: 04.12.2020
  • Toprak F.E.(2011). Phytochemical Characteristics in Kalecik Karası Grape Cultivar(Vitis Vinifera L.)Grown in Ankara and Nevşehir. Ankara University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Horticulture.Ankara. Master thesis.73 p.
  • Yang,J.,Martinson,T.E.,Liu,R.H.(2009). Phytochemical profiles and antioxidant activities of wine grapes, Food Chemistry Volume 116,Issue 3,Pages 332-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.02.021
  • Yeğin Bayır,A. and Uzun,H.İ.(2018). Some chemical phenolic content and antioxidant activity variations in different parts of grape berry.Derim, 35(1): doi: 10.16882/derim.2018.298997
  • Yılmaz,Y.,Göksel,Z.,Erdoğan,S.S.,Öztürk,A.,Atak,A.,Özer,C.(2015). Antioxidant Activity and Phenolic Content of Seed, Skin and Pulp Parts of 22 Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Cultivars (4 Common and 18 Registered or Candidate for Registration) Journal of Food Processing and Preservation Volume 39 Issue 6 December 2015 Pages 1682-1691. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.12399

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 4, 443 - 449, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.4.2

Abstract

References

  • Akın, A. and Altındişli, A. (2010). Determination of Fatty Acid Composition and Total Phenolic Contents of Grape Seed Oils of Emir, Gök Grape and Kara Dimrit Varieties. Akademik Gıda, 8(6): 19-23.URL:http://www.akademikgida.com.
  • Akyurt, B., Başyiğit, B., Çam, M. (2018). Phenolic compounds content, antioksidant and antidiabetic potentials of seven edible leaves. GIDA(2018) 43 (5): 876-885 doi: 10.15237/gida.GD18076
  • Balbaba, N. and Sefair Bağcı,S.(2020). Determination of Some Quality Properties and Total Phenol Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity in Bertiz Kabarcık Grape.KSÜ Tarım ve Doğa Derg 23 (6): 1414-1421. DOI:10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.658449
  • Eshghi,S.,Salehi,L.,Karami,M.J.(2014).Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic Compounds and Anthocyanin Contents in 35 Different Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) Cultivars Grown in Fars Province. International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology.Volume 1 Isuue 2.pages 151-161. doi:10.22059/IJHST. 2014.52787
  • Gervasi,T.,Oliveri,F.,Gottuso,V.,Squadrito,M.,Bartolomeo,G.,Cicero,N.,Dugo,G.(2016).Nero d’Avola and Perricone cultıvars:determination of polyphenols,flavonoids and anthocyanins in grapes and wines.Natural Product Research Formerly Natural Product LettersVolume 30, 2016 – Issue 20 Pages 2329-2337.https://doi.org /10.1080/14786419.2016.1174229
  • Gökçen,İ.S.,Keskin,N.,Kunter,B.,Cantürk,S.,Karadoğan,B.2017.Grape Phytochemicals and Researches on Grape Cultivars Grown in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Forest Science 1(1) 2017:93-111. https://doi.org /10.32328/turkjforsci.285695
  • Gülcü, M.,Demirci,A.Ş.,Güner,K.G.2008. Black Grape; Rich Nutrient Content and Its Importance for Health. 179-182.Turkey 10. Food Congress; 21-23 Mayıs 2008. Erzurum.
  • Gürsöz S. (1993) A Research on Yield and Quality and Ampelographic Characteristics of Viticulture in the Southeastern Anatolia Region and Especially Varieties Grown in Şanlıurfa Province.84 p. Çukurova University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Horticulture.Adana. Ph.D. thesis.363 p.
  • Harbi,M.,Tlili,İ.,Bouhlal,R.,Fattouch,S.(2013). Sugars and Total Phenolic Contents in Different Fractions of Autochthonous Grape Varieties Grown in Tunisia.Food 7(special issue 1).13-16.2013Global Science Books.
  • Karataş ,H.,Karataş,Değirmenci D.,Özdemir,G. (2015).Sectoral Analysis of Viticulture in Diyarbakır Province. Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture. ISBN: 978-975-7635-58-1. TRC2-14-DFD/0010. Diyarbakır.1-90 p.
  • Lutz,M.,Jorquera K.,Cancino,B.,Ruby,R.,Henriquez,C.(2011). Phenolics and Antioxidant Capacity of Table Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Cultivars Grown in Chile Journal of Food Science Volume 76 Issue 7 Pages C1088-C1093. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02298x
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Plant Production. Grape Evaluation Report. Access Date :28.09.2020
  • Özdemir,G.,Pirinççioğlu,M.,Kızıl G.,Kızıl M.(2017).Determination of total phenolic and flavonoid content of berry skin,pulp and seed fractions of Öküzgözü and Boğazkere grape cultivars . Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture. Vol. LXI, 2017 Print ISSN 2285-5653, CD-ROM ISSN 2285-5661, Online ISSN 2286-1580, ISSN-L 2285-5653.pp.219-224
  • Özdemir, G. and Sessiz, A.(2018).Determination of Physical and Chemical Composition in Different Maturity Time of Öküzgözü Boğazkere and Şire Grape Berries.Bahçe 47.Special Number 1 ISSN:1300-8943.pp.243-248
  • Özden,M. and Vardin,H. ( 2009). Quality and Phytochemical Properties of Some Grapevine Cultivars Grown in Şanlıurfa Conditions. J. Agric. Fac. HR. U. , 2009, 13(2):21-27
  • Özden,M. and Özden A.N. (2014). Comparison of Different Coloured Fruits in Terms of Total Anthocyanins Total Phenolics and Total Antioxidant Capacity.Electronic Journal of Food Technologies. Vol: 9, No: 2,2014 (1-12).www.teknolojikarastirmalar.com e-ISSN:1306-7648
  • Pehlivan,E.C. and Uzun,H.İ.(2015). Effects of Cluster Thinnings on Yield and Quality Characteristics in Shiraz Grape Cultivar.YYU J ARG SCI 25(2):119-126.ISSN:1308-7576.URL:http://tarimdergisi.yyu.edu.tr. Record number:20163025116
  • Polat,A.(2016).Determination of Some Phytochemical Profiles of Grape Varieties Which are Grown in Şanlıurfa Province. Harran University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Horticulture.Şanlıurfa. Ph.D. thesis 210 p.
  • Sanyürek Karaca,N.,Tahmaz,H., Çakır,A. Söylemezoğlu,G.(2018). Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of some Grape Varieties Grown in Tunceli Province.Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 5(4): 551–555. https://doi.org/10.30910/turkjans.471340
  • Söylemezoğlu,G.,Atak,A.,Boz,Y.,Ünal,A.Sağlam,M.(2016).Viticulture in Turkey .Chronica Horticulturae Volume 56 Number 2.pp.27-31.ISSN:0578-039X
  • Srivastava,M.P., Tiwari,R., Sharma,N. ( 2013). Assessment of phenol and flavonoid content in the plant materials . Journal on New Biological Reports 2(2): 163-166 (2013).ISSN:2319-1104(Online).
  • Tahmaz,H.,Söylemezoğlu,G.,Yüksel.D.,Baydar,Göktürk,N.(2016). Determination of Phenolic Compounds on some Table and Wine Grape Varieties .Selçuk Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences.Volume 27.sjafs.selcuk.edu.tr
  • Turkey Statistics Institution(TÜİK) 2019 www.tuık.gov.tr Access Date: 04.12.2020
  • Toprak F.E.(2011). Phytochemical Characteristics in Kalecik Karası Grape Cultivar(Vitis Vinifera L.)Grown in Ankara and Nevşehir. Ankara University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Horticulture.Ankara. Master thesis.73 p.
  • Yang,J.,Martinson,T.E.,Liu,R.H.(2009). Phytochemical profiles and antioxidant activities of wine grapes, Food Chemistry Volume 116,Issue 3,Pages 332-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.02.021
  • Yeğin Bayır,A. and Uzun,H.İ.(2018). Some chemical phenolic content and antioxidant activity variations in different parts of grape berry.Derim, 35(1): doi: 10.16882/derim.2018.298997
  • Yılmaz,Y.,Göksel,Z.,Erdoğan,S.S.,Öztürk,A.,Atak,A.,Özer,C.(2015). Antioxidant Activity and Phenolic Content of Seed, Skin and Pulp Parts of 22 Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Cultivars (4 Common and 18 Registered or Candidate for Registration) Journal of Food Processing and Preservation Volume 39 Issue 6 December 2015 Pages 1682-1691. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.12399

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Horticulture
Published Date December 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Asuman OKTAY (Primary Author)
HARRAN UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
0000-0003-2151-6922
Türkiye


Sadettin GÜRSÖZ
HARRAN UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
0000-0002-9200-6869
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Harran University Unit of Scientific Research Projects ( HÜBAK)
Project Number 18216
Thanks This study is derived from Asuman OKTAY's Ph.D. thesis. Researchers thank to Harran University Unit of Scientific Research Projects ( HÜBAK) for their support. (Project number: 18216)
Publication Date December 15, 2021
Application Date April 15, 2021
Acceptance Date August 16, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 4

Cite

APA Oktay, A. & Gürsöz, S. (2021). Determination of Some Phytochemical Contents of Local and Standard Grape Varieties Grown in Diyarbakır Province . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (4) , 443-449 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.4.2


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