Research Article
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Determination of the knowledge levels of the farmers of the Diyarbakir region on conservation tillage practices

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 72 - 79, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.1.11

Abstract

This study is performed to determine the knowledge level of farmers in Diyarbakır province about conservation tillage practices to demonstrate the effective methods of producers were aimed. For this purpose, original data collected by a survey from 140 farmers in Diyarbakır province. Existing soil tillage practices of the farmers and the knowledge about sustainable agriculture, green manure, cover crops were defined. It is determined that 57% of the managements tilled the soil by using moldboard plough and 41% of the farmers burns the residue. 72% of the producer send samples for soil analyze but only 87% of them uses soil analyze result in production. 87% of the farmers stated that they have no knowledge and have not heard about conservation tillage likewise 58% of them are about direct seeding.

References

  • Altıkat, S., Kuş, E., Küçükerdem, H.K., Gülbe, A., (2018). The Importance of the Conservation Agriculture for Turkey. Iğdır Univ. J. Inst. Sci. & Tech. 8(2): 73-80.
  • Akbolat, D., Barut, Z.B., Çelik, İ., Turgut, M.M., (2016). Soil CO2 Emissions Under Conventional and Conservational Tillage Methods in Soybean Cultivation in Cukurova Plain of Turkey. Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LIX, 2016.
  • Anonymous, (2016). Official Gazette. Retrieved from: http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/main.aspx?home=http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2016/01/20160101.htm&main=http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2016/01/20160101.htm (Retrieved on 1 April 2016).
  • Anonymous, (2007). Editorial, evolution of the plow over 10,000 years and the rationale for no-till farming. Soil and Tillage Res. 93, p: 1-12.
  • Anonymous, (2021). Worldwide No-Till Acres Increase 93% in 10 Years. Retrieved from: https://www.no-tillfarmer.com/articles/10906-worldwide-no-till-acres-increase-93-in-10-years (Retrieved on 21 December 2021)
  • Baker, C.J., Saxton, K.E., Ritchie, W.R., Chamen, W.C.T., Reicosky, D.C., Ribeiro, F., Justice, S.E., Hobbs, P.R., (2007). No-Tillage Seeding In Conservation Agriculture-2nd Edition. Published jointly by CAB International and FAO.
  • Çakır, E., Aygün, İ., (2016). 10 Steps to Start Farming Without Tillage. 9th Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding Workshop Proceedings, p: 13-29, Şanlıurfa.
  • Çay, A., Aydın, A., Yavaş, Y., Aydın, Y., Tekin, H., Özpınar, S., (2015). A Research on the Determination of the Knowledge Level on Conservation Tillage in Çanakkale Region. 29th National Agricultural Mechanization and Energy Congress Proceedings, s:153-159, Diyarbakır.
  • Çelik, A. (2015). Steps to be Taken for the Expansion of Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding in Turkey. 8th Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding Workshop Proceedings, s: 13-29, Adana.
  • Çelik, İ., Günal, H., Acar, M., Acir, N., Barut, Z.B., Budak, M. (2019). Strategic tillage may sustain the benefits of long-term no-till in a Vertisol under Mediterranean climate, Soil and Tillage Research, Volume 185, P: 17-28.
  • Derpsch, R., Friedrich, T., Kassam, A., Hongwen, L. (2010). Current Status of Adoption of No-Till Farming in the World and Some of Its Main Benefits. Int J Agric & Biol Eng., 3(1).
  • Derpsch, R., Franzluebbers, A.J., Duiker, S.W., Reicosky, D.C., Koeller, K., Friedrich, T., Sturny, W.G., Sá, J.C.M., Weiss, K. (2014). Why Do We Need To Standardize No-Tillage Research?. Soil and Tillage Research, Volume 137, April 2014, Pages 16-22
  • FAO, (2021). CA Adoption Worldwide, FAO-CA website, Retrieved from: https://www.fao.org/conservation-agriculture/impact/ca-adoption/en/ (Retrieved on 10 November 2021).
  • Gülter, S., Yıldız, Ö., Boyacı, M. (2018). Turkish Journal of Agricultural Economics Volume: 24 Issue:2 Page: 131-143
  • Jayaraman, S., Bandyopadhyay, K.K., Naorem, A.K., Sinha, N.K., Mohanty, M., Hati, K.M., Patra, A.K., Chaudhari, S.K., Dalal, R.C., Lal, R. (2021). Soil Carbon Sequestration Through Conservation Tillage and Residue Management. Conservation Agriculture: A Sustainable Approach for Soil Health and Food Security. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-0827-8_14
  • Küçükçongar, M., Kan, M., Özdemir, F., (2014). The Use of Direct Seeding Method in Wheat Agriculture and Determination of Farmers' Views: The Case of Konya Province. Journal of Bahri Dağdaş Crop Research (1-2):26-35, Konya.
  • Küçükkaya, S., Özçelik, A., (2014). The Effects of Soil Analysis in Wheat Production on Business: The Case of Ankara Gölbaşı District. TEPGE publication no: 237, Ankara.
  • Morgan, R.P.C., (2005). Soil erosion and conservation- 3rd ed. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
  • Öztürk, F., (2019). Effects of tillage systems on second crop sesame (sesamum indicum L.) yield and weed density. Int J Agric Environ Food Sci 3(1):29-33.
  • Sessiz, A., Alp, A., Gursoy, S., (2010). Conservation and conventional tillage methods on selected soilphysical properties and corn (Zea mays L.) yield and quality under croppin system in Turkey. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 16: 597-608
  • Six, J., Paustian, K., Elliott, E.T., Combrink, C., (2000). Soil structure and organic matter I. distribution of aggregate-size classes and aggregate-associated carbon. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:681–689. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2000.642681x
  • Turgut, M.M., Barutçu, F. (2016). A Study on the Determination of Knowledge Levels of Farmers in Adana Province about Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding. 9th Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding Workshop Proceedings, p:88-96, Şanlıurfa.
  • TUIK, (2021). Turkish Statistical Institute, Retrieved from: https://cip.tuik.gov.tr/?il=21# (Retrieved on 13 November 2021)
  • Zhang, G., Chan, K., Oates, A., Heenan, D., Huang, G. (2007). Relationship between soil structure and runoff/soil loss after 24 years of conservation tillage. Soil Tillage Res 92:122–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2006.01.006

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 72 - 79, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.1.11

Abstract

References

  • Altıkat, S., Kuş, E., Küçükerdem, H.K., Gülbe, A., (2018). The Importance of the Conservation Agriculture for Turkey. Iğdır Univ. J. Inst. Sci. & Tech. 8(2): 73-80.
  • Akbolat, D., Barut, Z.B., Çelik, İ., Turgut, M.M., (2016). Soil CO2 Emissions Under Conventional and Conservational Tillage Methods in Soybean Cultivation in Cukurova Plain of Turkey. Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LIX, 2016.
  • Anonymous, (2016). Official Gazette. Retrieved from: http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/main.aspx?home=http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2016/01/20160101.htm&main=http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2016/01/20160101.htm (Retrieved on 1 April 2016).
  • Anonymous, (2007). Editorial, evolution of the plow over 10,000 years and the rationale for no-till farming. Soil and Tillage Res. 93, p: 1-12.
  • Anonymous, (2021). Worldwide No-Till Acres Increase 93% in 10 Years. Retrieved from: https://www.no-tillfarmer.com/articles/10906-worldwide-no-till-acres-increase-93-in-10-years (Retrieved on 21 December 2021)
  • Baker, C.J., Saxton, K.E., Ritchie, W.R., Chamen, W.C.T., Reicosky, D.C., Ribeiro, F., Justice, S.E., Hobbs, P.R., (2007). No-Tillage Seeding In Conservation Agriculture-2nd Edition. Published jointly by CAB International and FAO.
  • Çakır, E., Aygün, İ., (2016). 10 Steps to Start Farming Without Tillage. 9th Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding Workshop Proceedings, p: 13-29, Şanlıurfa.
  • Çay, A., Aydın, A., Yavaş, Y., Aydın, Y., Tekin, H., Özpınar, S., (2015). A Research on the Determination of the Knowledge Level on Conservation Tillage in Çanakkale Region. 29th National Agricultural Mechanization and Energy Congress Proceedings, s:153-159, Diyarbakır.
  • Çelik, A. (2015). Steps to be Taken for the Expansion of Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding in Turkey. 8th Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding Workshop Proceedings, s: 13-29, Adana.
  • Çelik, İ., Günal, H., Acar, M., Acir, N., Barut, Z.B., Budak, M. (2019). Strategic tillage may sustain the benefits of long-term no-till in a Vertisol under Mediterranean climate, Soil and Tillage Research, Volume 185, P: 17-28.
  • Derpsch, R., Friedrich, T., Kassam, A., Hongwen, L. (2010). Current Status of Adoption of No-Till Farming in the World and Some of Its Main Benefits. Int J Agric & Biol Eng., 3(1).
  • Derpsch, R., Franzluebbers, A.J., Duiker, S.W., Reicosky, D.C., Koeller, K., Friedrich, T., Sturny, W.G., Sá, J.C.M., Weiss, K. (2014). Why Do We Need To Standardize No-Tillage Research?. Soil and Tillage Research, Volume 137, April 2014, Pages 16-22
  • FAO, (2021). CA Adoption Worldwide, FAO-CA website, Retrieved from: https://www.fao.org/conservation-agriculture/impact/ca-adoption/en/ (Retrieved on 10 November 2021).
  • Gülter, S., Yıldız, Ö., Boyacı, M. (2018). Turkish Journal of Agricultural Economics Volume: 24 Issue:2 Page: 131-143
  • Jayaraman, S., Bandyopadhyay, K.K., Naorem, A.K., Sinha, N.K., Mohanty, M., Hati, K.M., Patra, A.K., Chaudhari, S.K., Dalal, R.C., Lal, R. (2021). Soil Carbon Sequestration Through Conservation Tillage and Residue Management. Conservation Agriculture: A Sustainable Approach for Soil Health and Food Security. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-0827-8_14
  • Küçükçongar, M., Kan, M., Özdemir, F., (2014). The Use of Direct Seeding Method in Wheat Agriculture and Determination of Farmers' Views: The Case of Konya Province. Journal of Bahri Dağdaş Crop Research (1-2):26-35, Konya.
  • Küçükkaya, S., Özçelik, A., (2014). The Effects of Soil Analysis in Wheat Production on Business: The Case of Ankara Gölbaşı District. TEPGE publication no: 237, Ankara.
  • Morgan, R.P.C., (2005). Soil erosion and conservation- 3rd ed. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
  • Öztürk, F., (2019). Effects of tillage systems on second crop sesame (sesamum indicum L.) yield and weed density. Int J Agric Environ Food Sci 3(1):29-33.
  • Sessiz, A., Alp, A., Gursoy, S., (2010). Conservation and conventional tillage methods on selected soilphysical properties and corn (Zea mays L.) yield and quality under croppin system in Turkey. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 16: 597-608
  • Six, J., Paustian, K., Elliott, E.T., Combrink, C., (2000). Soil structure and organic matter I. distribution of aggregate-size classes and aggregate-associated carbon. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:681–689. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2000.642681x
  • Turgut, M.M., Barutçu, F. (2016). A Study on the Determination of Knowledge Levels of Farmers in Adana Province about Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding. 9th Conservation Tillage and Direct Seeding Workshop Proceedings, p:88-96, Şanlıurfa.
  • TUIK, (2021). Turkish Statistical Institute, Retrieved from: https://cip.tuik.gov.tr/?il=21# (Retrieved on 13 November 2021)
  • Zhang, G., Chan, K., Oates, A., Heenan, D., Huang, G. (2007). Relationship between soil structure and runoff/soil loss after 24 years of conservation tillage. Soil Tillage Res 92:122–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2006.01.006

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Published Date March 2022
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Mehmet Hüseyin DEMİREL This is me
0000-0001-9483-2489
Türkiye


Muhittin Murat TURGUT (Primary Author)
Dicle Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarım Makinaları ve Teknolojileri Mühendisliği Bölümü
0000-0002-2731-4910
Türkiye

Publication Date March 15, 2022
Application Date January 6, 2022
Acceptance Date March 9, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

APA Demirel, M. H. & Turgut, M. M. (2022). Determination of the knowledge levels of the farmers of the Diyarbakir region on conservation tillage practices . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 6 (1) , 72-79 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2022.1.11


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