Research Article
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Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 121 - 129, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.1.16

Abstract

References

  • Adana, F., Gezer, N., & Ogut, S. (2014). Knowledge and Opinions of the Health School Students About Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(September 2014), 276–280. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/279848624%0ASağlık (in Turkish)
  • Akbudak, M. A., & Kontbay, K. (2017). New Generation Genome Editing Techniques: ZFNs, TALENs, CRISPRs and Their Use in Plant Research Abstract. Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 26(1), 111–111. https://doi.org/10.21566/tarbitderg.323614 (in Turkish)
  • Akdag M (2011). Statistical Analysis in SPSS. Lecture Notes, Malatya. İnonu.edu.tr. (Access Date: 04.12.2021). (in Turkish)
  • Aksoy, A., & Yavuz, F. (2012). Analysis on the Reasons for Quitting Sheep Aand Goat Rearing of Farmers: A Case of East Anatolia Region. Anadolu Tarım Bilim. Derg., 27(2), 76–79. https://doi.org/10.7161/anajas.2012.272.76 (in Turkish)
  • Aksu, S. (2019). Legal Liability for a Genetically Modified Organism and Its Products [Dokuz Eylül University Graduate]. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/tezDetay.jsp?id=bQF6MSOhc5untxZ0AdqnBg&no=YNjdmC52k13iw8BkMMcurA PhD Thesis (in Turkish)
  • Aleksejeva, I. (2014). EU Experts’ Attitude Towards Use of GMO in Food and Feed and Other Industries. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 110, 494–501. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.893
  • Ates, Z. G. (2020). Biyogüvenlik Kanunu Çerçevesinde Hukuki Sorumluluk (Issue February) [İstanbul Kültür Üniversitesi]. Ph.D thesis https://acikerisim.iku.edu.tr/bitstream/handle/11413/6443/ZehraGizemAteşDRTez.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (in Turkish)
  • Atikcan, D. T., Bulbul, A., Coskun, O., Cakmak, I. B., Ozkan, O. C., Tas, O., & Dnş:Durukan, E. (2011). Toplumun Genetiği Değiştirilmiş Ürünlerle İlgili Bilgi Düzeyleri ve Bu Ürünleri Kabul Ederlik Durumu. Başkent Ünv. Sempozyumu, 12–3, 2015. https://silo.tips/download/toplumun-genet-detrlm-rnlerle-lgl-blg-dzey-ve-bu-rnler-kabul-ederlk-durumu (in Turkish)
  • Baykan, B. G., & Ertunc, B. (2012). Türkiye’nin Üç Bölgesinde GDO Farkındalığı. Bahçeşehir Ünv. Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Araş. Merk. Betam Araştırma Notu 12/136. (in Turkish)
  • Biosafety Law (2010). Biosafety Law 5977, 9 Official Gazette 76 (in Turkish)
  • Buyukozturk, Ş. (2002). Factor Analysis: Basic Concepts and Using to Development Scale. Educational Administration in Theory and Practice, 32(32), 470–483. (in Turkish)
  • Cebi, S. Y., & Olhan, E. (2019). Possible Global Impacts of Genetically Modified Crops. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Bursa Uludag University, 33(1), 179–196. (in Turkish) https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/724416
  • Civgin, H. (2013). Biosafety Board Decisions According to International Conventions and to GMO Regulation in Türkiye. Eğitim Bilim Toplum Üç Aylık Hakemli Dergi, 9(29), 9–38. (in Turkish)
  • EFSA. (2019). Food Safety in the EU. In Special Eurobarometer Wave EB91.3 Food Safety İn the EU (Issue June). https://doi.org/10.5040/9781472563880.ch-005
  • Gaskell G (2005). Europeans and biotechnology: Patterns and trends. Final Report on Eurobarometer, 64(3):1-87.
  • Hossain, F., Onyango, B., Schilling, B., Hallman, W., & Adelaja, A. (2003). Product attributes, consumer benefits and public approval of genetically modified foods. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 27(5), 353–365. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1470-6431.2003.00303.x
  • ISAAA. (2019). ISAAA Brief 55-2019. https://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/55/executivesummary/default.asp Access Date: 04.12.2021
  • ISAAA. (2022). Genome Editing Resource. https://www.isaaa.org/resources/genomeediting/default.asp Access Date: 20.02.2022
  • Karakoc Yildiz, D. (2019). Genetiği Değiştirilmiş Tarımsal Ürünler ve Uluslararası Ticareti [Ankara Üniversitesi]. Ph.D thesis https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/tezDetay.jsp?id=zOKMYGcgPe3KYwPb9ucW1g&no=bCE2UstFYYSAyZqiQpG (in Turkish)
  • Kline, P. (1994). An Easy Guide To Factor Analysis:. New York: Routledge.
  • Liu, G., & Zhang, M. (2015). The Effects of Consumer’s Subjective and Objective Knowledge on Perceptions and Attitude Towards Genetically Modifies Foods: Objective Knowledge as a Determinant. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 50, 1198–1205. https://doi.org/10.2495/MIIT132422
  • McComas, K. A., Besley, J. C., & Steinhardt, J. (2014). Factors influencing U.S. consumer support for genetic modification to prevent crop disease. Appetite, 78, 8–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2014.02.006
  • Merdan, K. (2019). Determining the Level of Information and Perspective of Universıty Students Regarding Genetically Modified (Transgenic) Products: Gumushane University Sample. Ufuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 8(15), 343–365. (in Turkish)
  • Rodríguez-Entrena, M., & Salazar-Ordóñez, M. (2013). Influence of scientific-technical literacy on consumers’ behavioural intentions regarding new food. Appetite, 60(1), 193–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2012.09.028
  • Soykan, S. (2007). European Union and Turkish Regulations on Biosafety. Gazi University. MSc. thesis. (in Turkish)
  • Subrahmanyan S, Cheng P S (2000). Perceptions and attitudes of singaporeans towards genetically modified food. Journal of Consumer Affairs 34(2): 269-290.
  • Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using Multi-variate Statistics. Pearson, Boston.
  • Tastan, C. (2018). T101 CRISPR Genom Modifikasyonları (Issue February). (in Turkish)
  • TBBDM. (2022). TBBDM. http://www.tbbdm.gov.tr/ (in Turkish) Access Date:18.02.2022
  • Temelli, A., & Kurt, M. (2011). Determination of Information and Opinion of University Students about Transgenic Products (GMO) Abstract. Kurumsal Eğitimbilim, 4(2), 247–261. (in Turkish)
  • Tukelman, E. O. (2017). Awaraness of the Farmers to Genetically Modified Organisms. Namık Kemal University. Ph.D thesis (in Turkish)
  • Turker, T., Kocak, N., Aydin, I., Istanbulluoglu, H., Yildiran, N., Turk, Y. Z., & Kilic, S. (2013). Determination of knowledge, attitude, behavior about genetically modified organisms in nursing school students. Gulhane Medical Journal, 55(4), 297–304. https://doi.org/10.5455/gulhane.33326 (in Turkish)
  • Wolf M. C. G., Donell M., Domegan J., Yount H. (2004). Consumer attitudes towards GM food in Ireland and the USA. Consumer acceptance of genetically modified foods. Wallingford (UK): CABI Publishing, 143-54.
  • Wunderlich, S., & Gatto, K. A. (2015). Consumer perception of genetically modified organisms and sources of information. Advances in Nutrition, 6(6), 842–851. https://doi.org/10.3945/an.115.008870
  • Yilmaz, V. A. E. (2020). Investigation of Attitudes and Behaviors for Genetically Changed Products: Example of Eskişehir and Bursa. Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fak. Dergisi, 22/2(August), 381–402. (in Turkish)
  • Yilmaz, F. (2014). Genetically Modified Organisms and Products with Biosafety in Plant Production [Kalkınma Bakanlığı]. https://www.sbb.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Bitkisel-Uretimde-Genetigi-Degistirilmis-Organizmalar-ve-Urunleri-ile-Biyoguvenlik.pdf (in Turkish)

Genetically modified organisms and biosafety as perceived by professionals according to their sociodemographic characteristics

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 121 - 129, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.1.16

Abstract

While the cultivation of modern biotechnology products was adopted by producers very fast, the consumer acceptance of these products has not evolved at the same pace. Despite multiple benefits associated with genetically modified organisms (GMO), some potential risks related to the environment, health and economy have increased concerns and affected consumer confidence. This article examines the relationship between knowledge and confidence levels for biosafety and GMOs, and the sociodemographic characteristics of professionals working in the fields of food, agriculture and veterinary medicine, with a view to assess their perception. Questionnaires were applied to 261 individuals, selected by the proportional sampling method among professionals, the numbers of whom were obtained from the relevant unions and chambers. Then frequency, percentage distribution and factor analyses were carried out on data obtained. In conclusion food engineering professionals, men and more knowledgeable participants in biotechnology were found to have a more positive approach towards GMOs and more confidence in the biosafety system. It is indisputable that the scientific knowledge is essential for a reliable biosafety mechanism. Therefore, the inclusion of courses on GMOs and biosafety into curricula and planning in-service trainings may significantly contribute to the development of scientific knowledge thus, improving attitudes towards GMOs.

References

  • Adana, F., Gezer, N., & Ogut, S. (2014). Knowledge and Opinions of the Health School Students About Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(September 2014), 276–280. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/279848624%0ASağlık (in Turkish)
  • Akbudak, M. A., & Kontbay, K. (2017). New Generation Genome Editing Techniques: ZFNs, TALENs, CRISPRs and Their Use in Plant Research Abstract. Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 26(1), 111–111. https://doi.org/10.21566/tarbitderg.323614 (in Turkish)
  • Akdag M (2011). Statistical Analysis in SPSS. Lecture Notes, Malatya. İnonu.edu.tr. (Access Date: 04.12.2021). (in Turkish)
  • Aksoy, A., & Yavuz, F. (2012). Analysis on the Reasons for Quitting Sheep Aand Goat Rearing of Farmers: A Case of East Anatolia Region. Anadolu Tarım Bilim. Derg., 27(2), 76–79. https://doi.org/10.7161/anajas.2012.272.76 (in Turkish)
  • Aksu, S. (2019). Legal Liability for a Genetically Modified Organism and Its Products [Dokuz Eylül University Graduate]. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/tezDetay.jsp?id=bQF6MSOhc5untxZ0AdqnBg&no=YNjdmC52k13iw8BkMMcurA PhD Thesis (in Turkish)
  • Aleksejeva, I. (2014). EU Experts’ Attitude Towards Use of GMO in Food and Feed and Other Industries. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 110, 494–501. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.893
  • Ates, Z. G. (2020). Biyogüvenlik Kanunu Çerçevesinde Hukuki Sorumluluk (Issue February) [İstanbul Kültür Üniversitesi]. Ph.D thesis https://acikerisim.iku.edu.tr/bitstream/handle/11413/6443/ZehraGizemAteşDRTez.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (in Turkish)
  • Atikcan, D. T., Bulbul, A., Coskun, O., Cakmak, I. B., Ozkan, O. C., Tas, O., & Dnş:Durukan, E. (2011). Toplumun Genetiği Değiştirilmiş Ürünlerle İlgili Bilgi Düzeyleri ve Bu Ürünleri Kabul Ederlik Durumu. Başkent Ünv. Sempozyumu, 12–3, 2015. https://silo.tips/download/toplumun-genet-detrlm-rnlerle-lgl-blg-dzey-ve-bu-rnler-kabul-ederlk-durumu (in Turkish)
  • Baykan, B. G., & Ertunc, B. (2012). Türkiye’nin Üç Bölgesinde GDO Farkındalığı. Bahçeşehir Ünv. Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Araş. Merk. Betam Araştırma Notu 12/136. (in Turkish)
  • Biosafety Law (2010). Biosafety Law 5977, 9 Official Gazette 76 (in Turkish)
  • Buyukozturk, Ş. (2002). Factor Analysis: Basic Concepts and Using to Development Scale. Educational Administration in Theory and Practice, 32(32), 470–483. (in Turkish)
  • Cebi, S. Y., & Olhan, E. (2019). Possible Global Impacts of Genetically Modified Crops. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Bursa Uludag University, 33(1), 179–196. (in Turkish) https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/724416
  • Civgin, H. (2013). Biosafety Board Decisions According to International Conventions and to GMO Regulation in Türkiye. Eğitim Bilim Toplum Üç Aylık Hakemli Dergi, 9(29), 9–38. (in Turkish)
  • EFSA. (2019). Food Safety in the EU. In Special Eurobarometer Wave EB91.3 Food Safety İn the EU (Issue June). https://doi.org/10.5040/9781472563880.ch-005
  • Gaskell G (2005). Europeans and biotechnology: Patterns and trends. Final Report on Eurobarometer, 64(3):1-87.
  • Hossain, F., Onyango, B., Schilling, B., Hallman, W., & Adelaja, A. (2003). Product attributes, consumer benefits and public approval of genetically modified foods. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 27(5), 353–365. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1470-6431.2003.00303.x
  • ISAAA. (2019). ISAAA Brief 55-2019. https://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/55/executivesummary/default.asp Access Date: 04.12.2021
  • ISAAA. (2022). Genome Editing Resource. https://www.isaaa.org/resources/genomeediting/default.asp Access Date: 20.02.2022
  • Karakoc Yildiz, D. (2019). Genetiği Değiştirilmiş Tarımsal Ürünler ve Uluslararası Ticareti [Ankara Üniversitesi]. Ph.D thesis https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/tezDetay.jsp?id=zOKMYGcgPe3KYwPb9ucW1g&no=bCE2UstFYYSAyZqiQpG (in Turkish)
  • Kline, P. (1994). An Easy Guide To Factor Analysis:. New York: Routledge.
  • Liu, G., & Zhang, M. (2015). The Effects of Consumer’s Subjective and Objective Knowledge on Perceptions and Attitude Towards Genetically Modifies Foods: Objective Knowledge as a Determinant. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 50, 1198–1205. https://doi.org/10.2495/MIIT132422
  • McComas, K. A., Besley, J. C., & Steinhardt, J. (2014). Factors influencing U.S. consumer support for genetic modification to prevent crop disease. Appetite, 78, 8–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2014.02.006
  • Merdan, K. (2019). Determining the Level of Information and Perspective of Universıty Students Regarding Genetically Modified (Transgenic) Products: Gumushane University Sample. Ufuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 8(15), 343–365. (in Turkish)
  • Rodríguez-Entrena, M., & Salazar-Ordóñez, M. (2013). Influence of scientific-technical literacy on consumers’ behavioural intentions regarding new food. Appetite, 60(1), 193–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2012.09.028
  • Soykan, S. (2007). European Union and Turkish Regulations on Biosafety. Gazi University. MSc. thesis. (in Turkish)
  • Subrahmanyan S, Cheng P S (2000). Perceptions and attitudes of singaporeans towards genetically modified food. Journal of Consumer Affairs 34(2): 269-290.
  • Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using Multi-variate Statistics. Pearson, Boston.
  • Tastan, C. (2018). T101 CRISPR Genom Modifikasyonları (Issue February). (in Turkish)
  • TBBDM. (2022). TBBDM. http://www.tbbdm.gov.tr/ (in Turkish) Access Date:18.02.2022
  • Temelli, A., & Kurt, M. (2011). Determination of Information and Opinion of University Students about Transgenic Products (GMO) Abstract. Kurumsal Eğitimbilim, 4(2), 247–261. (in Turkish)
  • Tukelman, E. O. (2017). Awaraness of the Farmers to Genetically Modified Organisms. Namık Kemal University. Ph.D thesis (in Turkish)
  • Turker, T., Kocak, N., Aydin, I., Istanbulluoglu, H., Yildiran, N., Turk, Y. Z., & Kilic, S. (2013). Determination of knowledge, attitude, behavior about genetically modified organisms in nursing school students. Gulhane Medical Journal, 55(4), 297–304. https://doi.org/10.5455/gulhane.33326 (in Turkish)
  • Wolf M. C. G., Donell M., Domegan J., Yount H. (2004). Consumer attitudes towards GM food in Ireland and the USA. Consumer acceptance of genetically modified foods. Wallingford (UK): CABI Publishing, 143-54.
  • Wunderlich, S., & Gatto, K. A. (2015). Consumer perception of genetically modified organisms and sources of information. Advances in Nutrition, 6(6), 842–851. https://doi.org/10.3945/an.115.008870
  • Yilmaz, V. A. E. (2020). Investigation of Attitudes and Behaviors for Genetically Changed Products: Example of Eskişehir and Bursa. Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fak. Dergisi, 22/2(August), 381–402. (in Turkish)
  • Yilmaz, F. (2014). Genetically Modified Organisms and Products with Biosafety in Plant Production [Kalkınma Bakanlığı]. https://www.sbb.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Bitkisel-Uretimde-Genetigi-Degistirilmis-Organizmalar-ve-Urunleri-ile-Biyoguvenlik.pdf (in Turkish)

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Food Science and Technology
Published Date March 2022
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Selda TÜRKOĞLU COŞKUN (Primary Author)
ANKARA UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-1676-8693
Türkiye


Emine OLHAN
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, TARIM TEKNOLOJİSİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-2263-2861
Türkiye

Publication Date March 15, 2022
Application Date February 4, 2022
Acceptance Date March 25, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

APA Türkoğlu Coşkun, S. & Olhan, E. (2022). Genetically modified organisms and biosafety as perceived by professionals according to their sociodemographic characteristics . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 6 (1) , 121-129 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2022.1.16


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