Research Article
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Can raw zeolite be used for post harvest pepper seed drying?

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3, 340 - 345, 23.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.3.2

Abstract

This study was carried out to test the use of raw zeolite material in drying freshly harvested pepper seeds. Seeds of three pepper cultivars (Carliston, Kandil Dolma, and Yalova Yağlık) were harvested at maturity (65-70 days after anthesis) in two runs (run 1 and 2) in 2019 and dried at 45°C (machine-drying), in the sun (sun-dried) and with zeolite (1:1, seed, zeolite, rate) until seed moisture was reduced to lower than 10%. The time to safe drying was about 20, 40 and 60-100 hours for machine, sun and zeolite drying, respectively. Germination percentages were not significantly different between the drying methods (P<0.05) for all three cultivars. Mean germination time was not affected by drying methods in Yalova Yağlık, but was in both runs for Kandil Dolma and in the second run for Carliston. Drying methods showed insignificant differences (P>0.05) in seedling emergence for Carliston and Yalova Yağlık, but were significant (P<0.05) for Kandil Dolma in both runs. Mean seedling emergence time (d) also changed among the cultivars. Results indicated that raw zeolite has the potential to be used for safe drying of freshly harvested pepper seeds.

References

  • Basak, O., Demir, I., Mavi, K. and Matthews, S. (2006). Controlled deterioration test for predicting seedling emergence and longevity of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seed lots, Seed ScienceTechnology, 34:723–734. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2006.34.3.16
  • Berjak, P. (2006). Unifying perspectives of some mechanisms basic to desiccation tolerance across life forms, Seed Science Research, 16: 1–15. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1079/SSR2005236
  • Birsoy, R. (2002). Activity diagrams of zeolites: implications for the occurrences of zeolites in Turkey and of erionite worldwide, Clays and Clay Minerals, 50 (1):136–144. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1346/000986002761002748
  • Bradford, K.J., Dahal, P., Van A.J., Kunusoth, K., Bello P, Thompson J and Wu, F. (2018). The dry chain: Reducing postharvest losses and improving food safety in humid climates, Trends Food Sci. Technol., 71: 84–93. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2017.11.002
  • Chesneau, G., Torres-Cortes, G., Briand, M., Darrasse, A., Preveaux, A., Marais, C., Jacques M.A., Shade, A., Barret, M. (2020). Temporal dynamics of bacterial communities during seed development and maturation, FEMS Microbiol Ecol., 96 (12):1-12. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiaa190
  • Copeland, L.O. and Mcdonald, M.B. (1985). Principles of Seed Science and Technology Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1-390. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-4615-1619-4
  • Delouche, J.C and Baskin, C.C (1973). Accelerated aging techniques for predicting the relative storability of seed lots. Seed Science Technology, 1: 427- 452. Retrieved from https://scholarsjunction.msstate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=seedtechpapers
  • Demir, I. and Ellis, R. H. (1992). Development of pepper (Capsicum annuum) seed quality, Annals of Applied Biology, 121(2): 385-399. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1992.tb03452.x
  • Demir, I. (2002). The effect of controlled hydration treatment on germination and seedling emergence of unaged and aged pepper seeds during development. Israel Journal of Plant Science, 50: 251-257. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1560/H48T-15QP-DEJ9-VU6Q
  • Demir, I. and Ozcoban, M. (2007). Dry and ultra- dry storage of pepper, aubergine, winter squash, summer squash, bean, cowpea, okra, onion, leek, cabbage, radish, lettuce and melon seeds at -20˚C and 20˚C over five years, Seed Science and Technology, 35: 165-175. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2007.35.1.15
  • Demir, I., Tekin, A., Ökmen, A., Okcu, G., Kenanoğlu B.B. (2008). Seed quality, and fatty acid and sugar contents of pepper seeds (Capsicum annuum L.) in relation to seed development and drying temperatures, Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 32 (6): 529-536. Retrived from: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tbtkagriculture/issue/11606/138324#article_cite
  • Dogan, U. A. (2003). Zeolite mineralogy and cappadocian erionite, Indoor and Built Environment, 12: 337–342. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/142032603036408
  • Hay, F.R., Thavong, P., Tarıdno, P. and Timple, S. (2012). Evaluation of zeolite seed ‘Drying Beads’ for drying rice seeds to low moisture content prior to long-term storage, Seed Science and Technology, 40: 374-395. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2012.40.3.09
  • Hay, F. R. and Timple, S. (2013). Optimum ratios of zeolite seed Drying Beads® to dry rice seeds for gene bank storage. Seed Science and Technology, 41, 407–419. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2013.41.3.08
  • Helvacı, C., Inci, U. and Yılmaz, H. (1987). Geology and of the Neogene trona deposits Beypazarı region, Turkey, Doga Muhendislik ve Cevre Dergisi, 13: 245-256. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281504557_Geology_and_Neogene_trona_deposit_of_the_Beypazari_region_Turkey
  • ISTA, (2020). International Seed Testing Association, International Rules for Seed Testing, Zurich Switzerland.
  • Justice, O.L. and Bass, L.N., (1978). Principles and practices of seed storage, USDA, Agriculture Handbook, 506: 1-275. Retrieved from https://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/CAT87208646/PDF
  • Manish K.V, Sushil P, Chitra D.P, Yasin J. (2015). Impact of drying methods on the seed quality of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor L. Moench., African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(16):1898-1903. Doi: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2015.9649
  • Nassari P. J., Keshavulu, K., Manohar Rao, K. Chandra, S. R., Amtul, R. (2014). Post-harvest drying of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) seeds to ultra-low moisture safe for storage using desiccant (Zeolite) beads and their effects on seed quality, American Journal of Research Communication, 2(4): 74-83. Retrieved from http://www.usa-journals.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Nassari_Vol24.pdf
  • Nivethitha, M., Bineeta, M., Bara, Ak, Chaurasia., Manimurugan, C. and Singh, P.M. (2020). Standardization of ultra- seed drying of okra cv. Kashi Kranti with zeolite beads and silica gel, Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 9(5): 1198-1202. Doi: https://doi.org/10.22271/phyto.2020.v9.i5q.12388
  • Polat, E., Karaca, M., Demir, H. and Onus, N.A. (2004). Use of natural zeolite (Clinoptiliote) in agriculture. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Research, 12: 183-189. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/269709768_Use_of_Natural_Zeolite_Clinoptilolite_in_Agriculture
  • Timsina, K.P., Bradford, K.J., Dahal, P., Shivakoti, G.P., Kunusoth, K., Van Asbrouck, J., Bajracharya, J. and Pandey, I.R. (2018). Potential impacts of desiccant-based drying and hermetic storage on the value chain for onion seeds in Nepal, Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8(2): 363-390. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-12-2015-0056
  • Vertucci, C.W. (1989). The effects of low water contents on physiological activities of seeds, Physiologia Plantarum, 77: 172-176.Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1989.tb05994.x

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3, 340 - 345, 23.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.3.2

Abstract

References

  • Basak, O., Demir, I., Mavi, K. and Matthews, S. (2006). Controlled deterioration test for predicting seedling emergence and longevity of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seed lots, Seed ScienceTechnology, 34:723–734. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2006.34.3.16
  • Berjak, P. (2006). Unifying perspectives of some mechanisms basic to desiccation tolerance across life forms, Seed Science Research, 16: 1–15. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1079/SSR2005236
  • Birsoy, R. (2002). Activity diagrams of zeolites: implications for the occurrences of zeolites in Turkey and of erionite worldwide, Clays and Clay Minerals, 50 (1):136–144. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1346/000986002761002748
  • Bradford, K.J., Dahal, P., Van A.J., Kunusoth, K., Bello P, Thompson J and Wu, F. (2018). The dry chain: Reducing postharvest losses and improving food safety in humid climates, Trends Food Sci. Technol., 71: 84–93. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2017.11.002
  • Chesneau, G., Torres-Cortes, G., Briand, M., Darrasse, A., Preveaux, A., Marais, C., Jacques M.A., Shade, A., Barret, M. (2020). Temporal dynamics of bacterial communities during seed development and maturation, FEMS Microbiol Ecol., 96 (12):1-12. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiaa190
  • Copeland, L.O. and Mcdonald, M.B. (1985). Principles of Seed Science and Technology Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1-390. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-4615-1619-4
  • Delouche, J.C and Baskin, C.C (1973). Accelerated aging techniques for predicting the relative storability of seed lots. Seed Science Technology, 1: 427- 452. Retrieved from https://scholarsjunction.msstate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=seedtechpapers
  • Demir, I. and Ellis, R. H. (1992). Development of pepper (Capsicum annuum) seed quality, Annals of Applied Biology, 121(2): 385-399. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1992.tb03452.x
  • Demir, I. (2002). The effect of controlled hydration treatment on germination and seedling emergence of unaged and aged pepper seeds during development. Israel Journal of Plant Science, 50: 251-257. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1560/H48T-15QP-DEJ9-VU6Q
  • Demir, I. and Ozcoban, M. (2007). Dry and ultra- dry storage of pepper, aubergine, winter squash, summer squash, bean, cowpea, okra, onion, leek, cabbage, radish, lettuce and melon seeds at -20˚C and 20˚C over five years, Seed Science and Technology, 35: 165-175. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2007.35.1.15
  • Demir, I., Tekin, A., Ökmen, A., Okcu, G., Kenanoğlu B.B. (2008). Seed quality, and fatty acid and sugar contents of pepper seeds (Capsicum annuum L.) in relation to seed development and drying temperatures, Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 32 (6): 529-536. Retrived from: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tbtkagriculture/issue/11606/138324#article_cite
  • Dogan, U. A. (2003). Zeolite mineralogy and cappadocian erionite, Indoor and Built Environment, 12: 337–342. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/142032603036408
  • Hay, F.R., Thavong, P., Tarıdno, P. and Timple, S. (2012). Evaluation of zeolite seed ‘Drying Beads’ for drying rice seeds to low moisture content prior to long-term storage, Seed Science and Technology, 40: 374-395. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2012.40.3.09
  • Hay, F. R. and Timple, S. (2013). Optimum ratios of zeolite seed Drying Beads® to dry rice seeds for gene bank storage. Seed Science and Technology, 41, 407–419. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2013.41.3.08
  • Helvacı, C., Inci, U. and Yılmaz, H. (1987). Geology and of the Neogene trona deposits Beypazarı region, Turkey, Doga Muhendislik ve Cevre Dergisi, 13: 245-256. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281504557_Geology_and_Neogene_trona_deposit_of_the_Beypazari_region_Turkey
  • ISTA, (2020). International Seed Testing Association, International Rules for Seed Testing, Zurich Switzerland.
  • Justice, O.L. and Bass, L.N., (1978). Principles and practices of seed storage, USDA, Agriculture Handbook, 506: 1-275. Retrieved from https://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/CAT87208646/PDF
  • Manish K.V, Sushil P, Chitra D.P, Yasin J. (2015). Impact of drying methods on the seed quality of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor L. Moench., African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(16):1898-1903. Doi: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2015.9649
  • Nassari P. J., Keshavulu, K., Manohar Rao, K. Chandra, S. R., Amtul, R. (2014). Post-harvest drying of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) seeds to ultra-low moisture safe for storage using desiccant (Zeolite) beads and their effects on seed quality, American Journal of Research Communication, 2(4): 74-83. Retrieved from http://www.usa-journals.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Nassari_Vol24.pdf
  • Nivethitha, M., Bineeta, M., Bara, Ak, Chaurasia., Manimurugan, C. and Singh, P.M. (2020). Standardization of ultra- seed drying of okra cv. Kashi Kranti with zeolite beads and silica gel, Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 9(5): 1198-1202. Doi: https://doi.org/10.22271/phyto.2020.v9.i5q.12388
  • Polat, E., Karaca, M., Demir, H. and Onus, N.A. (2004). Use of natural zeolite (Clinoptiliote) in agriculture. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Research, 12: 183-189. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/269709768_Use_of_Natural_Zeolite_Clinoptilolite_in_Agriculture
  • Timsina, K.P., Bradford, K.J., Dahal, P., Shivakoti, G.P., Kunusoth, K., Van Asbrouck, J., Bajracharya, J. and Pandey, I.R. (2018). Potential impacts of desiccant-based drying and hermetic storage on the value chain for onion seeds in Nepal, Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 8(2): 363-390. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-12-2015-0056
  • Vertucci, C.W. (1989). The effects of low water contents on physiological activities of seeds, Physiologia Plantarum, 77: 172-176.Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1989.tb05994.x

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Horticulture
Published Date September 2022
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Cihat ÖZDAMAR>
ANKARA UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE
0000-0003-2083-3467
Türkiye


Kutay Coşkun YILDIRIM>
Atatürk Horticultural Central Research Institute
0000-0002-5762-8128
Türkiye


Sıtkı ERMİŞ> (Primary Author)
ESKISEHIR OSMANGAZI UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE
0000-0003-4919-921X
Türkiye


İbrahim DEMİR>
ANKARA UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE
0000-0003-4515-0689
Türkiye

Supporting Institution TUBITAK
Project Number Project No:218O236-The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey
Publication Date September 23, 2022
Application Date June 5, 2022
Acceptance Date July 4, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3

Cite

APA Özdamar, C. , Yıldırım, K. C. , Ermiş, S. & Demir, İ. (2022). Can raw zeolite be used for post harvest pepper seed drying? . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 6 (3) , 340-345 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2022.3.2


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