Research Article
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Year 2019, Volume 2, Issue 1, 21 - 36, 31.07.2019
https://doi.org/10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188

Abstract

References

  • Barker, T. (2018, February 21). Campaign to address long-term care concerns in Central Newfoundland gaining momentum. Retrieved from http://www. thewesternstar.com/news/local/campaign-to-address-long-term-care-concerns-in-central-newfoundland-gaining-momentum-187913/
  • Boelsma, F., Baur, V. E., Woelders, S., & Abma, T. A. (2014). “Small” things matter: Residents’ involvement in practice improvements in long-term care facilities. Journal of Aging Studies, 31, 45-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaging.2014.08.003
  • Boyd, M., & Cao, X. (2009). Immigrant language proficiency, earnings and language policies. Canadian Studies in Population, 36(1-2), 63-86.
  • Brotman, S., Ryan, B., Collins, S., Chamberland, L., Cormier, R., Julien, D., . . . Richard, B. (2007). Coming out to care: Caregivers of gay and lesbian seniors in Canada. Gerontologist, 47, 490-503. Brotman, S., Ryan, B., & Cormier, R. (2003). The health and social service needs of lesbian elders and their families in Canada. The Gerontologist, 43(2), 192- 202. CARP. (2015). Pride 2015: Where do older LGBT Canadians and Americans stand today? Retrieved from http://www.carp.ca/2015/07/02/124321/
  • Cartwright, C., Hughes, M., Lienert, T. (2012). End-oflife care for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 14 (5), 537-548. Cooke, R. (2017, March 24). Best time to move to NL is now, says labour minister at immigration strategy launch. Retrieved from https://www.cbc.ca/news/ canada/newfoundland-labrador/immigration-strategy-nl-government-1.4039629.
  • Crenshaw, C. (1991). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review, 43(6), 1241-1299.
  • Currie, C. L., Wild, T. C., Schopflocher, D., & Laing, L. (2015). Racial discrimination, post-traumatic stress and prescription drug problems among Aboriginal Canadians. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 106(6), E382-E387.
  • Daley, A., MacDonnell, J. A., Brotman, S., St. Pierre, M., Aronson, J., & Gillis, L. (2017). Providing health and social services to older LGBT adults. Annual Review of Gerontology & Geriatrics, 37(2), 143-160.
  • Drummond, P. D., Mizan, A., Brocx, K., Wright, B. (2011) Barriers to accessing health care services for West African refugee women living in Western Australia. Health Care for Women International 32, 206-224.
  • Furlotte, C., Gladstone, J. W., Cosby, R. F., & Fitzgerald, K. A. (2016). “Could we hold hands?” Older lesbian and gay couples’ perceptions of long-term care homes and home care. Canadian Journal on Aging, 35(4), 432-446.
  • George, U., Chaze, F., Fuller-Thomson, E., & Brennenstuhl, S. (2012). Underemployment and life satisfaction: A study of internationally trained engineers in Canada. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 10(4), 407-425.
  • Giwa, S., & Chaze, F. (2018). Positive enough? A content analysis of settlement service organizations’ inclusivity of LGBTQ immigrants. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 30(3), 220-243.
  • Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. (2005). Long term care facilities in Newfoundland and Labrador: Operational standards. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.nl.ca/health/publications/ long_term_care_standard.pdf
  • Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. (2018). Health and Community Services. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.nl.ca/health/findhealthservices/in_your_community.html#rltcs Grenier, E. (2017, May 3). Canadian seniors now outnumber children for 1st time, 2016 census shows. Retrieved from https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/2016-census-age-gender-1.4095360
  • Guruge, S., Berman, R., Murphy-Kilbride, K., Tyyskä, V., Woungang, I., Edwards, S., & Clune, L. (2009). Implications of English proficiency on immigrant women’s access to and utilization of health services. Women’s Health and Urban Life, 8(2), 21-41.
  • Hudon, T., & Milan, A. (2016). Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14316-eng.pdf?st = 8ygMGihC
  • Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC]). (2013). Work-employment rate. Retrieved from http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng. jsp?iid=13
  • Ingenhoff, D., & Koelling, A. M. (2009). The potential of web sites as a relationship-building tool for charitable fundraising NPOs. Public Relations Review, 35(1), 66-73.
  • Jansen, I., & Murphy, J. (2009). Residential long-term care in Canada: Our vision for better seniors’ care. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Union of Public Employees.
  • Knochel, K. A., Quam, J. K., & Croghan, C. F. (2011). Are old lesbian and gay people well served? Understanding the perceptions, preparation, and experiences of aging services providers. Journal of Applied Gerontology. 30(3), 370-389.
  • Koehn, S. D., Baumbusch, J., Reid, C., & Li, N. (2018). “It’s like chicken talking to ducks” and other challenges to families of Chinese immigrant older adults in long-term residential care. Journal of Family Nursing, 24(2), 156-183.
  • Koehn, S. D., Mahmood, A. N., & Stott-Eveneshen, S. (2016). Quality of life for diverse older adults in assisted living: The centrality of control. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 59 (7-8), 512-536.
  • Kortes-Miller, K., Boule, J., Wilson, K., & Stinchcombe, A. (2018). Dying in Long-Term care: Perspectives from sexual and gender minority older adults about their fears and hopes for end of life. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, 14 (2-3), 209-224.
  • Laher, N. (2017). Diversity, aging, and intersectionality in Ontario home care: Why we need an intersectional approach to respond to home care needs. Retrieved from http://www.wellesleyinstitute.com/ wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Diversity-and-Aging. pdf Lai, D., &
  • Chau, S. (2007). Predictors of health service barriers for older Chinese immigrants in Canada. Health & Social Work, 32 (1), 57-65.
  • Liu, X. G., Cook, A., Cattan, M. (2017). Support networks for Chinese older immigrants accessing English health and social care services: The concept of Bridge People. Health and Social Care in the Community, 25(2), 667-677.
  • Maddux, S. (Director). (2010). Gen Silent. [Motion picture]. United States: Interrobang Productions.
  • Montayre, J., Montayre, J., & Thaggard, S., (2018). Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Older Adults and Mainstream Long-Term Care Facilities. Integrative Review of Views and Experiences. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 11(5),265-276.
  • Newman, L. W., & Robson, K. (2009). Basics of social research: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Toronto, ON: Pearson.
  • Ng, E., Pottie, K., & Spitzer, D. (2011). Official language proficiency and self-reported health among immigrants to Canada (Statistics Canada Health Reports 22(4), no. 82-003-XPE). Retrieved from https:// www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/82-003-x/2011004/ article/11559-eng.htm Ontario Long Term Care Association. (2018). Sector dashboard—Ontario. Retrieved from https://www. oltca.com/OLTCA/Documents/SectorDashboards/ ON.pdf
  • Ontario Long-Term Care Homes Act, 2007, S.O. 2007, c. 8. Retrieved from https://www.ontario.ca/laws/ statute/07l08
  • Ottawa Senior Pride Network. (2015). OSPN seniors housing survey summary. Retrieved from http:// ospn-rfao.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/ ospn-seniors-housing-survey-summary-final-revision-en.pdf Periyakoil, V. S. (2017). Building a Culturally Competent Workforce to Care for Diverse Older Adults: Scope of the Problem and Potential Solutions. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 67(S2): S423-S432.
  • Purdie-Vaughns, V. J., & Eibach, R. P. (2008). Intersectional invisibility: The distinctive advantages and disadvantages of multiple subordinate-group identities. Sex Roles, 59, 377-391.
  • Satzewich, V., & Liodakis, N. (2007). “Race” and ethnicity in Canada: A critical introduction. Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press.
  • Serafin, J., Smith, G. B., Keltz, T. (2013). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) elders in nursing homes: It’s time to clean out the closet. Geriatric Nursing, 34(1), 81-83.
  • Sinding, C., Barnoff, L., McGillicuddy, P., Grassau, P., & Odette, F. (2010). Aiming for better than “nobody flinched”: Notes on heterosexism in cancer care. Canadian Women’s Studies, 28(2/3), 89-93.
  • Statistics Canada. (2016). Canadian demographics at a glance. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/pub/91-003-x/91-003-x2014001-eng. pdf?st = SOftJgng
  • Statistics Canada. (2017a). Aboriginal peoples in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/171025/dq171025a-eng.htm
  • Statistics Canada. (2017b). An increasingly diverse linguistic profile: Corrected data from the 2016 census. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/ n1/daily-quotidien/170817/dq170817a-eng.htm
  • Steelman, E. (2018). Person-centered care for LGBT older adults. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 44(2), 3-5.
  • Stinchcombe, A., Kortes-Miller, K., & Wilson, K. (2016). Perspectives on the final stages of life from LGBT elders living in Ontario. Retrieved from https://www. lco-cdo.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Stinchcombe%20et%20al%20%28LCO%20June%20 2016%29.pdf
  • Stinchcombe, A., Smallbone, J., Wilson, K., & Kortes-Miller, K. (2017). Healthcare and end-of-life needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults: A scoping review. Geriatrics, 2, 1-13.
  • Sue Cragg Consulting and the CLRI Program. (2017a). Supporting cultural diversity in long-term care: Needs assessment and work plan for 2017-18. Retrieved from http://www.the-ria.ca/wp/wp-content/ uploads/2017/06/CLRI-on-Supporting-Cultural-Diversity-Long-Term-Care.pdf
  • Sue Cragg Consulting and the CLRI Program. (2017b). Supporting Indigenous culture in Ontario’s long term care homes: Needs assessment and ideas for 2017-18. Retrieved from http://www.the-ria.ca/ wp/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/CLRI-on-Supporting-Indigenous-Culture-Ontario-Long-Term-Care-Homes.pdf
  • Sussman, T., Brotman, S., MacIntosh, H., Chamberland, L., MacDonnell, J., Daley, A., . . . Churchill, M. (2018). Supporting lesbian, gay, bisexual & transgender inclusivity in long-term care homes: A Canadian perspective. Canadian Journal of Aging, 37(2), 121- 132.
  • Thomson, M. S., Chaze, F., George, U., & Guruge, S. (2015). Improving immigrant populations’ access to mental health services in Canada: A review of barriers and recommendations. Journal of Immigrant Minority Health, 17(6), 1895-1905.
  • Um, S. (2016). Serving seniors better through equity and diversity in long-term care. Retrieved from http://www.wellesleyinstitute.com/health/ serving-seniors-better-through-equity-and-diversity-in-long-term-care
  • Wilson, K., Kortes-Miller, K., & Stinchcombe, A. (2018, March). Staying out of the closet: hopes and fears of LGBT older adults as they consider end-of-life. Canadian Journal on Aging, 37(1), 22-31.
  • Witten, T. M. (2014). End of life, chronic illness, and trans-identities. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, 10(1), 34-58.

Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites

Year 2019, Volume 2, Issue 1, 21 - 36, 31.07.2019
https://doi.org/10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188

Abstract

The website of a long-term care home is the face of the organization, providing not only a snapshot view of the home’s programs and services, but also an insight into the organization’s vision, mission, policies, and culture. The website provides information—either purposefully or inadvertently—about the manner in which the organization responds to diversity among its residents. Guided by an intersectional analysis, this study uses content analysis to examine websites of long-term care homes run by companies, municipalities, and not-for-profit organizations in two provinces in Canada to understand how these websites demonstrate inclusion towards ethnoculturally diverse and LGBTQ older adults. Findings of the study indicate that these long-term care home websites showed very little inclusion of LGBTQ and ethnoculturally diverse older adults in the information provided on their website.

Key Practitioners Message

  • Practitioners in long-term care homes (LTCHs) need to engage in a process of reflection, organizational change, and training to improve inclusion and support of ethnoculturally diverse and LGBTQ older residents.
  • There is a need to provide culturally and linguistically relevant services for diverse LTCH residents.
  • Residents’ councils should aim to include and represent the needs of diverse older adults.
  • LTCHs need to evaluate the communication material on their websites to see if it adequately reflects the functioning of the home. Websites should reflect the inclusion of diverse older adult populations through attention to language, images, and messaging.

References

  • Barker, T. (2018, February 21). Campaign to address long-term care concerns in Central Newfoundland gaining momentum. Retrieved from http://www. thewesternstar.com/news/local/campaign-to-address-long-term-care-concerns-in-central-newfoundland-gaining-momentum-187913/
  • Boelsma, F., Baur, V. E., Woelders, S., & Abma, T. A. (2014). “Small” things matter: Residents’ involvement in practice improvements in long-term care facilities. Journal of Aging Studies, 31, 45-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaging.2014.08.003
  • Boyd, M., & Cao, X. (2009). Immigrant language proficiency, earnings and language policies. Canadian Studies in Population, 36(1-2), 63-86.
  • Brotman, S., Ryan, B., Collins, S., Chamberland, L., Cormier, R., Julien, D., . . . Richard, B. (2007). Coming out to care: Caregivers of gay and lesbian seniors in Canada. Gerontologist, 47, 490-503. Brotman, S., Ryan, B., & Cormier, R. (2003). The health and social service needs of lesbian elders and their families in Canada. The Gerontologist, 43(2), 192- 202. CARP. (2015). Pride 2015: Where do older LGBT Canadians and Americans stand today? Retrieved from http://www.carp.ca/2015/07/02/124321/
  • Cartwright, C., Hughes, M., Lienert, T. (2012). End-oflife care for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 14 (5), 537-548. Cooke, R. (2017, March 24). Best time to move to NL is now, says labour minister at immigration strategy launch. Retrieved from https://www.cbc.ca/news/ canada/newfoundland-labrador/immigration-strategy-nl-government-1.4039629.
  • Crenshaw, C. (1991). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review, 43(6), 1241-1299.
  • Currie, C. L., Wild, T. C., Schopflocher, D., & Laing, L. (2015). Racial discrimination, post-traumatic stress and prescription drug problems among Aboriginal Canadians. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 106(6), E382-E387.
  • Daley, A., MacDonnell, J. A., Brotman, S., St. Pierre, M., Aronson, J., & Gillis, L. (2017). Providing health and social services to older LGBT adults. Annual Review of Gerontology & Geriatrics, 37(2), 143-160.
  • Drummond, P. D., Mizan, A., Brocx, K., Wright, B. (2011) Barriers to accessing health care services for West African refugee women living in Western Australia. Health Care for Women International 32, 206-224.
  • Furlotte, C., Gladstone, J. W., Cosby, R. F., & Fitzgerald, K. A. (2016). “Could we hold hands?” Older lesbian and gay couples’ perceptions of long-term care homes and home care. Canadian Journal on Aging, 35(4), 432-446.
  • George, U., Chaze, F., Fuller-Thomson, E., & Brennenstuhl, S. (2012). Underemployment and life satisfaction: A study of internationally trained engineers in Canada. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 10(4), 407-425.
  • Giwa, S., & Chaze, F. (2018). Positive enough? A content analysis of settlement service organizations’ inclusivity of LGBTQ immigrants. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 30(3), 220-243.
  • Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. (2005). Long term care facilities in Newfoundland and Labrador: Operational standards. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.nl.ca/health/publications/ long_term_care_standard.pdf
  • Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. (2018). Health and Community Services. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.nl.ca/health/findhealthservices/in_your_community.html#rltcs Grenier, E. (2017, May 3). Canadian seniors now outnumber children for 1st time, 2016 census shows. Retrieved from https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/2016-census-age-gender-1.4095360
  • Guruge, S., Berman, R., Murphy-Kilbride, K., Tyyskä, V., Woungang, I., Edwards, S., & Clune, L. (2009). Implications of English proficiency on immigrant women’s access to and utilization of health services. Women’s Health and Urban Life, 8(2), 21-41.
  • Hudon, T., & Milan, A. (2016). Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14316-eng.pdf?st = 8ygMGihC
  • Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC]). (2013). Work-employment rate. Retrieved from http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng. jsp?iid=13
  • Ingenhoff, D., & Koelling, A. M. (2009). The potential of web sites as a relationship-building tool for charitable fundraising NPOs. Public Relations Review, 35(1), 66-73.
  • Jansen, I., & Murphy, J. (2009). Residential long-term care in Canada: Our vision for better seniors’ care. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Union of Public Employees.
  • Knochel, K. A., Quam, J. K., & Croghan, C. F. (2011). Are old lesbian and gay people well served? Understanding the perceptions, preparation, and experiences of aging services providers. Journal of Applied Gerontology. 30(3), 370-389.
  • Koehn, S. D., Baumbusch, J., Reid, C., & Li, N. (2018). “It’s like chicken talking to ducks” and other challenges to families of Chinese immigrant older adults in long-term residential care. Journal of Family Nursing, 24(2), 156-183.
  • Koehn, S. D., Mahmood, A. N., & Stott-Eveneshen, S. (2016). Quality of life for diverse older adults in assisted living: The centrality of control. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 59 (7-8), 512-536.
  • Kortes-Miller, K., Boule, J., Wilson, K., & Stinchcombe, A. (2018). Dying in Long-Term care: Perspectives from sexual and gender minority older adults about their fears and hopes for end of life. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, 14 (2-3), 209-224.
  • Laher, N. (2017). Diversity, aging, and intersectionality in Ontario home care: Why we need an intersectional approach to respond to home care needs. Retrieved from http://www.wellesleyinstitute.com/ wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Diversity-and-Aging. pdf Lai, D., &
  • Chau, S. (2007). Predictors of health service barriers for older Chinese immigrants in Canada. Health & Social Work, 32 (1), 57-65.
  • Liu, X. G., Cook, A., Cattan, M. (2017). Support networks for Chinese older immigrants accessing English health and social care services: The concept of Bridge People. Health and Social Care in the Community, 25(2), 667-677.
  • Maddux, S. (Director). (2010). Gen Silent. [Motion picture]. United States: Interrobang Productions.
  • Montayre, J., Montayre, J., & Thaggard, S., (2018). Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Older Adults and Mainstream Long-Term Care Facilities. Integrative Review of Views and Experiences. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 11(5),265-276.
  • Newman, L. W., & Robson, K. (2009). Basics of social research: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Toronto, ON: Pearson.
  • Ng, E., Pottie, K., & Spitzer, D. (2011). Official language proficiency and self-reported health among immigrants to Canada (Statistics Canada Health Reports 22(4), no. 82-003-XPE). Retrieved from https:// www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/82-003-x/2011004/ article/11559-eng.htm Ontario Long Term Care Association. (2018). Sector dashboard—Ontario. Retrieved from https://www. oltca.com/OLTCA/Documents/SectorDashboards/ ON.pdf
  • Ontario Long-Term Care Homes Act, 2007, S.O. 2007, c. 8. Retrieved from https://www.ontario.ca/laws/ statute/07l08
  • Ottawa Senior Pride Network. (2015). OSPN seniors housing survey summary. Retrieved from http:// ospn-rfao.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/ ospn-seniors-housing-survey-summary-final-revision-en.pdf Periyakoil, V. S. (2017). Building a Culturally Competent Workforce to Care for Diverse Older Adults: Scope of the Problem and Potential Solutions. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 67(S2): S423-S432.
  • Purdie-Vaughns, V. J., & Eibach, R. P. (2008). Intersectional invisibility: The distinctive advantages and disadvantages of multiple subordinate-group identities. Sex Roles, 59, 377-391.
  • Satzewich, V., & Liodakis, N. (2007). “Race” and ethnicity in Canada: A critical introduction. Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press.
  • Serafin, J., Smith, G. B., Keltz, T. (2013). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) elders in nursing homes: It’s time to clean out the closet. Geriatric Nursing, 34(1), 81-83.
  • Sinding, C., Barnoff, L., McGillicuddy, P., Grassau, P., & Odette, F. (2010). Aiming for better than “nobody flinched”: Notes on heterosexism in cancer care. Canadian Women’s Studies, 28(2/3), 89-93.
  • Statistics Canada. (2016). Canadian demographics at a glance. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/pub/91-003-x/91-003-x2014001-eng. pdf?st = SOftJgng
  • Statistics Canada. (2017a). Aboriginal peoples in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/171025/dq171025a-eng.htm
  • Statistics Canada. (2017b). An increasingly diverse linguistic profile: Corrected data from the 2016 census. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/ n1/daily-quotidien/170817/dq170817a-eng.htm
  • Steelman, E. (2018). Person-centered care for LGBT older adults. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 44(2), 3-5.
  • Stinchcombe, A., Kortes-Miller, K., & Wilson, K. (2016). Perspectives on the final stages of life from LGBT elders living in Ontario. Retrieved from https://www. lco-cdo.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Stinchcombe%20et%20al%20%28LCO%20June%20 2016%29.pdf
  • Stinchcombe, A., Smallbone, J., Wilson, K., & Kortes-Miller, K. (2017). Healthcare and end-of-life needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults: A scoping review. Geriatrics, 2, 1-13.
  • Sue Cragg Consulting and the CLRI Program. (2017a). Supporting cultural diversity in long-term care: Needs assessment and work plan for 2017-18. Retrieved from http://www.the-ria.ca/wp/wp-content/ uploads/2017/06/CLRI-on-Supporting-Cultural-Diversity-Long-Term-Care.pdf
  • Sue Cragg Consulting and the CLRI Program. (2017b). Supporting Indigenous culture in Ontario’s long term care homes: Needs assessment and ideas for 2017-18. Retrieved from http://www.the-ria.ca/ wp/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/CLRI-on-Supporting-Indigenous-Culture-Ontario-Long-Term-Care-Homes.pdf
  • Sussman, T., Brotman, S., MacIntosh, H., Chamberland, L., MacDonnell, J., Daley, A., . . . Churchill, M. (2018). Supporting lesbian, gay, bisexual & transgender inclusivity in long-term care homes: A Canadian perspective. Canadian Journal of Aging, 37(2), 121- 132.
  • Thomson, M. S., Chaze, F., George, U., & Guruge, S. (2015). Improving immigrant populations’ access to mental health services in Canada: A review of barriers and recommendations. Journal of Immigrant Minority Health, 17(6), 1895-1905.
  • Um, S. (2016). Serving seniors better through equity and diversity in long-term care. Retrieved from http://www.wellesleyinstitute.com/health/ serving-seniors-better-through-equity-and-diversity-in-long-term-care
  • Wilson, K., Kortes-Miller, K., & Stinchcombe, A. (2018, March). Staying out of the closet: hopes and fears of LGBT older adults as they consider end-of-life. Canadian Journal on Aging, 37(1), 22-31.
  • Witten, T. M. (2014). End of life, chronic illness, and trans-identities. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, 10(1), 34-58.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Humanities, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Ferzana CHAZE This is me (Primary Author)
Faculty of Applied Health and Community Studies, Sheridan College, Ontario
0000-0002-5335-9346
Canada


Sulaimon GIWA This is me
School of Social Work, St. John’s College, Memorial University of Newfoundland
0000-0001-8076-0277
Canada


Nellie GROENENBERG This is me
Faculty of Applied Health and Community Studies, Sheridan College, Ontario,
Canada


Bianca BURNS This is me
Faculty of Applied Health and Community Studies, Sheridan College, Ontario
Canada

Publication Date July 31, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 2, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jaltc682971, journal = {Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care}, issn = {2619-9017}, eissn = {2618-6535}, address = {Emre SENOL-DURAK, Department of Psychology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280, Centrum/Bolu, Turkey}, publisher = {Ulusal Sosyal ve Uygulamalı Gerontoloji Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {2}, pages = {21 - 36}, doi = {10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188}, title = {Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites}, key = {cite}, author = {Chaze, Ferzana and Gıwa, Sulaimon and Groenenberg, Nellie and Burns, Bianca} }
APA Chaze, F. , Gıwa, S. , Groenenberg, N. & Burns, B. (2019). Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites . Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care , 2 (1) , 21-36 . DOI: 10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188
MLA Chaze, F. , Gıwa, S. , Groenenberg, N. , Burns, B. "Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites" . Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care 2 (2019 ): 21-36 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaltc/issue/52332/682971>
Chicago Chaze, F. , Gıwa, S. , Groenenberg, N. , Burns, B. "Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites". Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care 2 (2019 ): 21-36
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites AU - Ferzana Chaze , Sulaimon Gıwa , Nellie Groenenberg , Bianca Burns Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188 DO - 10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188 T2 - Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 21 EP - 36 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - 2619-9017-2618-6535 M3 - doi: 10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188 UR - https://doi.org/10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites %A Ferzana Chaze , Sulaimon Gıwa , Nellie Groenenberg , Bianca Burns %T Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites %D 2019 %J Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care %P 2619-9017-2618-6535 %V 2 %N 1 %R doi: 10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188 %U 10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188
ISNAD Chaze, Ferzana , Gıwa, Sulaimon , Groenenberg, Nellie , Burns, Bianca . "Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites". Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care 2 / 1 (July 2019): 21-36 . https://doi.org/10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188
AMA Chaze F. , Gıwa S. , Groenenberg N. , Burns B. Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites. J AGING LONG TERM CARE. 2019; 2(1): 21-36.
Vancouver Chaze F. , Gıwa S. , Groenenberg N. , Burns B. Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites. Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care. 2019; 2(1): 21-36.
IEEE F. Chaze , S. Gıwa , N. Groenenberg and B. Burns , "Mostly White, Christian, and Straight: Informational and Institutional Erasure of LGBTQ and Ethnoculturally Diverse Older Adults on Long-Term Care Homes Websites", Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 21-36, Jul. 2019, doi:10.5505/jaltc.2019.69188