Research Article
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Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 128 - 138, 27.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.30621/jbachs.1000969

Abstract

Purpose: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the physical and mental health of general population has been adversely affected. This study aims to investigate if there are age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life among adults of different age groups during this era. Methods: One-hundred fifty participants aged between 18-65 years were included. Participants were divided into 5 age groups, with 30 people in each age group i.e., 18-25, 25-35, 35-45, 45-55, and 55-65 years, using a block randomization. Functional capacity was evaluated with 1-minute sit-to-stand test (1-min STST); level of physical activity with International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF); life satisfaction with The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS); well-being with WHO-5 Well-Being Index (WHO-5); and the quality of life with Short Form-12 (SF-12). All assessments were applied via an online form. Results: Age negatively correlated to 1-min STST (p<0.01, r=-0.214) and IPAQ total score (p<0.01, r=-0.173), whereas positively correlated to SWLS score (p<0.05, r=0.168) and MCS-12 score (p<0.01, r=0.339). There were statistically significant age-related differences in IPAQ total scores (p=0.001; F=5.169), MCS-12 scores (p<0.001; F=8.624) and SWLS scores (p=0.046; F=2.485). Individuals aged 18-25 years had the best IPAQ-SF score, and the worst SWLS and MCS-12 scores among other age groups. Conclusion: Younger individuals seem to have worse impairment in mental aspects of their lives compared to older counterparts, despite having relatively higher functional capacity and physical activity participation during COVID-19. These age-related differences should be taken into account when tailoring rehabilitation and/or counselling programs during this era.

References

  • Gabutti G, d'Anchera E, Sandri F, Savio M, Stefanati A. Coronavirus: Update related to the current outbreak of COVID-19. Infect Dis Ther 2020; 9(2):1-13.
  • Sepúlveda-Loyola W, Rodríguez-Sánchez I, Pérez-Rodríguez P, et al. Impact of social isolation due to COVID-19 on health in older people: Mental and physical effects and recommendations. J Nutr Health Aging 2020; 24(9):1-10.
  • Ammar A, Brach M, Trabelsi K, et al. Effects of COVID-19 home confinement on eating behaviour and physical activity: Results of the ECLB-COVID19 international online survey. Nutrients 2020; 12(6):1583.
  • Castañeda-Babarro A, Arbillaga-Etxarri A, Gutiérrez-Santamaría B, Coca A. Physical activity change during COVID-19 confinement. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020; 17(18):6878.
  • Lee I-M, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, et al. Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: An analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet 2012; 380(9838):219-29
  • Arena R, Myers J, Williams MA, et al. Assessment of functional capacity in clinical and research settings: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association Committee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention of the Council on Clinical Cardiology and the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing. Circulation 2007; 116(3):329-43.
  • Moro T, Paoli A. When COVID-19 affects muscle: Effects of quarantine in older adults. Eur J Transl Myol 2020; 30(2):219-222.
  • Shvartz E, Reibold R. Aerobic fitness norms for males and females aged 6 to 75 years: A review. Aviat Space Environ Med 1990; 61(1):3-11.
  • Soer R, Brouwer S, Geertzen JH, van der Schans CP, Groothoff JW, Reneman MF. Decline of functional capacity in healthy aging workers. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2012; 93(12):2326-32.
  • Penedo FJ, Dahn JR. Exercise and well-being: A review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity. Curr Opin Psychiatry 2005; 18(2):189-93.
  • Morres ID, Galanis E, Hatzigeorgiadis A, Androutsos O, Theodorakis Y. Physical activity, sedentariness, eating behaviour and well-being during a COVID-19 lockdown period in Greek adolescents. Nutrients 2021; 13(5):1449.
  • Eek F, Larsson C, Wisén A, Ekvall Hansson E. Self-perceived changes in physical activity and the relation to life satisfaction and rated physical capacity in Swedish adults during the COVID-19 pandemic—A cross sectional study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021; 18(2):671.
  • Ravens-Sieberer U, Kaman A, Erhart M, Devine J, Schlack R, Otto C. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on quality of life and mental health in children and adolescents in Germany. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021; 1-11
  • Gurses HN, Zeren M, Denizoglu Kulli H, Durgut E. The relationship of sit-to-stand tests with 6-minute walk test in healthy young adults. Medicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(1):e9489.
  • Crook S, Büsching G, Schultz K, et al. A multicentre validation of the 1-min sit-to-stand test in patients with COPD. Eur Respir J 2017; 49(3):1601871.
  • Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjöström M, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2003; 35(8):1381-95.
  • Saglam M, Arikan H, Savci S, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: Reliability and validity of the Turkish version. Percept Mot Skills 2010; 111(1):278-84.
  • Diener E, Emmons RA, Larsen RJ, Griffin S. The satisfaction with life scale. J Pers Assess 1985; 49(1):71-5.
  • Bekmezci M, Mert İS. Yaşam tatmini ölçeğinin Türkçe geçerlilik ve güvenirlilik çalışması. Toros Üniversitesi İİSBF Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 2018; 5(8):166-77.
  • Tov W. Well-being concepts and components. Handbook of subjective well-being. Noba Scholar 2018; 1-15.
  • World Health Organization. WHO (Five) Well-Being Index. Denmark: Psychiatric Research Unit, WHO Collaborating Center for Mental Health 1998.
  • Eser E, Çevik C, Baydur H, et al. Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the WHO-5, in adults and older adults for its use in primary care settings. Prim Health Care Res Dev 2019; 20:e100.
  • Soylu C, Kütük B. SF-12 Yaşam Kalitesi Ölçeği’nin Türkçe formunun güvenirlik ve geçerlik çalışması. Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2021; Epub ahead of print: DOI:10.5080/u25700.
  • Ware JE, Kosinski M, Keller SD. A 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey: Construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity. Med Care 1996; 34(3):220-33.
  • Tomruk M, Tomruk MS, Çalık İ. Physical activity level during COVID-19 global pandemic and its relation to well-being. MAKÜ Sag Bil Enst Derg 2021; 9(1):27-35.
  • Hulley S, Cummings S, Browner W, Grady D, Newman T. Designing clinical research (vol. 4th). LWW 2013; Philadelphia.
  • Strassmann A, Steurer-Stey C, Lana KD, et al. Population-based reference values for the 1-min sit-to-stand test. Int J Public Health 2013; 58(6):949-53.
  • Gürses HN, Külli HD, Durgut E, Zeren M. Effect of gender and physical activity level on sit-to-stand test performance among young adults. Bezmialem Sci 2020; 8(3):222-6.
  • Rees-Punia E, Rittase MH, Patel AV. A method for remotely measuring physical function in large epidemiologic cohorts: Feasibility and validity of a video-guided sit-to-stand test. Plos One 2021; 16(11):e0260332.
  • Martinez-Ferran M, de la Guía-Galipienso F, Sanchis-Gomar F, Pareja-Galeano H. Metabolic impacts of confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic due to modified diet and physical activity habits. Nutrients 2020; 12(6):1549.
  • Dauty M, Menu P, Fouasson-Chailloux A. Effects of the COVID-19 confinement period on physical conditions in young elite soccer players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2020; Epub ahead of print: DOI:10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11669-4.
  • Georgiopoulou VV, Kalogeropoulos AP, Chowdhury R, et al. Exercise capacity, heart failure risk, and mortality in older adults: The health ABC study. Am J Prev Med. 2017; 52(2):144-53.
  • Weiss EP, Spina RJ, Holloszy JO, Ehsani AA. Gender differences in the decline in aerobic capacity and its physiological determinants during the later decades of life. J Appl Physiol 2006; 101(3):938-44.
  • Wilson TM, Tanaka H. Meta-analysis of the age-associated decline in maximal aerobic capacity in men: Relation to training status. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 2000; 278(3):H829-H34.
  • Zou H, Zhu X, Zhang J, et al. Reference equations for the six-minute walk distance in the healthy Chinese population aged 18–59 years. PloS One 2017; 12(9):e0184669.
  • Tison GH, Avram R, Kuhar P, et al. Worldwide effect of COVID-19 on physical activity: A descriptive study. Ann Intern Med 2020; 173(9):767-70.
  • Hermassi S, Sellami M, Salman A, et al. Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on physical activity, sedentary behavior, and satisfaction with life in Qatar: A preliminary study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021; 18(6):3093.
  • Chastin S, Abaraogu U, Bourgois J, et al. Physical activity, immune function and risk of community acquired infectious disease in the general population: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SSRN 2020; Preprint: DOI:10.2139/ssrn.3673184.
  • Woods JA, Hutchinson NT, Powers SK, et al. The COVID-19 pandemic and physical activity. Sport Med Health Sci 2020; 2(2):55-64.
  • Bull FC, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle S, et al. World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Br J Sports Med 2020; 54(24):1451-62.
  • Bowden Davies KA, Pickles S, Sprung VS, et al. Reduced physical activity in young and older adults: metabolic and musculoskeletal implications. Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab 2019; 10:2042018819888824.
  • Schrempft S, Jackowska M, Hamer M, Steptoe A. Associations between social isolation, loneliness, and objective physical activity in older men and women. BMC public health 2019; 19(1):1-10.
  • Smith GL, Banting L, Eime R, O’Sullivan G, Van Uffelen JG. The association between social support and physical activity in older adults: A systematic review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2017; 14(1):1-21.
  • Chad KE, Reeder BA, Harrison EL, et al. Profile of physical activity levels in community-dwelling older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2005; 37(10):1774-84.
  • Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, et al. Global physical activity levels: Surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet 2012; 380(9838):247-57.
  • Ammar A, Chtourou H, Boukhris O, et al. COVID-19 Home confinement negatively impacts social participation and life satisfaction: A worldwide multicenter study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020; 17(17):6237.
  • Siedlecki KL, Tucker-Drob EM, Oishi S, Salthouse TA. Life satisfaction across adulthood: Different determinants at different ages? J Posit Psychol 2008; 3(3):153-64.
  • An H-Y, Chen W, Wang C-W, Yang H-F, Huang W-T, Fan S-Y. The relationships between physical activity and life satisfaction and happiness among young, middle-aged, and older adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020; 17(13):4817.
  • Strine TW, Chapman DP, Balluz LS, Moriarty DG, Mokdad AH. The associations between life satisfaction and health-related quality of life, chronic illness, and health behaviors among US community-dwelling adults. J Community Health 2008; 33(1):40-50.
  • Mahmoud JSR, Staten RT, Hall LA, Lennie TA. The relationship among young adult college students’ depression, anxiety, stress, demographics, life satisfaction, and coping styles. Issues Ment Health Nurs 2012; 33(3):149-56.
  • Hamarat E, Thompson D, Karen MZ, Steele D, Kenneth BM, Aysan F. Perceived stress and coping resource availability as predictors of life satisfaction in young, middle-aged, and older adults. Exp Aging Res 2001; 27(2):181-96.
  • Varma P, Junge M, Meaklim H, Jackson ML. Younger people are more vulnerable to stress, anxiety and depression during COVID-19 pandemic: A global cross-sectional survey. Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry 2021; 109:110236.
  • Duong CD. The impact of fear and anxiety of Covid-19 on life satisfaction: Psychological distress and sleep disturbance as mediators. Pers Individ Dif 2021; 178:110869.
  • Villas-Boas S, Oliveira AL, Ramos N, Montero I. Predictors of quality of life in different age groups across adulthood. J Intergenerational Relatsh 2019; 17(1):42-57.
  • Boylu AA, Paçacıoğlu B. Yaşam kalitesi ve göstergeleri. AKAD 2016; 8(15):137-50.
  • Li F, Luo S, Mu W, et al. Effects of sources of social support and resilience on the mental health of different age groups during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Psychiatry 2021; 21(1):1-14.
  • Pieh C, Budimir S, Probst T. The effect of age, gender, income, work, and physical activity on mental health during coronavirus disease (COVID-19) lockdown in Austria. J Psychosom Res 2020; 136:110186.
  • Ge L, Ong R, Yap CW, Heng BH. Effects of chronic diseases on health‐related quality of life and self‐rated health among three adult age groups. Nurs Health Sci 2019; 21(2):214-22.
  • Ribeiro ÍJ, Pereira R, Freire IV, de Oliveira BG, Casotti CA, Boery EN. Stress and quality of life among university students: A systematic literature review. Health Prof Educ 2018; 4(2):70-7.
  • Pimple J, Agrawal T. Efficacy of practicing positive psychological interventions, yoga, and mindfulness meditation in COVID-19 lockdown. Int J Indian Psychol 2020; 8:293-303.

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 128 - 138, 27.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.30621/jbachs.1000969

Abstract

References

  • Gabutti G, d'Anchera E, Sandri F, Savio M, Stefanati A. Coronavirus: Update related to the current outbreak of COVID-19. Infect Dis Ther 2020; 9(2):1-13.
  • Sepúlveda-Loyola W, Rodríguez-Sánchez I, Pérez-Rodríguez P, et al. Impact of social isolation due to COVID-19 on health in older people: Mental and physical effects and recommendations. J Nutr Health Aging 2020; 24(9):1-10.
  • Ammar A, Brach M, Trabelsi K, et al. Effects of COVID-19 home confinement on eating behaviour and physical activity: Results of the ECLB-COVID19 international online survey. Nutrients 2020; 12(6):1583.
  • Castañeda-Babarro A, Arbillaga-Etxarri A, Gutiérrez-Santamaría B, Coca A. Physical activity change during COVID-19 confinement. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020; 17(18):6878.
  • Lee I-M, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, et al. Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: An analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet 2012; 380(9838):219-29
  • Arena R, Myers J, Williams MA, et al. Assessment of functional capacity in clinical and research settings: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association Committee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention of the Council on Clinical Cardiology and the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing. Circulation 2007; 116(3):329-43.
  • Moro T, Paoli A. When COVID-19 affects muscle: Effects of quarantine in older adults. Eur J Transl Myol 2020; 30(2):219-222.
  • Shvartz E, Reibold R. Aerobic fitness norms for males and females aged 6 to 75 years: A review. Aviat Space Environ Med 1990; 61(1):3-11.
  • Soer R, Brouwer S, Geertzen JH, van der Schans CP, Groothoff JW, Reneman MF. Decline of functional capacity in healthy aging workers. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2012; 93(12):2326-32.
  • Penedo FJ, Dahn JR. Exercise and well-being: A review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity. Curr Opin Psychiatry 2005; 18(2):189-93.
  • Morres ID, Galanis E, Hatzigeorgiadis A, Androutsos O, Theodorakis Y. Physical activity, sedentariness, eating behaviour and well-being during a COVID-19 lockdown period in Greek adolescents. Nutrients 2021; 13(5):1449.
  • Eek F, Larsson C, Wisén A, Ekvall Hansson E. Self-perceived changes in physical activity and the relation to life satisfaction and rated physical capacity in Swedish adults during the COVID-19 pandemic—A cross sectional study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021; 18(2):671.
  • Ravens-Sieberer U, Kaman A, Erhart M, Devine J, Schlack R, Otto C. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on quality of life and mental health in children and adolescents in Germany. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021; 1-11
  • Gurses HN, Zeren M, Denizoglu Kulli H, Durgut E. The relationship of sit-to-stand tests with 6-minute walk test in healthy young adults. Medicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(1):e9489.
  • Crook S, Büsching G, Schultz K, et al. A multicentre validation of the 1-min sit-to-stand test in patients with COPD. Eur Respir J 2017; 49(3):1601871.
  • Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjöström M, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2003; 35(8):1381-95.
  • Saglam M, Arikan H, Savci S, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: Reliability and validity of the Turkish version. Percept Mot Skills 2010; 111(1):278-84.
  • Diener E, Emmons RA, Larsen RJ, Griffin S. The satisfaction with life scale. J Pers Assess 1985; 49(1):71-5.
  • Bekmezci M, Mert İS. Yaşam tatmini ölçeğinin Türkçe geçerlilik ve güvenirlilik çalışması. Toros Üniversitesi İİSBF Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 2018; 5(8):166-77.
  • Tov W. Well-being concepts and components. Handbook of subjective well-being. Noba Scholar 2018; 1-15.
  • World Health Organization. WHO (Five) Well-Being Index. Denmark: Psychiatric Research Unit, WHO Collaborating Center for Mental Health 1998.
  • Eser E, Çevik C, Baydur H, et al. Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the WHO-5, in adults and older adults for its use in primary care settings. Prim Health Care Res Dev 2019; 20:e100.
  • Soylu C, Kütük B. SF-12 Yaşam Kalitesi Ölçeği’nin Türkçe formunun güvenirlik ve geçerlik çalışması. Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2021; Epub ahead of print: DOI:10.5080/u25700.
  • Ware JE, Kosinski M, Keller SD. A 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey: Construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity. Med Care 1996; 34(3):220-33.
  • Tomruk M, Tomruk MS, Çalık İ. Physical activity level during COVID-19 global pandemic and its relation to well-being. MAKÜ Sag Bil Enst Derg 2021; 9(1):27-35.
  • Hulley S, Cummings S, Browner W, Grady D, Newman T. Designing clinical research (vol. 4th). LWW 2013; Philadelphia.
  • Strassmann A, Steurer-Stey C, Lana KD, et al. Population-based reference values for the 1-min sit-to-stand test. Int J Public Health 2013; 58(6):949-53.
  • Gürses HN, Külli HD, Durgut E, Zeren M. Effect of gender and physical activity level on sit-to-stand test performance among young adults. Bezmialem Sci 2020; 8(3):222-6.
  • Rees-Punia E, Rittase MH, Patel AV. A method for remotely measuring physical function in large epidemiologic cohorts: Feasibility and validity of a video-guided sit-to-stand test. Plos One 2021; 16(11):e0260332.
  • Martinez-Ferran M, de la Guía-Galipienso F, Sanchis-Gomar F, Pareja-Galeano H. Metabolic impacts of confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic due to modified diet and physical activity habits. Nutrients 2020; 12(6):1549.
  • Dauty M, Menu P, Fouasson-Chailloux A. Effects of the COVID-19 confinement period on physical conditions in young elite soccer players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2020; Epub ahead of print: DOI:10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11669-4.
  • Georgiopoulou VV, Kalogeropoulos AP, Chowdhury R, et al. Exercise capacity, heart failure risk, and mortality in older adults: The health ABC study. Am J Prev Med. 2017; 52(2):144-53.
  • Weiss EP, Spina RJ, Holloszy JO, Ehsani AA. Gender differences in the decline in aerobic capacity and its physiological determinants during the later decades of life. J Appl Physiol 2006; 101(3):938-44.
  • Wilson TM, Tanaka H. Meta-analysis of the age-associated decline in maximal aerobic capacity in men: Relation to training status. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 2000; 278(3):H829-H34.
  • Zou H, Zhu X, Zhang J, et al. Reference equations for the six-minute walk distance in the healthy Chinese population aged 18–59 years. PloS One 2017; 12(9):e0184669.
  • Tison GH, Avram R, Kuhar P, et al. Worldwide effect of COVID-19 on physical activity: A descriptive study. Ann Intern Med 2020; 173(9):767-70.
  • Hermassi S, Sellami M, Salman A, et al. Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on physical activity, sedentary behavior, and satisfaction with life in Qatar: A preliminary study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021; 18(6):3093.
  • Chastin S, Abaraogu U, Bourgois J, et al. Physical activity, immune function and risk of community acquired infectious disease in the general population: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SSRN 2020; Preprint: DOI:10.2139/ssrn.3673184.
  • Woods JA, Hutchinson NT, Powers SK, et al. The COVID-19 pandemic and physical activity. Sport Med Health Sci 2020; 2(2):55-64.
  • Bull FC, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle S, et al. World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Br J Sports Med 2020; 54(24):1451-62.
  • Bowden Davies KA, Pickles S, Sprung VS, et al. Reduced physical activity in young and older adults: metabolic and musculoskeletal implications. Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab 2019; 10:2042018819888824.
  • Schrempft S, Jackowska M, Hamer M, Steptoe A. Associations between social isolation, loneliness, and objective physical activity in older men and women. BMC public health 2019; 19(1):1-10.
  • Smith GL, Banting L, Eime R, O’Sullivan G, Van Uffelen JG. The association between social support and physical activity in older adults: A systematic review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2017; 14(1):1-21.
  • Chad KE, Reeder BA, Harrison EL, et al. Profile of physical activity levels in community-dwelling older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2005; 37(10):1774-84.
  • Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, et al. Global physical activity levels: Surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet 2012; 380(9838):247-57.
  • Ammar A, Chtourou H, Boukhris O, et al. COVID-19 Home confinement negatively impacts social participation and life satisfaction: A worldwide multicenter study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020; 17(17):6237.
  • Siedlecki KL, Tucker-Drob EM, Oishi S, Salthouse TA. Life satisfaction across adulthood: Different determinants at different ages? J Posit Psychol 2008; 3(3):153-64.
  • An H-Y, Chen W, Wang C-W, Yang H-F, Huang W-T, Fan S-Y. The relationships between physical activity and life satisfaction and happiness among young, middle-aged, and older adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020; 17(13):4817.
  • Strine TW, Chapman DP, Balluz LS, Moriarty DG, Mokdad AH. The associations between life satisfaction and health-related quality of life, chronic illness, and health behaviors among US community-dwelling adults. J Community Health 2008; 33(1):40-50.
  • Mahmoud JSR, Staten RT, Hall LA, Lennie TA. The relationship among young adult college students’ depression, anxiety, stress, demographics, life satisfaction, and coping styles. Issues Ment Health Nurs 2012; 33(3):149-56.
  • Hamarat E, Thompson D, Karen MZ, Steele D, Kenneth BM, Aysan F. Perceived stress and coping resource availability as predictors of life satisfaction in young, middle-aged, and older adults. Exp Aging Res 2001; 27(2):181-96.
  • Varma P, Junge M, Meaklim H, Jackson ML. Younger people are more vulnerable to stress, anxiety and depression during COVID-19 pandemic: A global cross-sectional survey. Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry 2021; 109:110236.
  • Duong CD. The impact of fear and anxiety of Covid-19 on life satisfaction: Psychological distress and sleep disturbance as mediators. Pers Individ Dif 2021; 178:110869.
  • Villas-Boas S, Oliveira AL, Ramos N, Montero I. Predictors of quality of life in different age groups across adulthood. J Intergenerational Relatsh 2019; 17(1):42-57.
  • Boylu AA, Paçacıoğlu B. Yaşam kalitesi ve göstergeleri. AKAD 2016; 8(15):137-50.
  • Li F, Luo S, Mu W, et al. Effects of sources of social support and resilience on the mental health of different age groups during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Psychiatry 2021; 21(1):1-14.
  • Pieh C, Budimir S, Probst T. The effect of age, gender, income, work, and physical activity on mental health during coronavirus disease (COVID-19) lockdown in Austria. J Psychosom Res 2020; 136:110186.
  • Ge L, Ong R, Yap CW, Heng BH. Effects of chronic diseases on health‐related quality of life and self‐rated health among three adult age groups. Nurs Health Sci 2019; 21(2):214-22.
  • Ribeiro ÍJ, Pereira R, Freire IV, de Oliveira BG, Casotti CA, Boery EN. Stress and quality of life among university students: A systematic literature review. Health Prof Educ 2018; 4(2):70-7.
  • Pimple J, Agrawal T. Efficacy of practicing positive psychological interventions, yoga, and mindfulness meditation in COVID-19 lockdown. Int J Indian Psychol 2020; 8:293-303.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Gözde KAYA
IZMIR BAKIRCAY UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-8762-9690
Türkiye


Melih ZEREN (Primary Author)
IZMIR BAKIRCAY UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-9749-315X
Türkiye

Supporting Institution None
Publication Date January 27, 2022
Application Date October 2, 2021
Acceptance Date December 5, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jbachs1000969, journal = {Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2564-7288}, address = {Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü İnciraltı İzmir 35340}, publisher = {Dokuz Eylul University}, year = {2022}, volume = {6}, pages = {128 - 138}, doi = {10.30621/jbachs.1000969}, title = {Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19}, key = {cite}, author = {Kaya, Gözde and Zeren, Melih} }
APA Kaya, G. & Zeren, M. (2022). Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19 . Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences , 6 (1) , 128-138 . DOI: 10.30621/jbachs.1000969
MLA Kaya, G. , Zeren, M. "Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19" . Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences 6 (2022 ): 128-138 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jbachs/issue/68217/1000969>
Chicago Kaya, G. , Zeren, M. "Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19". Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences 6 (2022 ): 128-138
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19 AU - Gözde Kaya , Melih Zeren Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.30621/jbachs.1000969 DO - 10.30621/jbachs.1000969 T2 - Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 128 EP - 138 VL - 6 IS - 1 SN - -2564-7288 M3 - doi: 10.30621/jbachs.1000969 UR - https://doi.org/10.30621/jbachs.1000969 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19 %A Gözde Kaya , Melih Zeren %T Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19 %D 2022 %J Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences %P -2564-7288 %V 6 %N 1 %R doi: 10.30621/jbachs.1000969 %U 10.30621/jbachs.1000969
ISNAD Kaya, Gözde , Zeren, Melih . "Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19". Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences 6 / 1 (January 2022): 128-138 . https://doi.org/10.30621/jbachs.1000969
AMA Kaya G. , Zeren M. Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19. JBACHS. 2022; 6(1): 128-138.
Vancouver Kaya G. , Zeren M. Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19. Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences. 2022; 6(1): 128-138.
IEEE G. Kaya and M. Zeren , "Age-related differences in functional capacity, physical activity, life satisfaction, well-being and quality of life in Turkish adult population during COVID-19", Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 128-138, Jan. 2022, doi:10.30621/jbachs.1000969