Clinical Research
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Thoughts and attitudes of adults about medicines used for COVID-19; A descriptive study

Year 2022, Volume 12, Issue 2, 388 - 395, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.984577

Abstract

Aims: With this study; it was aimed to determine the use of various medications or nutritional supplements to support immune system and opinions, usage status and attitudes towards the drugs currently used / recommended for the treatment of COVID-19, and the factors affecting drug use during the COVID-19 pandemic according to the condition of having COVID-19. Methods: The descriptive research was conducted in Family Medicine outpatient clinics. Data were collected with a questionnaire prepared by the researchers through the internet (sites on social media) due to the pandemic. The e-questionnaire form was shared on the internet a total of 10 times at 6-day intervals. Results: 1484 people participated, 60.8% were female, 51.5% was a healthcare professional. While 23.3% had a known disease; 19.3% of them had COVID-19 infection, 79% of them received outpatient medication. Although not recommended, it was observed that the most used drugs were Vitamin C and antipyretic drugs, followed by vitamin D and antibiotics. 87.5% who have had COVID-19 infection stated that they used the drugs as suggested/written on to them. The reasons of those who did not use drugs: fear of its side effects, not seeing it necessary, using herbal products and observing and using it if necessary. People who had live a person under the age of 18 living in the same household (p=0.042), who had a chronical disease (p=0.014) and who were regularly drug users (p=0.003) were reported that they used drugs as suggested / written on them. Conclusion: Infodemic causes the spread of false information about the disease and its treat-ment both among the public and in scientific circles. The results of our study also support this situation. The healthcare system should be structured in accordance with the pandemic condi-tions in order to explain the importance of the use of medicines.

References

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  • 14. Sofia Pappa, Vasiliki Ntella, Timoleon Giannakas, Vassilis G. Giannakoulis, Eleni Pa-poutsi, Paraskevi Katsaounou. Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and insomnia among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2020. 88: 901-907. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.05.026.
  • 15. Stahlmann R, Lode H. Medication for COVID-19-an Overview of Approaches Currently Under Study. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2020;117(13):213-219. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2020.0213
  • 16. Karaağaç Y, Bellikci Koyu E. Viral Enfeksiyonlarda Vitaminler ve Mineraller: COVID-19 Odağında Bir Derleme Vitamins and Minerals in Viral Infections: A Review Focus-ing on COVID-19. İzmir Kâtip Çelebi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi 2020; 5(2): 165-173
  • 17. Bakan S, Deveboynu Şn , Tayhan Kartal F. The effect of antioxidant vitamins on im-munity in the COVID-19 pandemic. Eurasian JHS 2020;3(COVID-19 Special Is-sue):140-148
  • 18. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medical-conditions.html
  • 19. Martini N, Piccinni C, Pedrini A, Maggioni A. CoViD-19 and chronic diseases: current knowledge, future steps and the MaCroScopio project. Recenti Prog Med. 2020 Apr;111(4):198-201. Italian. doi: 10.1701/3347.33180. PMID: 32319439.
  • 20. Phelps C, Sperry LL. Children and the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy 2020;12(1):73–75. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000861
  • 21. Sinha IP, Harwood R, Semple MG, Hawcutt DB, Thursfield R, Narayan O, Southern KW. COVID-19 infection in children. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine 2020; 8(5): 446-447.
  • 22. Hu Z, Yang Z, Li Q, Zhang A. The COVID-19 Infodemic: Infodemiology Study Analyz-ing Stigmatizing Search Terms. J Med Internet Res 2020;22(11):e22639 doi: 10.2196/22639.

Year 2022, Volume 12, Issue 2, 388 - 395, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.984577

Abstract

References

  • 1. Velavan TP, Meyer CG. The COVID-19 epidemic. Trop Med Int Health. 2020;25(3):278-280. doi:10.1111/tmi.13383
  • 2. WHO (World Health Organization). WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID‐19) Dashboard 2021. https://covid19.who.int/ Accessed: 26.04.2021
  • 3. Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Health. COVID-19 Information Page. https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/?_Dil=2 Accessed: 26.04.2021
  • 4. Rosenberg ES, Dufort EM, Udo T, et al. Association of treatment with Hydroxychloro-quine or azithromycin with in-hospital mortality in patients with COVID-19 in New York State. JAMA. 2020;323(24):2493-2502. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.8630
  • 5. Cao B, Wang Y, Wen D, et al. A trial of lopinavir-ritonavir in adults hospitalized with severe Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(19):1787-1799. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2001282
  • 6. Beigel JH, Tomashek KM, Dodd LE, et al. Remdesivir for the treatment of COVID-19: preliminary report. N Engl J Med. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2007764
  • 7. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi COVID-19 Pandemi Raporu (20 Mart-20 Kasım). Hacettepe İç Hastalıkları Derneği. https://covid19.tubitak.gov.tr/sites/default/files/inline-files/covid19_pandemi_raporu.pdf Accessed: 26.04.2021
  • 8. https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/TR-66926/eriskin-hasta-tedavisi.html
  • 9. Hu Z, Yang Z, Li Q, Zhang A. The COVID-19 Infodemic: Infodemiology Study Analyz-ing Stigmatizing Search Terms. J Med Internet Res 2020;22(11):e22639. doi: 10.2196/22639.
  • 10. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. The COVID-19 infodemic. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;20(8):875. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30565-X
  • 11. Jovic TH, Ali SR, Ibrahim N, Jessop ZM, Tarassoli SP, Dobbs TD, Holford P, Thornton CA, Whitaker IS. Could Vitamins Help in the Fight Against COVID-19? Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2550. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092550
  • 12. Wu Z, McGoogan JM. Characteristics of and Important Lessons From the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China: Summary of a Report of 72314 Cases From the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. JAMA. 2020 Feb 24;323(13):1239–42. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.2648
  • 13. Mario Gennaro Mazza, Rebecca De Lorenzo, Caterina Conte, Sara Poletti, Benedetta Vai, Irene Bollettini, Elisa Maria Teresa Melloni, Roberto Furlan, Fabio Ciceri, Patrizia Rovere-Querini, Francesco Benedetti. Anxiety and depression in COVID-19 survivors: Role of inflammatory and clinical predictors, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity,2020. 89: 594-600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.07.037.
  • 14. Sofia Pappa, Vasiliki Ntella, Timoleon Giannakas, Vassilis G. Giannakoulis, Eleni Pa-poutsi, Paraskevi Katsaounou. Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and insomnia among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2020. 88: 901-907. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.05.026.
  • 15. Stahlmann R, Lode H. Medication for COVID-19-an Overview of Approaches Currently Under Study. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2020;117(13):213-219. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2020.0213
  • 16. Karaağaç Y, Bellikci Koyu E. Viral Enfeksiyonlarda Vitaminler ve Mineraller: COVID-19 Odağında Bir Derleme Vitamins and Minerals in Viral Infections: A Review Focus-ing on COVID-19. İzmir Kâtip Çelebi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi 2020; 5(2): 165-173
  • 17. Bakan S, Deveboynu Şn , Tayhan Kartal F. The effect of antioxidant vitamins on im-munity in the COVID-19 pandemic. Eurasian JHS 2020;3(COVID-19 Special Is-sue):140-148
  • 18. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medical-conditions.html
  • 19. Martini N, Piccinni C, Pedrini A, Maggioni A. CoViD-19 and chronic diseases: current knowledge, future steps and the MaCroScopio project. Recenti Prog Med. 2020 Apr;111(4):198-201. Italian. doi: 10.1701/3347.33180. PMID: 32319439.
  • 20. Phelps C, Sperry LL. Children and the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy 2020;12(1):73–75. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000861
  • 21. Sinha IP, Harwood R, Semple MG, Hawcutt DB, Thursfield R, Narayan O, Southern KW. COVID-19 infection in children. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine 2020; 8(5): 446-447.
  • 22. Hu Z, Yang Z, Li Q, Zhang A. The COVID-19 Infodemic: Infodemiology Study Analyz-ing Stigmatizing Search Terms. J Med Internet Res 2020;22(11):e22639 doi: 10.2196/22639.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Research
Authors

Duygu AYHAN BAŞER (Primary Author)
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE
0000-0002-5153-2184
Türkiye


Cansu ALICI
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, MEDICINE PR.
0000-0002-4607-8458
Türkiye


Betül Sultan DEMİR
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, MEDICINE PR.
0000-0001-8467-7884
Türkiye


Enes Berk BİŞKİNER
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, MEDICINE PR.
0000-0003-4867-2861
Türkiye


Asena Merve OFLAZ
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, MEDICINE PR.
0000-0003-0769-5370
Türkiye


İzzet FİDANCI
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, MEDICINE PR. (PAID)
0000-0001-9848-8697
Türkiye


Hilal AKSOY
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ, TIP PR.
0000-0002-3330-9317
Türkiye


Mustafa CANKURTARAN
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE
0000-0002-8213-7515
Türkiye

Supporting Institution yok
Project Number yok
Thanks yok
Early Pub Date January 1, 2022
Publication Date March 15, 2022
Acceptance Date January 8, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 12, Issue 2

Cite

AMA Ayhan Başer D. , Alıcı C. , Demir B. S. , Bişkiner E. B. , Oflaz A. M. , Fidancı İ. , Aksoy H. , Cankurtaran M. Thoughts and attitudes of adults about medicines used for COVID-19; A descriptive study. J Contemp Med. 2022; 12(2): 388-395.