Year 2020, Volume 8 , Issue 2, Pages 651 - 665 2020-06-15

Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills

İdawati İDAWATİ [1] , Punaji SETYOSARİ [2] , Dedi KUSWANDİ [3] , Saida ULFA [4]


This study was aimed to investigate the effects of the problem-solving method on university students' metacognitive skills and cognitive flexibility levels. The research was modelled in a semi-experimental pattern, with experiment-control groups. According to the cluster sampling technique, 144 pre-service teachers who attended the Elementary Teacher School program in the spring semester of 2018-2019 had been determined as participants in Indonesia. Cognitive Flexibility Inventory (CFI) and Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) were used as data collection tools. An Independent Sample t-Test and descriptive statistics techniques were used in the analysis of the data. The discussion method, which is used more in university education, was employed in the control group, while the problem-solving method was employed in the experimental group. As a result of the research, it was found that there was a significant difference in the metacognitive skill levels of students with high cognitive flexibility when compared to those with low cognitive flexibility. This differentiation is in favor of students with a high cognitive level. Furthermore, a significant differentiation was observed between the metacognitive skill scores of the two groups where the discussion and problem-solving methods were applied. It was seen that this differentiation was in favor of the group with the problem-solving method. This study therefore recommends that instructional adaptations should be made to increase pre-service teachers' cognitive flexibility. Also, the problem-solving method can be used for the development of metacognitive skills. Thus, they can provide experiential knowledge during the university education process, in order to develop these two important features.
Cognitive flexibility level, problem solving method, metacognitive skills
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Primary Language en
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Published Date June 2020
Journal Section Thinking Skills
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5421-1482
Author: İdawati İDAWATİ (Primary Author)
Institution: State University of Malang
Country: Indonesia


Orcid: 0000-0003-0187-9785
Author: Punaji SETYOSARİ
Institution: State University of Malang
Country: Indonesia


Orcid: 0000-0003-1005-6641
Author: Dedi KUSWANDİ
Institution: State University of Malang
Country: Indonesia


Orcid: 0000-0002-2302-7172
Author: Saida ULFA
Institution: State University of Malang
Country: Indonesia


Supporting Institution Ministry of Religious Affairs (MORA) Republic of Indonesia
Dates

Publication Date : June 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jegys652212, journal = {Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-360X}, address = {editorjegys@gmail.com}, publisher = {Genç Bilge Yayıncılık}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, pages = {651 - 665}, doi = {10.17478/jegys.652212}, title = {Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills}, key = {cite}, author = {İdawati̇, İdawati and Setyosari̇, Punaji and Kuswandi̇, Dedi and Ulfa, Saida} }
APA İdawati̇, İ , Setyosari̇, P , Kuswandi̇, D , Ulfa, S . (2020). Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists , 8 (2) , 651-665 . DOI: 10.17478/jegys.652212
MLA İdawati̇, İ , Setyosari̇, P , Kuswandi̇, D , Ulfa, S . "Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 651-665 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jegys/issue/53184/652212>
Chicago İdawati̇, İ , Setyosari̇, P , Kuswandi̇, D , Ulfa, S . "Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 651-665
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills AU - İdawati İdawati̇ , Punaji Setyosari̇ , Dedi Kuswandi̇ , Saida Ulfa Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.652212 DO - 10.17478/jegys.652212 T2 - Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 651 EP - 665 VL - 8 IS - 2 SN - -2149-360X M3 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.652212 UR - https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.652212 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills %A İdawati İdawati̇ , Punaji Setyosari̇ , Dedi Kuswandi̇ , Saida Ulfa %T Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills %D 2020 %J Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists %P -2149-360X %V 8 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17478/jegys.652212 %U 10.17478/jegys.652212
ISNAD İdawati̇, İdawati , Setyosari̇, Punaji , Kuswandi̇, Dedi , Ulfa, Saida . "Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 / 2 (June 2020): 651-665 . https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.652212
AMA İdawati̇ İ , Setyosari̇ P , Kuswandi̇ D , Ulfa S . Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills. JEGYS. 2020; 8(2): 651-665.
Vancouver İdawati̇ İ , Setyosari̇ P , Kuswandi̇ D , Ulfa S . Investigating the effects of problem-solving method and cognitive flexibility on improving university students’ metacognitive skills. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists. 2020; 8(2): 665-651.