Research Article
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Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 2, 395 - 407, 29.12.2021

Abstract

References

  • Ackerman, John. A Dylan Thomas Companion: Life, Poetry and Prose. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1991.
  • Afrougheh, Shahram. et al., Mirzaeian, VahidReza (2013). Poets in Reflection. Arak, Islamic Azad University Press: 262-296. Bressler, Charles E (2007). Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. Fourth Edition. New Jersey, P: 46.
  • Cabral, Gladir da Silva (2005). ‘Death in Dylan Thomas’s poem “A REFUSAL TO MOURN THE DEATH, BY FIRE, OF A CHILD IN LONDON’ AND ITS RELATION TO THE CHRISTIAN TRADITION’. Publicatio UEPG: Ciências Sociais Aplicadas, 13 (2): 7-17.
  • Daiches, David (1987). “The Poetry of Dylan Thomas.” Dylan Thomas: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. by C. B. Cox. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall International, pp. 14-24.
  • Ellis, Abrams (2008). Psychoanalysis in theory and Practice. In Personality theories: Critical perspectives. CA: SAGE Publication, pp 111-141.
  • Gifford, Terry (1999). Pastoral. New York: Routledge, pp: 146-174.
  • ---------- (2006). Pastoral and the Humanities: Arcadia Reinscribed. Bristol: Exeter Bristol Phoenix Press, pp: 14-24.
  • ----------. (2012). Pastoral, Anti-pastoral, and Post-pastoral as Reading Strategies. Ipswich: Salam: p.74.
  • Goldson, Edward (1996). ‘The Effect of War on Children’. Child Abuse & Neglect. Vol.20. No. 9: 809-819.
  • Lansky, Melvin., and Bley, Carol (1995). Post-traumatic Nightmares: Psychodynamic Explorations. NJ: The Analytic Press, p: 19.
  • Leed, Eric (2000). Fateful Memories: Industrialized War and Traumatic Neuroses. Journal of Contemporary History. Vol. 35. No. (1): 85-100.
  • Leitenberg, Milton (2006). Deaths in Wars and Conflicts in the 20th Century. Cornell University, Peace Studies Program. Vol.29. p: 11.
  • Marx, Leo (1964). The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America. Oxford: Oxford Up.
  • Moallemian, Roxana., and Inoue, Kazuko (2006). ‘Cognitive Conceptions of the Metaphors of Time: An Application of George Lakoff’s Conceptual Theory of Metaphor to Shakespeare’s Sonnets’. Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences. Hiroshima University: 23-33.
  • Nair, M.T Vasudevan (2003). ‘A Post-pastoral Reading’. Google Book Search. pp: 129-187. http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in. /bitstream/10603/2583/9/09 Novak, Joseph A (2003). ‘Substantive Syllogisms’. The University of Windsor. Google Book Search. pp:1-16.
  • Perrine, L. (1987). Sound and Sense: An introduction to poetry. Chicago: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.
  • Read, Herbert (1963). The Contrary Experience: Autobiographies. New York, Horizon Press: 217-18.
  • Sunderman, P. “Dylan Thomas’s ‘ A Refusal to Mourn’: A Syntactic and Semantic Interpretation.’ Language and Style: An International Journal. 20-35
  • Standifer, Leon C (1998). Not in Vain: A Rifleman Remembers World War II. Louisiana State University Press
  • Stephens, Raymond. The Self and World. Dylan Thomas: New Critical Essays. Ed. Walford Davies. London: J.M. Dent, 1972. 21-55
  • Zohrab Baigy, Mohsen. and Zarrinjooee, Bahman (2014). ‘Giffordian Post-pastoral and Loss of Innocence in William Blake’s The Little Boy Lost and The Little Boy Found’. International Journal of Literature and Art. Vol. 2. No. 2: 35-39.

The traces of post-pastoral possibilities in Dylan Thomas’s “F TG F D F” and “R M D F C L”

Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 2, 395 - 407, 29.12.2021

Abstract

The target of this survey addresses Dylan Thomas’s “The Force That Through The Green Fuse Drives The Flower” and “A Refusal to Mourn The Death, by Fire, of a Child in London” in which two eco-centric outlooks known as the creative_destructive process and the interwoven echoes of culture as nature and nature as culture have origins in Terry Gifford's post-pastoral literature. Within an eco-poetic paradigm, Thomas’s eco-critical orientation manifested in natural elements, portrays both possibilities of inspiring and soulless reflection. He believes the cognitive process of death and rebirth appeared in the confrontation of pastoral and anti-pastoral realities involves all minorities whether human or non_human being,therefore demanding inherent roles of communities are needed to dominate an oriented path which not only does it show individual's complexities and awareness in each side, but also make a bridge to reconcile the made gap. Hence, Thomas’s apt imagination of both symbols and natural images ironically summons a prophetic mission rooted in post-pastoral approach.

References

  • Ackerman, John. A Dylan Thomas Companion: Life, Poetry and Prose. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1991.
  • Afrougheh, Shahram. et al., Mirzaeian, VahidReza (2013). Poets in Reflection. Arak, Islamic Azad University Press: 262-296. Bressler, Charles E (2007). Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. Fourth Edition. New Jersey, P: 46.
  • Cabral, Gladir da Silva (2005). ‘Death in Dylan Thomas’s poem “A REFUSAL TO MOURN THE DEATH, BY FIRE, OF A CHILD IN LONDON’ AND ITS RELATION TO THE CHRISTIAN TRADITION’. Publicatio UEPG: Ciências Sociais Aplicadas, 13 (2): 7-17.
  • Daiches, David (1987). “The Poetry of Dylan Thomas.” Dylan Thomas: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. by C. B. Cox. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall International, pp. 14-24.
  • Ellis, Abrams (2008). Psychoanalysis in theory and Practice. In Personality theories: Critical perspectives. CA: SAGE Publication, pp 111-141.
  • Gifford, Terry (1999). Pastoral. New York: Routledge, pp: 146-174.
  • ---------- (2006). Pastoral and the Humanities: Arcadia Reinscribed. Bristol: Exeter Bristol Phoenix Press, pp: 14-24.
  • ----------. (2012). Pastoral, Anti-pastoral, and Post-pastoral as Reading Strategies. Ipswich: Salam: p.74.
  • Goldson, Edward (1996). ‘The Effect of War on Children’. Child Abuse & Neglect. Vol.20. No. 9: 809-819.
  • Lansky, Melvin., and Bley, Carol (1995). Post-traumatic Nightmares: Psychodynamic Explorations. NJ: The Analytic Press, p: 19.
  • Leed, Eric (2000). Fateful Memories: Industrialized War and Traumatic Neuroses. Journal of Contemporary History. Vol. 35. No. (1): 85-100.
  • Leitenberg, Milton (2006). Deaths in Wars and Conflicts in the 20th Century. Cornell University, Peace Studies Program. Vol.29. p: 11.
  • Marx, Leo (1964). The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America. Oxford: Oxford Up.
  • Moallemian, Roxana., and Inoue, Kazuko (2006). ‘Cognitive Conceptions of the Metaphors of Time: An Application of George Lakoff’s Conceptual Theory of Metaphor to Shakespeare’s Sonnets’. Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences. Hiroshima University: 23-33.
  • Nair, M.T Vasudevan (2003). ‘A Post-pastoral Reading’. Google Book Search. pp: 129-187. http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in. /bitstream/10603/2583/9/09 Novak, Joseph A (2003). ‘Substantive Syllogisms’. The University of Windsor. Google Book Search. pp:1-16.
  • Perrine, L. (1987). Sound and Sense: An introduction to poetry. Chicago: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.
  • Read, Herbert (1963). The Contrary Experience: Autobiographies. New York, Horizon Press: 217-18.
  • Sunderman, P. “Dylan Thomas’s ‘ A Refusal to Mourn’: A Syntactic and Semantic Interpretation.’ Language and Style: An International Journal. 20-35
  • Standifer, Leon C (1998). Not in Vain: A Rifleman Remembers World War II. Louisiana State University Press
  • Stephens, Raymond. The Self and World. Dylan Thomas: New Critical Essays. Ed. Walford Davies. London: J.M. Dent, 1972. 21-55
  • Zohrab Baigy, Mohsen. and Zarrinjooee, Bahman (2014). ‘Giffordian Post-pastoral and Loss of Innocence in William Blake’s The Little Boy Lost and The Little Boy Found’. International Journal of Literature and Art. Vol. 2. No. 2: 35-39.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Literature
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mohsen ZOHRAB BEİGİ> (Primary Author)
Azad Islamic University,Broujerd Branch, Iran
0000-0001-6269-8844
Iran

Supporting Institution College of Humanities Islamic Azad University Iran Mzbaigy@gmail.com
Thanks Thanks
Publication Date December 29, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 2

Cite

APA Zohrab Beigi, M. (2021). The traces of post-pastoral possibilities in Dylan Thomas’s “F TG F D F” and “R M D F C L” . Eurasian Journal of English Language and Literature , 3 (2) , 395-407 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jell/issue/67448/814460