Research Article
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Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 20 - 26, 30.03.2018

Abstract

The relatively little information is available in the literature on their mineral concentrations and especially on micro elements of sainfoin hay in Central Anatolia, as in the rest of the world. Therefore, the aim of the study was to determine protein, macro and micro element contents in herbage of some sainfoin cultivars (Peschanyj, local population and Ozerbey-2003) grown in Central Anatolia. This study was carried out in Ankara and Konya provinces, during 2006 and 2007 years. The experiment was designed according to randomized complete block design with four replications. It was found significant differences for location × cultivar interaction with regard to many investigated traits. Crude protein ratio, micro and macro elements such as K, P, Mg, Ca, Na, Mn, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mo, Cu, Cr, Al, Pb and Ni contents were analysed in sainfoin dry weight. The research result showed that protein content of sainfoin hays ranged 10.88 to 12.69 %. Its macro element contents ranged 1.23 to 2.29 g kg–1 for P, 24.00 to 31.12 g kg–1 for K, 3.70 to 6.61 g kg–1 for Mg, 4.08 to 11.89 g kg–1 for Ca, whereas micro element contents ranged 15.10 to 38.25 mg kg–1 for Mn, 41.28 to 116.52 mg kg–1 for Fe, 19.50 to 40.97 mg kg–1 Zn, 3.48 to 6.65 mg kg–1 for Cu, 0.55 to 1.47 mg kg–1 for Cr, 25.75 to 41.52 mg kg–1 for Al, 0.32 to 0.80 mg kg–1 for Pb, 0.40 to 1.17 mg kg–1 for Ni. In conclusion, due to the fact that location × cultivar interaction was found significant, we suggest that the appropriate cultivars should be determined to each region.

References

  • AACC, The American Association of Cereal Chemists, (1990) Approved methods of the American Association of cereal chemists. 8th ed. American Association of Cereal Chemists. St. Paul, MN, USA. Acar R, Ozcan MM, Kanbur G, Dursun N, (2012) Some Physico-Chemical Properties of Edible and Forage Watermelon Seeds. Iran J. Chem. Chem. Eng., 31(4), 41-47.
  • Aktoklu E, (1995) Revision of the Onobrychis Miller. (Fabaceae) that grows in Turkey. [PhD thesis]. Inonu University. (In Turkish with English abstract)
  • Avci MA, Ozkose A, Tamkoc A, (2013) Study of genotype × environment interaction on agricultural and quality in sainfoin (Obrychis sativa) genotypes. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 12(4):428-430.
  • Aydin I, Tosun F, (1991) A research on dry matter yield, crude protein content and yield of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) + some cereal species grown under Samsun ecological conditions. Proceedings of Congress of Pasture and Forage Crops (CPFC’91), Bornova-Izmir pp.332-340. Turkish with English abstract.
  • Bickoff EM, Kohler GO, Smith D, (1972) Chemical composition of herbage. In: Alfalfa science and technology (Ed. C.H. Hanson), American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Publisher Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp.247-282.
  • Foos AR, (1979) Yield and elemental composition of sainfoin and alfalfa as affected by fertilizer variables. MSc (Agric) Thesis, Montana State University.
  • Jančík F, Kubelková P, Kubát V, Koukolová M, Homolka P, (2017) Effects of drying procedures on chemical composition and nutritive value of alfalfa forage. S. Afr. J., Anim. Sci., 47(3), 96-101.
  • Jenkins MB, Bottomley PJ, (1984), Seasonal response of uninoculated alfalfa to n fertilizer: Soil N, nodule turnover, and symbiotic effectiveness of Rhizobium meliloti. Agron. J., 76, 959-963.
  • Kacar B, (1972), Chemical analysis of plant and soil-II, Plant analysis, Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara. Turkey.
  • Kahraman A, (2017) Nutritional value and foliar fertilization in soybean. J. Elem., 22(1), 55-66. Khan ZI, Ashraf M, Valeem EE, (2006), Forage mineral status evaluation: The influence of pastures. Pak. J. Bot., 38(4):1043-1054.
  • Khan ZI, Ashraf M, Ahmad K, Ahmad N, Danish M, Valeem EE, (2009) Evaluation of mineral composition of forages for grazing ruminants in Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot., 41(5), 2465-2476.
  • Kidambi SP, Matches AG, Bolger TP, (1990) Mineral concentrations in alfalfa and sainfoin as influenced by soil moisture level. Agron. J., 82, 229-236.
  • Kidambi SP, Matches AG, Griggs TC, (1989) Variability for Ca, Mg, K, Cu, Zn, and K/(Ca+Mg) ratio among 3 wheatgrasses and sainfoin on the southern high plains. J. Range Manage, 42(4), 316-322.
  • Lemus R, (2013) What are the mineral concentrations of forage? 6(2), 1-2, Mississippi State University, USA. Available from: http://msucares.com/crops/forages/newsletters/ 13/20130201.pdf
  • [NRC] National Research Council. (2001) Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. Seventh Revised Edition, National Academy Press. Washington D.C., USA.
  • Okcu M, Sengul S, (2014) Study on the determination of the morphological, yield and quality characteristics of some sainfoin species (Onobrychis spp.) native to East Anatolia. Pak. J. Bot., 46(5), 1837-1842.
  • Putnam DH, Robinson P, Peters ED, (2007) Forage quality testing Chapter 16. In: Irrigated alfalfa management in Mediterranean and desert zones, (Ed. C.G. Summers, D.H. Putnam), University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 8302, Oakland. p. 1-25. Available from: http://alfalfa.ucdavis.edu/IrrigatedAlfalfa
  • Ozaslan Parlak A, Parlak M, (2008) Effect of salinity in irrigation water on some plant development parameters of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) and soil salinity. Tarim Bilim. Der., 14(4), 320-325.
  • Ozcan M, (2004) Mineral contents of some plants used as condiments in Turkey. Food Chem., 84, 437-440.
  • Ozkose A, (2013) Determination of yield and yield components of fodder beet (Beta vulgaris L. var. rapacea Koch.) cultivars under the Konya region conditions. ICAE 2013: International Conference on Agricultural Engineering, 2013 Dec 30-31; Paris, France; 2064-2067.
  • Scholtz GDJ, Van Der Merwe HJ, Tylutki TP, (2009), The nutritive value of South African Medicago sativa L. hay. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 39, 179-182.
  • Tongel MO, Ayan I, (2010), Nutritional contents and yield performances of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) cultivars in Southern Black Sea Shores. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 9(15), 2067-2073.
  • Tufenkci S, Erman M, Sonmez F, (2006) Effects of phosphorus and nitrogen applications and rhizobium inoculation on the yield and nutrient uptake of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia L.) under irrigated conditions in Turkey. New Zeal. J. Agr. Res., 49, 101-105.
  • Turk M, Albayrak S, Tuzun CG, Yuksel O, (2011) Effects of fertilization and harvesting stages on forage yield and quality of sainfoin (Obrychis sativa L.). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 17(6), 789-794.4

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 20 - 26, 30.03.2018

Abstract

References

  • AACC, The American Association of Cereal Chemists, (1990) Approved methods of the American Association of cereal chemists. 8th ed. American Association of Cereal Chemists. St. Paul, MN, USA. Acar R, Ozcan MM, Kanbur G, Dursun N, (2012) Some Physico-Chemical Properties of Edible and Forage Watermelon Seeds. Iran J. Chem. Chem. Eng., 31(4), 41-47.
  • Aktoklu E, (1995) Revision of the Onobrychis Miller. (Fabaceae) that grows in Turkey. [PhD thesis]. Inonu University. (In Turkish with English abstract)
  • Avci MA, Ozkose A, Tamkoc A, (2013) Study of genotype × environment interaction on agricultural and quality in sainfoin (Obrychis sativa) genotypes. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 12(4):428-430.
  • Aydin I, Tosun F, (1991) A research on dry matter yield, crude protein content and yield of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) + some cereal species grown under Samsun ecological conditions. Proceedings of Congress of Pasture and Forage Crops (CPFC’91), Bornova-Izmir pp.332-340. Turkish with English abstract.
  • Bickoff EM, Kohler GO, Smith D, (1972) Chemical composition of herbage. In: Alfalfa science and technology (Ed. C.H. Hanson), American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Publisher Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp.247-282.
  • Foos AR, (1979) Yield and elemental composition of sainfoin and alfalfa as affected by fertilizer variables. MSc (Agric) Thesis, Montana State University.
  • Jančík F, Kubelková P, Kubát V, Koukolová M, Homolka P, (2017) Effects of drying procedures on chemical composition and nutritive value of alfalfa forage. S. Afr. J., Anim. Sci., 47(3), 96-101.
  • Jenkins MB, Bottomley PJ, (1984), Seasonal response of uninoculated alfalfa to n fertilizer: Soil N, nodule turnover, and symbiotic effectiveness of Rhizobium meliloti. Agron. J., 76, 959-963.
  • Kacar B, (1972), Chemical analysis of plant and soil-II, Plant analysis, Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara. Turkey.
  • Kahraman A, (2017) Nutritional value and foliar fertilization in soybean. J. Elem., 22(1), 55-66. Khan ZI, Ashraf M, Valeem EE, (2006), Forage mineral status evaluation: The influence of pastures. Pak. J. Bot., 38(4):1043-1054.
  • Khan ZI, Ashraf M, Ahmad K, Ahmad N, Danish M, Valeem EE, (2009) Evaluation of mineral composition of forages for grazing ruminants in Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot., 41(5), 2465-2476.
  • Kidambi SP, Matches AG, Bolger TP, (1990) Mineral concentrations in alfalfa and sainfoin as influenced by soil moisture level. Agron. J., 82, 229-236.
  • Kidambi SP, Matches AG, Griggs TC, (1989) Variability for Ca, Mg, K, Cu, Zn, and K/(Ca+Mg) ratio among 3 wheatgrasses and sainfoin on the southern high plains. J. Range Manage, 42(4), 316-322.
  • Lemus R, (2013) What are the mineral concentrations of forage? 6(2), 1-2, Mississippi State University, USA. Available from: http://msucares.com/crops/forages/newsletters/ 13/20130201.pdf
  • [NRC] National Research Council. (2001) Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. Seventh Revised Edition, National Academy Press. Washington D.C., USA.
  • Okcu M, Sengul S, (2014) Study on the determination of the morphological, yield and quality characteristics of some sainfoin species (Onobrychis spp.) native to East Anatolia. Pak. J. Bot., 46(5), 1837-1842.
  • Putnam DH, Robinson P, Peters ED, (2007) Forage quality testing Chapter 16. In: Irrigated alfalfa management in Mediterranean and desert zones, (Ed. C.G. Summers, D.H. Putnam), University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 8302, Oakland. p. 1-25. Available from: http://alfalfa.ucdavis.edu/IrrigatedAlfalfa
  • Ozaslan Parlak A, Parlak M, (2008) Effect of salinity in irrigation water on some plant development parameters of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) and soil salinity. Tarim Bilim. Der., 14(4), 320-325.
  • Ozcan M, (2004) Mineral contents of some plants used as condiments in Turkey. Food Chem., 84, 437-440.
  • Ozkose A, (2013) Determination of yield and yield components of fodder beet (Beta vulgaris L. var. rapacea Koch.) cultivars under the Konya region conditions. ICAE 2013: International Conference on Agricultural Engineering, 2013 Dec 30-31; Paris, France; 2064-2067.
  • Scholtz GDJ, Van Der Merwe HJ, Tylutki TP, (2009), The nutritive value of South African Medicago sativa L. hay. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 39, 179-182.
  • Tongel MO, Ayan I, (2010), Nutritional contents and yield performances of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) cultivars in Southern Black Sea Shores. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 9(15), 2067-2073.
  • Tufenkci S, Erman M, Sonmez F, (2006) Effects of phosphorus and nitrogen applications and rhizobium inoculation on the yield and nutrient uptake of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia L.) under irrigated conditions in Turkey. New Zeal. J. Agr. Res., 49, 101-105.
  • Turk M, Albayrak S, Tuzun CG, Yuksel O, (2011) Effects of fertilization and harvesting stages on forage yield and quality of sainfoin (Obrychis sativa L.). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 17(6), 789-794.4

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Abdullah ÖZKÖSE> (Primary Author)
Selçuk University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, 42075 Keykubat Campus, Konya, Turkey
0000-0002-5393-6748
Türkiye

Publication Date March 30, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jieas477807, journal = {Journal of International Environmental Application and Science}, issn = {1307-0428}, eissn = {2636-7661}, address = {}, publisher = {Selcuk University}, year = {2018}, volume = {13}, number = {1}, pages = {20 - 26}, title = {Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin}, key = {cite}, author = {Özköse, Abdullah} }
APA Özköse, A. (2018). Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science , 13 (1) , 20-26 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/477807
MLA Özköse, A. "Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin" . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 20-26 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/477807>
Chicago Özköse, A. "Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 20-26
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin AU - AbdullahÖzköse Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of International Environmental Application and Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 20 EP - 26 VL - 13 IS - 1 SN - 1307-0428-2636-7661 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of International Environmental Application and Science Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin %A Abdullah Özköse %T Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin %D 2018 %J Journal of International Environmental Application and Science %P 1307-0428-2636-7661 %V 13 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Özköse, Abdullah . "Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 / 1 (March 2018): 20-26 .
AMA Özköse A. Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin. JIEAS. 2018; 13(1): 20-26.
Vancouver Özköse A. Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science. 2018; 13(1): 20-26.
IEEE A. Özköse , "Effects of Location x Cultivars Interaction on Crude Protein and Mineral Contents in Sainfoin", Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 20-26, Mar. 2018

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