Research Article
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The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 33 - 40, 30.03.2018

Abstract

This paper presents for the first time data regarding the evolution of Drini Bay (Adriatic Sea) coastal plain since LGM (20 Ka BP). This area is very poorly studied by both Albanian and foreign researchers. A database including data from 200 borehole logs performed during different field campaigns undertaken in this area since 1953 was created with the purpose to determine the lowest sea level reached during LGM. The field observation helped us to evidence the presence of sea level indicators on the slopes of the carbonate hills surrounding the coastal plain. Two indicators represented by “wave cuts” or “tidal notched” were distinguished. The first one at an altitude 30-40 m, which probably belongs to the higher sea level reached during MIS5.5 and a second one, at an altitude of 9-10 m, which probably belongs to the Maximum Flooding Surface of the last transgression.  The position of MIS5.5 sea level indicator suggests that the area was under the conditions of a tectonic uplift. Based on data at our disposal, we have calculated that the contribute of glacio-isostatic and hydro-isostatic components in this area during last 20 ka varies between 1.05 and 1.35 mm y-1.

References

  • Biçoku T, Pumo E, Papa A. (1970) Gjeologjia e Shqipërisë. Tekst sqarues i Hartës Gjeologjike të Shqipërisë në shkallë 1:200.000. [Geology of Albania. Explanatory text of Geological Map of Albania in scale 1:200.000]. SH.B. “Naim Frashëri” Tiranë
  • Durmishi Ç, Moisiu L, Kavaja V, Jata I, Sinojmeri A, (2008) Sedimentological and geophysical study of Quaternary deposits (Holocen - Pleistocen) of Albanian coastal area. A Changing Coast: 9th International Conference Littoral 2008, Venice, Italy.
  • Dutton A, Lambeck K, (2012) Ice Volume and Sea Level during the Last Interglacial. Science. 337 (6091), 216-219. doi: 10.1126/science.1205749
  • Fouache É, Vella C, Dimo L, Gruda G, Denèfle M, Monnier O, Hotyat M, Huth E, (2003) The progradation of the Albanian deltaic plains (Drin, Mati, Seman and Vjosa deltas): a matter of the last 500 years? – In: XVI INQUA Congress, Paper no: 76-2, Holocene in the Mediterranean and black sea regions (posters). Geological Societyof America.https://gsa.confex.com/ gsa/inqu/finalprogram/abstract_55160.htm
  • Kopp RE., Simons, F.J., Mitrovica, JX., Maloof, A.C., Oppenheimer, M. (2009) Probabilistic assessment of sea level during the last interglacial stage. Nature, 462 (7275),. 863–867.
  • Ku TL, Kimmel MA, Eastron WH, O’neil TJ, (1974) Eustatic sea level 120000 years ago on Oahu, Hawai. Science 183, pp. 959-962.
  • Lambeck K, Antonioli F, Purcell A, Silenzi S, (2004) Sea-level change along the Italian coast for the past 10,000 yr. Quat. Sci. Rev. 23, 1567–1598.
  • Lambeck K, Purcell A, (2005) Sea-level change in the Mediterranean Sea since the LGM: model predictions for tectonically stable areas. Quat. Sci. Rev. 24 (18), 1969–1988. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.06.025
  • Lambeck K, Rouby H, Purcell A, Sun Y, Sambridge M, (2014) Sea level and global ice volumes from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene. PNAS October 28, 2014 vol. 111, no. 43, pp. 15296–15303. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1411762111
  • Mathers S. Brew DS, Arthurton RS, (1999) Rapid Holocene evolution and neotectonics of the Albanian Adriatic coastline. Journal of Coastal Research, 15 (2): 345-354. http://journals.fcla.edu/ jcr/article/view/80507/77740
  • Mishunina ZA, (1957) Geollogiçeskaja karta N. R. Allbanii v masshtabje 1:200.000. Obiasnitjelnaja zapiska. [Geological Map of PR of Albania in scale 1:200.000. Explanatory Text. – In Russian]. Ministerstvo geoologii i ohranij njedr SSSR. Bcjecojuznij neftojanoj nauçno-issljedobatjelckij geologo-razbjedoçnij institut (VNIGRI) Leningrad.
  • Noller JS, Sowers JM, Lettis WR,(Eds) (2000) Quaternary Geochronology: Methods and Applications. American Geophysical Union. ISBN 0-87590-950-7.
  • Vranai A, Shallo, M,XhomoA, (1997) Gjeologjia e Shqipërisë. Shtëpia Botuese e Librti Universitar. Tiranë.

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 33 - 40, 30.03.2018

Abstract

References

  • Biçoku T, Pumo E, Papa A. (1970) Gjeologjia e Shqipërisë. Tekst sqarues i Hartës Gjeologjike të Shqipërisë në shkallë 1:200.000. [Geology of Albania. Explanatory text of Geological Map of Albania in scale 1:200.000]. SH.B. “Naim Frashëri” Tiranë
  • Durmishi Ç, Moisiu L, Kavaja V, Jata I, Sinojmeri A, (2008) Sedimentological and geophysical study of Quaternary deposits (Holocen - Pleistocen) of Albanian coastal area. A Changing Coast: 9th International Conference Littoral 2008, Venice, Italy.
  • Dutton A, Lambeck K, (2012) Ice Volume and Sea Level during the Last Interglacial. Science. 337 (6091), 216-219. doi: 10.1126/science.1205749
  • Fouache É, Vella C, Dimo L, Gruda G, Denèfle M, Monnier O, Hotyat M, Huth E, (2003) The progradation of the Albanian deltaic plains (Drin, Mati, Seman and Vjosa deltas): a matter of the last 500 years? – In: XVI INQUA Congress, Paper no: 76-2, Holocene in the Mediterranean and black sea regions (posters). Geological Societyof America.https://gsa.confex.com/ gsa/inqu/finalprogram/abstract_55160.htm
  • Kopp RE., Simons, F.J., Mitrovica, JX., Maloof, A.C., Oppenheimer, M. (2009) Probabilistic assessment of sea level during the last interglacial stage. Nature, 462 (7275),. 863–867.
  • Ku TL, Kimmel MA, Eastron WH, O’neil TJ, (1974) Eustatic sea level 120000 years ago on Oahu, Hawai. Science 183, pp. 959-962.
  • Lambeck K, Antonioli F, Purcell A, Silenzi S, (2004) Sea-level change along the Italian coast for the past 10,000 yr. Quat. Sci. Rev. 23, 1567–1598.
  • Lambeck K, Purcell A, (2005) Sea-level change in the Mediterranean Sea since the LGM: model predictions for tectonically stable areas. Quat. Sci. Rev. 24 (18), 1969–1988. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.06.025
  • Lambeck K, Rouby H, Purcell A, Sun Y, Sambridge M, (2014) Sea level and global ice volumes from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene. PNAS October 28, 2014 vol. 111, no. 43, pp. 15296–15303. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1411762111
  • Mathers S. Brew DS, Arthurton RS, (1999) Rapid Holocene evolution and neotectonics of the Albanian Adriatic coastline. Journal of Coastal Research, 15 (2): 345-354. http://journals.fcla.edu/ jcr/article/view/80507/77740
  • Mishunina ZA, (1957) Geollogiçeskaja karta N. R. Allbanii v masshtabje 1:200.000. Obiasnitjelnaja zapiska. [Geological Map of PR of Albania in scale 1:200.000. Explanatory Text. – In Russian]. Ministerstvo geoologii i ohranij njedr SSSR. Bcjecojuznij neftojanoj nauçno-issljedobatjelckij geologo-razbjedoçnij institut (VNIGRI) Leningrad.
  • Noller JS, Sowers JM, Lettis WR,(Eds) (2000) Quaternary Geochronology: Methods and Applications. American Geophysical Union. ISBN 0-87590-950-7.
  • Vranai A, Shallo, M,XhomoA, (1997) Gjeologjia e Shqipërisë. Shtëpia Botuese e Librti Universitar. Tiranë.

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Sokol MARKU This is me (Primary Author)
Albanian Geological Survey, Tirana, Albania
Albania


Eleni GJANİ This is me

Publication Date March 30, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jieas478363, journal = {Journal of International Environmental Application and Science}, issn = {1307-0428}, eissn = {2636-7661}, address = {}, publisher = {Selcuk University}, year = {2018}, volume = {13}, number = {1}, pages = {33 - 40}, title = {The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania}, key = {cite}, author = {Marku, Sokol and Gjani, Eleni} }
APA Marku, S. & Gjani, E. (2018). The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science , 13 (1) , 33-40 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/478363
MLA Marku, S. , Gjani, E. "The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania" . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 33-40 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/478363>
Chicago Marku, S. , Gjani, E. "The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 33-40
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania AU - SokolMarku, EleniGjani Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of International Environmental Application and Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 33 EP - 40 VL - 13 IS - 1 SN - 1307-0428-2636-7661 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of International Environmental Application and Science The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania %A Sokol Marku , Eleni Gjani %T The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania %D 2018 %J Journal of International Environmental Application and Science %P 1307-0428-2636-7661 %V 13 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Marku, Sokol , Gjani, Eleni . "The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 / 1 (March 2018): 33-40 .
AMA Marku S. , Gjani E. The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania. JIEAS. 2018; 13(1): 33-40.
Vancouver Marku S. , Gjani E. The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science. 2018; 13(1): 33-40.
IEEE S. Marku and E. Gjani , "The evolution of Holocene Transgression in Drini Bay. Northewstern Albania", Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 33-40, Mar. 2018

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