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Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 50 - 56, 30.03.2018

Abstract

This study examines the impact of three different urban green areas with various types of plant cover on human thermal comfort in the Bornova district by measuring some climatic parameters within the parks and their immediate surroundings/built-up areas in a typical hot summer month (July 2017). The measurements were analyzed and interpreted according to the Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) index and the mean radiant temperature (Tmrt) by RayMan software model. The results showed that a green area with good ventilation and a deciduous tree cover with large leafs has a positive effect on human comfort especially during the night. The results also emphasize the importance of wind velocity, plant (tree) cover type and the physical characteristics of the neighbouring area as effective tools for human comfort.

References

  • Abdel-Ghany AM, Al-Helal IM, Shady MR, (2013) Human thermal comfort and heat stress in an outdoor urban arid environment: a case study. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 7 pp.
  • Adıgüzel G, (2018) Kentsel Yeşil Alanların Mikro-İklimsel Etkilerinin İzmir-Bornova Örneğinde Araştırılması, PhD. Thesis, Ege University, Science Institute, Landscape Dept., 119pp, Izmir.
  • Bowler DE, Buyung-Ali, L, Knight, TM and Pullin, AS, (2010) Urban greening to cool towns and cities: A systematic review of the empirical evidence, Land. & Urban Plan., 97, 147-155.
  • Cohen P, Potchter O, Matzarakis A, (2012) Daily and seasonal climatic conditions of green urban open spaces in the Mediterranean climate and their impact on human comfort, Building & Environ., 51, 285-295.
  • Coutts AM, Tapper NJ, Beringer J, Loughnan M, Demuzere M, (2012) Watering our cities: the capacity for water sensitive urban design to support urban cooling and improve human thermal comfort in the Australian context. Progress in Physical Geography 37, 2-28.
  • Doygun N, (2012) Bornova İlçesi’nde Alan Kullanım Değişiklikleri ve Potansiyeli Arasındaki Etkileşimlerin Belirlenmesi, PhD. thesis, Ege University, Science Institute, Landscape Dept., 143pp, (unpublished).
  • Georgi JN, Dimitriou D, (2010) The contribution of urban green spaces to the improvement of environment in cities: case study of Chania, Greece. Building and Environment, 45, 1401–1414.
  • Gulyás Á, (2005) Differences in human comfort conditions within a complex urban environment: a case study, Acta Clima. & Chorol., 38-39, 71-84.
  • Hepcan Ş, (2013) Analyzing the pattern and connectivity of urban green space; a case study of İzmir, Turkey, Urban Ecosystems, 16, 279-293 pp.
  • Höppe P, (1999) The physiological equivalent temperature -a universal index for the biometeorological assessment of the thermal environment, Int J Biomet, 43, 71-5.
  • Karadaş A, (2012) Bornova Ovası ve Çevresinin Fiziki Coğrafyası, PhD. thesis, Ege Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Coğrafya Anabilim Dalı, 332s, Izmir.
  • Matzarakis A, (2002) Validation of Modelled Mean Radiant Temperature within Urban Structures, Proceeding of the Fourth Symposium on the Urban Environment, 72–73.
  • Matzarakis A, Mayer H, (1997) Heat stress in Greece, Int J Biometeorol, 41, 34–39.
  • Matzarakis A, Mayer H, Iziomon M G, (1999) Applications of a universal thermal index: physiological equivalent temperature, Int J Biometeorol, 43, 76–84pp.
  • Matzarakis A, Rutz F, Mayer H, (2000) Estimation and Calculation of the Mean Radiant Temperature within Urban Structures, In: Biometeorology and Urban Climatology at the Turn of the Millenium, In: de Dear, R. J., Kalma, J. D., Oke T. R. Auliciems A. (Eds). Selected Papers from the Conference ICB-ICUC’99, Sydney, WCASP-50, WMO/TD No. 1026, 273 278.
  • Oke TR, (1987) Boundary Layer Climates, 2nd edition, Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, New York, 435p.
  • Potchter O, Cohen P, Bitan A, (2006) Climatic behavior of various urban parks during hot and humid summer in the Mediterranean city of Tel Aviv, Israel. Int. J. Clim., 26, 1695-1711.
  • Ruiz MA, Correa EN, (2014) Developing a thermal comfort index for vegetated open spaces in cities of arid zones, Energy Procedia, 57, 3130 – 3139 pp.
  • Sanusia R, Johnstone D, Maya P, Livesley SJ, (2017) Microclimate benefits that different street tree species provide to sidewalk pedestrians relate to differences in Plant Area Index, Landscape and Urban Planning, 157, 502–511pp.
  • Spronken-Smith RA, Oke TR, (1998) The thermal regime of urban parks in two cities with different summer climates, Int. J. Remote Sensing, 19, 2085-2104.
  • Xuea S, Xiao Y, (2016) Study on the outdoor thermal comfort threshold of Lingnan Garden in summer, Procedia Engineering, 169, 422 – 430 pp.
  • Yang P, Xiao ZN, Ye MS, (2016) Cooling effect of urban parks and their relationship with urban heat islands, Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 9, 298–305pp.
  • Zoulia I, Santamouris M, Dimoudi A, (2009) Monitoring the effect of urban green areas on the heat island in Athens, Environ Monit Assess,156, 275–292

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 50 - 56, 30.03.2018

Abstract

References

  • Abdel-Ghany AM, Al-Helal IM, Shady MR, (2013) Human thermal comfort and heat stress in an outdoor urban arid environment: a case study. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 7 pp.
  • Adıgüzel G, (2018) Kentsel Yeşil Alanların Mikro-İklimsel Etkilerinin İzmir-Bornova Örneğinde Araştırılması, PhD. Thesis, Ege University, Science Institute, Landscape Dept., 119pp, Izmir.
  • Bowler DE, Buyung-Ali, L, Knight, TM and Pullin, AS, (2010) Urban greening to cool towns and cities: A systematic review of the empirical evidence, Land. & Urban Plan., 97, 147-155.
  • Cohen P, Potchter O, Matzarakis A, (2012) Daily and seasonal climatic conditions of green urban open spaces in the Mediterranean climate and their impact on human comfort, Building & Environ., 51, 285-295.
  • Coutts AM, Tapper NJ, Beringer J, Loughnan M, Demuzere M, (2012) Watering our cities: the capacity for water sensitive urban design to support urban cooling and improve human thermal comfort in the Australian context. Progress in Physical Geography 37, 2-28.
  • Doygun N, (2012) Bornova İlçesi’nde Alan Kullanım Değişiklikleri ve Potansiyeli Arasındaki Etkileşimlerin Belirlenmesi, PhD. thesis, Ege University, Science Institute, Landscape Dept., 143pp, (unpublished).
  • Georgi JN, Dimitriou D, (2010) The contribution of urban green spaces to the improvement of environment in cities: case study of Chania, Greece. Building and Environment, 45, 1401–1414.
  • Gulyás Á, (2005) Differences in human comfort conditions within a complex urban environment: a case study, Acta Clima. & Chorol., 38-39, 71-84.
  • Hepcan Ş, (2013) Analyzing the pattern and connectivity of urban green space; a case study of İzmir, Turkey, Urban Ecosystems, 16, 279-293 pp.
  • Höppe P, (1999) The physiological equivalent temperature -a universal index for the biometeorological assessment of the thermal environment, Int J Biomet, 43, 71-5.
  • Karadaş A, (2012) Bornova Ovası ve Çevresinin Fiziki Coğrafyası, PhD. thesis, Ege Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Coğrafya Anabilim Dalı, 332s, Izmir.
  • Matzarakis A, (2002) Validation of Modelled Mean Radiant Temperature within Urban Structures, Proceeding of the Fourth Symposium on the Urban Environment, 72–73.
  • Matzarakis A, Mayer H, (1997) Heat stress in Greece, Int J Biometeorol, 41, 34–39.
  • Matzarakis A, Mayer H, Iziomon M G, (1999) Applications of a universal thermal index: physiological equivalent temperature, Int J Biometeorol, 43, 76–84pp.
  • Matzarakis A, Rutz F, Mayer H, (2000) Estimation and Calculation of the Mean Radiant Temperature within Urban Structures, In: Biometeorology and Urban Climatology at the Turn of the Millenium, In: de Dear, R. J., Kalma, J. D., Oke T. R. Auliciems A. (Eds). Selected Papers from the Conference ICB-ICUC’99, Sydney, WCASP-50, WMO/TD No. 1026, 273 278.
  • Oke TR, (1987) Boundary Layer Climates, 2nd edition, Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, New York, 435p.
  • Potchter O, Cohen P, Bitan A, (2006) Climatic behavior of various urban parks during hot and humid summer in the Mediterranean city of Tel Aviv, Israel. Int. J. Clim., 26, 1695-1711.
  • Ruiz MA, Correa EN, (2014) Developing a thermal comfort index for vegetated open spaces in cities of arid zones, Energy Procedia, 57, 3130 – 3139 pp.
  • Sanusia R, Johnstone D, Maya P, Livesley SJ, (2017) Microclimate benefits that different street tree species provide to sidewalk pedestrians relate to differences in Plant Area Index, Landscape and Urban Planning, 157, 502–511pp.
  • Spronken-Smith RA, Oke TR, (1998) The thermal regime of urban parks in two cities with different summer climates, Int. J. Remote Sensing, 19, 2085-2104.
  • Xuea S, Xiao Y, (2016) Study on the outdoor thermal comfort threshold of Lingnan Garden in summer, Procedia Engineering, 169, 422 – 430 pp.
  • Yang P, Xiao ZN, Ye MS, (2016) Cooling effect of urban parks and their relationship with urban heat islands, Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 9, 298–305pp.
  • Zoulia I, Santamouris M, Dimoudi A, (2009) Monitoring the effect of urban green areas on the heat island in Athens, Environ Monit Assess,156, 275–292

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Gulsah ADİGUZEL This is me (Primary Author)
Landscape Architecture Department, Agriculture Faculty, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey
Türkiye

Publication Date March 30, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jieas478366, journal = {Journal of International Environmental Application and Science}, issn = {1307-0428}, eissn = {2636-7661}, address = {}, publisher = {Selcuk University}, year = {2018}, volume = {13}, number = {1}, pages = {50 - 56}, title = {Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir}, key = {cite}, author = {Adiguzel, Gulsah} }
APA Adiguzel, G. (2018). Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science , 13 (1) , 50-56 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/478366
MLA Adiguzel, G. "Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir" . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 50-56 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/478366>
Chicago Adiguzel, G. "Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 50-56
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir AU - GulsahAdiguzel Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of International Environmental Application and Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 50 EP - 56 VL - 13 IS - 1 SN - 1307-0428-2636-7661 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of International Environmental Application and Science Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir %A Gulsah Adiguzel %T Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir %D 2018 %J Journal of International Environmental Application and Science %P 1307-0428-2636-7661 %V 13 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Adiguzel, Gulsah . "Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 / 1 (March 2018): 50-56 .
AMA Adiguzel G. Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir. JIEAS. 2018; 13(1): 50-56.
Vancouver Adiguzel G. Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science. 2018; 13(1): 50-56.
IEEE G. Adiguzel , "Analysing the Impacts of Different Urban Green Areas on Human Thermal Comfort in Bornova, İzmir", Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 50-56, Mar. 2018

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