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Engaging poverty with tourism: Pro-poor tourism perspective

Year 2023, Volume 8, Issue 1, 93 - 100, 31.07.2023
https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.2023-8-1-93

Abstract

Poverty continues to be one of the most important problems of our time. However, even if different economic measures have been taken to solve poverty, a solution has not been found yet. One of these measures is to ensure the development of tourism in poor regions. The aim of this study is to reveal the relationship between tourism and poverty and to examine whether tourism can be a cure for poverty. In order to reach the aim of the research, a theoretical analysis was carried out. As a result of the research, it was concluded that there is no consensus in the literature on the relationship between tourism and poverty. It has been concluded that there are two different approaches in the literature that tourism reduces poverty and, on the contrary, it does not.



References

  • Abay, M. Ç., & Sezgin, S. (2018). Türkiye ve bazı AB ülkelerinde yoksulluk ve gelir dağılımı. Journal of Life Economics, 5(4), 97-110.
  • Anderson, W. (2015). Cultural tourism and poverty alleviation in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 13(3), 208-224.
  • Ashley, C., Goodwin, H., & Roe, D. (2001). Pro-poor tourism strategies: Expanding opportunities for the poor. London: ODI.
  • Aşkın, E. Ö., & Aşkın, U. (2017). Kadına yönelik aile içi şiddet ve yoksulluk ilişkisi: aile içi şiddet mağduru kadınlar üzerine bir araştırma. Kapadokya Akademik Bakış, 1(2), 16-37.
  • Atkinson, A. B. (1987). On the measurement of poverty. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 749-764.
  • Aylan, F. K., Gök Sarı, H., & Şalvarcı, S. (2019). Kırsal yoksulluğun giderilmesinde kadın girişimciliğin rolü: lavanta kokulu köy. Journal of Tourism and Gastronomy Studies, 7(2), 1271-1289.
  • Bozan, M. (2017). Yoksulluk algısına farklı bir bakış. Bartın Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 8(15), 389-410.
  • Carr, S. C., Thompson, M., Dalal, A. K., De Guzman, J. M., Gloss, A., Munns, L., & Steadman, A. (2014). Psychology and poverty reduction: a global special Issue. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation.
  • Çetin, Z. Ö. (2012). Yoksulluğu azaltmada yeni bir yaklaşım: yoksul-yanlı turizm. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, (11), 97-108.
  • Chok, S., Macbeth, J., & Warren, C. (2007). Tourism as a tool for poverty alleviation: A critical analysis of ‘pro-poor tourism’and implications for sustainability. Current issues in Tourism, 10(2-3), 144-165.
  • Croes, R. (2014). Tourism and poverty reduction in Latin America: where does the region stand? Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 6(3), 293-300.
  • Dimitrov, P. M., Kraseta, R., Dimitrov, B., & Parvanov, P. (2018). Bulgarian tourism and the problem of poverty alleviation in Bulgaria. Tourism & Management Studies, 14(2), 45-52.
  • Doğan, H., & Bilici, N. S. (2020). Kırsal kalkınma yaklaşımına farklı bir bakış: yoksul yanlısı turizm ve Elazığ ili örneği. Journal of Bartin Faculty of Forestry, 22(2), 332-340.
  • Garidzirai, R., & Matiza, T. (2020). Exploring the tourism-poverty alleviation nexus in the brics groupof nations. Ekonomika, 99(1), 93-109.
  • Giddens, A., & Sutton, W. P. (2018). Sosyolojide temel kavramlar. (3. bs). (Ali Esgin, Çev). Ankara: Phoenix Yayınevi.
  • Harrison, D. (2008). Pro-poor tourism: A critique. Third World Quarterly, 29(5), 851–868. https://doi.org/10.1080/01436590802105983
  • Harrison, D., & Schipani, S. (2007). Lao tourism and poverty alleviation: Community-based tourism and the private sector. Current issues in tourism, 10(2-3), 194-230.
  • Haughton, J., & Khandker, S. R. (2009). Handbook on poverty inequality. Washington: World Bank Publications.
  • Haushofer, J., & Fehr, E. (2014). On the psychology of poverty. Science, 344(6186), 862-867.
  • Ingham, B. (2004). International economics: a European focus. Pearson Education.
  • International Labour Organization. (2005). Pautas metodolo´gicas para el ana´ lisis de experiencias de turismo comunitario. Ginebra: Organización Internacional del Trabajo:
  • Jamieson, W., Goodwin, H., & Edmunds, C. (2004). Contribution of tourism to poverty alleviation pro-poor tourism and the challenge of measuring impacts. Transport Policy and Tourism Section Transport and Tourism Division UN ESCAP.
  • Karacaer, S., Sert, A. N., & Öztürk, Y. (2017). Yoksul Yanlı Turizm Yaklaşımı Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme, Türk Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt.1, Sayı.3, ss.31-40.
  • Karadağ, A. K. (2018). Göç, yoksulluk ve insan hakları. İnönü Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi, 9(2), 485-498.
  • Karmilah, M., Nuryanti, W., Soewarno, N., & Setiawan, B. (2014). Community involvement in tourism development: As strategy for poverty alleviation after the earthquake (Case study: Kasongan Village Yogyakarta). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(12), 1-7.
  • Kebede, N. S., & Bayeh, B. E. (2017). Alignment of tourism against poverty in Bale eco-region, Dinsho district, Ethiopia. International Journal of Tourism Sciences, 17(4), 247-261.
  • Koens, K., & Thomas, R. (2016). “You know that's a rip-off”: policies and practices surrounding micro-enterprises and poverty alleviation in South African township tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(12), 1641-1654.
  • Lewis, D. K. (1966). An argument for the identity theory. The Journal of Philosophy, 63(1), 17-25.
  • Medina‐Muñoz, D. R., Medina‐Muñoz, R. D., & Gutiérrez‐Pérez, F. J. (2016). A sustainable development approach to assessing the engagement of tourism enterprises in poverty alleviation. Sustainable Development, 24(4), 220-236.
  • Mitchell, J., & Ashley, C. (2007). Pathways to Prosperity – How can tourism reduce poverty: A review of pathways, evidence and methods. Forthcoming World Bank / ODI.
  • Morduch, J. (1994). Poverty and vulnerability. The American Economic Review, 84(2), 221-225.
  • Muchapondwa, E., & Stage, J. (2013). The economic impacts of tourism in Botswana, Namibia and South Africa: Is poverty subsiding?. Natural Resources Forum, 37(2),80-89.
  • Newman, D. M. (2016). Sosyoloji günlük yaşamın mimarisini keşfetmek (3.bs). (A. Arslan, Çev.). Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık.
  • Oviedo-García, M. Á., González-Rodríguez, M. R., & Vega-Vázquez, M. (2019). Does sun-and-sea all-inclusive tourism contribute to poverty alleviation and/or income inequality reduction? The case of the Dominican Republic. Journal of Travel Research, 58(6), 995-1013.
  • Özkök, F. (2006). Yoksulluğun azaltilmasinda turizmin yeri. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 5(15), 85-98.
  • Öztürk, M., & Çetin, B. I. (2009). Dünyada ve Türkiye'de yoksulluk ve kadınlar. Journal of Yasar University, 4: 16, 2661-2698. -2662
  • Roe, D., & Urquhart, P. (2001). Pro-poor tourism: harnessing the world's largest industry for the world's poor. London: IIED.

Year 2023, Volume 8, Issue 1, 93 - 100, 31.07.2023
https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.2023-8-1-93

Abstract

References

  • Abay, M. Ç., & Sezgin, S. (2018). Türkiye ve bazı AB ülkelerinde yoksulluk ve gelir dağılımı. Journal of Life Economics, 5(4), 97-110.
  • Anderson, W. (2015). Cultural tourism and poverty alleviation in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 13(3), 208-224.
  • Ashley, C., Goodwin, H., & Roe, D. (2001). Pro-poor tourism strategies: Expanding opportunities for the poor. London: ODI.
  • Aşkın, E. Ö., & Aşkın, U. (2017). Kadına yönelik aile içi şiddet ve yoksulluk ilişkisi: aile içi şiddet mağduru kadınlar üzerine bir araştırma. Kapadokya Akademik Bakış, 1(2), 16-37.
  • Atkinson, A. B. (1987). On the measurement of poverty. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 749-764.
  • Aylan, F. K., Gök Sarı, H., & Şalvarcı, S. (2019). Kırsal yoksulluğun giderilmesinde kadın girişimciliğin rolü: lavanta kokulu köy. Journal of Tourism and Gastronomy Studies, 7(2), 1271-1289.
  • Bozan, M. (2017). Yoksulluk algısına farklı bir bakış. Bartın Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 8(15), 389-410.
  • Carr, S. C., Thompson, M., Dalal, A. K., De Guzman, J. M., Gloss, A., Munns, L., & Steadman, A. (2014). Psychology and poverty reduction: a global special Issue. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation.
  • Çetin, Z. Ö. (2012). Yoksulluğu azaltmada yeni bir yaklaşım: yoksul-yanlı turizm. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, (11), 97-108.
  • Chok, S., Macbeth, J., & Warren, C. (2007). Tourism as a tool for poverty alleviation: A critical analysis of ‘pro-poor tourism’and implications for sustainability. Current issues in Tourism, 10(2-3), 144-165.
  • Croes, R. (2014). Tourism and poverty reduction in Latin America: where does the region stand? Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 6(3), 293-300.
  • Dimitrov, P. M., Kraseta, R., Dimitrov, B., & Parvanov, P. (2018). Bulgarian tourism and the problem of poverty alleviation in Bulgaria. Tourism & Management Studies, 14(2), 45-52.
  • Doğan, H., & Bilici, N. S. (2020). Kırsal kalkınma yaklaşımına farklı bir bakış: yoksul yanlısı turizm ve Elazığ ili örneği. Journal of Bartin Faculty of Forestry, 22(2), 332-340.
  • Garidzirai, R., & Matiza, T. (2020). Exploring the tourism-poverty alleviation nexus in the brics groupof nations. Ekonomika, 99(1), 93-109.
  • Giddens, A., & Sutton, W. P. (2018). Sosyolojide temel kavramlar. (3. bs). (Ali Esgin, Çev). Ankara: Phoenix Yayınevi.
  • Harrison, D. (2008). Pro-poor tourism: A critique. Third World Quarterly, 29(5), 851–868. https://doi.org/10.1080/01436590802105983
  • Harrison, D., & Schipani, S. (2007). Lao tourism and poverty alleviation: Community-based tourism and the private sector. Current issues in tourism, 10(2-3), 194-230.
  • Haughton, J., & Khandker, S. R. (2009). Handbook on poverty inequality. Washington: World Bank Publications.
  • Haushofer, J., & Fehr, E. (2014). On the psychology of poverty. Science, 344(6186), 862-867.
  • Ingham, B. (2004). International economics: a European focus. Pearson Education.
  • International Labour Organization. (2005). Pautas metodolo´gicas para el ana´ lisis de experiencias de turismo comunitario. Ginebra: Organización Internacional del Trabajo:
  • Jamieson, W., Goodwin, H., & Edmunds, C. (2004). Contribution of tourism to poverty alleviation pro-poor tourism and the challenge of measuring impacts. Transport Policy and Tourism Section Transport and Tourism Division UN ESCAP.
  • Karacaer, S., Sert, A. N., & Öztürk, Y. (2017). Yoksul Yanlı Turizm Yaklaşımı Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme, Türk Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt.1, Sayı.3, ss.31-40.
  • Karadağ, A. K. (2018). Göç, yoksulluk ve insan hakları. İnönü Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi, 9(2), 485-498.
  • Karmilah, M., Nuryanti, W., Soewarno, N., & Setiawan, B. (2014). Community involvement in tourism development: As strategy for poverty alleviation after the earthquake (Case study: Kasongan Village Yogyakarta). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(12), 1-7.
  • Kebede, N. S., & Bayeh, B. E. (2017). Alignment of tourism against poverty in Bale eco-region, Dinsho district, Ethiopia. International Journal of Tourism Sciences, 17(4), 247-261.
  • Koens, K., & Thomas, R. (2016). “You know that's a rip-off”: policies and practices surrounding micro-enterprises and poverty alleviation in South African township tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(12), 1641-1654.
  • Lewis, D. K. (1966). An argument for the identity theory. The Journal of Philosophy, 63(1), 17-25.
  • Medina‐Muñoz, D. R., Medina‐Muñoz, R. D., & Gutiérrez‐Pérez, F. J. (2016). A sustainable development approach to assessing the engagement of tourism enterprises in poverty alleviation. Sustainable Development, 24(4), 220-236.
  • Mitchell, J., & Ashley, C. (2007). Pathways to Prosperity – How can tourism reduce poverty: A review of pathways, evidence and methods. Forthcoming World Bank / ODI.
  • Morduch, J. (1994). Poverty and vulnerability. The American Economic Review, 84(2), 221-225.
  • Muchapondwa, E., & Stage, J. (2013). The economic impacts of tourism in Botswana, Namibia and South Africa: Is poverty subsiding?. Natural Resources Forum, 37(2),80-89.
  • Newman, D. M. (2016). Sosyoloji günlük yaşamın mimarisini keşfetmek (3.bs). (A. Arslan, Çev.). Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık.
  • Oviedo-García, M. Á., González-Rodríguez, M. R., & Vega-Vázquez, M. (2019). Does sun-and-sea all-inclusive tourism contribute to poverty alleviation and/or income inequality reduction? The case of the Dominican Republic. Journal of Travel Research, 58(6), 995-1013.
  • Özkök, F. (2006). Yoksulluğun azaltilmasinda turizmin yeri. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 5(15), 85-98.
  • Öztürk, M., & Çetin, B. I. (2009). Dünyada ve Türkiye'de yoksulluk ve kadınlar. Journal of Yasar University, 4: 16, 2661-2698. -2662
  • Roe, D., & Urquhart, P. (2001). Pro-poor tourism: harnessing the world's largest industry for the world's poor. London: IIED.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Hospitality Leisure Sport and Tourism
Published Date July 2023 (First Published Online 31-12-2022)
Journal Section Contents
Authors

Oğuz ÇOLAK>
SAKARYA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES, FACULTY OF TOURISM
0000-0003-2917-3426
Türkiye


Vahit Oğuz KİPER> (Primary Author)
SAKARYA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES, FACULTY OF TOURISM
0000-0001-5558-2341
Türkiye


Said KINGIR>
SAKARYA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES, FACULTY OF TOURISM
0000-0002-5459-3484
Türkiye

Publication Date July 31, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023, Volume 8, Issue 1

Cite

APA Çolak, O. , Kiper, V. O. & Kıngır, S. (2023). Engaging poverty with tourism: Pro-poor tourism perspective . Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism , 8 (1) , 93-100 . DOI: 10.31822/jomat.2023-8-1-93



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