Research Article
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Analysis of occupational accident reports of hospital employees applying to the emergency department

Year 2023, Volume: 4 Issue: 5, 566 - 571, 27.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.47582/jompac.1367086

Abstract

ABSTRACT
Aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze the occupational accidents experienced by all employees working in a university hospital in Turkey, according to their demographic data, as well as their title, ocuupations, accident type and location of accident in hospital, accident days and time periods, Types of occupational accidents. reasons that cause work accidents.
Materials and Methods: The data of this research, which is planned to be descriptive, is collected from all staff (both healthcare workers and non-healthcare workers) of the University Hospital, which provides tertiary healthcare services, who applied to the Emergency Department due to a occupatinal accident, were registered between 15 August 2022 and 15 August 2023.
Results: The number of work accidents is equal to the number of hospital employees exposed to a occupational accident. The frequency of singles according to marital status was 57%, the most common days spent on occupatianal accidents are friday with 22.8% (n=26), 64.9% (n=74) most frequently in the working hours between 08:00-16:00, according to the units where employees work; Internal medicines first with 32.5% (n=37), occupatianal accidents injury incident types are examined; needlestick and sharp injuries comes first with 59.6% (n=68). No fatal accident was detected in this retrospective study.
Conclusion: As a university hospital with a large campus, it is aimed to shed light on occupational health and safety studies within the framework of Health Quality Standards in the hospital by analyzing the work accidents of hospital employees who apply to our department of emergency medicine and also we aimed to contribute to the literature.

Ethical Statement

Dear Editor, Please find enclosed our manuscript, “Analysis of Occupational Accident Reports of Hospital Employees Applying to the Emergency Department” by Serap Biberoğlu et al., which we would like to submit for publication as a original article in Journal of Medicine and Palliative Care. As a university hospital with a large campus, it is aimed to shed light on occupational health and safety studies within the framework of Health Quality Standards in the hospital by analyzing the work accidents of hospital employees who apply to our department of emergency medicine and also we aimed to contribute to the literature. All of the authors declare that they have all participated in the design, execution, and analysis of the paper and that they have approved the final version. Additionally, there are no conflicts of interest in connection with this paper, and the material described is not under publication or consideration for publication elsewhere. Thank you for your time and assistance. Sincerely, Corresponding Author name: Serap BİBEROĞLU Contact phone number: +90 533 664 37 76 Fax number: +90 (212) 632 00 25 E-mail: serap.biberoglu@iuc.edu.tr

Supporting Institution

Yoktur

References

  • International Labour Organization. (2022). Safety and health at work. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/safety-and-health-at-work/home/lang--en/index.htm.
  • Occupational Health and Safety Implementation Guide in Public Hospitals. (2020). https://khgmcalisanhaklaridb.saglik.gov.tr/TR-66418/kamu-hastanelerinde-is-sagligi-ve-guvenligi-uygulama-rehberi.html.
  • Official Gazette of the Republic of Turkey. (2012). Workplace hazard classes notification regarding occupational health and safety. https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=16909& MevzuatTur=9&MevzuatTertip=5.
  • Republic of Türkiye Ministery of Health. Accessed September 22, 2023. https://www.saglik.gov.tr/TR,11472/tcanayasasi-56madde.html.
  • Zafar A, Aslam N, Nasir N, Meraj R, Mehraj V. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of health care workers regarding needle stick injuries at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc. 2008;58(2):57-60.
  • Serinken M, Karcioglu O, Kutlu SS, Sener S, Keysan MK. A survey of needlesticks and sharp instrument injuries in emergency health care in Turkey. J Emerg Nurs. 2009;35(3):205-210. doi:10.1016/j.jen.2008.02.001
  • Kakizaki M, Ikeda N, Ali M, et al. Needlestick and sharps injuries among health care workers at public tertiary hospitals in an urban community in Mongolia. BMC Res Notes. 2011;4:184. doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-184
  • Shiva F, Sanaei A, Shamshiri AR, Ghotbi F. Survey of needle-stick injuries in paediatric health personnel of 5 university hospitals in Tehran. J Pak Med Assoc. 2011;61(2):127-131.
  • Smith DR, Mihashi M, Adachi Y, Nakashima Y, Ishitake T. Epidemiology of needlestick and sharps injuries among nurses in a Japanese teaching hospital. J Hosp Infect. 2006;64(1):44-49. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2006.03.021
  • Tosini W, Ciotti C, Goyer F, et al. Needlestick injury rates according to different types of safety-engineered devices: results of a French multicenter study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31(4):402-407. doi:10.1086/651301
  • Saia M, Hofmann F, Sharman J, et al. Needlestick injuries: incidence and cost in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy and Spain. Biomed Int. 2010;1(2):41-49.
  • Dentinger C, Pasat L, Popa M, Hutin YJ, Mast EE. Injection practices in Romania: progress and challenges. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004;25(1):30-35. doi:10.1086/502288
  • Falagas ME, Karydis I, Kostogiannou I. Percutaneous exposure incidents of the health care personnel in a newly founded tertiary hospital: a prospective study. PLoS One. 2007;2(2):e194. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000194
  • Jankovic S, Bojanic J, Jovic-Vranes A, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards blood-borne pathogens in healthcare workers in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Cent Eur J Med. 2009;4:409-414.
  • Markovic-Denic L, Maksimovic N, Marusic V, Vucicevic J, Ostric I, Djuric D. Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among health-care workers in Serbia. Med Princ Pract. 2015;24(1):36-41.
  • WHO Occupational health. (2020). World Health Organization. Accessed September 20, 2023. https://www.who.int/health-topics/occupational-health
  • Diker H, Çakmak Barsbay M. Hastanelerde meydana gelen iş kazalarının incelenmesi: Bir devlet hastanesi örneği. Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Derg. 2023;26(1):99-114.
  • Istanbul Unıversıty - Cerrahpaşa Occupatıonal Health And Safety Coordınatorshıp Dırectıve.https://cdn.iuc.edu.tr/FileHandler2.ashx?f=01_yonerge.pdf.
  • Akgün S. Sağlık sektöründe iş kazaları. Sağlık Akademisyenleri Derg. 2015;2(2):67-75.
  • International Safety Center. (2020). Moving the sharps safety in healthcare agenda forward in the United States: 2020 consensus statement and call to action. International Safety Center. Accessed September 21, 2023. https://internationalsafetycenter.org/wpcontent/uploads/2020/12/Moving_The_Sharps_Safety_In_Healthcare_Agenda_Forward_In_Th e_US.pdf.
  • Yalcin Ocak N, Yesilaras M, Eyler Y, Hakoglu O. Occupational accidents of emergency medicine residents in Turkey. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2022;28(4):2210-2215. doi:10.1080/10803548.2021.1986298
  • Dikmen AU, Medeni V, Uslu İ, Altun B, Aycan S. Ankara’da bir üniversite hastanesinde çalışan sağlık personelinin geçirdiğini ifade ettiği iş kazalarının değerlendirilmesi. MSG. 2014;14(53):22-29.
  • İnci Eİ, Bilişli Y, Hizay D. İş kazalarına maruz kalan sağlık çalışanlarının bildirimlerinin değerlendirilmesi: üniversite hastanesi örneği. Sağlık Akademisyenleri Derg. 2016;3(3):83-88.
  • Monteiro CM, Benatti MC, Rodrigues RC. Occupational accidents and health-related quality of life: a study in three hospitals. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2009;17(1):101-107.
  • Appiagyei H, Nakua EK, Donkor P, Mock C. Occupational injuries among health care workers at a public hospital in Ghana. Pan Afr Med J. 2021;39:103. doi:10.11604/pamj.2021.39.103.23542
  • Kocur E, Śliwa-Rak BO, Grosicki S. Analysis of occupational exposures to blood registered in the General Hospital in Zabrze in the years 2006-2015. Analiza ekspozycji zawodowych na krew zarejestrowanych w Szpitalu Miejskim w Zabrzu w latach 2006-2015. Przegl Epidemiol. 2016;70(4):603-615.
  • Bouya S, Balouchi A, Rafiemanesh H, et al. Global prevalence and device related causes of needle stick injuries among health care workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Glob Health. 2020;86(1):35. doi:10.5334/aogh.2698

Acil servise başvuran hastane çalışanlarının iş kazası bildirimlerinin analizi

Year 2023, Volume: 4 Issue: 5, 566 - 571, 27.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.47582/jompac.1367086

Abstract

Özet
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye'deki bir üniversite hastanesinde çalışan tüm çalışanların yaşadıkları iş kazalarını, demografik verilerine göre, unvanları, meslekleri, kaza türü ve hastanede kaza yeri, kaza günleri itibarıyla analiz etmektir. ve süreleri, İş kazası türleri. İş kazasına neden olan nedenler.
Gereç ve Yöntem: Tanımlayıcı olması planlanan bu araştırmanın verileri, üçüncü basamak sağlık hizmeti veren Üniversite Hastanesi'nin acil servise başvuran tüm personelinden (hem sağlık çalışanları hem de sağlık çalışanı olmayanlar) toplanmıştır. 15 Ağustos 2022 ile 15 Ağustos 2023 tarihleri arasında iş kazası kaydı vardı.
Bulgular: İş kazası sayısı iş kazasına uğrayan hastane çalışanı sayısına eşittir. Medeni durum %57 (n=65) bekardı, iş kazalarında en sık geçirilen günler %22,8 (n=26) ile Cuma günü, %64,9 (n=74) ile en sık 08:00-16:00 arası çalışma saatleriydi, çalıştıkları birimlere göre; %32,5 (n=37) ile ilk sırada dahiliye, iş kazası yaralanmalı olay türleri incelendiğinde; iğne ve kesici alet yaralanmaları %59,6 (n=68) ile ilk sırada yer almaktadır. Bu retrospektif çalışmada ölümcül bir kaza tespit edilmedi.
Sonuç: Geniş kampüslü bir üniversite hastanesi olarak Acil Tıp Anabilim Dalına başvuran hastane çalışanlarının iş kazalarının analiz edilerek hastanede Sağlık Kalite Standartları çerçevesinde iş sağlığı ve güvenliği çalışmalarına ışık tutulması ve litaratüre katkıda bulunulması amaçlanmaktadır.

References

  • International Labour Organization. (2022). Safety and health at work. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/safety-and-health-at-work/home/lang--en/index.htm.
  • Occupational Health and Safety Implementation Guide in Public Hospitals. (2020). https://khgmcalisanhaklaridb.saglik.gov.tr/TR-66418/kamu-hastanelerinde-is-sagligi-ve-guvenligi-uygulama-rehberi.html.
  • Official Gazette of the Republic of Turkey. (2012). Workplace hazard classes notification regarding occupational health and safety. https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=16909& MevzuatTur=9&MevzuatTertip=5.
  • Republic of Türkiye Ministery of Health. Accessed September 22, 2023. https://www.saglik.gov.tr/TR,11472/tcanayasasi-56madde.html.
  • Zafar A, Aslam N, Nasir N, Meraj R, Mehraj V. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of health care workers regarding needle stick injuries at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc. 2008;58(2):57-60.
  • Serinken M, Karcioglu O, Kutlu SS, Sener S, Keysan MK. A survey of needlesticks and sharp instrument injuries in emergency health care in Turkey. J Emerg Nurs. 2009;35(3):205-210. doi:10.1016/j.jen.2008.02.001
  • Kakizaki M, Ikeda N, Ali M, et al. Needlestick and sharps injuries among health care workers at public tertiary hospitals in an urban community in Mongolia. BMC Res Notes. 2011;4:184. doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-184
  • Shiva F, Sanaei A, Shamshiri AR, Ghotbi F. Survey of needle-stick injuries in paediatric health personnel of 5 university hospitals in Tehran. J Pak Med Assoc. 2011;61(2):127-131.
  • Smith DR, Mihashi M, Adachi Y, Nakashima Y, Ishitake T. Epidemiology of needlestick and sharps injuries among nurses in a Japanese teaching hospital. J Hosp Infect. 2006;64(1):44-49. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2006.03.021
  • Tosini W, Ciotti C, Goyer F, et al. Needlestick injury rates according to different types of safety-engineered devices: results of a French multicenter study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010;31(4):402-407. doi:10.1086/651301
  • Saia M, Hofmann F, Sharman J, et al. Needlestick injuries: incidence and cost in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy and Spain. Biomed Int. 2010;1(2):41-49.
  • Dentinger C, Pasat L, Popa M, Hutin YJ, Mast EE. Injection practices in Romania: progress and challenges. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004;25(1):30-35. doi:10.1086/502288
  • Falagas ME, Karydis I, Kostogiannou I. Percutaneous exposure incidents of the health care personnel in a newly founded tertiary hospital: a prospective study. PLoS One. 2007;2(2):e194. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000194
  • Jankovic S, Bojanic J, Jovic-Vranes A, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards blood-borne pathogens in healthcare workers in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Cent Eur J Med. 2009;4:409-414.
  • Markovic-Denic L, Maksimovic N, Marusic V, Vucicevic J, Ostric I, Djuric D. Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among health-care workers in Serbia. Med Princ Pract. 2015;24(1):36-41.
  • WHO Occupational health. (2020). World Health Organization. Accessed September 20, 2023. https://www.who.int/health-topics/occupational-health
  • Diker H, Çakmak Barsbay M. Hastanelerde meydana gelen iş kazalarının incelenmesi: Bir devlet hastanesi örneği. Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Derg. 2023;26(1):99-114.
  • Istanbul Unıversıty - Cerrahpaşa Occupatıonal Health And Safety Coordınatorshıp Dırectıve.https://cdn.iuc.edu.tr/FileHandler2.ashx?f=01_yonerge.pdf.
  • Akgün S. Sağlık sektöründe iş kazaları. Sağlık Akademisyenleri Derg. 2015;2(2):67-75.
  • International Safety Center. (2020). Moving the sharps safety in healthcare agenda forward in the United States: 2020 consensus statement and call to action. International Safety Center. Accessed September 21, 2023. https://internationalsafetycenter.org/wpcontent/uploads/2020/12/Moving_The_Sharps_Safety_In_Healthcare_Agenda_Forward_In_Th e_US.pdf.
  • Yalcin Ocak N, Yesilaras M, Eyler Y, Hakoglu O. Occupational accidents of emergency medicine residents in Turkey. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2022;28(4):2210-2215. doi:10.1080/10803548.2021.1986298
  • Dikmen AU, Medeni V, Uslu İ, Altun B, Aycan S. Ankara’da bir üniversite hastanesinde çalışan sağlık personelinin geçirdiğini ifade ettiği iş kazalarının değerlendirilmesi. MSG. 2014;14(53):22-29.
  • İnci Eİ, Bilişli Y, Hizay D. İş kazalarına maruz kalan sağlık çalışanlarının bildirimlerinin değerlendirilmesi: üniversite hastanesi örneği. Sağlık Akademisyenleri Derg. 2016;3(3):83-88.
  • Monteiro CM, Benatti MC, Rodrigues RC. Occupational accidents and health-related quality of life: a study in three hospitals. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2009;17(1):101-107.
  • Appiagyei H, Nakua EK, Donkor P, Mock C. Occupational injuries among health care workers at a public hospital in Ghana. Pan Afr Med J. 2021;39:103. doi:10.11604/pamj.2021.39.103.23542
  • Kocur E, Śliwa-Rak BO, Grosicki S. Analysis of occupational exposures to blood registered in the General Hospital in Zabrze in the years 2006-2015. Analiza ekspozycji zawodowych na krew zarejestrowanych w Szpitalu Miejskim w Zabrzu w latach 2006-2015. Przegl Epidemiol. 2016;70(4):603-615.
  • Bouya S, Balouchi A, Rafiemanesh H, et al. Global prevalence and device related causes of needle stick injuries among health care workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Glob Health. 2020;86(1):35. doi:10.5334/aogh.2698

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Emergency Medicine
Journal Section Research Articles [en] Araştırma Makaleleri [tr]
Authors

Serap BİBEROĞLU 0000-0003-4709-3315

Seda ÖZKAN 0000-0003-1835-8820

Early Pub Date October 26, 2023
Publication Date October 27, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 4 Issue: 5

Cite

AMA BİBEROĞLU S, ÖZKAN S. Analysis of occupational accident reports of hospital employees applying to the emergency department. J Med Palliat Care / JOMPAC / jompac. October 2023;4(5):566-571. doi:10.47582/jompac.1367086

TR DİZİN ULAKBİM and International Indexes (1d)

Interuniversity Board (UAK) Equivalency: Article published in Ulakbim TR Index journal [10 POINTS], and Article published in other (excuding 1a, b, c) international indexed journal (1d) [5 POINTS]



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