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Numerical analysis of flexural and shear behaviors of geopolymer concrete beams

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 70 - 80, 28.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.47481/jscmt.1116561

Abstract

Geopolymer concrete (GPC) is obtained by activating industrial wastes such as fly ash with chemical liquids such as sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and sodium silicate (Na2 SiO3). In order to use environmentally friendly GPC obtained from industrial wastes instead of portland cement concrete (OPC), its behavior in structural elements is important and should be investigated in detail. Load-displacement characteristics, flexural and shear stiffnesses and crack development of samples were obtained by numerical analysis. The GPC beams to be an alternative to OPC beams, their mechanical properties and fracture modes must be at least as much as OPC. As a result of the analyses, it was determined that the 110x20x15 cm GPC beams with compression reinforcements of 2Φ8 and tension reinforcements of 2Φ8, 3Φ14 and 2Φ18, respectively, showed similar flexural, shear and crack development with OPC beams. Simulations of GPC beams were made up to the breaking point, contributing to the understanding of its behavior.

References

  • [1] Pham DQ, Nguyen TN, Le ST, Pham TT, Ngo TD. The structural behaviours of steel reinforced geopolymer concrete beams: An experimental and numerical investigation. Structures: Elsevier; 2021. p. 567-80.
  • [2] Dattatreya J, Rajamane N, Sabitha D, Ambily P, Nataraja MJIjoc, engineering s. Flexural behaviour of reinforced Geopolymer concrete beams. 2011;2:138-59.
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  • [4] Nguyen KT, Ahn N, Le TA, Lee KJC, Materials B. Theoretical and experimental study on mechanical properties and flexural strength of fly ash-geopolymer concrete. 2016;106:65-77.
  • [5] Amiri AM, Olfati A, Najjar S, Beiranvand P, Naseri Fard MJAiS, Journal TR. The effect of fly ash on flexural capacity concrete beams. 2016;10.
  • [6] Uma K, Anuradha R, Venkatasubramani RJIJoC, Engineering S. Experimental investigation and analytical modeling of reinforced geopolymer concrete beam. 2012;2:817-27.
  • [7] Yost JR, Radlińska A, Ernst S, Salera M, Martignetti NJJM, structures. Structural behavior of alkali activated fly ash concrete. Part 2: structural testing and experimental findings. 2013;46:449-62.
  • [8] Yacob NS, ElGawady MA, Sneed LH, Said AJES. Shear strength of fly ash-based geopolymer reinforced concrete beams. 2019;196:109298.
  • [9] Visintin P, Ali MM, Albitar M, Lucas WJC, Materials B. Shear behaviour of geopolymer concrete beams without stirrups. 2017;148:10-21.
  • [10] Mourougane R, Puttappa C, Sashidhar C, Muthu K. Shear behaviour of high strength GPC/TVC beams. Proc Int Conf Adv Arch Civ Eng2012. p. 142.
  • [11] Committee A. Building code requirements for structural concrete:(ACI 318-02) and commentary (ACI 318R-02). American Concrete Institute; 2002.
  • [12] Chang EH. Shear and bond behaviour of reinforced fly ash-based geopolymer concrete beams: Curtin University, 2009.
  • [13] Australian Standard AJCS, Standards Australia, Sydney. 3600. 2004.
  • [14] Ng TS, Amin A, Foster SJJMoCR. The behaviour of steel-fibre-reinforced geopolymer concrete beams in shear. 2013;65:308-18.
  • [15] Alfaiate J, Pires E, Martins JJC, Structures. A finite element analysis of non-prescribed crack propagation in concrete. 1997;63:17-26.
  • [16] Ramamoorthy, R., Kanagasabai, V., Kausalya, R., Impact of celebrities' image on brand, International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, V-116, I-18 Special Issue, PP-251-253, 2017
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  • [18] Halahla A. Study the behavior of reinforced concrete beam using finite element analysis. Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Civil, Structural, and Environmental Engineering (April 2018) doi2018.
  • [19] Rajhgopal A, Saranya P, Nagarajan P, Shashikala A. Performance Evaluation of Geopolymer Concrete Beam-Column Joints Using Finite Element Methods. Advances in Civil Engineering: Springer; 2021. p. 677-90.
  • [20] Venkatachalam S, Vishnuvardhan K, Amarapathi GD, Mahesh S, Deepasri MJMTP. Experimental and finite element modelling of reinforced geopolymer concrete beam. 2021;45:6500-6.
  • [21] Mo KH, Alengaram UJ, Jumaat MZJC, Materials B. Structural performance of reinforced geopolymer concrete members: A review. 2016;120:251-64.
  • [22] mm.bme.hu. https://www.mm.bme.hu/~gyebro/files/ans_help_v182/ans_elem/Hlp_E_SOLID65.html.

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 70 - 80, 28.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.47481/jscmt.1116561

Abstract

References

  • [1] Pham DQ, Nguyen TN, Le ST, Pham TT, Ngo TD. The structural behaviours of steel reinforced geopolymer concrete beams: An experimental and numerical investigation. Structures: Elsevier; 2021. p. 567-80.
  • [2] Dattatreya J, Rajamane N, Sabitha D, Ambily P, Nataraja MJIjoc, engineering s. Flexural behaviour of reinforced Geopolymer concrete beams. 2011;2:138-59.
  • [3] Kumar PU, Kumar BSCJIJoCE, Technology. Flexural behaviour of reinforced geopolymer concrete beams with GGBS and metakaoline. 2016;7.
  • [4] Nguyen KT, Ahn N, Le TA, Lee KJC, Materials B. Theoretical and experimental study on mechanical properties and flexural strength of fly ash-geopolymer concrete. 2016;106:65-77.
  • [5] Amiri AM, Olfati A, Najjar S, Beiranvand P, Naseri Fard MJAiS, Journal TR. The effect of fly ash on flexural capacity concrete beams. 2016;10.
  • [6] Uma K, Anuradha R, Venkatasubramani RJIJoC, Engineering S. Experimental investigation and analytical modeling of reinforced geopolymer concrete beam. 2012;2:817-27.
  • [7] Yost JR, Radlińska A, Ernst S, Salera M, Martignetti NJJM, structures. Structural behavior of alkali activated fly ash concrete. Part 2: structural testing and experimental findings. 2013;46:449-62.
  • [8] Yacob NS, ElGawady MA, Sneed LH, Said AJES. Shear strength of fly ash-based geopolymer reinforced concrete beams. 2019;196:109298.
  • [9] Visintin P, Ali MM, Albitar M, Lucas WJC, Materials B. Shear behaviour of geopolymer concrete beams without stirrups. 2017;148:10-21.
  • [10] Mourougane R, Puttappa C, Sashidhar C, Muthu K. Shear behaviour of high strength GPC/TVC beams. Proc Int Conf Adv Arch Civ Eng2012. p. 142.
  • [11] Committee A. Building code requirements for structural concrete:(ACI 318-02) and commentary (ACI 318R-02). American Concrete Institute; 2002.
  • [12] Chang EH. Shear and bond behaviour of reinforced fly ash-based geopolymer concrete beams: Curtin University, 2009.
  • [13] Australian Standard AJCS, Standards Australia, Sydney. 3600. 2004.
  • [14] Ng TS, Amin A, Foster SJJMoCR. The behaviour of steel-fibre-reinforced geopolymer concrete beams in shear. 2013;65:308-18.
  • [15] Alfaiate J, Pires E, Martins JJC, Structures. A finite element analysis of non-prescribed crack propagation in concrete. 1997;63:17-26.
  • [16] Ramamoorthy, R., Kanagasabai, V., Kausalya, R., Impact of celebrities' image on brand, International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, V-116, I-18 Special Issue, PP-251-253, 2017
  • [17] Park RJRCS. Pauley, Connections, The EERI Oral History Serie Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Inc, EERI Publication Number: OHS-12 ISBN (pbk.): 1-932884-11-4 1975.
  • [18] Halahla A. Study the behavior of reinforced concrete beam using finite element analysis. Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Civil, Structural, and Environmental Engineering (April 2018) doi2018.
  • [19] Rajhgopal A, Saranya P, Nagarajan P, Shashikala A. Performance Evaluation of Geopolymer Concrete Beam-Column Joints Using Finite Element Methods. Advances in Civil Engineering: Springer; 2021. p. 677-90.
  • [20] Venkatachalam S, Vishnuvardhan K, Amarapathi GD, Mahesh S, Deepasri MJMTP. Experimental and finite element modelling of reinforced geopolymer concrete beam. 2021;45:6500-6.
  • [21] Mo KH, Alengaram UJ, Jumaat MZJC, Materials B. Structural performance of reinforced geopolymer concrete members: A review. 2016;120:251-64.
  • [22] mm.bme.hu. https://www.mm.bme.hu/~gyebro/files/ans_help_v182/ans_elem/Hlp_E_SOLID65.html.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Civil Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Ali İhsan ÇELİK> (Primary Author)
KAYSERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Ahmet ÖZBAYRAK>
ERCIYES UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-8091-4990
Türkiye


Ahmet ŞENER>
KAYSERI UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-7562-7631
Türkiye


Mehmet Cemal ACAR>
KAYSERI UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-3241-5353
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Kayseri Üniversitesi
Project Number FKB-2020-1013 Scientific Research Project of Kayseri University.
Thanks We would like to thank Kayseri University Scientific Research Project Unit.
Publication Date June 28, 2022
Application Date May 13, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2

Cite

APA Çelik, A. İ. , Özbayrak, A. , Şener, A. & Acar, M. C. (2022). Numerical analysis of flexural and shear behaviors of geopolymer concrete beams . Journal of Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies , 7 (2) , 70-80 . DOI: 10.47481/jscmt.1116561

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E-mail: jscmt@yildiz.edu.tr