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Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 3, 220 - 230, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.47481/jscmt.1136848

Abstract

References

  • [1]. Abaza, K. A. "Stochastic approach for design of flexible pavement." Road Materials and Pavement Design 12(3): 663-685, (2011).
  • [2]. Adwan, I., Milad, A., Memon, Z. A., Widyatmoko, I., Ahmat Zanuri, N., Memon, N. A., and Yusoff, N. I. “Asphalt pavement temperature prediction models: A review”. Applied Sciences, 11(9): 37-94, (2021).
  • [3]. Airey, G. "Factors affecting the rheology of polymer modified bitumen (PMB)." Polymer Modified Bitumen 4(7), 238-263, (2011).
  • [4]. Al-Abdul Wahhab, H., I. Asi, S. Ali, S. Al-Swailmi, and A. Al-Nour. "Pavement stripping in Saudi Arabia: Prediction and prevention." The Journal of Engineering Research [TJER] 1(1): 38-45, (2004).
  • [5]. Barzegari, S., S. M. Stoffels, and M. Solaimanian. "Novel application of reclaimed asphalt pavement in construction of new cold mix pavements." Airfield and Highway Pavements, (2017).
  • [6]. Ali, H. A., and A. Lopez. "Statistical analyses of temperature and moisture effects on pavement structural properties based on seasonal monitoring data." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1540, (1): 48-55, (1996).
  • [7]. Chen, L., J. Chen, T. Chen, T. Lecher, and P. Davidson. "Measurement of permeability and comparison of pavements." Water 11(3): 444-454, (2019).
  • [8]. Barry, K., J. Daniel, and D. Boisvert. "Forensic analysis of long term aged hot mix asphalt field cores containing reclaimed asphalt pavement." Asphalt Pavements, 1189-1197, (2014).
  • [9]. Cannone Falchetto, A., K. Moon, and M. Wistuba. "Strength size effect on small asphalt mixture specimens at low temperature." Functional Pavement Design, 1767-1776, (2016).
  • [10]. Chaturabong, P., and H. U. Bahia. "Effect of moisture on the cohesion of asphalt mastics and bonding with surface of aggregates." Road Materials and Pavement Design 19(3) 741-753 (2016).
  • [11]. Ahmed, T., H. Lee, and C. Baek. "Evaluation of laboratory and field warm mix asphalt mixtures with high contents of reclaimed asphalt pavement." Bituminous Mixtures and Pavements VI, 623-627, (2015).
  • [12]. Ma, X., Z. Leng, L. Wang, and P. Zhou. "Effect of reclaimed asphalt pavement heating temperature on the Compactability of recycled hot mix asphalt." Materials, 13(16) 3621 (2020).
  • [13]. Chen, X., W. Wei, and M. Liu. "Characteristics of temperature variation in seasonal snow in the western Tianshan mountains, China." Meteorological Applications 20(4): 457-465 (2012).
  • [14]. García-Casuso, C., P. Lapeña-Mañero, E. Blanco-Fernández, Á. Vega-Zamanillo, and J. M. Montenegro-Cooper. "Laboratory assessment of water permeability loss of Geotextiles due to their installation in pervious pavements." Water 12( 5 ): 1473, (2020).
  • [15]. Ghabchi, R., D. Singh, and M. Zaman. "Evaluation of moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixes containing RAP and different types of aggregates and asphalt binders using the surface free energy method." Construction and Building Materials 7(3): 479-489, (2014).
  • [16]. Gopalakrishnan, K., S. Kim, H. Ceylan, and O. Kaya. "Use of neural networks enhanced differential evolution for backcalculating asphalt concrete viscoelastic properties from falling weight deflectometer time series data." Bituminous Mixtures and Pavements 6(8): 679-686, (2015).
  • [17]. Huang, W., B. Li, and P. Wang. "Low temperature cracking of modified asphalt mixtures as related to binder characteristics." Functional Pavement Design, 7(9): 403-409, (2016).
  • [18]. Imanbayev, Y. "High temperature transformation of tar-asphaltene components of bituminous sand bitumen." Juniper Online Journal Material Science 1(1) 23-45, (2017).
  • [19]. Li, H. "Thermal resistance pavements and thermal properties." Pavement Materials for Heat Island Mitigation, 9(4) : 97-133,( 2016).
  • [20]. Kandhal, P., and W. Koehler. "Effect of rheological properties of asphalts on pavement cracking." Asphalt Rheology: Relationship to Mixture, 9(9)-(2019).
  • [21]. Sivapatham, P., and N. Simmleit. "Impact of seasonal fluctuations and provenience of bitumen on lifetime of asphalt pavement." Bituminous Mixtures and Pavements VII 2( 9) 88-92, (2019).
  • [22]. Kodippily, S., S. L. Tighe, T. F. Henning, and J. Yeaman. "Evaluating pavement performance through smart monitoring – effects of soil moisture, temperature and traffic." Road Materials and Pavement Design,19(1): 71-86, (2016).
  • [23]. Paul, B., Roy Choudhury, D., Ray, R., Roy, A., & Banerjee, S. (2020). An ecofriendly substitute of asphalt binder – Review. International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Sciences, 1(3): 64-69, (2012).
  • [24]. Li, H. "Permeable pavements and permeability." Pavement Materials for Heat Island Mitigation, 4(6): 79-966 (2016).
  • [25]. Khadrawi, A. F., Ahmad Al-Shyyab, and Saad A. Abo-Qudais. "Transient Thermal Behavior of Hot–Mix Asphalt Pavement." Applied Mechanics and Materials 1(2): 400-407, (2020).
  • [26]. Li, H., J. T. Harvey, T. J. Holland, and M. Kayhanian. "The use of reflective and permeable pavements as a potential practice for heat island mitigation and stormwater management." Environmental Research Letters, 8(1) 015-023, (2013).
  • [27]. Qian, G., J. Zheng, and Q. Wang. "Calculating thermal stresses of asphalt pavement in environmental conditions." Pavements and Materials 4(6) 234-241, (2008).
  • [28]. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. AASHTO guide for design of pavement structures, 1993. AASHTO, (1993).
  • [29]. Ravnikar Turk, M., and M. Tušar. "Effect of ageing on the low temperature properties of bitumen." Proceedings of 6th Eurasphalt & Eurobitume Congress 4(8): 34-48, (2016).
  • [30]. Tiza, M. "Evaluation of thermal effects on slag cement concrete’s strength properties." CEBACOM Vol:1 Issue 3(3) 11-15(2021).
  • [31]. Sakib, N., A. Bhasin, M. K. Islam, K. Khan, and M. I. Khan. "A review of the evolution of technologies to use sulphur as a pavement construction material." International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 22( 3) : 392-403(2019).
  • [32]. Solatifar, N., M. Abbasghorbani, A. Kavussi, and H. Sivilevičius. "Prediction of depth temperature of asphalt layers in hot climate area." Journal Of Civil Engineering and Management 24(7): 516-525, (2018).
  • [33]. Zhang, Y. H., and F. Z. Wang. "Effect of emulsified asphalt on temperature susceptibility of cement asphalt mortar." Advanced Materials Research, 3(6), 124-127(2011).
  • [34]. Tari, Y., and M. Wang. "Probabilistic data-driven assessment of pavement management systems." Structural Health Monitoring, (2015).
  • [35]. Teltayev, B., Y. Kaganovich, and Y. Amirbayev. "Evaluation of low temperature stability of bitumen and hot mix asphalt pavement." Asphalt Pavements,5(7): 1557-1565, (2014).
  • [36]. Moghadas Nejad, F., A. Azarhoosh, G. H. Hamedi, and H. Roshani. "Rutting performance prediction of warm mix asphalt containing reclaimed asphalt pavements." Road Materials and Pavement Design 15(1): 207-219 (2013).
  • [37]. Vasenev, A., T. Hartmann, and A. G. Dorée. "Prediction of the in-asphalt temperature for road construction operations." Computing in Civil Engineering, 3(4) 34-43, (2012).
  • [38]. Vujovic, S., B. Haddad, H. Karaky, N. Sebaibi, and M. Boutouil. "Urban heat island: Causes, consequences, and mitigation measures with emphasis on reflective and permeable pavements." CivilEng 2(2): 459-484, (2021).
  • [39]. Romaniuk, N., L.. Little, F. A. Arguelles, T.. Babadagli, and B.. Ozum. "Effect of Bitumen Viscosity and Bitumen-Water Interfacial Tension on the Efficiency of Steam Assisted Bitumen Recovery Processes." (2013).
  • [40]. Tiza, M., N. Mogbo, E. Duweni, and I. Asawa. "Recycled Asphalt Pavement: A systematic Literature Review." Journal of Modern Technology and Engineering 5(3) 242-254, (2020).
  • [41]. Blab, R. "Multiscale modeling for performance prediction of asphaltic materials." Advances in Materials and Pavement Performance Prediction, 5 (7): 5-15, (2018).
  • [42]. Han, Jun, Shaopeng Wu, Zhiyi Huang, Dehong Zhou, and Fujian Li. "Research on Low Temperature Rheological Behavior of Aging Resistant Bitumen and Mixture." Sustainable Construction Materials, 6(9), (2012).
  • [43]. Kim, Seong-Min, and Jeong H. Nam. "Measurements and Experimental Analysis of Temperature Variations in Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Systems." Road Materials and Pavement Design, 11(3): 745-771(2010).
  • [44]. Marciales, A., and T.. Babadagli. "Selection of Optimal Solvent Type for High Temperature Solvent Applications in Heavy-Oil and Bitumen Recovery" 10(2): 345-365, (2014).
  • [45]. Wu, Stanley, Yi Feng, and Alfred Wong. "Selected Rheological Properties of Tall Oil Pitch Binder for Asphaltic Road Pavement Construction." International Journal of Pavement Engineering 5(3),175-182, (2004).
  • [46]. Zaghloul, S., and N. Saeed. "The use of falling weight Deflectometer in asphalt pavement construction quality control." Quality Management of Hot Mix Asphalt, 5(9): 66-76, (2017).
  • [47]. Yavuzturk, C., K. Ksaibati, and A. D. Chiasson. "Assessment of temperature fluctuations in asphalt pavements due to thermal environmental conditions using a two-dimensional, transient finite-difference approach." Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,17(4), 465-475, (2005).
  • [48]. Yuan*, H., D. Han, and W. Zhang. "The effect of pressure and temperature on bitumen saturated carbonate." SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 5(6): 34-40, (2015).
  • [49]. McBee, WC, TA Sullivan, and D. Saylak. "Recycling Old Asphaltic Pavement with Sulfur." Recycling of Bituminous Pavements 5, no. 9 (2018), 123-129.
  • [50]. Ravnikar Turk, Mojca, and Marjan Tušar. "Effect of ageing on the low temperature properties of bitumen." Proceedings of 6th Eurasphalt & Eurobitume Congress 4, no. 5 (2016), 34-50.
  • [51]. Chintakunta, Satish R. "Sensitivity of thermal properties of pavement materials using mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide." 5(7), (2016).
  • [52]. Díaz-Sánchez, M. A., and D. H. Timm. "Influence of Sustainable Technologies on In-Place Thermal Properties of Asphalt Pavements." Airfield and Highway Pavements 2015 6(8): (2015).
  • [53]. Islam R., A. Mannan, T. Rahman, and A. Tarefder. "Simplified Thermal Stress Model to Predict Low Temperature Cracks in Flexible Pavement." Pavement Materials, Structures, and Performance 6(8): 234-250, (2014).
  • [54]. Li, Hui. "Pavement Thermal Modeling." Pavement Materials for Heat Island Mitigation 5(5): 239-262, (2016).
  • [55]. National Precast Concrete Association. "Reducing Shrinkage Cracking." National Precast Concrete Association. (2018).
  • [56]. "Future Cities and Environment." Future Cities and Environment. Accessed August 24, 2021. https://futurecitiesandenvironment.com/articles/10.5334/fce.109/.
  • [57]. "How Do Pavement and Planting Strategies Affect Microclimate Conditions and Thermal Comfort in Apartment Complexes?" Discover Journals, Books & Case Studies | Emerald Insight. Last modified March 8, https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJCCSM-06-2020-0063/full/html(2021).
  • [58]. McDonald, Thomas, and Patrick McDonald. Guide to Pavement Maintenance. Bloomington: iUniverse, (2010).
  • [59]. Pavement Friction Measurement Normalized for Operational, Seasonal, and Weather Effects. (1989).
  • [60]. Pavement Interactive. Pavement Interactive. Last modified December 17, https://pavementinteractive.org/(2020).

Effect of Thermal Variances on Flexible Pavements

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 3, 220 - 230, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.47481/jscmt.1136848

Abstract

This article presents recent findings on the effect of thermal variances on pavements. The study presents findings from different researchers and groups across the globe. The study covers temperature measurement in asphalt pavement, history of asphalt pavement temperature prediction models, determination of asphalt layer depth temperature, main factors contributing to temperature variations of asphaltic pavement, energy balance in flexible pavements, asphalt pavement design incorporating the temperature factor, the effect of temperature on the structural performance of asphalt pavement climate and environmental factors. Summarily, the study deduced that temperature has a reasonably substantial effect on the asphalt pavement layer's mechanical and physical material characteristics.

References

  • [1]. Abaza, K. A. "Stochastic approach for design of flexible pavement." Road Materials and Pavement Design 12(3): 663-685, (2011).
  • [2]. Adwan, I., Milad, A., Memon, Z. A., Widyatmoko, I., Ahmat Zanuri, N., Memon, N. A., and Yusoff, N. I. “Asphalt pavement temperature prediction models: A review”. Applied Sciences, 11(9): 37-94, (2021).
  • [3]. Airey, G. "Factors affecting the rheology of polymer modified bitumen (PMB)." Polymer Modified Bitumen 4(7), 238-263, (2011).
  • [4]. Al-Abdul Wahhab, H., I. Asi, S. Ali, S. Al-Swailmi, and A. Al-Nour. "Pavement stripping in Saudi Arabia: Prediction and prevention." The Journal of Engineering Research [TJER] 1(1): 38-45, (2004).
  • [5]. Barzegari, S., S. M. Stoffels, and M. Solaimanian. "Novel application of reclaimed asphalt pavement in construction of new cold mix pavements." Airfield and Highway Pavements, (2017).
  • [6]. Ali, H. A., and A. Lopez. "Statistical analyses of temperature and moisture effects on pavement structural properties based on seasonal monitoring data." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1540, (1): 48-55, (1996).
  • [7]. Chen, L., J. Chen, T. Chen, T. Lecher, and P. Davidson. "Measurement of permeability and comparison of pavements." Water 11(3): 444-454, (2019).
  • [8]. Barry, K., J. Daniel, and D. Boisvert. "Forensic analysis of long term aged hot mix asphalt field cores containing reclaimed asphalt pavement." Asphalt Pavements, 1189-1197, (2014).
  • [9]. Cannone Falchetto, A., K. Moon, and M. Wistuba. "Strength size effect on small asphalt mixture specimens at low temperature." Functional Pavement Design, 1767-1776, (2016).
  • [10]. Chaturabong, P., and H. U. Bahia. "Effect of moisture on the cohesion of asphalt mastics and bonding with surface of aggregates." Road Materials and Pavement Design 19(3) 741-753 (2016).
  • [11]. Ahmed, T., H. Lee, and C. Baek. "Evaluation of laboratory and field warm mix asphalt mixtures with high contents of reclaimed asphalt pavement." Bituminous Mixtures and Pavements VI, 623-627, (2015).
  • [12]. Ma, X., Z. Leng, L. Wang, and P. Zhou. "Effect of reclaimed asphalt pavement heating temperature on the Compactability of recycled hot mix asphalt." Materials, 13(16) 3621 (2020).
  • [13]. Chen, X., W. Wei, and M. Liu. "Characteristics of temperature variation in seasonal snow in the western Tianshan mountains, China." Meteorological Applications 20(4): 457-465 (2012).
  • [14]. García-Casuso, C., P. Lapeña-Mañero, E. Blanco-Fernández, Á. Vega-Zamanillo, and J. M. Montenegro-Cooper. "Laboratory assessment of water permeability loss of Geotextiles due to their installation in pervious pavements." Water 12( 5 ): 1473, (2020).
  • [15]. Ghabchi, R., D. Singh, and M. Zaman. "Evaluation of moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixes containing RAP and different types of aggregates and asphalt binders using the surface free energy method." Construction and Building Materials 7(3): 479-489, (2014).
  • [16]. Gopalakrishnan, K., S. Kim, H. Ceylan, and O. Kaya. "Use of neural networks enhanced differential evolution for backcalculating asphalt concrete viscoelastic properties from falling weight deflectometer time series data." Bituminous Mixtures and Pavements 6(8): 679-686, (2015).
  • [17]. Huang, W., B. Li, and P. Wang. "Low temperature cracking of modified asphalt mixtures as related to binder characteristics." Functional Pavement Design, 7(9): 403-409, (2016).
  • [18]. Imanbayev, Y. "High temperature transformation of tar-asphaltene components of bituminous sand bitumen." Juniper Online Journal Material Science 1(1) 23-45, (2017).
  • [19]. Li, H. "Thermal resistance pavements and thermal properties." Pavement Materials for Heat Island Mitigation, 9(4) : 97-133,( 2016).
  • [20]. Kandhal, P., and W. Koehler. "Effect of rheological properties of asphalts on pavement cracking." Asphalt Rheology: Relationship to Mixture, 9(9)-(2019).
  • [21]. Sivapatham, P., and N. Simmleit. "Impact of seasonal fluctuations and provenience of bitumen on lifetime of asphalt pavement." Bituminous Mixtures and Pavements VII 2( 9) 88-92, (2019).
  • [22]. Kodippily, S., S. L. Tighe, T. F. Henning, and J. Yeaman. "Evaluating pavement performance through smart monitoring – effects of soil moisture, temperature and traffic." Road Materials and Pavement Design,19(1): 71-86, (2016).
  • [23]. Paul, B., Roy Choudhury, D., Ray, R., Roy, A., & Banerjee, S. (2020). An ecofriendly substitute of asphalt binder – Review. International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Sciences, 1(3): 64-69, (2012).
  • [24]. Li, H. "Permeable pavements and permeability." Pavement Materials for Heat Island Mitigation, 4(6): 79-966 (2016).
  • [25]. Khadrawi, A. F., Ahmad Al-Shyyab, and Saad A. Abo-Qudais. "Transient Thermal Behavior of Hot–Mix Asphalt Pavement." Applied Mechanics and Materials 1(2): 400-407, (2020).
  • [26]. Li, H., J. T. Harvey, T. J. Holland, and M. Kayhanian. "The use of reflective and permeable pavements as a potential practice for heat island mitigation and stormwater management." Environmental Research Letters, 8(1) 015-023, (2013).
  • [27]. Qian, G., J. Zheng, and Q. Wang. "Calculating thermal stresses of asphalt pavement in environmental conditions." Pavements and Materials 4(6) 234-241, (2008).
  • [28]. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. AASHTO guide for design of pavement structures, 1993. AASHTO, (1993).
  • [29]. Ravnikar Turk, M., and M. Tušar. "Effect of ageing on the low temperature properties of bitumen." Proceedings of 6th Eurasphalt & Eurobitume Congress 4(8): 34-48, (2016).
  • [30]. Tiza, M. "Evaluation of thermal effects on slag cement concrete’s strength properties." CEBACOM Vol:1 Issue 3(3) 11-15(2021).
  • [31]. Sakib, N., A. Bhasin, M. K. Islam, K. Khan, and M. I. Khan. "A review of the evolution of technologies to use sulphur as a pavement construction material." International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 22( 3) : 392-403(2019).
  • [32]. Solatifar, N., M. Abbasghorbani, A. Kavussi, and H. Sivilevičius. "Prediction of depth temperature of asphalt layers in hot climate area." Journal Of Civil Engineering and Management 24(7): 516-525, (2018).
  • [33]. Zhang, Y. H., and F. Z. Wang. "Effect of emulsified asphalt on temperature susceptibility of cement asphalt mortar." Advanced Materials Research, 3(6), 124-127(2011).
  • [34]. Tari, Y., and M. Wang. "Probabilistic data-driven assessment of pavement management systems." Structural Health Monitoring, (2015).
  • [35]. Teltayev, B., Y. Kaganovich, and Y. Amirbayev. "Evaluation of low temperature stability of bitumen and hot mix asphalt pavement." Asphalt Pavements,5(7): 1557-1565, (2014).
  • [36]. Moghadas Nejad, F., A. Azarhoosh, G. H. Hamedi, and H. Roshani. "Rutting performance prediction of warm mix asphalt containing reclaimed asphalt pavements." Road Materials and Pavement Design 15(1): 207-219 (2013).
  • [37]. Vasenev, A., T. Hartmann, and A. G. Dorée. "Prediction of the in-asphalt temperature for road construction operations." Computing in Civil Engineering, 3(4) 34-43, (2012).
  • [38]. Vujovic, S., B. Haddad, H. Karaky, N. Sebaibi, and M. Boutouil. "Urban heat island: Causes, consequences, and mitigation measures with emphasis on reflective and permeable pavements." CivilEng 2(2): 459-484, (2021).
  • [39]. Romaniuk, N., L.. Little, F. A. Arguelles, T.. Babadagli, and B.. Ozum. "Effect of Bitumen Viscosity and Bitumen-Water Interfacial Tension on the Efficiency of Steam Assisted Bitumen Recovery Processes." (2013).
  • [40]. Tiza, M., N. Mogbo, E. Duweni, and I. Asawa. "Recycled Asphalt Pavement: A systematic Literature Review." Journal of Modern Technology and Engineering 5(3) 242-254, (2020).
  • [41]. Blab, R. "Multiscale modeling for performance prediction of asphaltic materials." Advances in Materials and Pavement Performance Prediction, 5 (7): 5-15, (2018).
  • [42]. Han, Jun, Shaopeng Wu, Zhiyi Huang, Dehong Zhou, and Fujian Li. "Research on Low Temperature Rheological Behavior of Aging Resistant Bitumen and Mixture." Sustainable Construction Materials, 6(9), (2012).
  • [43]. Kim, Seong-Min, and Jeong H. Nam. "Measurements and Experimental Analysis of Temperature Variations in Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Systems." Road Materials and Pavement Design, 11(3): 745-771(2010).
  • [44]. Marciales, A., and T.. Babadagli. "Selection of Optimal Solvent Type for High Temperature Solvent Applications in Heavy-Oil and Bitumen Recovery" 10(2): 345-365, (2014).
  • [45]. Wu, Stanley, Yi Feng, and Alfred Wong. "Selected Rheological Properties of Tall Oil Pitch Binder for Asphaltic Road Pavement Construction." International Journal of Pavement Engineering 5(3),175-182, (2004).
  • [46]. Zaghloul, S., and N. Saeed. "The use of falling weight Deflectometer in asphalt pavement construction quality control." Quality Management of Hot Mix Asphalt, 5(9): 66-76, (2017).
  • [47]. Yavuzturk, C., K. Ksaibati, and A. D. Chiasson. "Assessment of temperature fluctuations in asphalt pavements due to thermal environmental conditions using a two-dimensional, transient finite-difference approach." Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,17(4), 465-475, (2005).
  • [48]. Yuan*, H., D. Han, and W. Zhang. "The effect of pressure and temperature on bitumen saturated carbonate." SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 5(6): 34-40, (2015).
  • [49]. McBee, WC, TA Sullivan, and D. Saylak. "Recycling Old Asphaltic Pavement with Sulfur." Recycling of Bituminous Pavements 5, no. 9 (2018), 123-129.
  • [50]. Ravnikar Turk, Mojca, and Marjan Tušar. "Effect of ageing on the low temperature properties of bitumen." Proceedings of 6th Eurasphalt & Eurobitume Congress 4, no. 5 (2016), 34-50.
  • [51]. Chintakunta, Satish R. "Sensitivity of thermal properties of pavement materials using mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide." 5(7), (2016).
  • [52]. Díaz-Sánchez, M. A., and D. H. Timm. "Influence of Sustainable Technologies on In-Place Thermal Properties of Asphalt Pavements." Airfield and Highway Pavements 2015 6(8): (2015).
  • [53]. Islam R., A. Mannan, T. Rahman, and A. Tarefder. "Simplified Thermal Stress Model to Predict Low Temperature Cracks in Flexible Pavement." Pavement Materials, Structures, and Performance 6(8): 234-250, (2014).
  • [54]. Li, Hui. "Pavement Thermal Modeling." Pavement Materials for Heat Island Mitigation 5(5): 239-262, (2016).
  • [55]. National Precast Concrete Association. "Reducing Shrinkage Cracking." National Precast Concrete Association. (2018).
  • [56]. "Future Cities and Environment." Future Cities and Environment. Accessed August 24, 2021. https://futurecitiesandenvironment.com/articles/10.5334/fce.109/.
  • [57]. "How Do Pavement and Planting Strategies Affect Microclimate Conditions and Thermal Comfort in Apartment Complexes?" Discover Journals, Books & Case Studies | Emerald Insight. Last modified March 8, https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJCCSM-06-2020-0063/full/html(2021).
  • [58]. McDonald, Thomas, and Patrick McDonald. Guide to Pavement Maintenance. Bloomington: iUniverse, (2010).
  • [59]. Pavement Friction Measurement Normalized for Operational, Seasonal, and Weather Effects. (1989).
  • [60]. Pavement Interactive. Pavement Interactive. Last modified December 17, https://pavementinteractive.org/(2020).

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Michael Toryila TİZA> (Primary Author)
Directorate of Works and Services, Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University, Makurdi, Nigeria
0000-0003-3515-8951
Nigeria


Kavnen JIRGBA This is me
Department of Civil Engineering, Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University, Makurdi, Nigeria
0000-0002-8783-6825
Nigeria


Habibu Abubakar SANI This is me
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology, Kaduna State, Nigeria
0000-0001-5363-1517
Nigeria


Terlumun SESUGH This is me
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology, Kaduna State, Nigeria
0000-0001-7518-7314
Niger

Publication Date September 30, 2022
Application Date June 28, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 3

Cite

APA Tiza, M. T. , Jırgba, K. , Sanı, H. A. & Sesugh, T. (2022). Effect of Thermal Variances on Flexible Pavements . Journal of Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies , 7 (3) , 220-230 . DOI: 10.47481/jscmt.1136848

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Based on a work at https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jscmt

E-mail: jscmt@yildiz.edu.tr