Year 2020, Volume 2 , Issue 1-2, Pages 6 - 39 2020-12-31

Category Discussions from Ancient Philosophical and Logical Approaches to the Present: The History of Argumentation Studies and Three Different Types of Argumentation in Aristotelian Philosophy

Mustafa YEŞİL [1]


When we investigate the history of philosophy from Heraclitus to Aristotle, we see that almost each philosopher in this process has tried to explain (or define) what being, non-being, motion, truth, knowledge, value and so on are. Undoubtedly, the inquiries here are directly related to determine the categories of these mentioned things. As is known, categorization process is a structural activity that shapes all human cognitive processes in terms of classifying not only physical objects but also mental states and abstract ideas. This means that perception, thinking, learning, explaining and making sense of the objects and properties in the external world become possible only through categorization. We claim that the mentioned ancient philosophical discussions on categorization issue historically form the basis of argumentation studies. That Aristotle who’s been influenced by previous philosophical discussions has systematically structured argumentation studies through his theory of categories makes this clear. That Aristotle and some Aristotelian philosophers consider arguments not only as demonstrative (apodeictic) arguments but also dialectical and rhetorical arguments show that argumentation studies have a wide range of application, namely it should not be limited to just demonstrative or rhetorical arguments.
category, argument, demonstration, dialectic
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Primary Language en
Subjects Logic
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7070-042X
Author: Mustafa YEŞİL (Primary Author)
Institution: NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Tübitak
Project Number Tübitak - 2219
Thanks This research supported by TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, programme - 2219) has been written at CRRAR (The Centre for Research in Reasoning, Argumentation and Rhetoric) in the University of Windsor, Department of Philosophy. I would like to thank Professor Christopher W. Tindale not only for his very valuable and constructive contributions to this research but also for his broadening my horizon on argumentation studies.
Dates

Application Date : May 12, 2020
Acceptance Date : December 21, 2020
Publication Date : December 31, 2020

Chicago Yeşil, M . "Category Discussions from Ancient Philosophical and Logical Approaches to the Present: The History of Argumentation Studies and Three Different Types of Argumentation in Aristotelian Philosophy". Mantık Araştırmaları Dergisi 2 (2020 ): 6-39