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COVID-19 Pandemisinin Primer İmmun Yetmezliği Olan Çocuklar Üzerindeki Mental Etkileri

Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2, 83 - 88, 01.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.21765/pprjournal.1133096

Abstract

Amaç: Çalışmamızın amacı, COVID-19 pandemisinin primer immün yetmezliği olan çocukların ruh sağlığı üzerindeki etkilerini araştırmaktır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Katılımcıların ebeveynleri tarafından Revize Çocuk Anksiyete ve Depresyon Ölçeği - Ebeveyn Formu (RCADS-P) doldurulmuştur. Katılımcılar Primer immün yetmezliği olan hastalar ve kontrol grubu olmak üzere iki gruba ayrılarak değerlendirilmiştir. Bu çalışma Haziran 2020-Aralık 2020 tarihleri arasında yapılmıştır. Bulgular: Çalışma grubundaki hastaların RCADS-P depresyon puanları ve RCADS-P toplam puanları kontrol grubuna göre istatistiksel olarak anlamlı derecede yüksekti (sırasıyla p = 0,022, p = 0,042). Hastaların yaşı (r = 0,419, p = 0,024), eğitim düzeyi (r = 0,588, p = 0,013) ve RCADS-P depresyon puanları arasında pozitif yönde ilişkiler bulundu. Ayrıca kardeş sayısı (r = -0,396, p = 0,038) ile RCADS-P OKB puanları arasında negatif korelasyon saptanmıştır. Sonuç: COVID-19 pandemisi, primer immün yetmezliği olan hastaların ruh sağlığı üzerinde olumsuz etkilere sahiptir.

References

  • 1. Baki AA, Zaky S, Hosny H et al. Covid-19 in egyptian children: A multicenter study. J. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. 2021;16(2):57–61.
  • 2. Koc E, Yildirim S. Coronavirus disease 2019 infection in a child with mild symptoms and atypical course. J. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. 2021;16(2):89–90.
  • 3. Zemrani B, Gehri M, Masserey E, Knob C, Pellaton R. A hidden side of the COVID-19 pandemic in children: the double burden of undernutrition and overnutrition. Int. J. Equity Health 2021;20(1):44.
  • 4. Shigemura J, Ursano RJ, Morganstein JC, Kurosawa M, Benedek DM. Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2020;74(4):281–282.
  • 5. Jiang X, Deng L, Zhu Y et al. Psychological crisis intervention during the outbreak period of new coronavirus pneumonia from experience in Shanghai. Psychiatry Res. 2020;286(February):112903.
  • 6. Banerjee D. The COVID-19 outbreak: Crucial role the psychiatrists can play. Asian J. Psychiatr. 2020;50:102014.
  • 7. Jia Jia Liu, Yanping Bao, Xiaolin Huang, Jie Shi LL. Mental health considerations for children quarantined because of COVID-19. Lancet Child Adolescant Heal. 2020;4(5):347–349.
  • 8. Wang G, Zhang Y, Zhao J, Zhang J, Jiang F. Mitigate the effects of home confinement on children during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet 2020;395(10228):945–947.
  • 9. Kavoor AR, Chakravarthy K, John T. Remote consultations in the era of COVID-19 pandemic: Preliminary experience in a regional Australian public acute mental health care setting. Asian J. Psychiatr. 2020;51:102074.
  • 10. Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet 2020;395(10227):912–920.
  • 11. Pfefferbaum B, North CS. Mental Health and the Covid-19 Pandemic. N. Engl. J. Med. 2020;383(6):510–512.
  • 12. Danese A, Smith P, Chitsabesan P, Dubicka B. Child and adolescent mental health amidst emergencies and disasters. Br. J. Psychiatry 2020;216(3):159–162.
  • 13. Kuburovic NB, Pasic S, Susic G et al. Health-related quality of life, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in children with primary immunodeficiencies. Patient Prefer. Adherence 2014;8:323–330.
  • 14. Pulvirenti F, Cinetto F, Milito C et al. Health-Related Quality of Life in Common Variable Immunodeficiency Italian Patients Switched to Remote Assistance During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J. allergy Clin. Immunol. Pract. 2020;8(6):1894-1899.e2.
  • 15. Chorpita BF, Yim L, Moffitt C, Umemoto LA, Francis SE. Assessment of symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety and depression in children: A revised child anxiety and depression scale. Behav. Res. Ther. 2000;38(8):835–855.
  • 16. Gormez V, Kılınçaslan A, Orengul AC et al. Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale – Child Version in a clinical sample. Psychiatry Clin. Psychopharmacol. 2017;27(1):84–92.
  • 17. Kelly BD. Coronavirus disease: Challenges for psychiatry. Br. J. Psychiatry 2020;217(1):352–353.
  • 18. Roy D, Tripathy S, Kumar S et al. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronaviru. Asian J. Psychiatr. 2020;51(1):2020.
  • 19. Carvalho L de F, Pianowski G, Gonçalves AP. Personality differences and COVID-19: are extroversion and conscientiousness personality traits associated with engagement with containment measures? Trends psychiatry Psychother. 2020;00(0):1–6.
  • 20. Chaturvedi SK. Covid-19, Coronavirus and Mental Health Rehabilitation at Times of Crisis. J. Psychosoc. Rehabil. Ment. Heal. 2020;7(1):1–2.
  • 21. Bhatia SK, Bhatia SC. Childhood and adolescent depression. Am. Fam. Physician 2007;75(1):73–80.
  • 22. Angold A, Costello EJ, Erkanli A, Worthman CM. Pubertal changes in hormone levels and depression in girls. Psychol. Med. 1999;29(5):1043–1053.
  • 23. Beck A, LeBlanc JC, Morissette K et al. Screening for depression in children and adolescents: a protocol for a systematic review update. Syst. Rev. 2021;10(1):24.
  • 24. Wang G-F, Han A-Z, Zhang G-B et al. The association between childhood physical disability or long-term health problems and depression among adolescents in China: Mediating effect of childhood maltreatment. Asian J. Psychiatr. 2019;46:105–110.
  • 25. Wang C, Pan R, Wan X, Tan Y, Xu L, Ho CS HR. Immediate Psychological Responses and Associated Factors during the Initial Stage of the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Epidemic among the General Population in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020;17(5):1729.
  • 26. Dubey S, Biswas P, Ghosh R et al. Psychosocial impact of COVID-19. Diabetes Metab. Syndr. 2020;14(5):779–788.

The Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health in Children with Primary Immunodeficiency

Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2, 83 - 88, 01.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.21765/pprjournal.1133096

Abstract

Amaç: Çalışmamızın amacı, COVID-19 pandemisinin primer immün yetmezliği olan çocukların ruh sağlığı üzerindeki etkilerini araştırmaktır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Katılımcıların ebeveynleri tarafından Revize Çocuk Anksiyete ve Depresyon Ölçeği - Ebeveyn Formu (RCADS-P) doldurulmuştur. Katılımcılar Primer immün yetmezliği olan hastalar ve kontrol grubu olmak üzere iki gruba ayrılarak değerlendirilmiştir. Bu çalışma Haziran 2020-Aralık 2020 tarihleri arasında yapılmıştır. Bulgular: Çalışma grubundaki hastaların RCADS-P depresyon puanları ve RCADS-P toplam puanları kontrol grubuna göre istatistiksel olarak anlamlı derecede yüksekti (sırasıyla p = 0,022, p = 0,042). Hastaların yaşı (r = 0,419, p = 0,024), eğitim düzeyi (r = 0,588, p = 0,013) ve RCADS-P depresyon puanları arasında pozitif yönde ilişkiler bulundu. Ayrıca kardeş sayısı (r = -0,396, p = 0,038) ile RCADS-P OKB puanları arasında negatif korelasyon saptanmıştır. Sonuç: COVID-19 pandemisi, primer immün yetmezliği olan hastaların ruh sağlığı üzerinde olumsuz etkilere sahiptir.

References

  • 1. Baki AA, Zaky S, Hosny H et al. Covid-19 in egyptian children: A multicenter study. J. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. 2021;16(2):57–61.
  • 2. Koc E, Yildirim S. Coronavirus disease 2019 infection in a child with mild symptoms and atypical course. J. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. 2021;16(2):89–90.
  • 3. Zemrani B, Gehri M, Masserey E, Knob C, Pellaton R. A hidden side of the COVID-19 pandemic in children: the double burden of undernutrition and overnutrition. Int. J. Equity Health 2021;20(1):44.
  • 4. Shigemura J, Ursano RJ, Morganstein JC, Kurosawa M, Benedek DM. Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2020;74(4):281–282.
  • 5. Jiang X, Deng L, Zhu Y et al. Psychological crisis intervention during the outbreak period of new coronavirus pneumonia from experience in Shanghai. Psychiatry Res. 2020;286(February):112903.
  • 6. Banerjee D. The COVID-19 outbreak: Crucial role the psychiatrists can play. Asian J. Psychiatr. 2020;50:102014.
  • 7. Jia Jia Liu, Yanping Bao, Xiaolin Huang, Jie Shi LL. Mental health considerations for children quarantined because of COVID-19. Lancet Child Adolescant Heal. 2020;4(5):347–349.
  • 8. Wang G, Zhang Y, Zhao J, Zhang J, Jiang F. Mitigate the effects of home confinement on children during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet 2020;395(10228):945–947.
  • 9. Kavoor AR, Chakravarthy K, John T. Remote consultations in the era of COVID-19 pandemic: Preliminary experience in a regional Australian public acute mental health care setting. Asian J. Psychiatr. 2020;51:102074.
  • 10. Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet 2020;395(10227):912–920.
  • 11. Pfefferbaum B, North CS. Mental Health and the Covid-19 Pandemic. N. Engl. J. Med. 2020;383(6):510–512.
  • 12. Danese A, Smith P, Chitsabesan P, Dubicka B. Child and adolescent mental health amidst emergencies and disasters. Br. J. Psychiatry 2020;216(3):159–162.
  • 13. Kuburovic NB, Pasic S, Susic G et al. Health-related quality of life, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in children with primary immunodeficiencies. Patient Prefer. Adherence 2014;8:323–330.
  • 14. Pulvirenti F, Cinetto F, Milito C et al. Health-Related Quality of Life in Common Variable Immunodeficiency Italian Patients Switched to Remote Assistance During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J. allergy Clin. Immunol. Pract. 2020;8(6):1894-1899.e2.
  • 15. Chorpita BF, Yim L, Moffitt C, Umemoto LA, Francis SE. Assessment of symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety and depression in children: A revised child anxiety and depression scale. Behav. Res. Ther. 2000;38(8):835–855.
  • 16. Gormez V, Kılınçaslan A, Orengul AC et al. Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale – Child Version in a clinical sample. Psychiatry Clin. Psychopharmacol. 2017;27(1):84–92.
  • 17. Kelly BD. Coronavirus disease: Challenges for psychiatry. Br. J. Psychiatry 2020;217(1):352–353.
  • 18. Roy D, Tripathy S, Kumar S et al. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronaviru. Asian J. Psychiatr. 2020;51(1):2020.
  • 19. Carvalho L de F, Pianowski G, Gonçalves AP. Personality differences and COVID-19: are extroversion and conscientiousness personality traits associated with engagement with containment measures? Trends psychiatry Psychother. 2020;00(0):1–6.
  • 20. Chaturvedi SK. Covid-19, Coronavirus and Mental Health Rehabilitation at Times of Crisis. J. Psychosoc. Rehabil. Ment. Heal. 2020;7(1):1–2.
  • 21. Bhatia SK, Bhatia SC. Childhood and adolescent depression. Am. Fam. Physician 2007;75(1):73–80.
  • 22. Angold A, Costello EJ, Erkanli A, Worthman CM. Pubertal changes in hormone levels and depression in girls. Psychol. Med. 1999;29(5):1043–1053.
  • 23. Beck A, LeBlanc JC, Morissette K et al. Screening for depression in children and adolescents: a protocol for a systematic review update. Syst. Rev. 2021;10(1):24.
  • 24. Wang G-F, Han A-Z, Zhang G-B et al. The association between childhood physical disability or long-term health problems and depression among adolescents in China: Mediating effect of childhood maltreatment. Asian J. Psychiatr. 2019;46:105–110.
  • 25. Wang C, Pan R, Wan X, Tan Y, Xu L, Ho CS HR. Immediate Psychological Responses and Associated Factors during the Initial Stage of the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Epidemic among the General Population in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020;17(5):1729.
  • 26. Dubey S, Biswas P, Ghosh R et al. Psychosocial impact of COVID-19. Diabetes Metab. Syndr. 2020;14(5):779–788.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Ahmet Osman KILIÇ> (Primary Author)
MERAM FACULTY OF MEDICINE
0000-0002-3451-6764
Türkiye


Necati UZUN>
NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MERAM TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-3381-2331
Türkiye


Fatih AKIN>
NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MERAM TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-5725-3867
Türkiye


Mehmet Akif AKINCI>
ATATÜRK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-4011-6919
Türkiye


Abdullah YAZAR>
NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MERAM TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-1243-9830
Türkiye


Havva BOZKURT ALAN>
NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MERAM TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-8336-005X
Türkiye


Sevgi KELES>
NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MERAM TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7344-8947
Türkiye


İsmail REİSLİ>
NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MERAM TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-8247-6405
Türkiye

Publication Date September 1, 2022
Acceptance Date August 17, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2

Cite

Vancouver Kılıç A. O. , Uzun N. , Akın F. , Akıncı M. A. , Yazar A. , Bozkurt Alan H. , Keles S. , Reisli İ. The Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health in Children with Primary Immunodeficiency. Pediatric Practice and Research. 2022; 10(2): 83-88.