The main objective of the present study is to evaluate the performance of the MIKE 21 SW (Spectral Wave) in a semi-closed basin (Black Sea). Wind data were obtained from ECMWF ERA-Interim, ECMWF ERA5, and NCEP CFSR. The wave model was calibrated and validated with wave measurements recorded at seven different stations along the Black Sea coastlines. In the calibration, several different physical parameters were tested to determine the optimal model settings, and the whitecapping parameter (Cds) was more influential than the bottom friction parameter (kn), wave breaking parameter (γ), and nonlinear wave-wave interactions in the prediction of the Black Sea wave properties. The wave results modeled using ERA-Interim showed less agreement with wave measurements than those obtained with ERA-5 and CFSR wind fields. Although the significant wave height and wave period modeled using ERA5 and CFSR wind fields were reasonably well matched at all measurement stations, ERA5 wind fields provided slightly better performance owing to having the largest correlation coefficient (R) and lowest statistical error measures (bias, RMSE, SI) in the Black Sea.
|Journal Section||Research Articles|
|Publication Date||June 30, 2022|
|Application Date||May 23, 2022|
|Acceptance Date||June 29, 2022|
|Published in Issue||Year 2022, Volume 2, Issue 1|