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ASSOCIATION OF BODY COMPOSITION WITH LEG STRENGTH, BALANCE CAPACITY AND DROP JUMP ABILITY IN CAPOEIRA ATHLETES: A PILOT STUDY

Year 2022, Volume 20, Issue 3, 118 - 127, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.33689/spormetre.1093293

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the association of body composition (BC) with leg strength, balance capacity, and drop jump ability in capoeira athletes. A total of 10 male (age: 26.5±2.6 years) and 5 female (age: 25.0±2.9 years) capoeira athletes participated in this study. BC measurement of the participants was performed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Performance measurements consisted of 30º, 60º, 90º leg strength measurement, anterior-posterior balance, medial-lateral balance capacity measurement, and drop jumps from heights of 20 (DJ20), 40 (DJ40), and 50 cm (DJ50). Reactive strength index (RSI) was calculated as jump height/contact time (mm·ms-1). Statistical results showed that there was no significant association between BC with balance (p > 0.05). Fat-free mass (FFM) was found to be correlated with RSI for DJ20 (r = 0.52; p = 0.049) and DJ40 (r = 0.66; p = 0.01), while there was a negative association between fat mass (FM) with DJ40 (r = -0.65; p = 0.01) and DJ50 (r = -0.59; p = 0.02). In addition, FM was negatively associated with 90º right leg strength (r = -0.59; p = 0.02), 90º left leg strength (r = -0.62; p =0.01), and 60º left leg strength (r = -0.57; p = 0.03), while there was a positive association between FFM and 90º right leg strength (r = 0.59; p = 0.02). As a result, FM and lean mass (LM) exert profound effects on leg strength and drop jump ability, while BC doesn’t seem to affect balance capacity in capoeira athletes, showing that possessing low FM and high LM likely leads to better athletic performance in capoeira athletes.

References

  • Almeida, L. G., Filho, E. S. N., Santos, G. A., Cardoso, J. T. C., Moreira, S. R. (2021). Anthropometric Profile and Functional Performance of Capoeira Competitors in the World Games. International Journal of Morphology, 39(4), 969-976.
  • Chalhoub, D., Boudreau, R., Greenspan, S., Newman, A. B., Zmuda, J., Frank-Wilson, A. W., . . . Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study Research, G. (2018). Associations Between Lean Mass, Muscle Strength and Power, and Skeletal Size, Density and Strength in Older Men. J Bone Miner Res, 33(9), 1612-1621. doi:10.1002/jbmr.3458
  • Chen, L., Nelson, D. R., Zhao, Y., Cui, Z., & Johnston, J. A. (2013). Relationship between muscle mass and muscle strength, and the impact of comorbidities: a population-based, cross-sectional study of older adults in the United States. BMC Geriatrics, 13(1), 74. doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-74
  • Copic, N., Dopsaj, M., Ivanovic, J., NešiC, G., JariC, S. (2014). Body Composition and Muscle Strength Predictors of Jumping Performance: Differences Between Elite Female Volleyball Competitors and Nontrained Individuals. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(10), 2709-2716. doi:10.1519/jsc.0000000000000468
  • de Paula Lima, P. O., Camelo, P. R. P., Ferreira, V., do Nascimento, P. J. S., Bezerra, M. A., Almeida, G. P. L., de Oliveira, R. R. (2017). Evaluation of the isokinetic muscle function, postural control and plantar pressure distribution in capoeira players: a cross-sectional study. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J, 7(3), 498-503. doi:10.11138/mltj/2017.7.3.498
  • Erkılıç, Ş., Şenel, Ö. (2019). Determination of Relationships between Body Composition, Anaerobic Performance and Balance in Wrestlers. International Journal of Sport Culture and Science, 7(4), 1-10. doi:10.14486/ IntJSCS.2019.581
  • Ferland, P. M., St-Jean Miron, F., Laurier, A., Comtois, A. S. (2020). The relationship between body composition measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and maximal strength in classic powerlifting. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 60(3), 407-416. doi:10.23736/s0022-4707.19.09996-1
  • Flynn, A. (2016). An analysis of ground reaction forces due to body weight during drop jumps: University of Central Arkansas. Frontera, W. R., Hughes, V. A., Lutz, K. J., Evans, W. J. (1991). A cross-sectional study of muscle strength and mass in 45- to 78-yr-old men and women. Journal of Applied Physiology, 71(2), 644-650. doi:10.1152/jappl.1991.71.2.644
  • Greve, J., Alonso, A., Bordini, A. C., Camanho, G. L. (2007). Correlation between body mass index and postural balance. Clinics (Sao Paulo), 62(6), 717-720. doi:10.1590/s1807-59322007000600010
  • Horn, C., Klahr, D., Mokha, M., Antonio, J., Peacock, C., & Bommarito, P. (2018). Relationship of reactive strength and body composition in elite american football players. ISBS Proceedings Archive, 36(1).
  • Louder, T., Thompson, B. J., Bressel, E. (2021). Association and Agreement between Reactive Strength Index and Reactive Strength Index-Modified Scores. Sports, 9(7), 97.
  • Marinho, B. F., Follmer, B., Del Conti Esteves, J. V., Andreato, L. V. (2016). Body composition, somatotype, and physical fitness of mixed martial arts athletes. Sport Sciences for Health, 12(2), 157-165. doi:10.1007/s11332-016-0270-4
  • McGraw, B., McClenaghan, B. A., Williams, H. G., Dickerson, J., Ward, D. S. (2000). Gait and postural stability in obese and nonobese prepubertal boys. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 81(4), 484-489. doi:10.1053/mr.2000.3782
  • Miyatake, N., Miyachi, M., Tabata, I., Sakano, N., Hirao, T., Numata, T. (2012). Relationship between muscle strength and anthropometric, body composition parameters in Japanese adolescents. Health, 04(01), 1-5. doi:10.4236/health.2012.41001
  • Moreira, S. R., Carvalho, F. O., de Moraes, J. F. V. N., da Silva Carvalho, R. G., de Araújo, R. C., Teixeira-Araújo, A. A., Okano, A. H. (2016). Eight weeks of Capoeira progressive training program increases flexibility of beginners. Sport Sciences for Health, 12(3), 329-337. doi:10.1007/s11332-016-0292-y
  • Nogueira, R. C., Weeks, B. K., Beck, B. (2017). One-Year Follow-up of the CAPO Kids Trial: Are Physical Benefits Maintained? Pediatr Exerc Sci, 29(4), 486-495. doi:10.1123/pes.2017-0044
  • Nogueira, R. C., Weeks, B. K., Beck, B. R. (2014). An in-school exercise intervention to enhance bone and reduce fat in girls: the CAPO Kids trial. Bone, 68, 92-99. doi:10.1016/j.bone.2014.08.006
  • Radicchi, M. R., Papertalk, L., Thompson, S. (2019). "It made me feel Brazilian!": Addressing prejudice through Capoeira classes in a school in Western Australia. Health Promot J Austr, 30(3), 299-302. doi:10.1002/hpja.219
  • Santos, D. A., Dawson, J. A., Matias, C. N., Rocha, P. M., Minderico, C. S., Allison, D. B., . . . Silva, A. M. (2014). Reference values for body composition and anthropometric measurements in athletes. PLoS One, 9(5), e97846. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097846
  • Seiberl, W., Hahn, D., Power, G. A., Fletcher, J. R., Siebert, T. (2021). Editorial: The Stretch-Shortening Cycle of Active Muscle and Muscle-Tendon Complex: What, Why and How It Increases Muscle Performance? Front Physiol, 12, 693141. doi:10.3389/fphys.2021.693141
  • Trumbo, P., Schlicker, S., Yates, A. A., Poos, M. (2002). Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and amino acids. J Am Diet Assoc, 102(11), 1621-1630. doi:10.1016/s0002-8223(02)90346-9
  • Ugarkovic, D., Matavulj, D., Kukolj, M., Jaric, S. (2002). Standard anthropometric, body composition, and strength variables as predictors of jumping performance in elite junior athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 16(2), 227-230.
  • UNESCO. (2014). United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): Capoeira circle. Retrieved from https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/capoeira-circle-00892
  • Zerf, M. (2017). Body composition versus body fat percentage as predictors of posture/balance control mobility and stability among football players under 21 years. Physical education of students, 21(2). doi:10.15561/20755279.2017.0208
  • Zhang, X., Pan, X., Deng, L., Fu, W. (2020). Relationship between Knee Muscle Strength and Fat/Muscle Mass in Elderly Women with Knee Osteoarthritis Based on Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 17(2). doi:10.3390/ijerph17020573

ASSOCIATION OF BODY COMPOSITION WITH MUSCLE STRENGTH, DROP JUMP AND BALANCE ABILITY IN CAPOEIRA ATHLETES: PILOT STUDY

Year 2022, Volume 20, Issue 3, 118 - 127, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.33689/spormetre.1093293

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the association of body composition (BC) with muscle strength, drop jump and balance ability in Capoeira athletes. A total of 10 males (age: 26.5±2.6 years) and 5 females (age: 25.0±2.9 years) Capoeira athletes volunteered to participate in this study. BC measurement of participants, including total and regional BC, was performed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Performance measurements consisted of 30º, 60º, 90º leg strength, anterior-posterior balance, medial-lateral balance and drop jumps from a 20 cm drop-height (DJ20), 40 cm drop-height (DJ40) and 50 cm drop-height (DJ50). Reactive strength index (RSI) was calculated as jump height/contact time (mm·ms-1). The statistical results showed that there was no significant association of BC with balance (p>0.05). Fat-free mass (FFM) was found to be correlated with RSI from DJ20 (r=0.52; p=0.049) and DJ40 (r=0.66; p=0.01), while there was a negative association between fat mass (FM) and drop jump from DJ40 (r=-0.65; p=0.01) and DJ50 (r=-0.59; p=0.02). In addition, FM was found to be negatively associated with 90º right leg strength (r=-0.59; p=0.02), 90º left leg strength (r=-0.62; p=0.01) and 60º left leg strength (r=-0.57; p=0.03). There was a positive association between FFM and 90º right leg strength (r=0.59; p=0.02). As a result, FM and LM exert profound effects on leg strength and drop jump performance, while BC doesn’t seem to affect balance ability in Capoeira athletes. It is likely that possessing low FM and high LM leads to better athletic performance in Capoeira athletes.

References

  • Almeida, L. G., Filho, E. S. N., Santos, G. A., Cardoso, J. T. C., Moreira, S. R. (2021). Anthropometric Profile and Functional Performance of Capoeira Competitors in the World Games. International Journal of Morphology, 39(4), 969-976.
  • Chalhoub, D., Boudreau, R., Greenspan, S., Newman, A. B., Zmuda, J., Frank-Wilson, A. W., . . . Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study Research, G. (2018). Associations Between Lean Mass, Muscle Strength and Power, and Skeletal Size, Density and Strength in Older Men. J Bone Miner Res, 33(9), 1612-1621. doi:10.1002/jbmr.3458
  • Chen, L., Nelson, D. R., Zhao, Y., Cui, Z., & Johnston, J. A. (2013). Relationship between muscle mass and muscle strength, and the impact of comorbidities: a population-based, cross-sectional study of older adults in the United States. BMC Geriatrics, 13(1), 74. doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-74
  • Copic, N., Dopsaj, M., Ivanovic, J., NešiC, G., JariC, S. (2014). Body Composition and Muscle Strength Predictors of Jumping Performance: Differences Between Elite Female Volleyball Competitors and Nontrained Individuals. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(10), 2709-2716. doi:10.1519/jsc.0000000000000468
  • de Paula Lima, P. O., Camelo, P. R. P., Ferreira, V., do Nascimento, P. J. S., Bezerra, M. A., Almeida, G. P. L., de Oliveira, R. R. (2017). Evaluation of the isokinetic muscle function, postural control and plantar pressure distribution in capoeira players: a cross-sectional study. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J, 7(3), 498-503. doi:10.11138/mltj/2017.7.3.498
  • Erkılıç, Ş., Şenel, Ö. (2019). Determination of Relationships between Body Composition, Anaerobic Performance and Balance in Wrestlers. International Journal of Sport Culture and Science, 7(4), 1-10. doi:10.14486/ IntJSCS.2019.581
  • Ferland, P. M., St-Jean Miron, F., Laurier, A., Comtois, A. S. (2020). The relationship between body composition measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and maximal strength in classic powerlifting. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 60(3), 407-416. doi:10.23736/s0022-4707.19.09996-1
  • Flynn, A. (2016). An analysis of ground reaction forces due to body weight during drop jumps: University of Central Arkansas. Frontera, W. R., Hughes, V. A., Lutz, K. J., Evans, W. J. (1991). A cross-sectional study of muscle strength and mass in 45- to 78-yr-old men and women. Journal of Applied Physiology, 71(2), 644-650. doi:10.1152/jappl.1991.71.2.644
  • Greve, J., Alonso, A., Bordini, A. C., Camanho, G. L. (2007). Correlation between body mass index and postural balance. Clinics (Sao Paulo), 62(6), 717-720. doi:10.1590/s1807-59322007000600010
  • Horn, C., Klahr, D., Mokha, M., Antonio, J., Peacock, C., & Bommarito, P. (2018). Relationship of reactive strength and body composition in elite american football players. ISBS Proceedings Archive, 36(1).
  • Louder, T., Thompson, B. J., Bressel, E. (2021). Association and Agreement between Reactive Strength Index and Reactive Strength Index-Modified Scores. Sports, 9(7), 97.
  • Marinho, B. F., Follmer, B., Del Conti Esteves, J. V., Andreato, L. V. (2016). Body composition, somatotype, and physical fitness of mixed martial arts athletes. Sport Sciences for Health, 12(2), 157-165. doi:10.1007/s11332-016-0270-4
  • McGraw, B., McClenaghan, B. A., Williams, H. G., Dickerson, J., Ward, D. S. (2000). Gait and postural stability in obese and nonobese prepubertal boys. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 81(4), 484-489. doi:10.1053/mr.2000.3782
  • Miyatake, N., Miyachi, M., Tabata, I., Sakano, N., Hirao, T., Numata, T. (2012). Relationship between muscle strength and anthropometric, body composition parameters in Japanese adolescents. Health, 04(01), 1-5. doi:10.4236/health.2012.41001
  • Moreira, S. R., Carvalho, F. O., de Moraes, J. F. V. N., da Silva Carvalho, R. G., de Araújo, R. C., Teixeira-Araújo, A. A., Okano, A. H. (2016). Eight weeks of Capoeira progressive training program increases flexibility of beginners. Sport Sciences for Health, 12(3), 329-337. doi:10.1007/s11332-016-0292-y
  • Nogueira, R. C., Weeks, B. K., Beck, B. (2017). One-Year Follow-up of the CAPO Kids Trial: Are Physical Benefits Maintained? Pediatr Exerc Sci, 29(4), 486-495. doi:10.1123/pes.2017-0044
  • Nogueira, R. C., Weeks, B. K., Beck, B. R. (2014). An in-school exercise intervention to enhance bone and reduce fat in girls: the CAPO Kids trial. Bone, 68, 92-99. doi:10.1016/j.bone.2014.08.006
  • Radicchi, M. R., Papertalk, L., Thompson, S. (2019). "It made me feel Brazilian!": Addressing prejudice through Capoeira classes in a school in Western Australia. Health Promot J Austr, 30(3), 299-302. doi:10.1002/hpja.219
  • Santos, D. A., Dawson, J. A., Matias, C. N., Rocha, P. M., Minderico, C. S., Allison, D. B., . . . Silva, A. M. (2014). Reference values for body composition and anthropometric measurements in athletes. PLoS One, 9(5), e97846. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097846
  • Seiberl, W., Hahn, D., Power, G. A., Fletcher, J. R., Siebert, T. (2021). Editorial: The Stretch-Shortening Cycle of Active Muscle and Muscle-Tendon Complex: What, Why and How It Increases Muscle Performance? Front Physiol, 12, 693141. doi:10.3389/fphys.2021.693141
  • Trumbo, P., Schlicker, S., Yates, A. A., Poos, M. (2002). Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and amino acids. J Am Diet Assoc, 102(11), 1621-1630. doi:10.1016/s0002-8223(02)90346-9
  • Ugarkovic, D., Matavulj, D., Kukolj, M., Jaric, S. (2002). Standard anthropometric, body composition, and strength variables as predictors of jumping performance in elite junior athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 16(2), 227-230.
  • UNESCO. (2014). United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): Capoeira circle. Retrieved from https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/capoeira-circle-00892
  • Zerf, M. (2017). Body composition versus body fat percentage as predictors of posture/balance control mobility and stability among football players under 21 years. Physical education of students, 21(2). doi:10.15561/20755279.2017.0208
  • Zhang, X., Pan, X., Deng, L., Fu, W. (2020). Relationship between Knee Muscle Strength and Fat/Muscle Mass in Elderly Women with Knee Osteoarthritis Based on Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 17(2). doi:10.3390/ijerph17020573

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Sport Sciences
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Muhammed Mustafa ATAKAN> (Primary Author)
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SPORTS SCIENCE, DEPARTMENT OF RECREATION, DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM IN EXERCISE
0000-0003-3196-6345
Türkiye


Evrim ÜNVER>
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SPORTS SCIENCE, DEPARTMENT OF EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF SPORTS AND COACHING
0000-0002-2127-9640
Türkiye


Yasemin GÜZEL>
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SPORTS SCIENCE, DEPARTMENT OF RECREATION, DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM IN EXERCISE
0000-0003-1831-2371
Türkiye


Selin AKTİTİZ>
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SPORTS SCIENCE, DEPARTMENT OF RECREATION, DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM IN EXERCISE
0000-0001-6781-8681
Türkiye


Hüsrev TURNAGÖL>
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SPORTS SCIENCE, DEPARTMENT OF RECREATION, DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM IN EXERCISE
0000-0001-6547-8839
Türkiye

Early Pub Date September 23, 2022
Publication Date September 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 20, Issue 3

Cite

APA Atakan, M. M. , Ünver, E. , Güzel, Y. , Aktitiz, S. & Turnagöl, H. (2022). ASSOCIATION OF BODY COMPOSITION WITH MUSCLE STRENGTH, DROP JUMP AND BALANCE ABILITY IN CAPOEIRA ATHLETES: PILOT STUDY . SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 20 (3) , 118-127 . DOI: 10.33689/spormetre.1093293

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