Research Article
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Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 3, 1 - 14, 31.12.2021

Abstract

References

  • Abolaji, A. O., Kamdem, J. P., Farombi, E. O., & Rocha, J. B. T. (2013). Drosophila melanogaster as a promising model organism in toxicological studies. Arch Bas App Med, 1, 33-38.
  • Adams, M.D., Celniker, S.E., Holt, R.A., Evans, C.A., Gocayne, J.D., Amanatides, P.G., Scherer, S.E., Li, P.W., Hoskins, R.A., Galle, R.F. (2000). The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster. Science. 287:2185-2195.
  • Akpınar, B. (2008). Eğitim Sürecinde Öğretmenlerde Strese Yol Açan Nedenlere Yönelik Öğretmen Görüşleri [Teachers' Views on the Causes of Stress in Teachers in the Education Process]. Cilt:16 No:2 Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi 359-366.
  • Alaraby, M., Hernández, A., Annangi, B., Demir, E., Bach, J., Rubio, L., ... & Marcos, R. (2015). Antioxidant and antigenotoxic properties of CeO2 NPs and cerium sulphate: Studies with Drosophila melanogaster as a promising in vivo model. Nanotoxicology, 9(6), 749-759.
  • Albert, J. T., & Göpfert, M. C. (2015). Hearing in Drosophila. Current opinion in neurobiology, 34, 79-85.
  • Ashburner A. (1989). Drosophila: A Laboratory Manual. Cold Spring Harbor, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 1331 pp. New York.
  • Balaban, J. (2000). Temel Eğitimde Öğretmenlerin Stres Kaynakları Ve Başa Çıkma Teknikleri [Stress Sources and Coping Techniques of Teachers in Basic Education]. Pamukkale Ünv. Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, Sayı:7, Özel Sayı.
  • Bier E. (2005). Drosophila, the golden bug, emerges as a tool for human genetics. Nature Reviews Genetics. 6:9- 23.
  • Flecknell P. (2002). Replacement, reduction and refinement. Altex. 19:73-78.
  • Graeff, F.G., Viana, M.B. and Tomaz, C. (1993). The elevated T maze, a new experimental model of anxiety and memory: effect of diazepam. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 26: 67-70.
  • Graham, H. (1999). Stresi Kendi Yararınıza Kullanın [Use Stress for Your Own Benefit ] (Transl.: M. Sağlam and T. Tezcan). İstanbul: Alfa Basım Yayım.
  • İnternet: https://med.stanford.edu/sbfnl/services/bm/lm/y-maze.html. Last Date of Access: 11.09.2019.
  • İnternet: https://www.philpoteducation.com/mod/book/view.php?id=3376&chapterid=3475#/. Last Date of Access: 09.10.2019.
  • Lewis, S. A., Negelspach, D. C., Kaladchibachi, S., Cowen, S. L., & Fernandez, F. (2017). Spontaneous alternation: a potential gateway to spatial working memory in Drosophila. Neurobiology of learning and memory, 142, 230-235.
  • Lloyd, T. E., & Taylor, J. P. (2010). Flightless flies: Drosophila models of neuromuscular disease. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1184, e1.
  • Morgan, D.O. (2007). The Cell Cycle: Principles of Control. New Science Press Ltd; 2007:297. ISBN: 978-0- 9539181-2-6, London.
  • Motavallı, N. (1997). Çocukluk Çağında Görülen “Travma Sonrası Stres Bozukluğunun” Klinik Özellikleri ve Seyri [Clinical Characteristics and Course of “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder” in Childhood]. Yeni Sempozyum, 35(2-3):92-95. Müller, H.J. (1927). Artificial transmutation of the gene. Science. 66:84-87.
  • Nagel, L. And Brown, S. (2003). “The Abcs Of Managing Teacher Stress.” Educational Research, Controversy And Practices. http://educatingnm.coe.unm.edu/2003fall Date of Access: 22.07.2012.
  • Ofstad, T. A., Zuker, C. S., & Reiser, M. B. (2011). Visual place learning in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature, 474(7350), 204-207.
  • Pandey, U.B., Nichols, C.D. (2011). Human disease models in Drosophila melanogaster and the role of the fly in therapeutic drug discovery. Pharmacological Reviews. 63:411-436.
  • Potter, C. J., Turenchalk, G. S., & Xu, T. (2000). Drosophila in cancer research: an expanding role. Trends in genetics, 16(1), 33-39.
  • Ramos, A., Kangerski, A. L., Basso, P. F., Santos, J. E. D. S., Assreuy, J., Vendruscolo, L. F., & Takahashi, R. N. (2002). Evaluation of Lewis and SHR rat strains as a genetic model for the study of anxiety and pain. Behavioural brain research, 129(1-2), 113-123.
  • Rand, M.D. (2010). Drosophotoxicology: the growing potential for Drosophila in neurotoxicology. Neurotoxicology and Teratology. 32:74-83.
  • Schneider, D. (2000). Using Drosophila as a model insect. Nature Reviews Genetics. 1:218- 226.
  • Vecchio G. (2015). A fruit fly in the nanoworld: once again Drosophila contributes to environment and human health. Nanotoxicology. 9:135-137.

THE EFFECT OF STRESS ON LEARNING IN MALE AND FEMALE INDIVIDUALS IN DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER IN T AND Y MAZE MODELS

Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 3, 1 - 14, 31.12.2021

Abstract

Many complex human-like behaviors are observed in Drosophila, exhibiting a detailed display of inter-male aggression and female courtship, self-medication with alcohol in response to stress, and even cultural transmission of social information. However, generally rodents, and especially bees and ants from among insects due to their visual place learning ability, are the living creatures that have been studied extensively in this regard in learning studies. In this study, the learning performance of Drosophila melanogaster in T and Y maze models and the change in learning level due to stress were examined. The performance of stressed and unstressed male and female Drosophila individuals in reaching the food and finding the exit point in T and Y mazes was investigated. The vestigial mutant strain of Drosophila melanogaster was used in the study. The wings of the vestigial mutant type Drosophila are genetically atrophied forms. When the success of female and male flies in both reaching the food and finding the exit point in T and Y mazes was examined, an increase was observed depending on the increase in the number of experiments. In both tests, an increase in learning performance was observed depending on the number of experiments in the flies that were not exposed to stress as a control group. However, this rate was lower when compared to individuals exposed to stress. These results show us that stress may have a positive effect on learning and that Drosophila can also be used in learning, stress, and short-term memory studies.

References

  • Abolaji, A. O., Kamdem, J. P., Farombi, E. O., & Rocha, J. B. T. (2013). Drosophila melanogaster as a promising model organism in toxicological studies. Arch Bas App Med, 1, 33-38.
  • Adams, M.D., Celniker, S.E., Holt, R.A., Evans, C.A., Gocayne, J.D., Amanatides, P.G., Scherer, S.E., Li, P.W., Hoskins, R.A., Galle, R.F. (2000). The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster. Science. 287:2185-2195.
  • Akpınar, B. (2008). Eğitim Sürecinde Öğretmenlerde Strese Yol Açan Nedenlere Yönelik Öğretmen Görüşleri [Teachers' Views on the Causes of Stress in Teachers in the Education Process]. Cilt:16 No:2 Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi 359-366.
  • Alaraby, M., Hernández, A., Annangi, B., Demir, E., Bach, J., Rubio, L., ... & Marcos, R. (2015). Antioxidant and antigenotoxic properties of CeO2 NPs and cerium sulphate: Studies with Drosophila melanogaster as a promising in vivo model. Nanotoxicology, 9(6), 749-759.
  • Albert, J. T., & Göpfert, M. C. (2015). Hearing in Drosophila. Current opinion in neurobiology, 34, 79-85.
  • Ashburner A. (1989). Drosophila: A Laboratory Manual. Cold Spring Harbor, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 1331 pp. New York.
  • Balaban, J. (2000). Temel Eğitimde Öğretmenlerin Stres Kaynakları Ve Başa Çıkma Teknikleri [Stress Sources and Coping Techniques of Teachers in Basic Education]. Pamukkale Ünv. Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, Sayı:7, Özel Sayı.
  • Bier E. (2005). Drosophila, the golden bug, emerges as a tool for human genetics. Nature Reviews Genetics. 6:9- 23.
  • Flecknell P. (2002). Replacement, reduction and refinement. Altex. 19:73-78.
  • Graeff, F.G., Viana, M.B. and Tomaz, C. (1993). The elevated T maze, a new experimental model of anxiety and memory: effect of diazepam. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 26: 67-70.
  • Graham, H. (1999). Stresi Kendi Yararınıza Kullanın [Use Stress for Your Own Benefit ] (Transl.: M. Sağlam and T. Tezcan). İstanbul: Alfa Basım Yayım.
  • İnternet: https://med.stanford.edu/sbfnl/services/bm/lm/y-maze.html. Last Date of Access: 11.09.2019.
  • İnternet: https://www.philpoteducation.com/mod/book/view.php?id=3376&chapterid=3475#/. Last Date of Access: 09.10.2019.
  • Lewis, S. A., Negelspach, D. C., Kaladchibachi, S., Cowen, S. L., & Fernandez, F. (2017). Spontaneous alternation: a potential gateway to spatial working memory in Drosophila. Neurobiology of learning and memory, 142, 230-235.
  • Lloyd, T. E., & Taylor, J. P. (2010). Flightless flies: Drosophila models of neuromuscular disease. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1184, e1.
  • Morgan, D.O. (2007). The Cell Cycle: Principles of Control. New Science Press Ltd; 2007:297. ISBN: 978-0- 9539181-2-6, London.
  • Motavallı, N. (1997). Çocukluk Çağında Görülen “Travma Sonrası Stres Bozukluğunun” Klinik Özellikleri ve Seyri [Clinical Characteristics and Course of “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder” in Childhood]. Yeni Sempozyum, 35(2-3):92-95. Müller, H.J. (1927). Artificial transmutation of the gene. Science. 66:84-87.
  • Nagel, L. And Brown, S. (2003). “The Abcs Of Managing Teacher Stress.” Educational Research, Controversy And Practices. http://educatingnm.coe.unm.edu/2003fall Date of Access: 22.07.2012.
  • Ofstad, T. A., Zuker, C. S., & Reiser, M. B. (2011). Visual place learning in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature, 474(7350), 204-207.
  • Pandey, U.B., Nichols, C.D. (2011). Human disease models in Drosophila melanogaster and the role of the fly in therapeutic drug discovery. Pharmacological Reviews. 63:411-436.
  • Potter, C. J., Turenchalk, G. S., & Xu, T. (2000). Drosophila in cancer research: an expanding role. Trends in genetics, 16(1), 33-39.
  • Ramos, A., Kangerski, A. L., Basso, P. F., Santos, J. E. D. S., Assreuy, J., Vendruscolo, L. F., & Takahashi, R. N. (2002). Evaluation of Lewis and SHR rat strains as a genetic model for the study of anxiety and pain. Behavioural brain research, 129(1-2), 113-123.
  • Rand, M.D. (2010). Drosophotoxicology: the growing potential for Drosophila in neurotoxicology. Neurotoxicology and Teratology. 32:74-83.
  • Schneider, D. (2000). Using Drosophila as a model insect. Nature Reviews Genetics. 1:218- 226.
  • Vecchio G. (2015). A fruit fly in the nanoworld: once again Drosophila contributes to environment and human health. Nanotoxicology. 9:135-137.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Public Environmental and Occupational Health
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Mehmet FİDAN> (Primary Author)
AMASYA UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-9016-6730
Türkiye

Publication Date December 31, 2021
Application Date November 6, 2021
Acceptance Date December 28, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 3

Cite

APA Fidan, M. (2021). THE EFFECT OF STRESS ON LEARNING IN MALE AND FEMALE INDIVIDUALS IN DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER IN T AND Y MAZE MODELS . Sabuncuoglu Serefeddin Health Sciences , 3 (3) , 1-14 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sshs/issue/67739/1019627