Year 2013, Volume 37 , Issue 2, Pages 123 - 136 2013-02-01

Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed
Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed

Pooya LAHIJANI [1] , Zainal Alimuddin ZAINAL [2] , Maedeh MOHAMMADI [3]


Air gasification of oil palm empty fruit bunch was carried out in a fluidized bed gasifier. Calcined dolomite was used as the catalytic bed material. The effect of bed temperature (650--1050 °C) on the quality of the producer gas was examined. During the gasification experiment, a producer gas with improved quality was obtained at high temperatures, but agglomeration of the bed material was realized as the major concern at temperatures above 850 °C. Thus, the temperature was reduced and the quality of the product gas was assessed through a set of experiments designed by response surface methodology. The bed temperature (T = 650--850 °C) and equivalence ratio (ER = 0.18--0.28) were selected as the 2 process variables. The experimental results were reasonably fitted to the developed model. The optimum conditions were T = 850 °C and ER = 0.22 at which the HHV = 5.39 (MJ/m3) could be attained without any agglomeration of the bed material.
Air gasification of oil palm empty fruit bunch was carried out in a fluidized bed gasifier. Calcined dolomite was used as the catalytic bed material. The effect of bed temperature (650--1050 °C) on the quality of the producer gas was examined. During the gasification experiment, a producer gas with improved quality was obtained at high temperatures, but agglomeration of the bed material was realized as the major concern at temperatures above 850 °C. Thus, the temperature was reduced and the quality of the product gas was assessed through a set of experiments designed by response surface methodology. The bed temperature (T = 650--850 °C) and equivalence ratio (ER = 0.18--0.28) were selected as the 2 process variables. The experimental results were reasonably fitted to the developed model. The optimum conditions were T = 850 °C and ER = 0.22 at which the HHV = 5.39 (MJ/m3) could be attained without any agglomeration of the bed material.
  • Alauddin, Z.A.B.Z., Lahijani, P., Mohammadi, M. and Mohamed, A.R., ”Gasification of Lignocellulosic Biomass in Fluidized Beds for Renewable Energy Development: a Review”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 2852– 2862, 2010.
  • Bhattacharya, S.P. and Harttig, M., ”Control of Agglomeration and Defluidization Burning High-alkali, High-sulfur Lignites in a Small Fluidized Bed Combustor - Effect of Additive Size and Type, and the Role of Calcium”, Energy and Fuels, 17, 1014–1021, 2003.
  • Corella, J., Toledo, J.M. and Molina, G., ”Biomass Gasification with Pure Steam in Fluidised Bed: 12 Variables That Affect the Effectiveness of the Biomass Gasifier”, International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 1, 194–207, 200 Corella, J., Toledo, J.M. and Padilla, R., ”Olivine or Dolomite as In-Bed Additive in Biomass Gasification with Air in a Fluidized Bed: Which Is Better?”, Energy and Fuels, 18, 713–720, 2004.
  • De Andr´ es, J.M., Narros, A. and Rodriguez, M.E., ”Behaviour of Dolomite, Olivine and Alumina as Primary Catalysts in Air-steam Gasification of Sewage Sludge”, Fuel, 90, 521–527, 2011.
  • Delgado, J., Aznar, M.P. and Corella, J., ”Calcined Dolomite, Magnesite, and Calcite for Cleaning Hot Gas from a Fluidized Bed Biomass Gasifier with Steam: Life and Usefulness”, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 35, 3637–3643, 1996.
  • Devi, L., Ptasinski, K.J., Janssen, F.J., van Paasen, S.V., Bergman, P.C. and Kiel, J.H., ”Catalytic Decomposition of Biomass Tars: Use of Dolomite and Untreated Olivine”, Renewable Energy, 30, 565–587, 2005.
  • De Souza, F. and Spinelli, A., ”Caffeic Acid as a Green Corrosion Inhibitor for Mild Steel”, Corrosion Science, 51, 642–649, 2009.
  • Fermoso, J., Gil, M.V., Arias, B., Plaza, M.G., Pevida, C., Pis, J.J. and Rubiera, F., ”Application of Response Surface Methodology to Assess the Combined Effect of Operating Variables on High-pressure Coal Gasification for H 2 -rich Gas Production”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, 1191–1204, 2010.
  • Gil, J., Caballero, M.A., Martin, J.A., Aznar, M. and Corella, J., ”Biomass Gasification with Air in a Fluidized Bed: Effect of the In-Bed Use of Dolomite under Different Operation Conditions”, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 38, 4226–4235, 1999.
  • Gusta, E., Dalai, A.K., Uddin, M.A. and Sasaoka, E., ”Catalytic Decomposition of Biomass Tars with Dolomites”, Energy and Fuels, 23, 2264–2272, 2009.
  • Hu, G., Xu, S., Li, S., Xiao, C. and Liu, S., ”Steam Gasification of Apricot Stones with Olivine and Dolomite as Downstream Catalysts”, Fuel Processing Technology, 87, 375–382, 2006.
  • Idris, S.S., Rahman, N.A., Ismail, K., Alias, A.B., Rashid, Z.A. and Aris, M.J., ”Investigation on Thermochemical Behaviour of Low Rank Malaysian Coal, Oil Palm Biomass and their Blends during Pyrolysis via Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA)”, Bioresource Technology, 101, 4584–4592, 2010.
  • Kumar, A., Eskridge, K., Jones, D.D. and Hanna, M.A., ”Steam-air Fluidized Bed Gasification of Distillers Grains: Effects of Steam to Biomass Ratio, Equivalence Ratio and Gasification Temperature”, Bioresource Technology, 100, 2062–2068, 2009.
  • Lahijani, P. and Zainal, Z.A., ”Gasification of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch in a Bubbling Fluidized Bed: a Performance and Agglomeration Study”, Bioresource Technology, 102, 2068–2076, 2011.
  • Mohammadi, M., Najafpour, G.D., Younesi, H., Lahijani, P., Uzir, M.H. and Mohamed, A.R., ”Bioconversion of Synthesis Gas to Second Generation Biofuels: a Review”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 4255–4273, 20
  • Narvaez, I., Orio, A., Aznar, M.P. and Corella, J., ”Biomass Gasification with Air in an Atmospheric Bubbling Fluidized Bed. Effect of Six Operational Variables on the Quality of the Produced Raw Gas”, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 35, 2110–2120, 1996.
  • Olivares, A., Aznar, M.P., Caballero, M.A., Gil, J., Frances, E. and Corella, J., ”Biomass Gasification: Produced Gas Upgrading by In-Bed Use of Dolomite”, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 36, 5220–5226, 1997.
  • Pinto, F., Franco, C., Andre, R., Tavares, C., Dias, M., Gulyurtlu, I. and Cabrita, I., ”Effect of experimental conditions on co-gasification of coal, biomass and plastics wastes with air/steam mixtures in a fluidized bed system”, Fuel, 82, 1967–1976, 2003.
  • Salo K. and Horvath A., ”Biomass Gasification in Skive: Opening Doors in Denmark”, 2009. Available at: http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2009/01/biomass-gasification-in-skive-opening-doors-indenmark-54341 (Accessed: 23/06/2012).
  • Sims, R.E.H., Mabee, W., Saddler, J.N. and Taylor, M., ”An Overview of Second Generation Biofuel Technologies”, Bioresource Technology, 101, 1570–1580, 2010.
  • Weerachanchai, P., Horio, M. and Tangsathitkulchai, C., ”Effects of Gasifying Conditions and Bed Materials on Fluidized Bed Steam Gasification of Wood Biomass”, Bioresource Technology, 100, 1419–1427, 2009.
  • Xiao, R., Zhang, M., Jin, B., Huang, Y. and Zhou, H., ”High-temperature Air/steam-blown Gasification of Coal in a Pressurized Spout-fluid Bed”, Energy and Fuels, 20, 715–720, 2006.
  • Xie, Y., Xiao, J., Shen, L., Wang, J., Zhu, J. and Hao, J., ”Effects of Ca-based Catalysts on Biomass Gasification with Steam in a Circulating Spout-fluid Bed Reactor”, Energy and Fuels, 24, 3256–3261, 2010.
  • Zevenhoven-Onderwater, M., Backman, R., Skrifvars, B.J., Hupa, M., Liliendahl, T., Ros´ en, C., Sjostrom, K., Engvall, K. and Hallgren, A., ”The Ash Chemistry in Fluidised Bed Gasification of Biomass Fuels. Part II: Ash Behaviour Prediction Versus Bench Scale Agglomeration Tests”, Fuel, 80, 1503–1512, 2001.
  • Zinatizadeh, A.A.L., Pirsaheb, M., Bonakdari, H. and Younesi, H., ”Response Surface Analysis of Effects of Hydraulic Retention Time and Influent Feed Concentration on Performance of an UASFF Bioreactor”, Waste Management, 30, 1798–1807, 2010.
Primary Language tr
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Pooya LAHIJANI

Author: Zainal Alimuddin ZAINAL

Author: Maedeh MOHAMMADI

Dates

Publication Date : February 1, 2013

Bibtex @ { tbtkengineering144897, journal = {Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences}, issn = {1300-0160}, eissn = {1303-6157}, address = {}, publisher = {TUBITAK}, year = {2013}, volume = {37}, pages = {123 - 136}, doi = {10.3906/kim-1301-30}, title = {Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed}, key = {cite}, author = {LAHIJANI, Pooya and ZAINAL, Zainal Alimuddin and MOHAMMADI, Maedeh} }
APA LAHIJANI, P , ZAINAL, Z , MOHAMMADI, M . (2013). Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences , 37 (2) , 123-136 . DOI: 10.3906/kim-1301-30
MLA LAHIJANI, P , ZAINAL, Z , MOHAMMADI, M . "Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 37 (2013 ): 123-136 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tbtkengineering/issue/12120/144897>
Chicago LAHIJANI, P , ZAINAL, Z , MOHAMMADI, M . "Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 37 (2013 ): 123-136
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed AU - Pooya LAHIJANI , Zainal Alimuddin ZAINAL , Maedeh MOHAMMADI Y1 - 2013 PY - 2013 N1 - doi: 10.3906/kim-1301-30 DO - 10.3906/kim-1301-30 T2 - Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 123 EP - 136 VL - 37 IS - 2 SN - 1300-0160-1303-6157 M3 - doi: 10.3906/kim-1301-30 UR - https://doi.org/10.3906/kim-1301-30 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed %A Pooya LAHIJANI , Zainal Alimuddin ZAINAL , Maedeh MOHAMMADI %T Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed %D 2013 %J Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences %P 1300-0160-1303-6157 %V 37 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3906/kim-1301-30 %U 10.3906/kim-1301-30
ISNAD LAHIJANI, Pooya , ZAINAL, Zainal Alimuddin , MOHAMMADI, Maedeh . "Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 37 / 2 (February 2013): 123-136 . https://doi.org/10.3906/kim-1301-30
AMA LAHIJANI P , ZAINAL Z , MOHAMMADI M . Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 2013; 37(2): 123-136.
Vancouver LAHIJANI P , ZAINAL Z , MOHAMMADI M . Air gasification of oil palm waste over dolomite in a fluidized bed. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 2013; 37(2): 136-123.

Authors of the Article
Pooya LAHIJANI [1]
Zainal Alimuddin ZAINAL [2]
Maedeh MOHAMMADI [3]