Year 2014, Volume 38 , Issue 2, Pages 113 - 125 2014-02-01

Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine
Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine

MOHAMMED MAHMUD ABU SAMREH [1] , KHALIL MOHAMMED THABAYNEH [2] , FATIMA WALEED KHRAIS [3]


In this study, we report on the activity concentrations of $^{238}$U, $^{232}$Th, $^{40}$K, and $^{137}$Cs in 50 soil samples of Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine. Gamma-ray spectroscopy was employed to perform the measurements using an HPGe detector. On one hand, the activity concentrations of natural radionuclides were found to vary from 12.7 to 122.3 Bq kg$^{-1}$ with an average value of 41.4 Bq kg$^{-1}$ for $^{238}$U, from 2.0 to 32.2 Bq kg$^{-1}$ with an average value of 19.5 Bq kg$^{-1}$ for $^{232}$Th, and from 12.0 to 183.8 Bq kg$^{-1}$ with an average value of 113.3 Bq kg$^{-1}$ for $^{40}$K. On the other hand, the activity concentrations of the artificial $^{137}$Cs radionuclide were found between 1.0 and 12.2 Bq kg$^{-1}$, with an average value of 2.8 Bq kg$^{-1}$. The variations of the assessed radiological hazard parameters indices $Ra_{eq}$, $D_{r}$, $ H_{ex}$, and $I_{\gamma }$ of natural radionuclides were found to be as follows: 16-148, 7-65, 0.04-0.4, and 0.11-1.00, respectively. The results were found to be comparable to or lower than similar reported data worldwide. Accordingly, the investigated soil zones can be considered to have normal levels of natural background radiation.
In this study, we report on the activity concentrations of $^{238}$U, $^{232}$Th, $^{40}$K, and $^{137}$Cs in 50 soil samples of Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine. Gamma-ray spectroscopy was employed to perform the measurements using an HPGe detector. On one hand, the activity concentrations of natural radionuclides were found to vary from 12.7 to 122.3 Bq kg$^{-1}$ with an average value of 41.4 Bq kg$^{-1}$ for $^{238}$U, from 2.0 to 32.2 Bq kg$^{-1}$ with an average value of 19.5 Bq kg$^{-1}$ for $^{232}$Th, and from 12.0 to 183.8 Bq kg$^{-1}$ with an average value of 113.3 Bq kg$^{-1}$ for $^{40}$K. On the other hand, the activity concentrations of the artificial $^{137}$Cs radionuclide were found between 1.0 and 12.2 Bq kg$^{-1}$, with an average value of 2.8 Bq kg$^{-1}$. The variations of the assessed radiological hazard parameters indices $Ra_{eq}$, $D_{r}$, $ H_{ex}$, and $I_{\gamma }$ of natural radionuclides were found to be as follows: 16-148, 7-65, 0.04-0.4, and 0.11-1.00, respectively. The results were found to be comparable to or lower than similar reported data worldwide. Accordingly, the investigated soil zones can be considered to have normal levels of natural background radiation.
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Primary Language tr
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: MOHAMMED MAHMUD ABU SAMREH

Author: KHALIL MOHAMMED THABAYNEH

Author: FATIMA WALEED KHRAIS

Dates

Publication Date : February 1, 2014

Bibtex @ { tbtkengineering145603, journal = {Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences}, issn = {1300-0160}, eissn = {1303-6157}, address = {}, publisher = {TUBITAK}, year = {2014}, volume = {38}, pages = {113 - 125}, doi = {10.3906/muh-1303-8}, title = {Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine}, key = {cite}, author = {SAMREH, MOHAMMED MAHMUD ABU and THABAYNEH, KHALIL MOHAMMED and KHRAIS, FATIMA WALEED} }
APA SAMREH, M , THABAYNEH, K , KHRAIS, F . (2014). Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences , 38 (2) , 113-125 . DOI: 10.3906/muh-1303-8
MLA SAMREH, M , THABAYNEH, K , KHRAIS, F . "Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 38 (2014 ): 113-125 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tbtkengineering/issue/12203/145603>
Chicago SAMREH, M , THABAYNEH, K , KHRAIS, F . "Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 38 (2014 ): 113-125
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine AU - MOHAMMED MAHMUD ABU SAMREH , KHALIL MOHAMMED THABAYNEH , FATIMA WALEED KHRAIS Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - doi: 10.3906/muh-1303-8 DO - 10.3906/muh-1303-8 T2 - Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 113 EP - 125 VL - 38 IS - 2 SN - 1300-0160-1303-6157 M3 - doi: 10.3906/muh-1303-8 UR - https://doi.org/10.3906/muh-1303-8 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine %A MOHAMMED MAHMUD ABU SAMREH , KHALIL MOHAMMED THABAYNEH , FATIMA WALEED KHRAIS %T Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine %D 2014 %J Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences %P 1300-0160-1303-6157 %V 38 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3906/muh-1303-8 %U 10.3906/muh-1303-8
ISNAD SAMREH, MOHAMMED MAHMUD ABU , THABAYNEH, KHALIL MOHAMMED , KHRAIS, FATIMA WALEED . "Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 38 / 2 (February 2014): 113-125 . https://doi.org/10.3906/muh-1303-8
AMA SAMREH M , THABAYNEH K , KHRAIS F . Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 2014; 38(2): 113-125.
Vancouver SAMREH M , THABAYNEH K , KHRAIS F . Measurement of activity concentration levels of radionuclides in soil samples collected from Bethlehem Province, West Bank, Palestine. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 2014; 38(2): 125-113.

Authors of the Article
MOHAMMED MAHMUD ABU SAMREH [1]
KHALIL MOHAMMED THABAYNEH [2]
FATIMA WALEED KHRAIS [3]