Year 2014, Volume 38 , Issue 2, Pages 240 - 247 2014-02-01

Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller
Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller

MOHAMMAD HEIDARI [1] , HADI HOMAEI [2]


Pneumatic control valves are still the most used in process industries due to their low cost and simplicity. This paper presents a design procedure of a PID controller for a pneumatic control valve. For comparison, P and PI controllers are also utilized for the control valve. The bond graph method is used to model the control valve, in order to compare the response characteristics of the valve. Simulation results are found for three controllers of the valve. The integral time absolute error criterion is used to calculate the controller parameters. The results show excellent closed-loop performance and the PID controller is more robust than the P and PI controller.
Pneumatic control valves are still the most used in process industries due to their low cost and simplicity. This paper presents a design procedure of a PID controller for a pneumatic control valve. For comparison, P and PI controllers are also utilized for the control valve. The bond graph method is used to model the control valve, in order to compare the response characteristics of the valve. Simulation results are found for three controllers of the valve. The integral time absolute error criterion is used to calculate the controller parameters. The results show excellent closed-loop performance and the PID controller is more robust than the P and PI controller.
  • H¨agglund T. Friction compensator for pneumatic control valves. J Process Contr 2002; 12: 897–904.
  • De Souza MA, Cuadros L, Munaro CJ, Munareto S. Improved stiction compensation in pneumatic control valves. Comput Chem Eng 2012; 38: 106–114.
  • Champagne RP, Boyle SJ. Optimizing valve actuator parameters to enhance control valve performance. ISA T 1996; 35: 217–223.
  • Paynter H. Analysis and Design of Engineering Systems. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press; 1959.
  • Karnopp DC, Rosenberg RC, Margolis DL. System Dynamics: Modeling, Simulation, and Control of Mechatronic Systems. 5th ed. Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons; 2012.
  • Thoma JU. Simulation by Bondgraphs: Introduction to a Graphical Method. Berlin, Germany: Springer; 2012.
  • Athanasatos P, Costopoulos T. Proactive fault finding in a 4/3-way direction control valve of a high pressure hydraulic system using the bond graph method with digital simulation. Mech Mach Theory 2012; 50, 64–89.
  • Zuccarini VD, Rafirou D, LeFevre J, Hose DR, Lawford PV. Systemic modelling and computational physiology: the application of Bond Graph boundary conditions for 3D cardiovascular models. Simul Model Pract Th 2009; 17: 125–136.
  • Heidari M, Homaei H. Quadratic optimal regulator design of a pneumatic control valve. Modelling and Simulation in Engineering 2013; 2013: 862190.
  • Heidari M, Homaei H. Stem control of a sliding-stem pneumatic control valve using a recurrent neural network. Advances in Artificial Neural Systems 2013; 2013: 410870.
  • Mostafavi A, Emami MD. Modelling of pneumatic control valve with bondgraph method. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of Mechanical Engineering. Kerman, Iran: ISME; 2008. pp. 1267–1274.
  • Mackanic JC. Design, Construction and Evaluation of a Simulated Geothermal Flow System. Berkeley, CA, USA: University of California, Berkeley; 1980.
  • Ogata K. Modern Control Engineering. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Prentice Hall; 2010.
  • Bajcina N. The method of singular frequencies for robust control design in an affine parameter space. IEEE T Automat Contr 2001; 100–105.
Primary Language tr
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: MOHAMMAD HEIDARI

Author: HADI HOMAEI

Dates

Publication Date : February 1, 2014

Bibtex @ { tbtkengineering145613, journal = {Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences}, issn = {1300-0160}, eissn = {1303-6157}, address = {}, publisher = {TUBITAK}, year = {2014}, volume = {38}, pages = {240 - 247}, doi = {10.3906/muh-1301-8}, title = {Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller}, key = {cite}, author = {HEIDARI, MOHAMMAD and HOMAEI, HADI} }
APA HEIDARI, M , HOMAEI, H . (2014). Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences , 38 (2) , 240-247 . DOI: 10.3906/muh-1301-8
MLA HEIDARI, M , HOMAEI, H . "Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 38 (2014 ): 240-247 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tbtkengineering/issue/12203/145613>
Chicago HEIDARI, M , HOMAEI, H . "Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 38 (2014 ): 240-247
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller AU - MOHAMMAD HEIDARI , HADI HOMAEI Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - doi: 10.3906/muh-1301-8 DO - 10.3906/muh-1301-8 T2 - Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 240 EP - 247 VL - 38 IS - 2 SN - 1300-0160-1303-6157 M3 - doi: 10.3906/muh-1301-8 UR - https://doi.org/10.3906/muh-1301-8 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller %A MOHAMMAD HEIDARI , HADI HOMAEI %T Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller %D 2014 %J Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences %P 1300-0160-1303-6157 %V 38 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3906/muh-1301-8 %U 10.3906/muh-1301-8
ISNAD HEIDARI, MOHAMMAD , HOMAEI, HADI . "Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 38 / 2 (February 2014): 240-247 . https://doi.org/10.3906/muh-1301-8
AMA HEIDARI M , HOMAEI H . Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 2014; 38(2): 240-247.
Vancouver HEIDARI M , HOMAEI H . Improving the pneumatic control valve performance using a PID controller. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 2014; 38(2): 247-240.