Research Article
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Year 2020, Volume 25, Issue 1, 26 - 31, 11.06.2020
https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.526235

Abstract

References

  • 1,AOAC. 1990. Association of official analytical chemists. Official Method of Analysis. 15th. Ed Washington DC, USA, 66-68.2,Buxton, D.R., J.S. Homstein. 1986. Cell-wall concentration and components in strstified canopies of alfalfa, birdsfood trefoil and red clover. Crop Sci. 29: 429-435.3,Carpıcı, E.B., N. Celik, G. Bayram. 2010. Yield and quality of forage maize as influenced by plant density and nitrogen rate. Turk J. Field Crops, 15(2): 128-132.4,Chang, S.R., C.H. Lu, H.S. Lur, F.H. Hsu. 2012. Forage yield, chemical contents, and silage quality of manure sybean. Agronomy Journal, 104: 130-136.5,Chen, V., M.R. Stoker, C.R. Wallance. 1997. Effect of enzyme-inoculant sistems on preservation and nutritive value of haycrop and corn silage. Journal of Dairy Sci. 77: 501-512. 6,Christen, A.M., J.R. Seoane, G.D. Leroux. 1990. The nutritive value forsheep of quakckgrass and timothy hays harvested at two stage of growth. Journal of Animal Sci. 68: 3350-3359.7,Dewhurst, R.J., W.J. Fisher, J.K.S. Tweed, R.J. Wilkins. 2003. Comparison of grass and legume silages forms production and production responses with different levels of concentrate. Journal of Dairy Sci. 86: 2598-2611.8,Drewnoski, M.E., M.H. Poore. 2012. Effects of suplemantation frequency on ruminalfermantation and digestion by steers fed medium-quality hay and supplemented with soybean hull and corn gluten feed blend. Journal of Animal Sci. 90: 881-891.9,EMARI. 2018. Eastern mediterranean agricultural research institute plant variety catalogue. http://arastirma.tarim.gov.tr/cukurovataem/Sayfalar/EN/AnaSayfa.aspx, (Accessed September 20, 2018)10,Franco, M., T. Jalava, T. Stefanski, K. Kuoppala, P. Timonen, E. Winquist, M. Silka, M. Rinne. 2018. Effect of additives on silage quality and liquid-solid separation of timothy and red clover silages. Nordic Feed Sci. Conference, June 12-13, Finland. https://ibcfinland-fi-bin.directo.fi/@Bin/61b388d1f40749afcac49838b672690e/1542796194/application/pdf/228198/Biorefinery_NFSC2018_Franco%20et%20al_PDF.pdf, (Accessed October 15, 2018) 11,Geren, H., Y.T. Kavut. 2015. Efffect of different plant on yield and some silage quality characteritics of Giant King Grass (Pennisetum hybridum) under Mediterranean climatic conditions. Turk J. Field Crops 20(1): 85-91.12.Ilker, E., 2017. Performances of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) advences lines grown in second cropping under mediterrannean climatical conditions of western Turkey. Turk J. Field Crops 22(1): 104-107. 13.Keles, G., P. O’Kiely, J.J. Lenehan, P.D. Forristal. 2009. Conservation characteristics of baled grass silage differing in duration of wilting, bale density and number of layers of plastic stretch-film. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 48: 21-34.14.Lima, R., M. Lourenço, R.F. Diaz, A. Castro, V. Fievez. 2010. Effect of combined ensiling of sorghum and soybean with or without molasses and lactobacilli on silage quality and in vitro rumen fermantation. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 155(2):122-131.15.Mc Candlish, A. C., E. Weaver, L. A. Lunde. 2017. Soybeans as a home-grown supplement for dairy cows. Bulletin. Vol (17): 204, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/ bulletin /vol17/iss204/1, (Accessed September 22, 2018)16.Mayouf, R., F. Arbouche. 2014. Chemical composition and relative feed value of three mediterranean fodder shrubs. African Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol 9 (8): 746-749.17.Müller, C.E., T.M. Pauly, P. Uden. 2007. Storage of small bale silage and haylage- influence of storage period on fermentation variables and microbial composition. Grass and Forage Sci. 62: 274-283.18.Orosz, S.Z., Z. Bellus, B. Kroll. 2008. Alfalfa bale-silage: a new-forming technology. International Conference 13th. Forage Conservation. 3-5 September 2008 Nıtra-Slovak Republic. pp: 166-168.19.Polak, M., M. Jancovo. 2006. Effectiveness of conditioning herbage at harvesting. 12th International Symposium Forage Conservation, Brno, Czech Republic, April 3-5, 2006. pp: 186-189.20.Rosal, L.O., K.G., Pereira, S.C. Ribeiro, F. Valadares, P.R. Cecon. 2018. Fermantation profile and microbial population in soybean silages with inoculant and powdered molasses. Arp. Bras. Med. Ved. Zootes., 70 (5): 1586-1594. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4172-9500, (Accessed September 18, 2018)21.Schroeder, J.W. 2004. Haylage and other fermented forages. NDSU Extensıon service, AS-1252, North Dakota State University Fargo.22.Sezer, B. 2014. Karbon salınımı ve toprak yönetimi. www.tarim.gov.tr/ABOGM/Belgeler, (Accessed May, 2016)23.Spanghero, M., C. Zanfi, M. Signor, D. Davanzo, V. Volpe, S. Venerus. 2015. Effects of plant vegetative stage and field drying time on chemical composition and in vitro ruminant degradation of forage soybean silage. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 200: 102-106.24.Sullivan, P., J. McKinlay. 1998. Maintaining quality in large bale silage. Fact Sheet. Ontario Ministry of Agri. and Food. http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/98-069.htm., (Accessed December 12, 2018)25.Şahar, A.K. 2017. The effect of silage additives on the silage quality and different harvesting stages on the herbage yield at soybean cultivars grown as second crop in Cukurova conditions. (2015-FBE-D218 Ph. D.Thesis, field Crops Sciences) 115 p, Van, TURKEY26.O’Kiely, P., D.P. Forristal, K. Brady, K. Mcnamara, J.J. Lenehan, H. Fuller., J. Whelan. 2002. Baled silage conservation characteristics as influenced by forage dry matter concertration, bale density and the number of wraps of plastic wrap used. Improved Technologies for Baled Silage end of Project Report. Beef Production Series No: 50. Grange Researchcentre Dunsany Co. Meath, ISBN 1 84170291 9.27.Taylor, E.G., P.J. Gunn, L.A. Horstman, R.L. Atkinson, K. Herron, K.D. Johnson, R.P. Lemenager. 2017. Evaluation of forage soybean, with and without pearl millet, as an alternative for beer replacement heifers. Translational Animal Sci. 1(2): 179-185.28.Touno, E., M. Kaneko, S. Uozumi, H. Kawamoto, S. Deguchi. 2014. Evaluation of feding value of forage soybean sialge as a substitute for wheat bran in sheep. Animal Sci. J. 85: 146-152. 29.Uygur, M. 2018. Silajlık yem bitkileri ve silaj yapımı. (Düzeltilmiş ve genişletilmiş 2. Baskı). Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı, İzmir İl Müdülüğü, ISBN 978-605-2207-07-0, 177 sayfa. Mete Matbaacılık. İzmir.30.Yaman, S., C. Sönmezler. 2011. Balya silajı üretim tekniğinin geliştirilmesi. TÜBİTAK Destekli Proje Sonuç Raporu, Proje No: 105G086.31.Vargas-Bello-Perez, E., A.F. Mustafa, P. Seguin. 2008. Effects of feding forage sybean silage on milk production, nutrient digestion, and ruminant fermentation of loatating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Sci. 91: 229-235. 32.Van Soest, P.J., J.D. Robertson, B.A. Lewıs. 1991. Methods for dietry fibre, neutral detergent fibre and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Sci. 74: 3583-3597.33.Vurarak, Y. 2016. Determınation of effects of different harvesting and storage systems on machine management values and feed quality for some forage mixtures. Cukurova Unıversity Institute Of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Agrıcultural Machinery and Technologies Engineering (Ph. D.Thesis ZF-2013-D29, Adana, TURKEY)

DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE

Year 2020, Volume 25, Issue 1, 26 - 31, 11.06.2020
https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.526235

Abstract

This study was carried out in Adana province for two years (2016, 2017) to determine the effect of wilting times on soybean haylage. All of the harvests were made using the conditioner mower in the development phase of soybean R6. The harvested soybean forage was allowed to wilt for 4 different wilting times under field conditions. Small-scale haylage bales of 40-50 kg weight were prepared for each subject. These bales were wrapping with 4 layers of polyethylene material without any additives and storage to ferment for 60 days.

The wilting time was based on crude protein, acid detergent fiber, neutral detergent fiber, digestible dry matter, dry matter consumption and relative feed value was found to have an effective statistical significance at 1% (p<0.01) significance level. Furthermore, it was determined that wilting time was effective at 1% (p <0.01) significance level on haylage bales weight, dry matter content, pH and haylage bales density. As a result, it was determined that the highest value in terms of relative feed value were obtained by wrapping the haylage after 18h - 22h of wilting. In addition, it was determined that in terms of crude protein,  roughage quality was reduced by 31.4% on average with 80h wilting compared with the other applications.

References

  • 1,AOAC. 1990. Association of official analytical chemists. Official Method of Analysis. 15th. Ed Washington DC, USA, 66-68.2,Buxton, D.R., J.S. Homstein. 1986. Cell-wall concentration and components in strstified canopies of alfalfa, birdsfood trefoil and red clover. Crop Sci. 29: 429-435.3,Carpıcı, E.B., N. Celik, G. Bayram. 2010. Yield and quality of forage maize as influenced by plant density and nitrogen rate. Turk J. Field Crops, 15(2): 128-132.4,Chang, S.R., C.H. Lu, H.S. Lur, F.H. Hsu. 2012. Forage yield, chemical contents, and silage quality of manure sybean. Agronomy Journal, 104: 130-136.5,Chen, V., M.R. Stoker, C.R. Wallance. 1997. Effect of enzyme-inoculant sistems on preservation and nutritive value of haycrop and corn silage. Journal of Dairy Sci. 77: 501-512. 6,Christen, A.M., J.R. Seoane, G.D. Leroux. 1990. The nutritive value forsheep of quakckgrass and timothy hays harvested at two stage of growth. Journal of Animal Sci. 68: 3350-3359.7,Dewhurst, R.J., W.J. Fisher, J.K.S. Tweed, R.J. Wilkins. 2003. Comparison of grass and legume silages forms production and production responses with different levels of concentrate. Journal of Dairy Sci. 86: 2598-2611.8,Drewnoski, M.E., M.H. Poore. 2012. Effects of suplemantation frequency on ruminalfermantation and digestion by steers fed medium-quality hay and supplemented with soybean hull and corn gluten feed blend. Journal of Animal Sci. 90: 881-891.9,EMARI. 2018. Eastern mediterranean agricultural research institute plant variety catalogue. http://arastirma.tarim.gov.tr/cukurovataem/Sayfalar/EN/AnaSayfa.aspx, (Accessed September 20, 2018)10,Franco, M., T. Jalava, T. Stefanski, K. Kuoppala, P. Timonen, E. Winquist, M. Silka, M. Rinne. 2018. Effect of additives on silage quality and liquid-solid separation of timothy and red clover silages. Nordic Feed Sci. Conference, June 12-13, Finland. https://ibcfinland-fi-bin.directo.fi/@Bin/61b388d1f40749afcac49838b672690e/1542796194/application/pdf/228198/Biorefinery_NFSC2018_Franco%20et%20al_PDF.pdf, (Accessed October 15, 2018) 11,Geren, H., Y.T. Kavut. 2015. Efffect of different plant on yield and some silage quality characteritics of Giant King Grass (Pennisetum hybridum) under Mediterranean climatic conditions. Turk J. Field Crops 20(1): 85-91.12.Ilker, E., 2017. Performances of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) advences lines grown in second cropping under mediterrannean climatical conditions of western Turkey. Turk J. Field Crops 22(1): 104-107. 13.Keles, G., P. O’Kiely, J.J. Lenehan, P.D. Forristal. 2009. Conservation characteristics of baled grass silage differing in duration of wilting, bale density and number of layers of plastic stretch-film. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 48: 21-34.14.Lima, R., M. Lourenço, R.F. Diaz, A. Castro, V. Fievez. 2010. Effect of combined ensiling of sorghum and soybean with or without molasses and lactobacilli on silage quality and in vitro rumen fermantation. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 155(2):122-131.15.Mc Candlish, A. C., E. Weaver, L. A. Lunde. 2017. Soybeans as a home-grown supplement for dairy cows. Bulletin. Vol (17): 204, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/ bulletin /vol17/iss204/1, (Accessed September 22, 2018)16.Mayouf, R., F. Arbouche. 2014. Chemical composition and relative feed value of three mediterranean fodder shrubs. African Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol 9 (8): 746-749.17.Müller, C.E., T.M. Pauly, P. Uden. 2007. Storage of small bale silage and haylage- influence of storage period on fermentation variables and microbial composition. Grass and Forage Sci. 62: 274-283.18.Orosz, S.Z., Z. Bellus, B. Kroll. 2008. Alfalfa bale-silage: a new-forming technology. International Conference 13th. Forage Conservation. 3-5 September 2008 Nıtra-Slovak Republic. pp: 166-168.19.Polak, M., M. Jancovo. 2006. Effectiveness of conditioning herbage at harvesting. 12th International Symposium Forage Conservation, Brno, Czech Republic, April 3-5, 2006. pp: 186-189.20.Rosal, L.O., K.G., Pereira, S.C. Ribeiro, F. Valadares, P.R. Cecon. 2018. Fermantation profile and microbial population in soybean silages with inoculant and powdered molasses. Arp. Bras. Med. Ved. Zootes., 70 (5): 1586-1594. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4172-9500, (Accessed September 18, 2018)21.Schroeder, J.W. 2004. Haylage and other fermented forages. NDSU Extensıon service, AS-1252, North Dakota State University Fargo.22.Sezer, B. 2014. Karbon salınımı ve toprak yönetimi. www.tarim.gov.tr/ABOGM/Belgeler, (Accessed May, 2016)23.Spanghero, M., C. Zanfi, M. Signor, D. Davanzo, V. Volpe, S. Venerus. 2015. Effects of plant vegetative stage and field drying time on chemical composition and in vitro ruminant degradation of forage soybean silage. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 200: 102-106.24.Sullivan, P., J. McKinlay. 1998. Maintaining quality in large bale silage. Fact Sheet. Ontario Ministry of Agri. and Food. http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/98-069.htm., (Accessed December 12, 2018)25.Şahar, A.K. 2017. The effect of silage additives on the silage quality and different harvesting stages on the herbage yield at soybean cultivars grown as second crop in Cukurova conditions. (2015-FBE-D218 Ph. D.Thesis, field Crops Sciences) 115 p, Van, TURKEY26.O’Kiely, P., D.P. Forristal, K. Brady, K. Mcnamara, J.J. Lenehan, H. Fuller., J. Whelan. 2002. Baled silage conservation characteristics as influenced by forage dry matter concertration, bale density and the number of wraps of plastic wrap used. Improved Technologies for Baled Silage end of Project Report. Beef Production Series No: 50. Grange Researchcentre Dunsany Co. Meath, ISBN 1 84170291 9.27.Taylor, E.G., P.J. Gunn, L.A. Horstman, R.L. Atkinson, K. Herron, K.D. Johnson, R.P. Lemenager. 2017. Evaluation of forage soybean, with and without pearl millet, as an alternative for beer replacement heifers. Translational Animal Sci. 1(2): 179-185.28.Touno, E., M. Kaneko, S. Uozumi, H. Kawamoto, S. Deguchi. 2014. Evaluation of feding value of forage soybean sialge as a substitute for wheat bran in sheep. Animal Sci. J. 85: 146-152. 29.Uygur, M. 2018. Silajlık yem bitkileri ve silaj yapımı. (Düzeltilmiş ve genişletilmiş 2. Baskı). Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı, İzmir İl Müdülüğü, ISBN 978-605-2207-07-0, 177 sayfa. Mete Matbaacılık. İzmir.30.Yaman, S., C. Sönmezler. 2011. Balya silajı üretim tekniğinin geliştirilmesi. TÜBİTAK Destekli Proje Sonuç Raporu, Proje No: 105G086.31.Vargas-Bello-Perez, E., A.F. Mustafa, P. Seguin. 2008. Effects of feding forage sybean silage on milk production, nutrient digestion, and ruminant fermentation of loatating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Sci. 91: 229-235. 32.Van Soest, P.J., J.D. Robertson, B.A. Lewıs. 1991. Methods for dietry fibre, neutral detergent fibre and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Sci. 74: 3583-3597.33.Vurarak, Y. 2016. Determınation of effects of different harvesting and storage systems on machine management values and feed quality for some forage mixtures. Cukurova Unıversity Institute Of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Agrıcultural Machinery and Technologies Engineering (Ph. D.Thesis ZF-2013-D29, Adana, TURKEY)

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Ahmet Korhan ŞAHAR> (Primary Author)
ADANA DOĞU AKDENİZ TARIMSAL ARAŞTIRMA ENSTİTÜSÜ MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Türkiye


Yasemin VURARAK>
ADANA DOĞU AKDENİZ TARIMSAL ARAŞTIRMA ENSTİTÜSÜ MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Türkiye


Pınar ÇUBUKCU>
ADANA DOĞU AKDENİZ TARIMSAL ARAŞTIRMA ENSTİTÜSÜ MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Türkiye


Hatice YÜCEL This is me
ADANA DOĞU AKDENİZ TARIMSAL ARAŞTIRMA ENSTİTÜSÜ MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Türkiye

Publication Date June 11, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 25, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { tjfc526235, journal = {Turkish Journal Of Field Crops}, issn = {1301-1111}, address = {}, publisher = {Society of Fields Crop Science}, year = {2020}, volume = {25}, number = {1}, pages = {26 - 31}, doi = {10.17557/tjfc.526235}, title = {DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE}, key = {cite}, author = {Şahar, Ahmet Korhan and Vurarak, Yasemin and Çubukcu, Pınar and Yücel, Hatice} }
APA Şahar, A. K. , Vurarak, Y. , Çubukcu, P. & Yücel, H. (2020). DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops , 25 (1) , 26-31 . DOI: 10.17557/tjfc.526235
MLA Şahar, A. K. , Vurarak, Y. , Çubukcu, P. , Yücel, H. "DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE" . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 25 (2020 ): 26-31 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjfc/issue/54900/526235>
Chicago Şahar, A. K. , Vurarak, Y. , Çubukcu, P. , Yücel, H. "DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 25 (2020 ): 26-31
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE AU - Ahmet KorhanŞahar, YaseminVurarak, PınarÇubukcu, HaticeYücel Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.526235 DO - 10.17557/tjfc.526235 T2 - Turkish Journal Of Field Crops JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 26 EP - 31 VL - 25 IS - 1 SN - 1301-1111- M3 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.526235 UR - https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.526235 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal Of Field Crops DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE %A Ahmet Korhan Şahar , Yasemin Vurarak , Pınar Çubukcu , Hatice Yücel %T DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE %D 2020 %J Turkish Journal Of Field Crops %P 1301-1111- %V 25 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17557/tjfc.526235 %U 10.17557/tjfc.526235
ISNAD Şahar, Ahmet Korhan , Vurarak, Yasemin , Çubukcu, Pınar , Yücel, Hatice . "DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 25 / 1 (June 2020): 26-31 . https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.526235
AMA Şahar A. K. , Vurarak Y. , Çubukcu P. , Yücel H. DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE. Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2020; 25(1): 26-31.
Vancouver Şahar A. K. , Vurarak Y. , Çubukcu P. , Yücel H. DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE. Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2020; 25(1): 26-31.
IEEE A. K. Şahar , Y. Vurarak , P. Çubukcu and H. Yücel , "DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF WILTING TIME ON SOME QUALITY PARAMETERS IN SOYBEAN HAYLAGE", Turkish Journal Of Field Crops, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 26-31, Jun. 2020, doi:10.17557/tjfc.526235