Research Article
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The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 89 - 120, 13.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.31807/tjwsm.1004944

Abstract

The marina properties, such as; salinity range, tidal fluctuations, depth, and ascidian presence in-fluence the distribution of invasive non-natives. Transport vectors, aquaculture and fishery practic-es also have an important role in the distribution of invasive non-native species during the bioinva-sion process. We focused on 10 invasive non-native species of marine invertebrates in the UK. This study explained the distribution and ecology of five invasive non-native species (Styela clava (As-cidia), Didemnum vexillum (Ascidia), Caprella mutica (Crustacea), Crepidula fornicata (Gastropo-da), Watersipora subtorquata (Bryozoa)) and the marina characteristics of five invasive non-native species colonization (Austrominius modestus (Arthropoda), Ciona intestinalis (Ascidia), Botrylloides violaceus (Ascidia), Tricellaria inopinata (Bryozoa), Bugula neritina (Bryozoa)) in Wales coasts. The study site deployed settlement tiles in the inner and the outer tile as two positions in each marina: An equal number of vertical and horizontal tiles was deployed at each site with half-sampled at two weeks (very early colonization) and at eight weeks (later colonization). The results showed that some variations in marina characteristics affected the distribution of invasive non-native species. Invasive non-native species abundance, diversity and multivariate structure of the assemblages were very high. The colonization of tiles varied between locations at the entrance and within the marina, but not in any way, and the effect of tile orientation was surprisingly low.

References

  • Arrighetti, F., & Penchaszadeh PE. (2010). Macrobenthos–sediment relationships in a sandy bottom community off Mar del Plata, Argentina. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 90(5), 933-939. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315409991524
  • Afonso, I., Berecibar, E., Castro, N., Costa, J. L., Frias, P., Henriques, F., Moreira, P., Oliveira, PM., Silva, G., & Chainho, P. (2020). Assessment of the colonization and dispersal success of non-indigenous species introduced in recreational marinas along the estuarine gradient. Ecological Indicators, 113, 106147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106147
  • Arenas, F., Bishop, J. D. D., Carlton, J. T., Dyrynda, P. J., Farnham, W. F., Gonzalez, D. J., Jacobs, M. W., Lambert, C., Lambert, G., Nielsen, SE., Pederson, J. A., Porter, J. S., Ward, S., & Wood, C. A. (2006). Alien species and other notable records from a rapid assessment survey of marinas on the south coast of England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 86(6), 1329-1337. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315406014354
  • Ashton, G. (2006). Rapid assessment of the distribution of marine non-native species in marinas in Scotland. Aquatic Invasions, 1(4), 209-213. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/ 252679372_Rapid_assessment_of_the_distribution_of_marine_non-native_species_ in_marinas_in_Scotland
  • Bishop, J., Wood, C., Yunnie, A., & Griffiths, C. (2015). Unheralded arrivals: non-native sessile invertebrates in marinas on the English coast. Aquatic Invasions, 10(3), 249264. https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2015.10.3.01
  • Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International. (2020, October). Invasive Species Compendium. http://www.cabi.org/isc
  • Chan, F. T., & Briski, E. (2017). An overview of recent research in marine biological invasions. Marine Biology, 164, 121. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-017-3155-4
  • Corrales, X., Katsanevakis, S., Coll, M., Heymans, J. J., Piroddi, C., Ofir, E., & Gal, G. (2020). Advances and challenges in modelling the impacts of invasive alien species on aquatic ecosystems. Biological Invasions, 22, 907-934. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-019-02160-0
  • Dafforn, K. A., Johnston, E. L., & Glasby, T. M. (2009). Shallow moving structures promote marine invader dominance. Biofouling, 25, 277-287. https://doi.org/10.1080/08927010802710618
  • Darling, J. A., Martinson, J., Gong, Y., Okum, S., Pilgrim, E., Lohan, K. M. P., Carney, K. J., & Ruiz, G. M. (2018). Ballast water exchange and invasion risk posed by intracoastal vessel traffic: An Evaluation using high throughput sequencing. Environmental Science & Technology, 52(17), 9926-9936. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b02108.
  • D'Hondt, L., J, & Ambrogi, O., A. (1985) Tricellaria inopinata, n. sp., un nouveau Bryozoaire Cheilostome de la faune méditerranéenne. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0485.1985.tb00319.x
  • DiGSBS250K [SHAPE geospatial data] (2011). Scale 1:250000, Tiles: GB, Updated: 6 September 2011, BGS, Using: EDINA Geology Digimap Service, <https://digimap.edina.ac.uk>, Downloaded: 2019-10-24 13:48:48.836.
  • Foster, V., Giesler, R. J., Wilson, A. M. W., Nall, C. R., & Cook, E. J. (2016). Identifying the physical features of marina infrastructure associated with the presence of non-native species in the UK. Marine Biology, 163, 173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-016-2941-8
  • Global Invasive Species Database (2020, August 2020). Invasive Species Specialist Group. http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/search.php
  • Gray, D. K., Johengen, T. H., Reid, D. F., & MacIsaac, H. J. (2007). Efficacy of open-ocean ballast water exchange as a means of preventing invertebrate invasions between freshwater ports. Limnology and Oceanography, 52(6), 2386-2397. https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2007.52.6.2386
  • Jägerbrand, A. K., Brutemark, A., Barthel Svedén, J., & Gren, I-M. (2019). A review on the environmental impacts of shipping on aquatic and nearshore ecosystems. Science of The Total Environment, 695, 133637. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133637
  • Johnson, K. & Shanks, A. (2003). Low rates of predation on planktonic marine invertebrate larvae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 248, 125-139. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps248125
  • Kaldy, J. E., Shafer, D. J., & Dale Magoun, A. (2015). Duration of temperature exposure controls growth of Zostera japonica: Implications for zonation and colonization. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 464, 68-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2014.12.015
  • Lambert, G. (2019). Fouling ascidians (Chordata: Ascidiacea) of the Galápagos: Santa Cruz and Baltra Islands. Aquatic Invasions, 14, 132-149. https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2019.14.1.05
  • Lenz, M., da Gama, B. A. P., Gerner, N. V., Gobin, J., Gröner, F., Harry, A., Jenkins, S. R., Kraufvelin, P., Mummelthei, C., Sareyka, J., Xavier, E. A., & Wahl, M. (2011). Non-native marine invertebrates are more tolerant towards environmental stress than taxonomically related native species: Results from a globally replicated study. Environmental Research, 111, 943-952. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2011.05.001
  • Lu, L. (2005). The relationship between soft-bottom macrobenthic communities and environmental variables in Singaporean waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 51, 1034-1040. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.02.013
  • Maglić, L., Frančić, V., Zec, D., & David, M. (2019). Ballast water sediment management in ports. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 147, 237–244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.09.065
  • National Estuarine and Marine Exotic Species Information System. (2020, August 26). Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. https://invasions.si.edu/nemesis/
  • Ojaveer, H., Galil, B. S., Carlton, J. T., Alleway, H., Goulletquer, P., Lehtiniemi, M., Marchini, A., Miller, W., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., Peharda, M., Ruiz, G. M., Williams, S. L., & Zaiko, A.(2018). Historical baselines in marine bioinvasions: Implications for policy and management. PLoS ONE, 13(8), e0202383. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202383
  • OOrlando-Bonaca, M., Lipej, L., & Bonanno, G. (2019). Non-indigenous macrophytes in Adriatic ports and transitional waters: Trends, taxonomy, introduction vectors, pathways and management. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 145, 656-672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.06.065
  • Osman, R. W., & Whitlatch, R. B. (2007). Variation in the ability of Didemnum sp. to invade established communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 342, 40-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2006.10.013
  • Powell-Jennings, C., & Callaway, R. (2018). The invasive, non-native slipper limpet Crepidula fornicata is poorly adapted to sediment burial. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 130, 95-104, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.03.006.
  • Riera, L., Ramalhosa, P., Canning-Clode, J., & Gestoso, I., (2018). Variability in the settlement of non-indigenous species in benthic communities from an oceanic island. Helgoland Marine Research, 72, 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s10152-018-0517-3
  • Ros, M., Vázquez-Luis, M., & Guerra-García, J. M. (2013). The role of marinas and recreational boating in the occurrence and distribution of exotic caprellids (Crustacea: Amphipoda) in the Western Mediterranean: Mallorca Island as a case study. Journal of Sea Research, 83, 94-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2013.04.004
  • Ulman, A., Ferrario, J., Forcada, A., Arvanitidis, C., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., & Marchini, A. (2019a). A Hitchhiker’s guide to Mediterranean marina travel for alien species. Journal of Environmental Management, 241, 328-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.04.011
  • Ulman, A., Ferrario, J., Forcada , A., Seebens, H., Arvanitidis, C., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., & Marchini, A. (2019b). Alien RİERRspecies spreading via biofouling on recreational vessels in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Applied Ecology, 56(12), 2620-2629. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13502
  • Willis, K., Woods, C., & Ashton, G. (2009). Caprella mutica in the Southern Hemisphere: Atlantic origins distribution, and reproduction of an alien marine amphipod in New Zealand. Aquatic Biology, 7(3), 249-259. https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00197
  • Wood, C., Bishop, J., & Yunnie, A. (2015, January …). Comprehensive Reassessment of NNS in Welsh marinas. http://plymsea.ac.uk/cgi/users/login?target=http%3A%2F%2Fplymsea. ac.uk%2Fcgi%2Fusers%2Fhome%3Fscreen%3DEPrint% 253A%253AEdit%26eprintid%3D9073%26stage%3Dcore
  • Zhan, A., Briski, E., Bock, D. G., Ghabooli, S., & MacIsaac, H. J. (2015). Ascidians as models for studying invasion success. Marine Biology, 162, 2449-2470. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-015- 2734-5

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 89 - 120, 13.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.31807/tjwsm.1004944

Abstract

References

  • Arrighetti, F., & Penchaszadeh PE. (2010). Macrobenthos–sediment relationships in a sandy bottom community off Mar del Plata, Argentina. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 90(5), 933-939. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315409991524
  • Afonso, I., Berecibar, E., Castro, N., Costa, J. L., Frias, P., Henriques, F., Moreira, P., Oliveira, PM., Silva, G., & Chainho, P. (2020). Assessment of the colonization and dispersal success of non-indigenous species introduced in recreational marinas along the estuarine gradient. Ecological Indicators, 113, 106147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106147
  • Arenas, F., Bishop, J. D. D., Carlton, J. T., Dyrynda, P. J., Farnham, W. F., Gonzalez, D. J., Jacobs, M. W., Lambert, C., Lambert, G., Nielsen, SE., Pederson, J. A., Porter, J. S., Ward, S., & Wood, C. A. (2006). Alien species and other notable records from a rapid assessment survey of marinas on the south coast of England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 86(6), 1329-1337. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315406014354
  • Ashton, G. (2006). Rapid assessment of the distribution of marine non-native species in marinas in Scotland. Aquatic Invasions, 1(4), 209-213. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/ 252679372_Rapid_assessment_of_the_distribution_of_marine_non-native_species_ in_marinas_in_Scotland
  • Bishop, J., Wood, C., Yunnie, A., & Griffiths, C. (2015). Unheralded arrivals: non-native sessile invertebrates in marinas on the English coast. Aquatic Invasions, 10(3), 249264. https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2015.10.3.01
  • Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International. (2020, October). Invasive Species Compendium. http://www.cabi.org/isc
  • Chan, F. T., & Briski, E. (2017). An overview of recent research in marine biological invasions. Marine Biology, 164, 121. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-017-3155-4
  • Corrales, X., Katsanevakis, S., Coll, M., Heymans, J. J., Piroddi, C., Ofir, E., & Gal, G. (2020). Advances and challenges in modelling the impacts of invasive alien species on aquatic ecosystems. Biological Invasions, 22, 907-934. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-019-02160-0
  • Dafforn, K. A., Johnston, E. L., & Glasby, T. M. (2009). Shallow moving structures promote marine invader dominance. Biofouling, 25, 277-287. https://doi.org/10.1080/08927010802710618
  • Darling, J. A., Martinson, J., Gong, Y., Okum, S., Pilgrim, E., Lohan, K. M. P., Carney, K. J., & Ruiz, G. M. (2018). Ballast water exchange and invasion risk posed by intracoastal vessel traffic: An Evaluation using high throughput sequencing. Environmental Science & Technology, 52(17), 9926-9936. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b02108.
  • D'Hondt, L., J, & Ambrogi, O., A. (1985) Tricellaria inopinata, n. sp., un nouveau Bryozoaire Cheilostome de la faune méditerranéenne. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0485.1985.tb00319.x
  • DiGSBS250K [SHAPE geospatial data] (2011). Scale 1:250000, Tiles: GB, Updated: 6 September 2011, BGS, Using: EDINA Geology Digimap Service, <https://digimap.edina.ac.uk>, Downloaded: 2019-10-24 13:48:48.836.
  • Foster, V., Giesler, R. J., Wilson, A. M. W., Nall, C. R., & Cook, E. J. (2016). Identifying the physical features of marina infrastructure associated with the presence of non-native species in the UK. Marine Biology, 163, 173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-016-2941-8
  • Global Invasive Species Database (2020, August 2020). Invasive Species Specialist Group. http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/search.php
  • Gray, D. K., Johengen, T. H., Reid, D. F., & MacIsaac, H. J. (2007). Efficacy of open-ocean ballast water exchange as a means of preventing invertebrate invasions between freshwater ports. Limnology and Oceanography, 52(6), 2386-2397. https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2007.52.6.2386
  • Jägerbrand, A. K., Brutemark, A., Barthel Svedén, J., & Gren, I-M. (2019). A review on the environmental impacts of shipping on aquatic and nearshore ecosystems. Science of The Total Environment, 695, 133637. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133637
  • Johnson, K. & Shanks, A. (2003). Low rates of predation on planktonic marine invertebrate larvae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 248, 125-139. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps248125
  • Kaldy, J. E., Shafer, D. J., & Dale Magoun, A. (2015). Duration of temperature exposure controls growth of Zostera japonica: Implications for zonation and colonization. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 464, 68-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2014.12.015
  • Lambert, G. (2019). Fouling ascidians (Chordata: Ascidiacea) of the Galápagos: Santa Cruz and Baltra Islands. Aquatic Invasions, 14, 132-149. https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2019.14.1.05
  • Lenz, M., da Gama, B. A. P., Gerner, N. V., Gobin, J., Gröner, F., Harry, A., Jenkins, S. R., Kraufvelin, P., Mummelthei, C., Sareyka, J., Xavier, E. A., & Wahl, M. (2011). Non-native marine invertebrates are more tolerant towards environmental stress than taxonomically related native species: Results from a globally replicated study. Environmental Research, 111, 943-952. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2011.05.001
  • Lu, L. (2005). The relationship between soft-bottom macrobenthic communities and environmental variables in Singaporean waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 51, 1034-1040. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.02.013
  • Maglić, L., Frančić, V., Zec, D., & David, M. (2019). Ballast water sediment management in ports. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 147, 237–244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.09.065
  • National Estuarine and Marine Exotic Species Information System. (2020, August 26). Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. https://invasions.si.edu/nemesis/
  • Ojaveer, H., Galil, B. S., Carlton, J. T., Alleway, H., Goulletquer, P., Lehtiniemi, M., Marchini, A., Miller, W., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., Peharda, M., Ruiz, G. M., Williams, S. L., & Zaiko, A.(2018). Historical baselines in marine bioinvasions: Implications for policy and management. PLoS ONE, 13(8), e0202383. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202383
  • OOrlando-Bonaca, M., Lipej, L., & Bonanno, G. (2019). Non-indigenous macrophytes in Adriatic ports and transitional waters: Trends, taxonomy, introduction vectors, pathways and management. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 145, 656-672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.06.065
  • Osman, R. W., & Whitlatch, R. B. (2007). Variation in the ability of Didemnum sp. to invade established communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 342, 40-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2006.10.013
  • Powell-Jennings, C., & Callaway, R. (2018). The invasive, non-native slipper limpet Crepidula fornicata is poorly adapted to sediment burial. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 130, 95-104, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.03.006.
  • Riera, L., Ramalhosa, P., Canning-Clode, J., & Gestoso, I., (2018). Variability in the settlement of non-indigenous species in benthic communities from an oceanic island. Helgoland Marine Research, 72, 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s10152-018-0517-3
  • Ros, M., Vázquez-Luis, M., & Guerra-García, J. M. (2013). The role of marinas and recreational boating in the occurrence and distribution of exotic caprellids (Crustacea: Amphipoda) in the Western Mediterranean: Mallorca Island as a case study. Journal of Sea Research, 83, 94-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2013.04.004
  • Ulman, A., Ferrario, J., Forcada, A., Arvanitidis, C., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., & Marchini, A. (2019a). A Hitchhiker’s guide to Mediterranean marina travel for alien species. Journal of Environmental Management, 241, 328-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.04.011
  • Ulman, A., Ferrario, J., Forcada , A., Seebens, H., Arvanitidis, C., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., & Marchini, A. (2019b). Alien RİERRspecies spreading via biofouling on recreational vessels in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Applied Ecology, 56(12), 2620-2629. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13502
  • Willis, K., Woods, C., & Ashton, G. (2009). Caprella mutica in the Southern Hemisphere: Atlantic origins distribution, and reproduction of an alien marine amphipod in New Zealand. Aquatic Biology, 7(3), 249-259. https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00197
  • Wood, C., Bishop, J., & Yunnie, A. (2015, January …). Comprehensive Reassessment of NNS in Welsh marinas. http://plymsea.ac.uk/cgi/users/login?target=http%3A%2F%2Fplymsea. ac.uk%2Fcgi%2Fusers%2Fhome%3Fscreen%3DEPrint% 253A%253AEdit%26eprintid%3D9073%26stage%3Dcore
  • Zhan, A., Briski, E., Bock, D. G., Ghabooli, S., & MacIsaac, H. J. (2015). Ascidians as models for studying invasion success. Marine Biology, 162, 2449-2470. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-015- 2734-5

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section TURKISH JOURNAL OF WATER SCIENCES AND MANAGEMENT
Authors

Elif KOCAMAN (Primary Author)
Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı
0000-0001-5845-1021
Türkiye


Stuart JENKINS This is me
0000-0002-2299-6318
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı
Thanks Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı,Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı
Publication Date January 13, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { tjwsm1004944, journal = {Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management}, issn = {2536-474X}, eissn = {2564-7334}, address = {Orman ve Su İşleri Bakanlığı Su Yönetimi Genel Müdürlüğü Beştepe Mahallesi Alparslan Türkeş Caddesi No: 71 -Yenimahalle / ANKARA, PK: 06560}, publisher = {Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı Su Yönetimi Genel Müdürlüğü}, year = {2022}, volume = {6}, pages = {89 - 120}, doi = {10.31807/tjwsm.1004944}, title = {The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization}, key = {cite}, author = {Kocaman, Elif and Jenkıns, Stuart} }
APA Kocaman, E. & Jenkıns, S. (2022). The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization . Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management , 6 (1) , 89-120 . DOI: 10.31807/tjwsm.1004944
MLA Kocaman, E. , Jenkıns, S. "The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization" . Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management 6 (2022 ): 89-120 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjwsm/issue/67914/1004944>
Chicago Kocaman, E. , Jenkıns, S. "The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization". Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management 6 (2022 ): 89-120
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization AU - Elif Kocaman , Stuart Jenkıns Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.31807/tjwsm.1004944 DO - 10.31807/tjwsm.1004944 T2 - Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 89 EP - 120 VL - 6 IS - 1 SN - 2536-474X-2564-7334 M3 - doi: 10.31807/tjwsm.1004944 UR - https://doi.org/10.31807/tjwsm.1004944 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization %A Elif Kocaman , Stuart Jenkıns %T The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization %D 2022 %J Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management %P 2536-474X-2564-7334 %V 6 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31807/tjwsm.1004944 %U 10.31807/tjwsm.1004944
ISNAD Kocaman, Elif , Jenkıns, Stuart . "The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization". Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management 6 / 1 (January 2022): 89-120 . https://doi.org/10.31807/tjwsm.1004944
AMA Kocaman E. , Jenkıns S. The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization. Turkish J. Water Sci. Manag.. 2022; 6(1): 89-120.
Vancouver Kocaman E. , Jenkıns S. The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization. Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management. 2022; 6(1): 89-120.
IEEE E. Kocaman and S. Jenkıns , "The Influence of Marina Characteristics on Invasive Non-native Colonization", Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 89-120, Jan. 2022, doi:10.31807/tjwsm.1004944