Year 2016, Volume 17 , Issue 1, Pages 65 - 70 2016-06-14

SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL
Aspergillus alliaceus Thom ve Church ile Toprak Altı ve Toprak Üstü Etkili Orobanche L. Biyokontrolü için Çeşitli Pesta Tablet Denemeleri

Mehmet AYBEKE [1]


The present study was performed in order to determine the efficiency of the fungi Aspergillus alliaceus in fighting broomrape by the pesta-tablet trials under below- and above-ground conditions and to determine the appropriate tablet formulations for both conditions. For this purpose, different tablets were used in different experimental steps and their efficiencies were evaluated. The results showed that the tablets T-1, T-2, T-3, T-5, T-12 and T-13 greatly reduced the amount of broomrape in below-ground conditions, particularly with previous and high amount or crushed-tablet applications before crop-sowing. In above-ground conditions, any tablet formulation or directly sclerotial contacting were very effective in broomrape control and it was determined that close presence to or direct contact with broomrape is essential for successful biocontrol. In conclusion, considering the durability of the fungal agent against harsh environmental conditions and its sclerotial structure, it was deduced that if the fungi could be implemented in a stand-alone or especially integrated with each other, it will provide long-term, high-level broomrape biocontrol, indicating the advantages of A. alliaceus against other alternative fungal agents.

Bu çalışmada; hem toprak altı hem de toprak üstü şartlarda pesta tabletlerin Orobanş kontrolünde ne derecede etkili olabileceklerinin tespit edilmesi ve her iki ortam şartında da uygun tablet formülasyonlarının belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Sonuçlara göre T-1, T-2, T-3, T-5, T-12 ve T-13 tabletleri, özellikle ekim öncesi yüksek doz kırık tablet uygulaması ile toprak altı orobanş bulaşmasını büyük oranda indirgemiştir. Toprak üstü uygulamalarda ise herhangi bir tablet uygulamasının veya doğrudan sklerot temasının orobanş biyokontrolünde önemli olduğu ve başarılı bir toprak üstü uygulama için küfün orobanşa yakınlığının veya temasının şart olduğu anlaşılmıştır. Sonuç olarak; fungusun sert çevresel koşullara dayanıklılığı ve onun sklerotial yapısı dikkate alındığında, toprak altı veya toprak üstü olmak üzere tek bir ortamda veya özellikle birbiri ile eşgüdümlü olarak her iki ortamda uygulandığında uzun dönemde onun yüksek seviyede orobanş biyokontrolünü sağlayacağı tespit edilmiştir. Sklerotial özelliği ve orobanş biyokontrolündeki etkinliği, Aspergillus alliaceus’a diğer alternatif fungal ajanlara göre üstünlük kazandırmaktadır. 

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Subjects Biology
Journal Section Research Article/Araştırma Makalesi
Authors

Author: Mehmet AYBEKE

Dates

Application Date : March 8, 2016
Acceptance Date : May 26, 2020
Publication Date : June 14, 2016

Bibtex @ { trkjnat267849, journal = {Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences}, issn = {2147-0294}, eissn = {2528-9691}, address = {}, publisher = {Trakya University}, year = {2016}, volume = {17}, pages = {65 - 70}, doi = {}, title = {SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom \& Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL}, key = {cite}, author = {AYBEKE, Mehmet} }
APA AYBEKE, M . (2016). SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences , 17 (1) , 65-70 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/trkjnat/issue/25378/267849
MLA AYBEKE, M . "SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL". Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 17 (2016 ): 65-70 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/trkjnat/issue/25378/267849>
Chicago AYBEKE, M . "SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL". Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 17 (2016 ): 65-70
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL AU - Mehmet AYBEKE Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - DO - T2 - Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 65 EP - 70 VL - 17 IS - 1 SN - 2147-0294-2528-9691 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL %A Mehmet AYBEKE %T SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL %D 2016 %J Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences %P 2147-0294-2528-9691 %V 17 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD AYBEKE, Mehmet . "SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL". Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 17 / 1 (June 2016): 65-70 .
AMA AYBEKE M . SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL. Trakya Univ J Nat Sci. 2016; 17(1): 65-70.
Vancouver AYBEKE M . SEVERAL PESTA TABLET TRIALS WITH Aspergillus alliaceus Thom & Church FOR EFFECTIVE UNDERGROUND AND ABOVEGROUND Orobanche L. BIOCONTROL. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences. 2016; 17(1): 70-65.