Year 2017, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 9 2017-02-28

Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations

Ali Beyhan UÇAK [1]



The present study was conducted as a greenhouse study under Çukurova conditions during the years 2011-2012. Two different dent corn lines (5A2-B and 22K) were used as the plant material of the experiments. Crop water stress index (CWSI) values determined through leaf canopy temperature measurements performed ahead of irrigations were used to find out water use efficiencies. Experiments were conducted in randomized blocks-split plots experimental design with three replications. Drip irrigation was used for irrigations and two different irrigation programs were created as of I100 (supplying 100% of depleted water in every seven days) and I75 (applying 75% of depleted water. The amount of irrigation water applied for in the interaction of I100 irrigation and corn lines (5A2-B and 22K) in the first and second year were respectively varied between 253.0-274.0 and between 238.0-261.0 mm, seasonal plant water consumptions varied between 294.0-305.0 and between 284.6-302.6 mm, kernel yields varied between 2950.0-2990.0 and between 3130.0-3186.0 kg ha-1 . With regard to (in the interaction irrigation treatments x corn lines), the lowest and the highest CWSI values were observed in the interaction full irrigation (I100) and of the line 22K as 0.22 and in deficit irrigation treatment (I75) of the line 5A2-B as 0.41 in the first year; in full irrigation treatment (I100) of the line 22K as 0.20 and in deficit irrigation treatment (I75) of the line 5A2-B as 0.36. The greatest and the lowest chlorophyll contents (in the interaction irrigation treatments x corn lines) were respectively observed in I100 treatment of the line 22K as 58.3 spad and in I75 treatment of the line 5A2-B as 50.9 spad in the first year; in I100 treatment of the line 22K as 59.1 SPAD and in I75 treatment of the line 5A2-B as 55.1 spad. While the effects of irrigation treatments on average dry matter contents of the lines were not found to be significant, significant differences were observed in water use efficiency and kernel yield of dent corn lines (p<0.01). Current findings revealed that 22K dent corn line was prominent with regard to CWSI and chlorophyll content and the relevant line was also able to use available water holding capacity with an optimum efficiency. Therefore, it was concluded that the dent corn line (22K) could be used in further researches to improve water efficiencies.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Author: Ali Beyhan UÇAK
Institution: Siirt University, Agricultural Faculty, Department of Biosystem Engineering, Siirt
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : February 28, 2017

Bibtex @research article { tutad300398, journal = {Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {2148-2306}, eissn = {2528-858X}, address = {}, publisher = {Siirt University}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, pages = {1 - 9}, doi = {10.19159/tutad.300398}, title = {Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations}, key = {cite}, author = {UÇAK, Ali Beyhan} }
APA UÇAK, A . (2017). Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 4 (1) , 1-9 . DOI: 10.19159/tutad.300398
MLA UÇAK, A . "Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations". Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi 4 (2017 ): 1-9 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tutad/issue/28488/300398>
Chicago UÇAK, A . "Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations". Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi 4 (2017 ): 1-9
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations AU - Ali Beyhan UÇAK Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.19159/tutad.300398 DO - 10.19159/tutad.300398 T2 - Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 9 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - 2148-2306-2528-858X M3 - doi: 10.19159/tutad.300398 UR - https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.300398 Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations %A Ali Beyhan UÇAK %T Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations %D 2017 %J Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 2148-2306-2528-858X %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.19159/tutad.300398 %U 10.19159/tutad.300398
ISNAD UÇAK, Ali Beyhan . "Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations". Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi 4 / 1 (February 2017): 1-9 . https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.300398
AMA UÇAK A . Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations. TÜTAD. 2017; 4(1): 1-9.
Vancouver UÇAK A . Identification of Water Usage Efficiency for Corn (Zea mays L.) Lines Irrigated with Drip Irrigation Under Green House Conditions as Per Plant Water Stress Index Evaluations. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2017; 4(1): 9-1.