Conference Paper
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Year 2021, Volume 13, Issue 3, 40 - 48, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.29137/umagd.1036506

Abstract

References

  • Amorós JL, Orts MJ, Mestre S, Garcia-Ten J, Feliu C, Porous single-fired wall tile bodies: Influence of quartz particle size on tile properties, J. Eur. Ceram.Soc. 2010;30:17–28.
  • Amoros JL, Sanchez E, Cantavella V, Monzo M, Mechanical properties of green ceramic bodies. Qualicer 2000; 59-75 Applied Ceramic Technology. Sacmi Imola, vol.2, p. 96-143, 2002, ISBN 88-88108-55-6.
  • Aydin T, Tarhan M, Tarhan B, Addition of cement kiln dust in ceramic wall tile bodies. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-018-7615-y. 2019; 136: 527–533.
  • Beddow JK, Particle & Particle Systems Characterization. Volume 12, Isssue 4, First published: August 1995https://doi.org/10.1002/ppsc.19950120411.
  • Celik H. Technological characterization and industrial application of two Turkish clays for the ceramic industry. Applied Clay Science. 2010;50:245–254.
  • Freire MN, Holanda JNF, Characterization of avian eggshell waste aiming its use in a ceramic wall tile paste. Cerâmica 2006;52:240-244.
  • Kingery WD, Bowen HK, Uhlmann DR, Introduction to Ceramics. USA: John Wiley and Sons Inc;ISBN 0-471-47860-1. 1960. pp 809.
  • Reed JS, Favalli R C, Pimenta MM, Paschoa JOA, Numerical simulation of spray dryers. Principles of ceramic s processing second ed. Qualicer 2002, pg. 3-10.
  • Ring TA, Fundamentals of Ceramic Powder Processing and Synthesis. Academıc Press, Inc, 1996, p. 655.
  • Santomaso A, Lazzaro P, Canu P, Powder flowability and density ratios: the impact of granules packing. Chemical Engineering Science. 2003; 58(13):2857-2874.
  • Siqueira FB, Holanda JNF. Application of grits waste as a renewable carbonate material in manufacturing wall tiles. Ceram. Int. 2018;44:19576–19582.
  • Soldati R, Zanelli C, Guarini G, Fazio S, Bignozzi MC, Dondi M, Powder rheology and compaction behaviour of spray-dried bodies for porcelain stoneware slabs. Qualicer. 2018; 1-16
  • Sousa SJG, Holanda JNF, Sintering behavior of porous wall tile bodies during fast single-firing process. Materials Research, 2005;8(2): 197-200.
  • Tarhan B, Usage of fired wall tile wastes into fireclay sanitaryware products. J Aust Ceram Soc. 2019; 55:737–746 https://doi.org/10.1007/s41779-018-0285-1.
  • Tarhan M, Tarhan B, Aydin T, The effects of fine fire clay sanitaryware wastes on ceramic wall tiles. Ceram. Int. 2016;42:7110–17115.
  • Tarhan M, Tarhan B, Development of waterproof engobe layer for ceramic wall tiles. J Therm Anal Calorim 2019;. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-019-08893-3.
  • Tarhan M, The relationship between composition-sintering behaviour of porcelain stoneware tile.PhD Dissertation, Anadolu University. Turkey. 2010.
  • Tarhan M, Whiteness improvement of porcelain tiles incorporated with anorthite and diopside phases. J Therm Anal Calorim 2019;138: 929–936.
  • Taskiran MU, Demirkol N, Capoglu A, A new porcelainised stoneware material based on anorthite. J. Eur.Cer.Soc. 2005; 25:293–300.
  • Vodova L, Sokolar R, Hroudova J, The effect of CaO addition on mechanical properties of ceramic tiles. International Scholarly and Scientific Research & Innovation. 2014; 8(6):717-720.

The Effect of Mould Filling on the Mechanical Properties of Wall Tile Production

Year 2021, Volume 13, Issue 3, 40 - 48, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.29137/umagd.1036506

Abstract

This study is focused on the development of properties of ceramic wall tile bodies by changing the degree of mould filling under industrial conditions (Usak Seramik A.S., Usak, Turkey). The effects of spray dryer operating conditions and granule size distribution on the degree of mould filling have been investigated. The study measured the ceramic wall tile bodies water absorption, fired shrinkage, fired and dried strength, and porosity. The granule size and distribution were changed by adjusting the pressure and the nozzles’ diameter of the spray dryer. This study aimed to reduce grain size and quantity over 500 microns and to increase quantity between 500 microns and 75 microns by increasing the spray dryer pressure and reducing the nozzle disc diameter. It was also aimed to increase the degree of mould filling by decreasing granule size. 200 tone wall tile slips were prepared and 11,000 m2 of wall tile products were produced. The phase and microstructure analysis were investigated using an X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). As a result of this study, it was found that a lower granule size of above 500 µm improved the technical characteristics of the tiles. Ceramic wall tiles produced with lower granule grain size have high strength values, mainly due to the higher degree of mold filling. The ceramic tile production parameters in the Usak Seramik Company have been rearranged according to the data obtained from this study. This granule size and distribution set is now an industrial production standard in Usak Seramik.

References

  • Amorós JL, Orts MJ, Mestre S, Garcia-Ten J, Feliu C, Porous single-fired wall tile bodies: Influence of quartz particle size on tile properties, J. Eur. Ceram.Soc. 2010;30:17–28.
  • Amoros JL, Sanchez E, Cantavella V, Monzo M, Mechanical properties of green ceramic bodies. Qualicer 2000; 59-75 Applied Ceramic Technology. Sacmi Imola, vol.2, p. 96-143, 2002, ISBN 88-88108-55-6.
  • Aydin T, Tarhan M, Tarhan B, Addition of cement kiln dust in ceramic wall tile bodies. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-018-7615-y. 2019; 136: 527–533.
  • Beddow JK, Particle & Particle Systems Characterization. Volume 12, Isssue 4, First published: August 1995https://doi.org/10.1002/ppsc.19950120411.
  • Celik H. Technological characterization and industrial application of two Turkish clays for the ceramic industry. Applied Clay Science. 2010;50:245–254.
  • Freire MN, Holanda JNF, Characterization of avian eggshell waste aiming its use in a ceramic wall tile paste. Cerâmica 2006;52:240-244.
  • Kingery WD, Bowen HK, Uhlmann DR, Introduction to Ceramics. USA: John Wiley and Sons Inc;ISBN 0-471-47860-1. 1960. pp 809.
  • Reed JS, Favalli R C, Pimenta MM, Paschoa JOA, Numerical simulation of spray dryers. Principles of ceramic s processing second ed. Qualicer 2002, pg. 3-10.
  • Ring TA, Fundamentals of Ceramic Powder Processing and Synthesis. Academıc Press, Inc, 1996, p. 655.
  • Santomaso A, Lazzaro P, Canu P, Powder flowability and density ratios: the impact of granules packing. Chemical Engineering Science. 2003; 58(13):2857-2874.
  • Siqueira FB, Holanda JNF. Application of grits waste as a renewable carbonate material in manufacturing wall tiles. Ceram. Int. 2018;44:19576–19582.
  • Soldati R, Zanelli C, Guarini G, Fazio S, Bignozzi MC, Dondi M, Powder rheology and compaction behaviour of spray-dried bodies for porcelain stoneware slabs. Qualicer. 2018; 1-16
  • Sousa SJG, Holanda JNF, Sintering behavior of porous wall tile bodies during fast single-firing process. Materials Research, 2005;8(2): 197-200.
  • Tarhan B, Usage of fired wall tile wastes into fireclay sanitaryware products. J Aust Ceram Soc. 2019; 55:737–746 https://doi.org/10.1007/s41779-018-0285-1.
  • Tarhan M, Tarhan B, Aydin T, The effects of fine fire clay sanitaryware wastes on ceramic wall tiles. Ceram. Int. 2016;42:7110–17115.
  • Tarhan M, Tarhan B, Development of waterproof engobe layer for ceramic wall tiles. J Therm Anal Calorim 2019;. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-019-08893-3.
  • Tarhan M, The relationship between composition-sintering behaviour of porcelain stoneware tile.PhD Dissertation, Anadolu University. Turkey. 2010.
  • Tarhan M, Whiteness improvement of porcelain tiles incorporated with anorthite and diopside phases. J Therm Anal Calorim 2019;138: 929–936.
  • Taskiran MU, Demirkol N, Capoglu A, A new porcelainised stoneware material based on anorthite. J. Eur.Cer.Soc. 2005; 25:293–300.
  • Vodova L, Sokolar R, Hroudova J, The effect of CaO addition on mechanical properties of ceramic tiles. International Scholarly and Scientific Research & Innovation. 2014; 8(6):717-720.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Metallurgy and Metallurgical Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Müge TARHAN
UŞAK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6985-3085
Türkiye


Baran TARHAN
UŞAK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0440-4646
Türkiye


Tuna AYDIN (Primary Author)
Kırıkkale Univeristesi
0000-0001-6808-9425
Türkiye

Publication Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 13, Issue 3

Cite

APA Tarhan, M. , Tarhan, B. & Aydın, T. (2021). The Effect of Mould Filling on the Mechanical Properties of Wall Tile Production . International Journal of Engineering Research and Development , December 2021 Special Issue , 40-48 . DOI: 10.29137/umagd.1036506

All Rights Reserved. Kırıkkale University, Faculty of Engineering.