Year 2017, Volume 3 , Issue 4, Pages 178 - 187 2017-12-21

The effect of coordination and plyometric exercises on agility, jumping and endurance ability in badminton players
Badmintoncularda Koordinasyon ve Pliometrik Çalışmaların Çeviklik, Sıçrama ve Dayanıklılık Yeteneği Üzerine Etkisi

Tuba KIZILET BOZDOĞAN [1] , Ali KIZILET [2]


Aim: The aim of this study is to reveal the effect of coordination and plyometric exercises on agility and coordination of jumping ability and other biomotor abilities in badminton.

Material and Method: The study groups consisted of badminton athletes with a mean age of 21±1 years. As a pre- and post-tests are agility tests (T-test and Repeated ability test), leg strength tests (countermovement jump test, squat jump test, standing long jump, single leg jump test), Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1(YYIRTL1) and blood lactate test. Independent sample t-test was used for statistical analysis of the differences between the groups in the measurements, and statistical analysis of the intra-group difference was assessed using the paired sample t-test (p<0.05).

Results: According to the independent sample t-test, there were significant differences in the right and left single foot jump, standing long jump (p<0.05), YYIRTL1 distance (p<0.01) and lactate values between the plyometric and control groups but there was no significant difference all other biomotor features between the plyometric and control groups (p>0.05). In the plyometric group, there was a significant difference in countermovement jump, squat jump, standing long jump (p<0.05) and YYIRTL1 distance (p<0.01) values while there was no statistically significant difference in other biomotor features (p<0.05). In the control group, there was a significant difference in the squat jump and YYIRTL1 distance values when the difference between the pre- and post-test was examined, but no statistically significant difference was found in the other biomotor properties (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Reason for the greater changes in the plyometric group can be explained by the coordination and plyometric studies that were planned regularly in this period. The coordination exercises and plyometric exercises for this group at 8 weeks resulted in a meaningful change. Particularly badminton should be placed in excessive amounts before workout training to improve the jump and agility feature which are important parameters.

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı badminton sporunda branşa özgü koordinasyon ve pliometrik çalışmaların çeviklik ve koordinasyon ile sıçrama yeteneği üzerine ve diğer biyomotor yetenekler üzerine etkisini ortaya çıkarmaktır.

Materyal ve Yöntem: Çalışma gruplarını yaş ortalaması 21,00±1,00 yıl olan badminton sporcuları oluşturmuştur. Ön- ve son-testler olarak çeviklik testleri (T-test ve Tekrarlı çeviklik testi) bacak kuvveti testleri (çoklu sıçrama testi, sabit sıçrama testi, durarak uzun atlama, tek ayak ileri sıçrama testi), Yo-Yo Aralıklı Toparlanma Testi Seviye 1 (YYATTS1) ve kan laktat testi yapılmıştır. Gruplar arası farklılığın istatistiksel analizi için bağımsız örneklem t-testi, grup içi farklılığın istatistiksel analizi eşleştirilmiş t-test kullanılarak değerlendirilmiştir (p<0,05).

Bulgular: Bağımsız örneklem t-testine göre pliometrik ve kontrol grupları arasında sağ ve sol tek ayak sıçrama, durarak uzun atlama (p<0,05), YYATTS1 mesafesi (p<0,01) ve laktat değerlerinde anlamlı farklılıklar vardır fakat diğer bütün biomotor özelliklerde pliometrik ve kontrol grupları arasında ön- ve son-test değerlerinde istatistiksel açıdan anlamlı fark görülmemiştir (p>0,05). Eşleştirilmiş t-test sonuçlarına göre çoklu sıçrama, sabit sıçrama, durarak uzun atlama (p<0,05) ve YYATTS1 mesafe (p<0,01) değerlerinde anlamlı farklılık bulunur iken diğer biomotor özelliklerinde ise istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık bulunmamıştır. Kontrol grubunda ise ön- ve son-test farkına bakıldığında sabit sıçrama ve YYATS1 mesafe değerlerinde anlamlı farklılık bulunur iken diğer biyomotor özelliklerinde ise istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık bulunamamıştır (p>0,05).

Sonuç: Pliometrik grupta gerçekleşen değişimlerin daha fazla olmasının nedeni bu dönemde düzenli planlanmış olan koordinasyon ve pliometrik çalışmalardan açıklanabilir. 8 haftalık bir sürede bu grup için düzenlenmiş olan koordinatif egzersizler ve pilometrik çalışmalar anlamlı bir değişikliğe yol açmıştır. Özellikle badminton da önemli parametrelerden olan sıçrama ve çeviklik özelliğini geliştirici çalışmalara antrenman öncesinde fazla miktarda yer verilmelidir.    

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Subjects Sport Sciences
Published Date December 15, 2017
Journal Section MOVEMENT and TRAINING SCIENCES
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4460-2551
Author: Tuba KIZILET BOZDOĞAN
Institution: MARMARA UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SPORTS SCIENCES
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2253-521X
Author: Ali KIZILET
Institution: MARMARA UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SPORTS SCIENCES
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 21, 2017

APA KIZILET BOZDOĞAN, T , KIZILET, A . (2017). The effect of coordination and plyometric exercises on agility, jumping and endurance ability in badminton players. International Journal of Sport Exercise and Training Sciences - IJSETS , 3 (4) , 178-187 . DOI: 10.18826/useeabd.345236