Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 667 - 672 2019-07-04

Investigation of the comorbidity of dissociative disorders in patients with bipolar disorder

Atilla Tekin [1] , Esra Özdil Demiryürek [2] , Mehmet Diyaddin Güleken [3] , Bahadır Bakım [4] , Ömer Akil Özer [5] , Oğuz Karamustafalıoğlu [6]

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Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the comorbidity of dissociative disorders in patients with bipolar disorder.

Methods: Fifty-one patients who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder in euthymic state and forty-nine healty controls were included in the study. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders (SCID-D), Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) were administered to all participants with a sociodemographic form.

Results: Mean DES and CTQ-28 total scores were statistically higher in patients group than control group (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). Emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical abuse, physical neglect and sexual abuse subscale scores of CTQ-28 were higher in patients group than healthy controls group (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, p = 0.005, p < 0.001 and p < 0.021, respectively). The rate of any dissociative disorder comorbidity was %35.4 in patients with bipolar disorder. The most frequent dissociative disorder in patient with bipolar disorder was depersonalization disorder (%17.6). There was a positive correlation between DES score and number of suicidal attempts (r=0.284). Negative correlations were found between DES score and age of disease onset, and CTQ-28 total score and age of disease onset (r=-0.332 and r=-0.291).

Conclusion: Our results have shown that dissociative disorders may be frequently accompanied in patients with bipolar disorder. Dissociation and childhood traumatic events can be related with clinical features in patients with bipolar disorder. 

childhood trauma, dissociation, bipolar disorder
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2281-6719
Author: Atilla Tekin (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Psychology, Haliç University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5708-3631
Author: Esra Özdil Demiryürek
Institution: Department of Psychiatry, Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7861-6882
Author: Mehmet Diyaddin Güleken
Institution: Department of Psychiatry, Gazi Yaşargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0036-1354
Author: Bahadır Bakım
Institution: Department of Psychiatry, Yeni Yüzyıl University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5565-4640
Author: Ömer Akil Özer
Institution: Department of Psychiatry, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6151-7060
Author: Oğuz Karamustafalıoğlu
Institution: Department of Psychiatry, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: July 4, 2019

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal Investigation of the comorbidity of dissociative disorders in patients with bipolar disorder %A Atilla Tekin , Esra Özdil Demiryürek , Mehmet Diyaddin Güleken , Bahadır Bakım , Ömer Akil Özer , Oğuz Karamustafalıoğlu %T Investigation of the comorbidity of dissociative disorders in patients with bipolar disorder %D 2019 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 5 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.412272 %U 10.18621/eurj.412272