Year 2019, Volume 44, Issue 2, Pages 318 - 327 2019-04-15

THE EFFECT OF THERMAL ASSISTED ULTRASONIC EXTRACTION ON THE RED BEETROOT (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAINS
KIRMIZI PANCAR (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAİNLERİ ÜZERİNE TERMAL DESTEKLİ ULTRASONİK EKSTRAKSİYONUN ETKİSİ

Atilla Şimşek [1]

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In this study, the change of red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) betalains was investigated in ultrasonic bath at different temperature and times (40-800C, 5-210 min). The effect of temperature (T), time (t) and Txt interaction on betalaines, total phenolic matter (TPM), DPPH radical scavenging activity (DPPH-RSA), Hunter L, a and b values were significant (P <0.001). It was determined that maximum betalain values were reached at 600C-40 min and 800C-25 min of thermal assisted ultrasonic extraction (TAUE) then decreased with increasing time. In the 400C application of TAUE, betalaines increased slowly but remained below the values of other processes (60-800C). On the other hand, it has been found that the change of betalaines is related to TFM, DPPH-RSA and Hunter L, a and b value changes, and the mathematical equations (R2 = 84-87%) obtained in TDUE conditions can be used to determine the optimum conditions for betalains changes.

Bu çalışmada, kırmızı pancarın (Beta vulgaris L.) betalainlerinin ultrasonik banyoda, farklı sıcalık ve sürelerde (40-800C, 5-210 dk) değişimi incelenmiştir. Sıcaklık derecesi (T), süre (t) ve Txt interaksiyonun betalainler, toplam fenolik madde (TFM), DPPH radikal süpürme aktivitesi (DPPH-RSA), Hunter L, a ve b değerleri üzerine etkisi önemli (P <0.001) bulunmuştur. Termal destekli ultrasonik ekstraksiyonun (TDUE), 600C-40 dk ve 800C-25 dk uygulamaları ile betalainlerin en yüksek değere ulaştığı, daha sonra artan sürelerin ise azalmalara neden olduğu belirlenmiştir. TDUE’nun 400C uygulamasında ise betalainlerin yavaş artış gösterdiği fakat bu artışın diğer proseslere (60-800C) ait değerlerin altında kaldığı tespit edilmiştir. Diğer taraftan, betalainlerin değişiminin TFM, DPPH-RSA ve Hunter L, a ve b değeri değişimi ile ilişkili olduğu ve TDUE koşullarında elde edilen matematiksel eşitliklerin (R2 =%84-87), betalainlerdeki değişime ait optimum koşulları belirlemede kullanılabileceği ortaya çıkmıştır.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Published Date 2019
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Atilla Şimşek (Primary Author)
Institution: ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { gida517968, journal = {GIDA}, issn = {1300-3070}, eissn = {1309-6273}, address = {Gıda Teknolojisi Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {44}, pages = {318 - 327}, doi = {10.15237/gida.GD19027}, title = {KIRMIZI PANCAR (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAİNLERİ ÜZERİNE TERMAL DESTEKLİ ULTRASONİK EKSTRAKSİYONUN ETKİSİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Şimşek, Atilla} }
APA Şimşek, A . (2019). KIRMIZI PANCAR (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAİNLERİ ÜZERİNE TERMAL DESTEKLİ ULTRASONİK EKSTRAKSİYONUN ETKİSİ. GIDA, 44 (2), 318-327. DOI: 10.15237/gida.GD19027
MLA Şimşek, A . "KIRMIZI PANCAR (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAİNLERİ ÜZERİNE TERMAL DESTEKLİ ULTRASONİK EKSTRAKSİYONUN ETKİSİ". GIDA 44 (2019): 318-327 <http://dergipark.org.tr/gida/issue/43567/517968>
Chicago Şimşek, A . "KIRMIZI PANCAR (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAİNLERİ ÜZERİNE TERMAL DESTEKLİ ULTRASONİK EKSTRAKSİYONUN ETKİSİ". GIDA 44 (2019): 318-327
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - KIRMIZI PANCAR (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAİNLERİ ÜZERİNE TERMAL DESTEKLİ ULTRASONİK EKSTRAKSİYONUN ETKİSİ AU - Atilla Şimşek Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.15237/gida.GD19027 DO - 10.15237/gida.GD19027 T2 - GIDA JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 318 EP - 327 VL - 44 IS - 2 SN - 1300-3070-1309-6273 M3 - doi: 10.15237/gida.GD19027 UR - https://doi.org/10.15237/gida.GD19027 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 THE JOURNAL OF FOOD KIRMIZI PANCAR (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAİNLERİ ÜZERİNE TERMAL DESTEKLİ ULTRASONİK EKSTRAKSİYONUN ETKİSİ %A Atilla Şimşek %T KIRMIZI PANCAR (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAİNLERİ ÜZERİNE TERMAL DESTEKLİ ULTRASONİK EKSTRAKSİYONUN ETKİSİ %D 2019 %J GIDA %P 1300-3070-1309-6273 %V 44 %N 2 %R doi: 10.15237/gida.GD19027 %U 10.15237/gida.GD19027
ISNAD Şimşek, Atilla . "KIRMIZI PANCAR (Beta vulgaris L.) BETALAİNLERİ ÜZERİNE TERMAL DESTEKLİ ULTRASONİK EKSTRAKSİYONUN ETKİSİ". GIDA 44 / 2 (April 2019): 318-327. https://doi.org/10.15237/gida.GD19027