Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 29 - 41 2019-04-19

Prevention of Occupational Burnout
Mesleki Tükenmişliğin Önlenmesi

Füsun Gökkaya [1]

53 107

The prevention of burnout can only be achieved on both individual and organizational levels. Employees who experience less burnout were found to have higher self esteem, feel more sufficient, and to be less affected by their environment. Alongside these, individuals resistant to burnout were stated to be individuals with hobbies, strong social relations, and the ability to draw social support from the people in their environment. In the light of these findings, prevention efforts on an individual level can be realized through ensuring self-esteem, regulating relations to others, providing hobbies, teaching to say no, and the provision of skills such as stress management. This can be achieved through groups working at the same or different occupational field receiving psychological support (for example, relaxation techniques, stress management, psychodrama). Occupational burnout is an important problem that needs to be understood and prevented where the fields of organizational and clinical psychology need to work in cooperation. 

Mesleki tükenmişliğin önlenmesi hem bireysel hem de örgütsel düzeyde gerçekleştirilebilir. Bireysel düzeyde alınabilecek önlemleri belirleyebilmek için tükenmişliğe dayanıklı bireylerin özelliklerine bakmak yararlı olacaktır. Daha az tükenmişlik yaşayan çalışanların benlik saygısının yüksek olduğu, kendilerini daha yeterli hissettikleri ve çevreden daha az etkilendikleri saptamıştır. Bunların yanında tükenmeye karşı dayanıklı bireylerin hobileri olan, sosyal ilişkileri güçlü, çevrelerindeki insanlardan sosyal destek alabildikleri ifade edilmektedir. Bu bulguların ışında bireysel düzeyde yapılacak önleme çalışmaları bireylerin kendilerine güvenmelerini sağlama, diğerleri ile ilişkileri düzenleme, hobiler edinme, hayır diyebilme, stres yönetimi gibi becerilerin kazanılmasıyla gerçekleşebilir. Bunun yolu ise farklı ya da aynı meslek alanının da çalışanların grup olarak psikolojik destek alması ile gerçekleştirilebilir. Örneğin, gevşeme tekniklerinin kullanılması, stres yönetimi, psikodrama terapisi, tükenmişlikle baş etmek için kullanılacak yöntemlerdendir. Mesleki tükenmişlik anlaşılması ve önlenmesi gereken, örgüt psikolojisi ile klinik psikolojinin iş birliği içinde çalışacağı önemli bir sorundur.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Management, Behavioral Sciences, Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9392-0724
Author: Füsun Gökkaya (Primary Author)
Institution: TRNC Near East Universty, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: April 19, 2019

Bibtex @review { iid467698, journal = {İş ve İnsan Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-967X}, address = {Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {6}, pages = {29 - 41}, doi = {10.18394/iid.467698}, title = {Prevention of Occupational Burnout}, key = {cite}, author = {Gökkaya, Füsun} }
APA Gökkaya, F . (2019). Prevention of Occupational Burnout. İş ve İnsan Dergisi, 6 (1), 29-41. DOI: 10.18394/iid.467698
MLA Gökkaya, F . "Prevention of Occupational Burnout". İş ve İnsan Dergisi 6 (2019): 29-41 <http://dergipark.org.tr/iid/issue/44671/467698>
Chicago Gökkaya, F . "Prevention of Occupational Burnout". İş ve İnsan Dergisi 6 (2019): 29-41
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Prevention of Occupational Burnout AU - Füsun Gökkaya Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18394/iid.467698 DO - 10.18394/iid.467698 T2 - İş ve İnsan Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 29 EP - 41 VL - 6 IS - 1 SN - -2148-967X M3 - doi: 10.18394/iid.467698 UR - https://doi.org/10.18394/iid.467698 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Human and Work Prevention of Occupational Burnout %A Füsun Gökkaya %T Prevention of Occupational Burnout %D 2019 %J İş ve İnsan Dergisi %P -2148-967X %V 6 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18394/iid.467698 %U 10.18394/iid.467698
ISNAD Gökkaya, Füsun . "Prevention of Occupational Burnout". İş ve İnsan Dergisi 6 / 1 (April 2019): 29-41. https://doi.org/10.18394/iid.467698
AMA Gökkaya F . Prevention of Occupational Burnout. İş ve İnsan Dergisi. 2019; 6(1): 29-41.
Vancouver Gökkaya F . Prevention of Occupational Burnout. İş ve İnsan Dergisi. 2019; 6(1): 41-29.