Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 54 - 62 2019-06-30

Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri
The Effect of Heavy Metal Toxicity on Pollen Viability and Pollen Tupe Growth in Red Chief and Granny Smith Apple Cultivars

Ferhad Muradoğlu [1] , Zafer Sulum [2] , İbrahim Başak [3] , Gökhan Akkuş [4]

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Bitkilerde, tozlaşma ve döllenme, çevresel faktörlerden etkilenen önemli bir olaydır. Polen çimlenmesi ve polen tüpü büyümesi boyunca bitkilerin hassasiyeti artmakta ve çevresel kirliliğe karşı bitkilerin generatif organları vejetatif kısımlarından daha duyarlıdır. Bu nedenle de metal toksisitesi ve gübreleme gibi uygun olmayan koşullardaki tozlaşma ve dolayısıyla meyve tutumu olumsuz etkilenmektedir. Bu çalışmada, farklı ağır metal dozlarının (Cd, Co, Pb, Hg ve Zn) Red Chief ve Granny Smith elma çeşitlerindeki polen çimlenmesi ve tüp büyümesi üzerine etkisi araştırılmıştır.  Çeşitlerin polen canlılığı oranları TTC (2-3-5-trifeniltetrazoliumklorid) canlılık testi ile belirlenmiş ve ortalama canlılık oranları Red Chief çeşidinde % 84.4 Granny Smith çeşidinde ise %75.4 olarak belirlenmiştir. Bununla birlikte, çeşitler hem ağır metaller hem de doz uygulamasından önemli ölçüde etkilenmiştir. Çeşitlerin polen çimlenmesi ve tüp uzunluğu metal dozunun artışına bağlı olarak düşüş göstermiştir. Elma çeşitlerinde polen çimlenmesi ve tüp uzunluğu üzerine en yüksek engelleyici etkiyi civa  (Hg) düşük etkiyi ise kobalt (Co) göstermiştir.

In plant, pollination is a key event for fruit set and affected by environmental factors. During pollen germination and pollen tube growth, the plant is sensitive and against the environmental pollution of the generative organs of the plant is more sensitive than vegetative parts due to the toxicity and fertilization of plant in inappropriate conditions such as pollination and fruit attitude is adversely affected. In this study, the influence of different concentration of the heavy metal (Cd, Co, Pb, Hg and Zn) on pollen germination and tube growth of two apple cultivars (Red Chief and Granny Smith) was investigated. In cultivars, pollen viability rates were determined by TTC (2-3-5-trifeniltetrazoliumklorid) and they were average 84.4% in Red Chief and 75.4% in Granny Smith. In additionally, cultivars were significantly affected by both heavy metal and levels of them. Pollen germination and tube length of cultivars were decrease with increase in metal concentrations. Cobalt (Co) showed lowest inhibitory effect on pollen germination and tube length in apple varieties while Mercury (Hg) had the highest effect.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section Horticultural Sciences
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6595-7100
Author: Ferhad Muradoğlu (Primary Author)
Institution: ABANT İZZET BAYSAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2779-0407
Author: Zafer Sulum

Orcid: 0000-0002-5160-3229
Author: İbrahim Başak

Orcid: 0000-0003-0675-755X
Author: Gökhan Akkuş

Dates

Publication Date: June 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { ijaws532092, journal = {International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-8245}, address = {Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {54 - 62}, doi = {10.24180/ijaws.532092}, title = {Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri}, key = {cite}, author = {Muradoğlu, Ferhad and Sulum, Zafer and Başak, İbrahim and Akkuş, Gökhan} }
APA Muradoğlu, F , Sulum, Z , Başak, İ , Akkuş, G . (2019). Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri. International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences, 5 (1), 54-62. DOI: 10.24180/ijaws.532092
MLA Muradoğlu, F , Sulum, Z , Başak, İ , Akkuş, G . "Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri". International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences 5 (2019): 54-62 <http://dergipark.org.tr/ijaws/issue/43026/532092>
Chicago Muradoğlu, F , Sulum, Z , Başak, İ , Akkuş, G . "Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri". International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences 5 (2019): 54-62
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri AU - Ferhad Muradoğlu , Zafer Sulum , İbrahim Başak , Gökhan Akkuş Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.24180/ijaws.532092 DO - 10.24180/ijaws.532092 T2 - International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 54 EP - 62 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2149-8245 M3 - doi: 10.24180/ijaws.532092 UR - https://doi.org/10.24180/ijaws.532092 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri %A Ferhad Muradoğlu , Zafer Sulum , İbrahim Başak , Gökhan Akkuş %T Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri %D 2019 %J International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences %P -2149-8245 %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.24180/ijaws.532092 %U 10.24180/ijaws.532092
ISNAD Muradoğlu, Ferhad , Sulum, Zafer , Başak, İbrahim , Akkuş, Gökhan . "Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri". International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences 5 / 1 (June 2019): 54-62. https://doi.org/10.24180/ijaws.532092
AMA Muradoğlu F , Sulum Z , Başak İ , Akkuş G . Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri. International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences. 2019; 5(1): 54-62.
Vancouver Muradoğlu F , Sulum Z , Başak İ , Akkuş G . Ağır Metallerin Red Chief ve Granny Smith Elma Çeşitlerinde Polen Çimlenmesi ve Polen Tüpü Büyümesi Üzerine Etkileri. International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences. 2019; 5(1): 62-54.