Year 2019, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 27 - 45 2019-01-15

STRUGGLES OF SECURITY AND SECULARISM IN TÜRKİYE AND ITS IMPACT ON GENDER ISSUES
STRUGGLES OF SECURITY AND SECULARISM IN TÜRKİYE AND ITS IMPACT ON GENDER ISSUES

Ece Selma ATALAY CHIU [1]

37 182

The process of securitization reflects the dominant security understanding, the forces that play on this security understanding in a country. In Turkey the process of securitization is experienced in close relation to militarization. Turkey has gone through an intensified process of militarization that has affected the process of securitization. These processes are constructed, but claimed to be “natural” for the securitization to work smoothly. This construction is based on a gendered understanding and discourse especially with the way that the security agenda is constituted, that helps for consolidation of the dominant security understanding. With the effect of militarization on the process of securitization, security agenda is formed with the state as the sole referent object, and this results in the individual security being taken for granted.  The state can also be a source of threat for individual security within this relationship of securitization and militarization. The militarized understanding of security and the close relationship between the processes of securitization and militarization results in a hierarchical attitude towards events, developments where individual security in general and the security of women, in particular, are neglected. This paper analyzes the relationship between the securitization and militarization and shows their gendered construction in Turkey.

The process of securitization reflects the dominant security understanding and the forces that play on this security understanding in a country. In Türkiye, this process of securitization is experienced in close relation to militarization. With four military interventions since the republic was established, two of which were full-scale coups d’état. Türkiye has gone through an intensified process of militarization that has affected the process of securitization. These processes are constructed, but claimed to be “natural” for the securitization to work smoothly.

 

This construction is based on a gendered understanding and discourse especially with the way that the security agenda is constituted, which helps for consolidation of the dominant security understanding. With the effect of militarization on the process of securitization, the security agenda is formed with the state as the sole referent object, and this results in the individual security being taken for granted. Furthermore, the state can also be a source of threat for individual security within this relationship of securitization and militarization. The militarized understanding of security and the close relationship between the processes of securitization and militarization results in a hierarchical attitude towards events and developments where individual security in general and the security of women, in particular, are neglected. This paper analyzes the relationship between the processes of securitization and militarization and shows their gendered construction in Türkiye.

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  • Referans10 Türkiye Istatistik Kurumu (2018), Number of representatives and representation rate in the Assembly by the election year and sex (1935 -2011), http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1061
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Primary Language en
Subjects Political Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6016-0132
Author: Ece Selma ATALAY CHIU (Primary Author)
Institution: POLITICAL SCIENCE
Country: Taiwan


Dates

Publication Date: January 15, 2019

APA ATALAY CHIU, E . (2019). STRUGGLES OF SECURITY AND SECULARISM IN TÜRKİYE AND ITS IMPACT ON GENDER ISSUES. Uluslararası Ekonomi Siyaset İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi, 2 (1), 27-45. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/ijephss/issue/41544/453344