Year 2016, Volume 19, Issue 4, Pages 187 - 196 2016-12-01

An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System

Paolo Gobbato [1] , Alberto Terzo [2] , Massimo Masi [3] , Aldo Rossi [4]

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Introduction of active safety systems has led to a significant increase of passenger car safety. However, statistics on road accidents show that further improvements of active systems would be necessary. This paper presents a dynamical model of the engine–car–brakes system that is used to simulate vehicle deceleration and calculate the risk of injuries. The model is used to quantify the performance of active safety systems during specific collision scenarios in which several vehicle cruising speeds and different values of distance from the obstacle that causes the active system activation are considered. The base system constituted by actual hydraulic brakes with embedded ABS is first compared to the ideal active system. The latter allows for maximum vehicle deceleration owing to ideal operation of hydraulic brakes supported by ABS and also to mechatronic actuation which anticipates the human intervention and eliminates the delay due to reaction time. Then, the model is used to analyse two feasible evolutions of the ideal active safety system. In the first one, the internal combustion engine friction power aids the vehicle speed decrease before the action of brakes. In the second one, specifically devoted to vehicles powered by hybrid electrical–thermal units, the reversible electric motor operates in addition/substitution to the braking action exerted by the engine mechanical friction.
Passengers car safety, active safety systems; car accident simulation; engine friction power; reversible hybrid traction
Journal Section Regular Original Research Article
Authors

Author: Paolo Gobbato

Author: Alberto Terzo

Author: Massimo Masi

Author: Aldo Rossi

Dates

Publication Date: December 1, 2016

Bibtex @ { ijot277768, journal = {International Journal of Thermodynamics}, issn = {1301-9724}, eissn = {2146-1511}, address = {Uluslararası Uygulamalı Termodinamik Derneği İktisadi İşletmesi}, year = {2016}, volume = {19}, pages = {187 - 196}, doi = {10.5541/eoguijt.277768}, title = {An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System}, key = {cite}, author = {Gobbato, Paolo and Terzo, Alberto and Masi, Massimo and Rossi, Aldo} }
APA Gobbato, P , Terzo, A , Masi, M , Rossi, A . (2016). An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System. International Journal of Thermodynamics, 19 (4), 187-196. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/ijot/issue/26363/277768
MLA Gobbato, P , Terzo, A , Masi, M , Rossi, A . "An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System". International Journal of Thermodynamics 19 (2016): 187-196 <http://dergipark.org.tr/ijot/issue/26363/277768>
Chicago Gobbato, P , Terzo, A , Masi, M , Rossi, A . "An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System". International Journal of Thermodynamics 19 (2016): 187-196
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System AU - Paolo Gobbato , Alberto Terzo , Massimo Masi , Aldo Rossi Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - DO - T2 - International Journal of Thermodynamics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 187 EP - 196 VL - 19 IS - 4 SN - 1301-9724-2146-1511 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Thermodynamics An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System %A Paolo Gobbato , Alberto Terzo , Massimo Masi , Aldo Rossi %T An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System %D 2016 %J International Journal of Thermodynamics %P 1301-9724-2146-1511 %V 19 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD Gobbato, Paolo , Terzo, Alberto , Masi, Massimo , Rossi, Aldo . "An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System". International Journal of Thermodynamics 19 / 4 (December 2016): 187-196.
AMA Gobbato P , Terzo A , Masi M , Rossi A . An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System. International Journal of Thermodynamics. 2016; 19(4): 187-196.
Vancouver Gobbato P , Terzo A , Masi M , Rossi A . An Engine/Vehicle Model to Assess the Theoretical Increase of Car Safety by Using the Spark Ignition Engine to Support the Conventional Braking System. International Journal of Thermodynamics. 2016; 19(4): 196-187.