In the present study, the effects of various low-GWP fluid properties on organic Rankine cycle (ORC) performances are examined for low grade heat sources and an attempt is made to prepare a general guideline to compare working fluids for ORC based on their basic properties. Theoretical study on ORC is conducted to study the effects of various fluid properties on net power generation, thermal efficiency, turbo-machinery and heat exchanger compactness. The considered eco-friendly working fluids for ORC were shortlisted based on operational, environmental and safety criteria. Performance comparison between selected working fluids shows that ammonia is the best fluid in terms of net power generation and compactness of turbo-machineries, whereas n-Pentane is the best fluid in terms of thermal efficiency and heat exchangers compactness. Study shows that the molar mass, normal boiling point temperature, critical temperature and phase diagram characteristics have significant effect on cycle performance indexes. However, the effect of properties does not show any common criteria for best in terms of all performance indexes. Present study summarizes the required fluid properties to get individually best for all performance indexes, which will be useful for fluid comparison and selection for certain design target.
Organic Rankine cycle, Environmental Safety; Fluid properties; Performance