Year 2018, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 1 - 27 2018-04-11

YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ TÜKETİMİ İLE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME ARASINDA NEDENSELLİK İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ
THE CAUSALITY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RENEWABLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: EVIDENCE FROM TURKEY

Burhan DURĞUN [1] , Funda DURĞUN [2]

304 1021

Dünya üzerinde çoğunluğu -genelde siyasi istikrarsızlıkların yaşandığı- Ortadoğu’da bulunan birincil enerji kaynakları olan petrol, doğalgaz ve kömür hızla tükenmektedir. Tükenebilir kaynaklara olan yüksek bağımlılık yakın gelecekte enerji arz güvenliği sorunu ile karşı karşıya kalınacağını göstermektedir. Yenilenebilir enerji potansiyeli yüksek olan Türkiye’nin ekonomisinin yeşil ekonomiye evrilip yenilenebilir kaynaklara ağırlık vermesi hem enerji arz güvenliği riskini hem de cari açığı azaltıcı etki yapacaktır. Bu çalışmada 1980-2015 dönemine ait kişi başına gayrisafi yurtiçi hasıla ile kişi başına yenilenebilir enerji tüketimi (hidroelektrik dahil) arasındaki nedensellik ilişkisi zaman serisi analiziyle incelenmiştir. Serilere öncelikle ADF ve Zivot-Andrews birim kök testleri uygulanmış ve düzey değerlerinde birim kök içerdikleri görülmüştür. 1. farkları alındığında durağan olan serilerin ARDL sınır testi sonuçları, serilerin %5 anlamlılık düzeyinde eşbütünleşik olduğunu ortaya koymuştur. Eşbütünleşik serilere Toda-Yamamoto nedensellik testi uygulanarak yenilenebilir enerji tüketiminden büyümeye doğru tek yönlü nedensellik olduğu bulunmuştur. Bu sonuç yenilenebilir enerji tüketimindeki artışların ekonomik büyüme sağlayacağını ortaya koymaktadır. 



Oil, natural gas and coal, which are the primary energy sources in the Middle East - whose majority, in general, are experiencing political instability, are rapidly depleting. High dependence on consumable resources indicates that you will face the problem of energy supply security in the near future. The fact that Turkey, which has a high potential of renewable energy, will focus its economy on green economy and renewable resources will have both a risk of energy supply security and a current deficit. In this study, the causality relationship between per capita gross domestic product (GDP) and per capita renewable energy consumption (including hydropower) for the period 1980-2015 was examined by means of time series analysis. Firstly, ADF and Zivot-Andrews unit root tests were applied to the series and they were found to contain unit root in level values. The series are stationary in the first difference. The results of the ARDL bound test showed that the variables were co-integrated at a level of significance of 5%.  Toda-Yamamoto causality test was applied to cointegrated series and it was found that unilateral causality relationship from renewable energy consumption to growth These results show that increases in renewable energy consumption will provide economic growth.


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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section ARTICLES
Authors

Author: Burhan DURĞUN
Institution: DİCLE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Funda DURĞUN
Institution: DİCLE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { iremjournal347200, journal = {International Review of Economics and Management}, issn = {2148-3493}, address = {Gökhan ÖZER}, year = {2018}, volume = {6}, pages = {1 - 27}, doi = {10.18825/iremjournal.347200}, title = {YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ TÜKETİMİ İLE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME ARASINDA NEDENSELLİK İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ}, key = {cite}, author = {DURĞUN, Burhan and DURĞUN, Funda} }
APA DURĞUN, B , DURĞUN, F . (2018). YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ TÜKETİMİ İLE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME ARASINDA NEDENSELLİK İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ. International Review of Economics and Management, 6 (1), 1-27. DOI: 10.18825/iremjournal.347200
MLA DURĞUN, B , DURĞUN, F . "YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ TÜKETİMİ İLE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME ARASINDA NEDENSELLİK İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ". International Review of Economics and Management 6 (2018): 1-27 <http://dergipark.org.tr/iremjournal/issue/36427/347200>
Chicago DURĞUN, B , DURĞUN, F . "YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ TÜKETİMİ İLE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME ARASINDA NEDENSELLİK İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ". International Review of Economics and Management 6 (2018): 1-27
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ TÜKETİMİ İLE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME ARASINDA NEDENSELLİK İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ AU - Burhan DURĞUN , Funda DURĞUN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18825/iremjournal.347200 DO - 10.18825/iremjournal.347200 T2 - International Review of Economics and Management JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 27 VL - 6 IS - 1 SN - 2148-3493- M3 - doi: 10.18825/iremjournal.347200 UR - https://doi.org/10.18825/iremjournal.347200 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International Review of Economics and Management YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ TÜKETİMİ İLE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME ARASINDA NEDENSELLİK İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ %A Burhan DURĞUN , Funda DURĞUN %T YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ TÜKETİMİ İLE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME ARASINDA NEDENSELLİK İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ %D 2018 %J International Review of Economics and Management %P 2148-3493- %V 6 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18825/iremjournal.347200 %U 10.18825/iremjournal.347200
ISNAD DURĞUN, Burhan , DURĞUN, Funda . "YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ TÜKETİMİ İLE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME ARASINDA NEDENSELLİK İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ". International Review of Economics and Management 6 / 1 (April 2018): 1-27. https://doi.org/10.18825/iremjournal.347200