Guidelines for the Authors


Osmanli Bilimi Araştırmaları / Studies in Ottoman Science


Anofficial publication of the Department of the History of Science, Faculty of Letters, Istanbul University, Osmanlı Bilimi Araştırmaları (Studies in Ottoman Science) is a peer-reviewed bi-annual international academic journal. Founded in 1995, it is the oldest academic journal in its field in Turkey. The journal is issued both as hard-copy and online. It is indexed by EbscoHost, TÜBİTAK-ULAKBİM and DOAJ. Full texts (from 1995 on) are freely available at http://dergipark.


Subject matter and types of the contributions

The journal publishes contributions on the history of science, technology and medicine in the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, Southeastern Europe and Eastern Mediterranean. It welcomes research (original) articles, review articles, articles in translation, research notes as well as reviews of books and scientific meetings, correspondence (letter to the editor) in the field. The themes of the Special Issues may encompass the historical aspects of science, technology and medicine in wider geographies and cultures.



All manuscripts are submitted via DergiPark, the electronic submission system at the following address: The author(s) has to register to DergiPark and to ORCID to proceed. The ORCID ID(s) should be added to the “User’s Profile” at DergiPark.

Blind reviewing process requires that the title page should not include any information about the author(s), but the manuscript’s title only. Any reference to the author’s (s’) identity should be removed from the text. Full contact details of the author(s) (names, affiliation, postal address, e-mail address, phone) should be uploaded to DergiPark’s system when submitting the manuscript.

The manuscript, abstracts, figures, images, and the bibliography are separately uploaded to the allocated spaces at DergiPark. Please note each that each item of the bibliography should be separately uploaded to the system.


Manuscript preparation

The journal publishes manuscrits in Turkish, English or French. Preferably, the manuscript should not exceed 10,000 words (not including notes) and 120 notes. It should be written in MS Word format, double-spaced and in 11 point Times New Roman font. We kindly ask you not to send a pdf file. The title should be written with capital letters (12 point, bold), sub-headings in lower case letters (11 point, bold). 

Research and review articles, as well as articles in translation should each include on its title page two abstracts (English and Turkish) of maximum 150 words each. English and Turkish key words (max. 10 words each) will also be provided. The Turkish abstract and key words will be written by the editor after the English abstract is received. No abstract and bibliography are needed for research notes, book & scientific meeting reviews, and letters to the editor.

Appendixes, with related bibliographical references,are placed after the main text, and before the bibliography. Their references should be included in the bibliography.

Acknowledgements to individuals and/or funding institutions should be noted at the end of the article.

Centuries and dates should be written in full: fifteenth century, 29 October 1923. For dates please use BCE and CE in English texts, AEC and EC in French texts, and MÖ and MS in Turkish texts.

Short quotations should be given between double quotes within the paragraph. Long quotations (10 points) should have double indentation on the left (only), without quotes.

Figures and images should include captions with related bibliographical references. These and their captions should be incorporated within the text, and not be collected at the end of the manuscript. Also, they should be separately uploaded to DergiPark system. Captions (in 9 point) of images and figures should be numbered separately. Bibliographical references mentioned in the captions should be included in the bibliography.

Notes and bibliography: Please refer to the journal’s Manual of Style given below before writing the notes and setting the bibliography. This manual of style is based on the notes-bibliography (or humanities) system of the Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition).


Notes (8 point) should be given at the bottom of every page, signalled by superscript numbers in the main text. Reference numbers should follow the punctuation marks (.35 ,23).

bibliography is needed at the end of research (original) articles, review articles and articles in translation. It should include all sources given in footnotes, captions and appendixes. The bibliography can include separate sections such as archival, manuscript, secondary, and/or electronic sources. Secondary sources are listed after the author’s name. When referring to archival material and manuscripts please note the name of the library and the collection, number and date of the document used if available.

Authors who do not have surnames (i.e. Salih Zeki), should be listed according to their first names: Salih Zeki should enter the bibliography under the letter S. Authors with surnames are listed after their surnames (i.e. Adıvar, A. Adnan).


Language editing

Submitted manuscripts and abstracts should be conform to the grammar and orthography of the language (Turkish, English and French) in which they were written. English and French language editing will not be provided by the editor. Non-English and non-French speaking authors are kindly invited to consult language editing services before sending their manuscript and abstract.


Review and Publication Process

Each article submitted for publication undergoes a double-blind review process. This means that both the reviewers and the author(s) do not know each other’s identity. The editor first checks the conformity of the articles with the “Aims and Scopes” and the “Guidelines for the Authors” of the journal available from the Home Page of the journal at DergiPark. The review process begins only after the approval of conformity. Research articles, review articles and articles in translation are all subjected to same the reviewing process. Research notes, book and scientific meeting reviews are published with the approval of the editor, and do not need to go through the reviewing process. 

The editor, by consulting the Editorial Board, sends invitations to two reviewers for each manuscript. According to the rule set by the Istanbul University Faculty of Letters, one of the reviewers can be a member of Istanbul University. In that case the other reviewer should not be affiliated with Istanbul University. Both reviewers can be invited from institutions other than Istanbul University. An evaluation form and the manuscript are sent to them via DergiPark. After completing her/his evaluation, the reviewer uploads the form which also includes her/his comments, to DergiPark. In case both evaluations are positive, the editorial board decides for the publication of the manuscript.

In case reviewers ask for a revision, the comments and corrections are anonymously sent to the authors. The author should return through DergiPark, a revised copy to the editor at her/his earliest convenience that will be forwarded to the reviewer in case she/he asked for a final reading. Upon final approval by the reviewer, the manuscript is accepted for publication. Then, the editor sends the author a Consent to Publish (temlikname) issued by the Faculty of Letters. By signing this document, the author assigns her/his copyrights to the Faculty of Letters. The consents to publish and the manuscripts accepted for publication are then delivered to the administration of the Faculty of Letters. Following the sanction of the Istanbul University Rectorate, the articles are first published online ( and then as hard copy. A proof is sent to the author (or to the corresponding author in case the article is multi-authored) during the process of publication and she/he is asked to make a final checking of typographical errors. No fundamental changes are acceptable at that point.


Statement of Originality and Consent to Publish

The author(s) should assure that the submitted manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere in any language. Before the publication of the manuscript, author(s) will sign a Consent to Publish (temlikname) to transfer the copyright and publication rights of the article to Istanbul University Faculty of Letters. In case the author wish to publish his/her article in a book or journal subsequently, the publisher must request the permission to reprint from Istanbul University Faculty of Letters. The author(s) should also be aware that Istanbul University does not pay any royalty for manuscripts published. The Faculty of Letters will provide the author a free copy of the issue in which her/his manuscript is published.



Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any copyrighted material including illustrations, photos, drawings, tables, figures, maps, etc. Copies of letters granting permission to reprint illustrations should be sent to the editor.


Plagiarism policy

Authors are responsible for the originality and integrity of the text. Texts, ideas and comments taken/paraphrased from other authors/publications should be duly acknowledged. Sentences taken directly from other articles/books should be given in quotation marks, accompanied by full reference. In order to prevent plagiarism, articles submitted to the journal are screened by using iThenticate, a detection software provided by Istanbul University Library. The Editorial Board will reject the submission of articles in case plagiarism is detected.



Osmanlı Bilimi Araştırmaları / Studies in Ottoman Science


The journal Osmanlı Bilimi Araştırmalarıhas adopted the “notes and bibliography” documentation system preferred by many in the humanities, including those in literature, history, and the arts. This style presents bibliographic information in notes and, a bibliography. 

Authors who would send proposals to the journal are kindly invited to follow the examples given below when writing the footnotes and compiling the bibliography. These examples are borrowed from the Chicago Style of Manual ( A few more examples have also been added. Further information and numerous examples about the “notes and bibliography” system are available at the 14th and 15th chapters of the Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition).

fn (first note), sn (subsequent/short notes), bib (bibliography).


Book, one author

fn Zadie Smith, Swing Time (New York: Penguin Press, 2016), 315–16.

sn Smith, Swing Time, 320.

bib Smith, Zadie. Swing Time. New York: Penguin Press, 2016.


Book, two authors

fn Brian Grazer and Charles Fishman, A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015), 12.

sn Grazer and Fishman, Curious Mind, 37.

bib Grazer, Brian, and Charles Fishman. A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger LifeNew York: Simon & Schuster, 2015.


Chapter or other part of an edited book

In a note, cite specific pages. In the bibliography, include the page range for the chapter or part.

fn Henry David Thoreau, “Walking,” in The Making of the American Essay, ed. John D’Agata (Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016), 177–78.

Sn Thoreau, “Walking,” 182.

bib Thoreau, Henry David. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.


In some cases, you may want to cite the collection as a whole instead.

fn John D’Agata, ed., The Making of the American Essay (Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016), 177- 78.

sn D’Agata, American Essay, 182.

bib D’Agata, John, ed. The Making of the American Essay. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.


Translated book

fn Jhumpa Lahiri,In Other Words, trans. Ann Goldstein (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016), 146.
sn Lahiri, In Other Words, 184.
bib Lahiri, Jhumpa. In Other Words. Translated by Ann Goldstein. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016.



For books consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. For other types of e-books, name the format. If no fixed page numbers are available, cite a section title or a chapter or other number in the notes, if any (or simply omit).

fn Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (New York: Penguin Classics, 2007), chap. 3, Kindle.

sn Austen, Pride and Prejudice, chap. 14.

bib Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle.


fn Brooke Borel, The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016), 92, ProQuest Ebrary.

sn Borel, Fact-Checking, 104–5.

bib Borel, Brooke. The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. ProQuest Ebrary.


fn Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds., The Founders’ Constitution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), chap. 10, doc. 19,

sn Kurland and Lerner, Founders’ Constitution, chap. 4, doc. 29.

bib Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.


fn Herman Melville, Moby-Dick; or, The Whale (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851), 627,

sn Melville, Moby-Dick, 722–23.

bib Melville, Herman. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851.


Journal article

In a note, cite specific page numbers. In the bibliography, include the page range for the whole article. For articles consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. Many journal articles list a DOI (Digital Object Identifier). A DOI forms a permanent URL that begins This URL is preferable to the URL that appears in your browser’s address bar.

fn Shao-Hsun Keng, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem, “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality,” Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 (Spring 2017): 9–10,

sn Keng, Lin, and Orazem, “Expanding College Access,” 23.

bib Keng, Shao-Hsun, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem. “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality.” Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 (Spring 2017): 1–34.


fn Peter LaSalle, “Conundrum: A Story about Reading,” New England Review 38, no. 1 (2017): 95, Project MUSE.

sn LaSalle, “Conundrum,” 101.

bib LaSalle, Peter. “Conundrum: A Story about Reading.” New England Review 38, no. 1 (2017): 95–109. Project MUSE.


fn Susan Satterfield, “Livy and the Pax Deum,” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 170.

sn Satterfield, “Livy,” 172–73.

bib Satterfield, Susan. “Livy and the Pax Deum.” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 165–76.


fn Rachel A. Bay et al., “Predicting Responses to Contemporary Environmental Change Using Evolutionary Response Architectures.” American Naturalist 189, no. 5 (May 2017): 465,

sn Bay et al., “Predicting Responses,” 466.

bib Bay, Rachael A., Noah Rose, Rowan Barrett, Louis Bernatchez, Cameron K. Ghalambor, Jesse R. Lasky, Rachel B. Brem, Stephen R. Palumbi, and Peter Ralph. “Predicting Responses to Contemporary Environmental Change Using Evolutionary Response Architectures,” American Naturalist 189, no. 5 (May 2017): 463–73.


News or magazine article

Articles from newspapers or news sites, magazines, blogs, and the like are cited similarly. Page numbers, if any, can be cited in a note but are omitted from a bibliography entry. If you consulted the article online, include a URL or the name of the database.

fn Farhad Manjoo, “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera,” New York Times, March 8, 2017,

sn Manjoo, “Snap.”

bib Manjoo, Farhad. “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera.” New York Times, March 8, 2017.


fn Rebecca Mead, “The Prophet of Dystopia,” New Yorker, April 17, 2017, 43.

sn Mead, “Dystopia,” 47

bib Mead, Rebecca. “The Prophet of Dystopia.” New Yorker, April 17, 2017.


fn Tanya Pai, “The Squishy, Sugary History of Peeps,” Vox, April 11, 2017,

sn Pai, “History of Peeps.”

bib Pai, Tanya. “The Squishy, Sugary History of Peeps.” Vox, April 11, 2017.


fn Rob Pegoraro, “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple,” Washington Post, July 5, 2007, LexisNexis Academic

sn Pegoraro, “Apple’s iPhone.”

bib Pegoraro, Rob. “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple.” Washington Post, July 5, 2007. LexisNexis Academic.

Readers’ comments are cited in the text or in a note but omitted from a bibliography.

Eduardo B (Los Angeles), March 9, 2017, comment on Manjoo, “Snap.”


Book review

fnMichiko Kakutani, “Friendship Takes a Path That Diverges,” review of Swing Time, by Zadie Smith, New York Times, November 7, 2016.

sn Kakutani, “Friendship.”

bib Kakutani, Michiko. “Friendship Takes a Path That Diverges.” Review of Swing Time, by Zadie Smith. New York Times, November 7, 2016.


Encyclopaedia entry

fn Mogens Herman Hansen, “Athenian Democracy,” The Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd ed. (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1996).

sn Hansen, “Athenian Democracy.”

Bib Hansen, Mogens Herman. “Athenian Democracy.” The Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd ed. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1996.



fn Kory Stamper, “From ‘F-Bomb’ to ‘Photobomb,’ How the Dictionary Keeps Up with English,” interview by Terry Gross, Fresh Air, NPR, April 19, 2017, audio, 35:25,

snStamper, interview.

bib Stamper, Kory. “From ‘F-Bomb’ to ‘Photobomb,’ How the Dictionary Keeps Up with English.” Interview by Terry Gross. Fresh Air, NPR, April 19, 2017. Audio, 35:25.


Thesis or dissertation

fn Cynthia Lillian Rutz, “King Lear and Its Folktale Analogues” (PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2013), 99–100.

sn Rutz, “King Lear,” 158.

bib Rutz, Cynthia Lillian. “King Lear and Its Folktale Analogues.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2013.


Paper presented at a meeting of a conference

fn Rachel Adelman, “ ‘Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On’: God’s Footstool in the Aramaic Targumim and Midrashic Tradition” (paper presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Biblical Literature, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 21–24, 2009).

sn Adelman, “Such Stuff as Dreams.”

bib Adelman, Rachel. “ ‘Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On’: God’s Footstool in the Aramaic Targumim and Midrashic Tradition.” Paper presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Biblical Literature, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 21–24, 2009.



fn Feyzi, Muhadarat-ı Feyzi, Istanbul, Istanbul University Rare Books and Manuscripts Library, MS T6833, 48a.

sn Feyzi, Muhadarat-ı Feyzi, MS T6833, 51b.

bib Feyzi, Muhadarat-ı Feyzi, Istanbul, Istanbul University Rare Books and Manuscripts Library, MS T6833, 1a-70b.


fn Salih b. Nasrullah, Ghayat al-itqan fi tabdir badan al-insan,Istanbul, Süleymaniye Library, MS Ayasofya 3682, 26a.

sn Salih b. Nasrullah, Ghayat al-itqan, MS Ayasofya 3682, 23b.

bib Salih b. Nasrullah, Ghayat al-itqan fi tabdir badan al-insan,Istanbul,Süleymaniye Library, MS Ayasofya 3682, 1a-311a. Copied on 10 Rabi I 1135 (19 December 1722).


Archival documents

fn Ottoman Archives of the Turkish Prime Ministry (Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi, BOA), Cevdet Askeriye (C.AS.) 71/3352, 9 Şevval 1211 (7 Nisan 1797).

sn BOA, C.AS. 71/3352.

bib Ottoman Archives of the Turkish Prime Ministry (Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi, BOA). Cevdet Askeriye (C. AS) 71/3352, 9 Şevval 1211 (7 Nisan 1920).


fn Topkapı Palace Museum Archives(Topkapı Sarayı Müzesi Arşivi, TSMA), E. 3202-2=597-2-7.

sn TSMA, E. 3202-2=597-2-7.

bibTopkapı Palace Museum Archives(Topkapı Sarayı Müzesi Arşivi, TSMA). E. 3202-2=597-2-7.


Website content

fnKatie Bouman, “How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole,” filmed November 2016 at TEDxBeaconStreet, Brookline, MA, video, 12:51,

sn Bouman, “Black Hole.”

bib Bouman, Katie. “How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole.” Filmed November 2016 at TEDxBeaconStreet, Brookline, MA. Video, 12:51.


fn “Privacy Policy,” Privacy & Terms, Google, last modified April 17, 2017,

sn Google, “Privacy Policy.”

bib Google. “Privacy Policy.” Privacy & Terms. Last modified April 17, 2017.


fn “About Yale: Yale Facts,” Yale University, accessed May 1, 2017,

sn “Yale Facts.”

bib Yale University. “About Yale: Yale Facts.” Accessed May 1, 2017.


Personal communication

Personal communications, including email and text messages and direct messages sent through social media, are usually cited in the text or in a note only; they are rarely included in a bibliography.

fn sn Sam Gomez, Facebook message to author, August 1, 2017.