Year 2018, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 349 - 358 2018-12-30

DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD

Taylan Akgul [1]

15 125

Purpose - The average education level of female in the labor force is higher than the education level of their male counterparts in Turkey.

Since education level is the most important factor in the determination of wages, the average wage of female employees is expected to be

higher than that of male employees. However, the data shows the reverse. In this paper, the gender wage gap in the 2004-2017 period is

analyzed to understand what portion of the wage gap is due to discrimination and what portion is due to human capital factors. The

sample used in the econometric analysis is the Household Labor Force Survey microdata in the 2004-2017 period. Blinder-Oaxaca and Juhn-

Murphy-Pierce Decomposition methods are applied, and the results show that the gender wage gap in favor of male employees in the said

period cannot be explained by human capital differences, but by discrimination against women in the labor market.

Methodology - First wage equation regressions are set to see whether there is a difference between the effects and significance of

explanatory variables on wages of male employees and females. Then, Blinder Oaxaca and Juhn Murphy Pierce decomposition methods are

applied to see whether the wage gap can be explained by human capital differences or not.

Findings- Data shows that there is a gender wage gap in favor of men in Turkish labor market and a strong discrimination against women.

As for 2004, considering the human capital endowments, on average, women would have earned 5.2% more than what male employees

earn. However, data show that male employees earn 15.1% more than what female employees earn, which can be interpreted that female

employees have a wage-loss of about 20.3% due to discrimination. Both the wage gap and discrimination effects vary between regions.

Most industrialized/developed and regions with high agriculture share in employment are usually the ones with larger gap and higher

degree of discrimination. The wage gap and discrimination effects have declined until 2010, but they increased after that.

Conclusion- Gender wage gap and discrimination based loss in wages are seem to be persistent so far in Turkish labor market, but as the

average level of female employees increase the gap is expected to decline in long run.

Gender wage gap, labor force surveys, micro data, Blinder Oaxaca Decomposition, Juhn-Murphy-Pierce Decompositon
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0753-8615
Author: Taylan Akgul (Primary Author)

Dates

Publication Date: December 30, 2018

Bibtex @research article { jefa506051, journal = {Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-6697}, address = {PressAcademia}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {349 - 358}, doi = {10.17261/Pressacademia.2018.1002}, title = {DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD}, key = {cite}, author = {Akgul, Taylan} }
APA Akgul, T . (2018). DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD. Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting, 5 (4), 349-358. DOI: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2018.1002
MLA Akgul, T . "DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD". Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting 5 (2018): 349-358 <http://dergipark.org.tr/jefa/issue/42046/506051>
Chicago Akgul, T . "DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD". Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting 5 (2018): 349-358
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD AU - Taylan Akgul Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2018.1002 DO - 10.17261/Pressacademia.2018.1002 T2 - Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 349 EP - 358 VL - 5 IS - 4 SN - -2148-6697 M3 - doi: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2018.1002 UR - https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2018.1002 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD %A Taylan Akgul %T DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD %D 2018 %J Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting %P -2148-6697 %V 5 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2018.1002 %U 10.17261/Pressacademia.2018.1002
ISNAD Akgul, Taylan . "DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD". Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting 5 / 4 (December 2019): 349-358. https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2018.1002
AMA Akgul T . DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD. JEFA. 2018; 5(4): 349-358.
Vancouver Akgul T . DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKISH LABOR MARKET: AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER WAGE GAP WITH BLINDER-OAXACA AND JUHN-MURPHY-PIERCE DECOMPOSITION METHODS, 2004-2017 PERIOD. Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting. 2018; 5(4): 358-349.