Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 79 - 90 2019-01-15

Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study

Naim Uzun [1] , Kenneth L. Gilbertson [2] , Ozgul Keles [3] , Ilkka Ratinen [4]

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The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable “Environmental Attitude Scale” (EAS) for secondary school (5th, 8th grade), high school (11th) and undergraduate college students. The reliability and validity studies of the scale were carried out in three different countries (Finland, USA and Turkey). The sampling size was 1687 students. For the construct validity, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was run and in order to test the accuracy of the obtained factor structure. The scale was composed of three sub scales: “Environmental Behaviour Sub Scale (EBSS)”, “Environmental Opinion Sub Scale (EOSS)” and “Environmental Emotion Sub Scale (EESS)”. The EBSS and EESS consist of two factors each and the EOSS consists of one factor. The EBSS had 13 items, EOSS 11 items and EESS 16 items, all using a 5-point Likert scale. The Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient for the whole scale was found to be α=.94, and reliability coefficient of the first subscale was found to be α=.91, second subscale α=.82 and third subscale α=.94 and the Spearman Brown coefficients were found to be .85, .83, .80 and .85, respectively. Reliability and validity results of the study show that the “Environmental Attitude Scale” can be used to measure the environmental attitudes of the different levels of students.
Environmental education, Environmental attitude, Environmental behavior, Environmental opinion, Environmental emotion
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Primary Language en
Subjects Science, Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2304-7421
Author: Naim Uzun (Primary Author)
Institution: Aksaray University, Department of Science Education
Country: Turkey


Author: Kenneth L. Gilbertson
Institution: University of Minnesota Duluth, Center for Environmental Education
Country: United States


Author: Ozgul Keles
Institution: Aksaray University, Department of Science Education
Country: Turkey


Author: Ilkka Ratinen
Institution: University of Jyväskylä, Department of Teacher Education
Country: Finland


Dates

Publication Date: January 15, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jeseh491259, journal = {Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-214X}, address = {Seyit Ahmet KIRAY}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {79 - 90}, doi = {10.21891/jeseh.491259}, title = {Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study}, key = {cite}, author = {Uzun, Naim and Gilbertson, Kenneth L. and Keles, Ozgul and Ratinen, Ilkka} }
APA Uzun, N , Gilbertson, K , Keles, O , Ratinen, I . (2019). Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study. Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health, 5 (1), 79-90. DOI: 10.21891/jeseh.491259
MLA Uzun, N , Gilbertson, K , Keles, O , Ratinen, I . "Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study". Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health 5 (2019): 79-90 <http://dergipark.org.tr/jeseh/issue/42569/491259>
Chicago Uzun, N , Gilbertson, K , Keles, O , Ratinen, I . "Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study". Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health 5 (2019): 79-90
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study AU - Naim Uzun , Kenneth L. Gilbertson , Ozgul Keles , Ilkka Ratinen Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21891/jeseh.491259 DO - 10.21891/jeseh.491259 T2 - Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 79 EP - 90 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2149-214X M3 - doi: 10.21891/jeseh.491259 UR - https://doi.org/10.21891/jeseh.491259 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study %A Naim Uzun , Kenneth L. Gilbertson , Ozgul Keles , Ilkka Ratinen %T Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study %D 2019 %J Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health %P -2149-214X %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21891/jeseh.491259 %U 10.21891/jeseh.491259
ISNAD Uzun, Naim , Gilbertson, Kenneth L. , Keles, Ozgul , Ratinen, Ilkka . "Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study". Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health 5 / 1 (January 2019): 79-90. https://doi.org/10.21891/jeseh.491259
AMA Uzun N , Gilbertson K , Keles O , Ratinen I . Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study. JESEH. 2019; 5(1): 79-90.
Vancouver Uzun N , Gilbertson K , Keles O , Ratinen I . Environmental Attitude Scale for Secondary School, High School and Undergraduate Students: Validity and Reliability Study. Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health. 2019; 5(1): 90-79.