Year 2018, Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 57 - 68 2018-12-07

RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY
EKONOMİ VE PSİKOLOJİDE MİLLİ İNSAN MODELİ

Nadir Eroğlu [1] , Ayşe Aktaş Eroğlu [2] , İlhan Eroğlu [3] , Nalan Kangal [4]

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Methodology of the economics had been under the effects of other disciplines but later it has become reserved, and its contact to various disciplines has stayed more limited.  One of the key factors for a discipline’s progress is that the gains acquired from other disciplines. Economics should cooperate with not only with all kinds of social sciences, but also with other disciplines such as physics, medicine and psychology. For that reason, scientists should apply the developments in different disciplines to their research areas. In this context, it can be said that the relationship that exists between the mainstream economics and other disciplines are not sufficient enough (Kaymakçı, 2013:174).  In order to understand the new economic activities and to develop economic policies related to them, a critical evaluation of what we have is essential. This issue has become important enough to reconsider the basic assumptions of the neoclassical economics. Rational Human (homo economicus) Model becomes one of the most prominent assumptions of the neoclassical economics. The consideration of the economics as in a structure, which is determined by assumptions of the rational behavior, causes to the fact that the effects of irrational factors to human behaviors are ignored (Sarfati, 2001:10).  According to Freud, our reasonable and conscious behaviors constitute a small part of all our general behavior. If we do not evaluate human as a whole it is not possible to comprehend them. For this, our unconscious behaviors (not necessarily irrational) should be examined3. The methodology of this study is to highlight weaknesses of the methodology of the mainstream economics and mainly of the rational human assumption. For this purpose we benefit from Institutional Economics, Behavioral Economics, physics and psychology, while we question the rational human assumption.

İktisat biliminin metodolojisi başlangıçta başka bilim dallarından oldukça etkilenmiş, ancak daha sonra kendi içine kapanmış ve farklı bilim dallarıyla teması sınırlı olmuştur. Bir bilim dalında ilerlemeyi sağlayan önemli unsurlardan biri de diğer bilim dallarından elde ettikleri kazanımlar olmaktadır. İktisat bilimi sosyal bilimlerin tüm alanlarının yanı sıra fizik, tıp ve psikoloji ile de işbirliği yapmak zorundadır. Bu nedenle bilim adamlarının farklı disiplinlerdeki gelişmeleri ve bilgi birikimlerini kendi alanlarında daha çok kullanmaları gerekmektedir. Bu çerçevede alanımızla ilgili olarak, yerleşik iktisadın diğer bilim dalları ile ilişkilerinin yeterli olmadığını söyleyebiliriz. Yeni ekonomik faaliyetleri anlayabilmek ve buna ilişkin iktisat politikaları geliştirebilmek için öncelikle, elimizdekileri eleştirel bakış açısıyla değerlendirmek gerekmektedir. Sorun yerleşik iktisat anlayışı olan neo klasik iktisadın temel varsayımlarını dahi tekrar gözden geçirmeyi gündeme getirecek kadar önemli hale gelmiştir. Bu varsayımların en başında da rasyonel insan (homoeconomicus) modeli gelmektedir. İktisadı, rasyonel davranış varsayımlarının belirlediği bir yapı içinde düşünmek, insan davranışları üzerindeki rasyonel olmayan öğelerin göz ardı edilmesine neden olmaktadır. Freud’a göre, akla uygun ve bilinçli davranışlarımız tüm genel davranışlarımızın küçük bir bölümünü oluşturuyor. İnsanı bir bütün halinde değerlendiremezsek onu kavramımız da mümkün değil. Bunun için bilinç dışı (illa akıl dışı olması gerekmez) davranışlarımızın da irdelenmesi gerekir. Çalışmadaki metodumuz, yerleşik iktisadın metodunun ve temelde rasyonel insan varsayımının eksik yanlarını anlamaya çalışarak, iktisat politikalarına etkilerini vurgulamaktır. Bu amaçla yerleşik iktisadın rasyonel insan varsayımını sorgularken Kurumcu İktisattan, Davranış Ekonomisi bilim dalından, fizik, tıp ve psikolojinin kavramlarından oldukça faydalanıyoruz.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Economics
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Nadir Eroğlu

Author: Ayşe Aktaş Eroğlu

Orcid: 0000-0003-4711-1165
Author: İlhan Eroğlu
Country: Turkey


Author: Nalan Kangal

Dates

Publication Date: December 7, 2018

Bibtex @research article { jimeep474932, journal = {Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-330X}, address = {Ahmet GÜVEN}, year = {2018}, volume = {6}, pages = {57 - 68}, doi = {}, title = {RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY}, key = {cite}, author = {Eroğlu, Nadir and Aktaş Eroğlu, Ayşe and Eroğlu, İlhan and Kangal, Nalan} }
APA Eroğlu, N , Aktaş Eroğlu, A , Eroğlu, İ , Kangal, N . (2018). RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY. Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives, 6 (3), 57-68. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/jimeep/issue/40558/474932
MLA Eroğlu, N , Aktaş Eroğlu, A , Eroğlu, İ , Kangal, N . "RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY". Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives 6 (2018): 57-68 <http://dergipark.org.tr/jimeep/issue/40558/474932>
Chicago Eroğlu, N , Aktaş Eroğlu, A , Eroğlu, İ , Kangal, N . "RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY". Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives 6 (2018): 57-68
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY AU - Nadir Eroğlu , Ayşe Aktaş Eroğlu , İlhan Eroğlu , Nalan Kangal Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 57 EP - 68 VL - 6 IS - 3 SN - -2602-330X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY %A Nadir Eroğlu , Ayşe Aktaş Eroğlu , İlhan Eroğlu , Nalan Kangal %T RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY %D 2018 %J Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives %P -2602-330X %V 6 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Eroğlu, Nadir , Aktaş Eroğlu, Ayşe , Eroğlu, İlhan , Kangal, Nalan . "RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY". Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives 6 / 3 (December 2018): 57-68.
AMA Eroğlu N , Aktaş Eroğlu A , Eroğlu İ , Kangal N . RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY. Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives. 2018; 6(3): 57-68.
Vancouver Eroğlu N , Aktaş Eroğlu A , Eroğlu İ , Kangal N . RATIONAL HUMAN MODEL IN ECONOMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY. Journal of International Management Educational and Economics Perspectives. 2018; 6(3): 68-57.