Year 2018, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 58 - 71 2018-11-30

Veri Zarflama Analizi Yardımıyla Türk Otomotiv Endüstrisinde Teknik ve Ölçek Etkinliği
Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis

Ayşe Çoban [1] , Orhan Çoban [2] , Duygu Baysal Kurt [3]

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Bu araştırmada 2011-2015 dönemi dikkate alınarak, otomotiv ana sanayinde faaliyet gösteren 14 firmanın teknik ve ölçek etkinliklerinin yanı sıra toplam faktör verimliliklerindeki değişmeler analiz edilmiştir. Firmaların göreli etkinliklerinin belirlenmesinde Veri Zarflama Analizinden, toplam faktör verimliliğinin zaman içindeki değişiminin ortaya konulmasında Malmquist Toplam Faktör Verimliliği Endeksinden yararlanılmıştır. Analiz sonuçlarına göre, ölçeğe göre sabit getiri varsayımı altında 2011 ve 2013 yıllarında sadece Oyak Renault’un 2012, 2014 ve 2015 yıllarında ise sadece Hyundai Assan ve Oyak Renault’un maksimum çıktıya ulaştıkları tespit edilmiştir. Değişken getiri varsayımı altında ise 2011, 2012, 2014 ve 2015 yıllarında A.I.O.S., Hattat Tarım, Hyundai Assan, Otokar, Oyak Renault ve Türk Traktör’ün, 2013 yılında ise A.I.O.S., Hattat Tarım, Otokar, Oyak Renault ve Türk Traktör’ün tam üretim sınırı üzerinde yer aldıkları belirlenmiştir. Ölçek etkinlikleri incelendiğinde ise, 2011 ve 2013 yıllarında Oyak Renault’un, 2012, 2014 ve 2015 yıllarında ise Hyundai Assan ve Oyak Renault’un optimal üretim ölçeğinde üretim yaptıkları, diğer firmaların ise ölçek etkinliklerinin 1’den küçük olduğu belirlenmiştir. Diğer taraftan Türk otomotiv sanayinin toplam faktör verimliliğinin % 14 arttığı,  firma bazında en fazla artışın A.I.O.S. firmasında gerçekleştiği tespit edilmiştir.

In this study, regarding to the period of 2011-2015, the technical and scale efficiencies of 14 firms as well as the changes of their total factor productivities were analyzed. In identifying the relative efficiencies of the firms, Data Enveloping Analysis were utilized, and in introducing the variation of total factor productivity in time Malmquist Total Factor Productivity Index. According to the results of analysis, under the assumption of constant return, in the years of 2011 and 2013, it was identified that only Oyak Renault reached maximum output and in the years of 2012, 2014, and 2015, Hyundai Assan and Oyak Renault. Under the assumption of variable return, it was identified that in the years of 2011, 2012, 2014 and, 2015, A.I.O.S., Hattat Tarım, Hyundai Assan, Otokar, Oyak Renault and Türk Traktör took place on the frontier of full production and in 2013, A.I.O.S., Hattat Tarım, Otokar, Oyak Renault and Türk Traktör. When scale efficiencies are examined, it was identified that in the years of 2011 and 2013, Oyak Renault made production in optimal production scale and in the years of 2012, 2014, and 2015, Hyundai Assan and Oyak Renault, while the scale efficiencies of the other firms were less than from the other aspect, it was identified that total factor productivity of Turkish automotive industry increased by 14% and that maximum increase on the basis of firm actualized in the firm A.I.O.S.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7844-7633
Author: Ayşe Çoban

Orcid: 0000-0001-6137-8937
Author: Orhan Çoban

Orcid: 0000-0001-8364-0705
Author: Duygu Baysal Kurt

Dates

Publication Date: November 30, 2018

Bibtex @research article { jiss509791, journal = {Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1309-3738}, address = {Cankiri Karatekin University}, year = {2018}, volume = {9}, pages = {58 - 71}, doi = {}, title = {Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis}, key = {cite}, author = {Çoban, Ayşe and Çoban, Orhan and Baysal Kurt, Duygu} }
APA Çoban, A , Çoban, O , Baysal Kurt, D . (2018). Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis. Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 9 (2), 58-71. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/jiss/issue/42297/509791
MLA Çoban, A , Çoban, O , Baysal Kurt, D . "Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis". Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2018): 58-71 <http://dergipark.org.tr/jiss/issue/42297/509791>
Chicago Çoban, A , Çoban, O , Baysal Kurt, D . "Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis". Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2018): 58-71
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis AU - Ayşe Çoban , Orhan Çoban , Duygu Baysal Kurt Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 58 EP - 71 VL - 9 IS - 2 SN - 1309-3738- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Institute of Social Sciences Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis %A Ayşe Çoban , Orhan Çoban , Duygu Baysal Kurt %T Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis %D 2018 %J Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1309-3738- %V 9 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Çoban, Ayşe , Çoban, Orhan , Baysal Kurt, Duygu . "Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis". Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 / 2 (November 2018): 58-71.
AMA Çoban A , Çoban O , Baysal Kurt D . Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis. Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2018; 9(2): 58-71.
Vancouver Çoban A , Çoban O , Baysal Kurt D . Technical and Scale Efficiency of the Turkish Automotive Industry Using Data Envelopment Analysis. Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2018; 9(2): 71-58.