Year 2012, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 25 - 48 2012-06-01

İlköğretim Öğrencilerinin Zorbalığın Nedenleri ile İlgili Algıları
The Perceptions of Elementary Students about the Reasons for Bullying

Hülya Kartal [1] , Asude Bilgin [2]

544 1585

Bir veya daha çok kişi tarafından tekrarlı olarak olumsuz davranışlar yöneltilen kişi zorbalığa uğramış olarak kabul edilir. Okulda ve toplumda zorbalık çok sık yaşanır. Öğrenciler okul zorbalığının birinci dereceden tanıklarıdır. Bu çalışmanın amacı ilköğretim öğrencilerinin okuldaki zorbalığın nedenleriyle ilgili algılarını ortaya çıkarmaktır. Bu amaçla bir ilköğretim okulunda 4-8. sınıflardaki 688 öğrenciye Colorado Okul İklimi Anketi uygulanmıştır. Veriler frekans ve yüzde hesapları aracılığıyla analiz edilmiştir. En sık bildirilen zorbalığa uğrama nedeni fiziksel zayıflık olmuştur (zorbaların %,56.5, zorba- kurbanların %52.9 ve kurbanların %48.6’sı). Şişman olmak ve fakir olmak diğer nedenler arasındadır. Kızların yaklaşık olarak yarısı sırasıyla kısa, fakir ve şişman olmanın en önemli zorbalığa uğrama nedenleri olduğunu bildirirken, erkekler fiziksel zayıflık, şişmanlık ve cılızlığı rapor etmişlerdir. Ne zorba ne de kurban olanlara göre zorbalığa uğrama nedenleri fiziksel zayıflık, fakirlik ve kötü giyinmedir. Hem kurbanlar hem de zorbakurbanlar birinci nedenin fiziksel zayıflık olduğunu dile getirirken, zorbalar arkadaşı olmayan, kısa ve fakir çocukların zorbalığa uğradığını söylemişlerdir
A person is being bullied when he or she is exposed repeatedly and over time to negative actions on the part of one or more persons. Incidents of bullying are frequent occurrences for many children at school. This study was intended to investigate the perceptions of the elementary students about the reasons for bullying in the school. For this purpose 688 students from 4-8th. Grades of an elementary school were given a questionnaire “Colorado School Climate Survey”. The data was analyzed in terms of frequencies and percentiles. The results revealed that the most frequently reported reason was being physically weak (for bullies 56.5%, bullyvictims 52.9%, victims 48.6%), being fat (for victims bully-victims 45.1%, victims 42.6%) and being poor (for bully-victims 43.2%, victims 41.5%, neither bully nor victims 39.4%). Almost half of the girls reported that the reasons of bullying are being short, being poor and being fat. Boys reported these reasons physical weakness, being fat and being skinny. According to neither bullies nor victims the reasons of bullying are physical weakness, poorness, and bad wearing. Victims also reported that first reason is physical weakness. Bullies reported that children without friends, short and poor children mostly bullied. Bully/victims again talked about physical weakness
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Other ID JA33AV98GC
Journal Section Article
Authors

Author: Hülya Kartal
Institution: ?

Author: Asude Bilgin
Institution: ?

Dates

Publication Date: June 1, 2012

APA Kartal, H , Bilgin, A . (2012). The Perceptions of Elementary Students about the Reasons for Bullying. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 11 (1), 25-48. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/jss/issue/24240/256980