Year 2019, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 1 - 12 2019-01-22

The Doomed Struggle of Tony Last with the Society and the Individual in Evelyn Waugh’s A Handful of Dust
Evelyn Waugh’un Bir Avuç Toz’unda Tony Last’ın Birey ve Toplumla Umutsuz Çarpışması

Cemre Mimoza BARTU [1]

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A Handful of Dust (1934), the fourth novel of Evelyn Waugh, deals with the struggles of the protagonist Tony Last in various stages of the twentieth century society. Waugh in this novel illustrates a dark picture of the twentieth century English society and its individuals with the aim of laying bare the “human selfishness and self-delusion” (Ward, 2008, p.679). In general sense, the author directs his criticism towards the various aspects of English social life indicating the pervading decadence in the soul of the individual and modern zeitgeist. Focusing on Tony Last’s, marriage, social relationships and expedition to Brazil, Waugh delineates a portrait of an innocent man who values the past and its traditions. Yet, in order to survive in the society Tony embarks on a quest for self-identity but fails in each attempt. So as to illustrate the futile attempts of Tony, Waugh writes two different endings for the novel both of which end in utter failures. Therefore, by the virtue of individual failures and socio-cultural corruption, the novel is concerned with the struggle of Tony Last who is surrounded by those individual, cultural and social adversities. In this study, the modernist theme of the quest of the individual will be analysed through Tony Last’s quest in social and personal spheres by also demonstrating the Waugh’s critique of the modern times.                                                                                                     

Evelyn Waugh’nun 1934 yılında yazdığı Bir Avuç Toz, başkahraman Tony Last’ın yirminci yüzyıl Londra’sındaki farklı sahnelerde mücadelesini konu alan yazarın dördüncü romanıdır. Bu romanda Waugh yirminci yüzyıl İngiliz toplumu ve bireyinin karanlık tarafını resmederken “insanın bencilliği ve kendini kandırması” fikrini açıkça ortaya koymaya çalışmıştır (Ward, 2008, p.679). Genel anlamda, yazar modern zamanın ve bireyin ruhunu etkisi altına alan yozlaşmayı ele alarak eleştirisini İngiliz toplumsal yaşamının farklı açılarına yöneltmiştir. Tony Last’ın evliliği, sosyal ilişkileri ve Brezilya’ya yaptığı seyahatine odaklanarak, Waugh geçmişe ve geleneklere değer veren masum Tony Last portresi çizmiştir. Ancak, böylesi bir toplumda yaşamında devam edebilmek amacıyla Tony kendini bulmak için girdiği mücadelelerde her seferinde mağlup olur. Bu sonuçsuz girişimleri resmetmek amacıyla da Waugh romana başkahramanın hüsranıyla biten iki farklı son yazar. Bireysel başarısızlıklar ve sosyo-kültürel yozlaşmadan ötürü roman, kişisel, kültürel ve sosyal tersliklerle çevrelenmiş Tony Last’ın savaşı ile ilgilidir. Bu bilgiler ışığında, bu çalışmada modernist bir tema olan bireyin arayışı Tony Last’ınki üzerinden incelenirken, Waugh’nun romanındaki modern zamanlar ve kişileri eleştirisi de tartışılmaktadır. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Literature
Journal Section English Literature
Authors

Author: Cemre Mimoza BARTU (Primary Author)
Institution: Hacettepe University
Country: Turkey


APA BARTU, C . (2019). The Doomed Struggle of Tony Last with the Society and the Individual in Evelyn Waugh’s A Handful of Dust. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 18 (1), 1-12. DOI: 10.21547/jss.450374