Year 2014, Volume 1, Issue 21, Pages 180 - 190 2014-07-21

Birleşmiş Milletler Deniz Hukuku Sözleşmesi Açısından Devletlerin Gemilere El Koyma Yetkisi: Karadeniz’de Gürcistan Örneği
Права Государств На Захват Судов С Точки Зрения Конвенции Оон По Морскому Праву: Пример Грузии На Чёрном Море
Authority In Distraining On Ships By States In Terms Of The United Nations Convention On Law Of The Sea: The Case Of Georgia In The Black Sea

Arda Özkan [1]

181 622

Trade ships navigating towards Abkhazia which is a separatist region of Georgia through Black Sea, are seized by Georgia From time to time. Actually, Georgia’s seizing trade ships to Abkhazia on Black Sea is stemmed from the political problem they have been facing. According to Georgia, these ships navigate through Black Sea illegally so they are seized by Georgia. However, these practices have a negative effect on maritime trade on the Black Sea and violate the international law of the sea. Although Georgia is one of the contractors of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea since 1996, she prejudices the right of free pass specified with related articles. This study generally focuses on Georgia’s distrain trade ships navigating on the Black Sea, enabling Georgia immediately to set the ships and crew seized free, measures to be taken by flag state, limits of distrain authorities of littoral states; particularly deals with Georgia’s rights, liabilities and authorities on the Black Sea marine areas within the frame of the UNCLOS which is a universally accepted document dated 1982.
Karadeniz’de seyir halinde olan ve Gürcistan’ın ayrılıkçı bölgesi Abhazya’ya sefer yapan ticaret gemilerine Gürcistan tarafından zaman zaman el konulmaktadır. Gürcistan’ın Karadeniz’de Abhazya’ya sefer yapan gemilere el koyması, Abhazya ile arasındaki siyasi sorunlardan kaynaklanmaktadır. Gürcistan’a göre, bu gemiler Gürcistan sularını yasadışı yollardan geçmekte ve bu yüzden alıkonulmaktadır. Bu tür uygulamalar Karadeniz’de deniz ticaretini olumsuz yönde etkilemekte ve uluslararası deniz hukuku kurallarının ihlalini gerçekleştirmektedir. Gürcistan, 1982 tarihli Birleşmiş Milletler Deniz Hukuku ∗ Rest, Asst., Giresun University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of International Relations, Turkey. Sözleşmesi’ne 1996 yılından itibaren taraf olduğu halde, Sözleşme’deki ilgili maddeler uyarınca serbest geçiş hakkını ihlal etmektedir. Bu çalışmada, Gürcistan’ın Karadeniz’de seyrüsefer yapan ticaret gemilerine el koyması, el konulan gemilerin ve mürettebatının derhal serbest bırakılmasının sağlanması, bayrak devletinin bu tür uygulamalara karşı alabileceği tedbirler, genel olarak kıyı devletinin gemilere el koyma yetkilerinin sınırları, özel olarak da Gürcistan’ın Karadeniz’deki deniz alanlarında hak, yükümlülük ve yetkilerinin sınırlarının neler olabileceği dikkate alınarak, evrensel nitelikte bir sözleşme olan BMDHS çerçevesinde değerlendirilmiştir.
  • AKSAR Yusuf (2013). Teoride ve Uygulamada Uluslararası Hukuk II, 2. Baskı, Seçkin, Ankara. ANDERSON D. H. (1993). “Efforts to Ensure Universal Participation in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea”, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, No. 42.
Primary Language tr
Subjects
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Arda Özkan

Bibtex @ { kdeniz175362, journal = {Karadeniz Uluslararası Bilimsel Dergi}, issn = {1308-6200}, address = {Kültür Ajans}, year = {2014}, volume = {1}, pages = {180 - 190}, doi = {}, title = {Authority In Distraining On Ships By States In Terms Of The United Nations Convention On Law Of The Sea: The Case Of Georgia In The Black Sea}, key = {cite}, author = {Özkan, Arda} }
APA Özkan, A . (2014). Authority In Distraining On Ships By States In Terms Of The United Nations Convention On Law Of The Sea: The Case Of Georgia In The Black Sea. Karadeniz Uluslararası Bilimsel Dergi, 1 (21), 180-190. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/kdeniz/issue/16854/175362
MLA Özkan, A . "Authority In Distraining On Ships By States In Terms Of The United Nations Convention On Law Of The Sea: The Case Of Georgia In The Black Sea". Karadeniz Uluslararası Bilimsel Dergi 1 (2014): 180-190 <http://dergipark.org.tr/kdeniz/issue/16854/175362>
Chicago Özkan, A . "Authority In Distraining On Ships By States In Terms Of The United Nations Convention On Law Of The Sea: The Case Of Georgia In The Black Sea". Karadeniz Uluslararası Bilimsel Dergi 1 (2014): 180-190
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Authority In Distraining On Ships By States In Terms Of The United Nations Convention On Law Of The Sea: The Case Of Georgia In The Black Sea AU - Arda Özkan Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - DO - T2 - Karadeniz Uluslararası Bilimsel Dergi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 180 EP - 190 VL - 1 IS - 21 SN - 1308-6200- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Black Sea Authority In Distraining On Ships By States In Terms Of The United Nations Convention On Law Of The Sea: The Case Of Georgia In The Black Sea %A Arda Özkan %T Authority In Distraining On Ships By States In Terms Of The United Nations Convention On Law Of The Sea: The Case Of Georgia In The Black Sea %D 2014 %J Karadeniz Uluslararası Bilimsel Dergi %P 1308-6200- %V 1 %N 21 %R %U
ISNAD Özkan, Arda . "Authority In Distraining On Ships By States In Terms Of The United Nations Convention On Law Of The Sea: The Case Of Georgia In The Black Sea". Karadeniz Uluslararası Bilimsel Dergi 1 / 21 (July 2014): 180-190.