Year 2019, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 10 - 15 2019-03-15

Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases in Children with Intellectual Disability and the Relationship Between Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases and the Levels of Anxiety Depression in Mothers
Zihinsel Engelliliği Olan Çocuklarda Komorbid Psikiyatrik Hastalıklar ve Komorbid Psikiyatrik Hastalıklarla Annelerin Anksiyete Depresyon Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişki

Nilfer ŞAHİN [1]

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Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the comorbid psychiatric disorders in children with intellectual disabilities (ID) and to evaluate the relationship between comorbid psychiatric disorders and mothers' anxiety depression level.

Materials and Methods: 80 participants and their mothers whose ages are between 0-18 years and are diagnosed with intellectual disability and 60 healthy participants aged between 0-18 years without any chronic physical and psychiatric disease and their mothers were included in the study. A psychiatric interview according to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria was conducted to determine if there is a comorbid psychiatric disease with the cases in the patient group. A sociodemographic data form and Beck Depression Scale and Beck Anxiety Scale were given to the subjects in both groups in order to determine the anxiety depression level of the mothers.

Results: The anxiety and depression levels of the mothers in the ID group were found to be higher than those healthy and controlled mothers (p<0.001 for both). In addition, 55.6% of the cases in the ID group were detected to have comorbid psychiatric disease. Mothers with comorbid psychiatric disorders had higher anxiety depression scores than those without comorbid psychiatric diagnosis (p<0.001 for both).

Conclusion: In this study, a high rate of comorbid psychiatric disease was found in children with ID. However, anxiety depression levels were higher in mothers of patients with comorbid psychiatric disorders. Comorbid psychiatric diseases cause more psychological burden on the mothers, therefore it is important that these children be assessed in this respect and to make the necessary interventions. 

Amaç: Bu çalışmada zihinsel engellilik (ZE) tanısı alan çocuklarda komorbid psikiyatrik hastalıkların ve komorbid psikiyatrik hastalıklarla annelerin anksiyete depresyon düzeyiyle ilişkisinin değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.

Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışmaya Zihinsel Engellilik tanısı alan 0-18 yaş aralığındaki 80 olgu ve anneleri ile herhangi bir kronik fiziksel ve psikiyatrik hastalığı olmayan sağlıklı 0-18 yaş aralığındaki 60 olgu ve anneleri dahil edildi. Hasta grubundaki olgularla komorbid psikiyatrik hastalık olup olmadığını belirlemek amacıyla DSM-5 tanı kriterlerine göre psikiyatrik görüşme yapıldı. Her iki gruptaki olgulara sosyodemografik veri formu ve annelerin anksiyete depresyon düzeyini belirlemek için Beck Depresyon Ölçeği ve Beck Anksiyete Ölçeği verildi.

Bulgular: ZE grubundaki annelerin anksiyete ve depresyon düzeylerinin sağlıklı kontrollerin annelerine göre daha yüksek olduğu belirlendi (her ikisi için p<0.001). Ayrıca ZE grubundaki olguların %55.6‘sında ek psikiyatrik hastalık olduğu saptandı. Ek psikiyatrik hastalığı olanların annelerinde komorbid psikiyatrik tanısı olmayanlarınkine göre daha yüksek anksiyete depresyon skorları saptandı (her ikisi için p<0.001).

Tartışma: Bu çalışmada ZE tanılı çocuklarda yüksek oranda komorbid psikiyatrik hastalık oranları saptandı. Bununla birlikte komorbid psikiyatrik hastalığı olanların annelerinde anksiyete depresyon düzeyleri daha yüksekti. Eşlik eden psikiyatrik hastalıklar anneler üzerinde daha fazla ruhsal yüke sebep olmakta olup bu çocukların bu açıdan değerlendirilip gerekli müdahalelerin yapılması önem arz etmektedir. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Araştırma Makaleleri
Authors

Author: Nilfer ŞAHİN (Primary Author)
Institution: MUĞLA SITKI KOÇMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { ksutfd468492, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1303-6610}, eissn = {2547-9598}, address = {Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University}, year = {2019}, volume = {14}, pages = {10 - 15}, doi = {10.17517/ksutfd.468492}, title = {Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases in Children with Intellectual Disability and the Relationship Between Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases and the Levels of Anxiety Depression in Mothers}, key = {cite}, author = {ŞAHİN, Nilfer} }
APA ŞAHİN, N . (2019). Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases in Children with Intellectual Disability and the Relationship Between Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases and the Levels of Anxiety Depression in Mothers. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi, 14 (1), 10-15. DOI: 10.17517/ksutfd.468492
MLA ŞAHİN, N . "Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases in Children with Intellectual Disability and the Relationship Between Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases and the Levels of Anxiety Depression in Mothers". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2019): 10-15 <http://dergipark.org.tr/ksutfd/issue/42342/468492>
Chicago ŞAHİN, N . "Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases in Children with Intellectual Disability and the Relationship Between Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases and the Levels of Anxiety Depression in Mothers". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2019): 10-15
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases in Children with Intellectual Disability and the Relationship Between Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases and the Levels of Anxiety Depression in Mothers AU - Nilfer ŞAHİN Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17517/ksutfd.468492 DO - 10.17517/ksutfd.468492 T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 10 EP - 15 VL - 14 IS - 1 SN - 1303-6610-2547-9598 M3 - doi: 10.17517/ksutfd.468492 UR - https://doi.org/10.17517/ksutfd.468492 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 KSU Medical Journal Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases in Children with Intellectual Disability and the Relationship Between Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases and the Levels of Anxiety Depression in Mothers %A Nilfer ŞAHİN %T Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases in Children with Intellectual Disability and the Relationship Between Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases and the Levels of Anxiety Depression in Mothers %D 2019 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1303-6610-2547-9598 %V 14 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17517/ksutfd.468492 %U 10.17517/ksutfd.468492
ISNAD ŞAHİN, Nilfer . "Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases in Children with Intellectual Disability and the Relationship Between Comorbid Psychiatric Diseases and the Levels of Anxiety Depression in Mothers". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi 14 / 1 (March 2019): 10-15. https://doi.org/10.17517/ksutfd.468492