Year 2019, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 30 - 35 2019-03-25

Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Urban Areas of Kayseri, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study

Elif Deniz Şafak [1] , Hatice Duygu Kızılçay [2] , Sibel Arguvanlı [3] , Mumtaz M. Mazıcıoğlu [4] , Salime Mucuk [5] , Ahmet Öztürk [6] , Şemsinur Göçer [7] , Yusuf Kırış [8] , Sibel Akın [9]

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Introduction: This study aimed to describe the relationship between activities of daily living and cognitive function community-dwelling elderly in an urban area.

Materials and Methods: Participants were 872 randomly selected people aged 65 years living in Kayseri, Turkey, who were registered with Family Health Centers. We used the Standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (SMMSE) to assess participants’ cognitive function, the Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) to assess activities of daily living, the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scale to assess instrumental activities of daily living, and a questionnaire to assess sociodemographic characteristics.

Results: Participants’ mean age was 71.9±5.5 years. The overall prevalence of IADL dependency was 17.6%; dependency was significantly higher in women than in men (by 5.5%). The prevalence of ADL dependency was 0.6%, and there was no sex difference. SMMSE and IADL scores decreased as age increased, whereas the ADL score did not change.

Conclusions: Increased age is a fundamental component of cognitive impairment and limitation in activities of daily living. Community-dwelling adults aged 65 years with cognitive impairment should receive early evaluation for IADL dependency. In addition, a daily living activity scale that takes into account social, cultural and gender characteristics may be useful in early detection of dependence.

Activities of daily living, cognitive impairment, elderly
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Published Date Mart 2019
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8343-3180
Author: Elif Deniz Şafak (Primary Author)
Institution: ERCİYES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Hatice Duygu Kızılçay
Country: Turkey


Author: Sibel Arguvanlı

Author: Mumtaz M. Mazıcıoğlu

Author: Salime Mucuk

Author: Ahmet Öztürk

Author: Şemsinur Göçer

Author: Yusuf Kırış

Author: Sibel Akın

Bibtex @research article { ktd483724, journal = {Konuralp Medical Journal}, issn = {1309-3878}, eissn = {1309-3878}, address = {Duzce University}, year = {2019}, volume = {11}, pages = {30 - 35}, doi = {10.18521/ktd.483724}, title = {Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Urban Areas of Kayseri, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study}, key = {cite}, author = {Deniz Şafak, Elif and Kızılçay, Hatice Duygu and Arguvanlı, Sibel and Mazıcıoğlu, Mumtaz M. and Mucuk, Salime and Öztürk, Ahmet and Göçer, Şemsinur and Kırış, Yusuf and Akın, Sibel} }
APA Deniz Şafak, E , Kızılçay, H , Arguvanlı, S , Mazıcıoğlu, M , Mucuk, S , Öztürk, A , Göçer, Ş , Kırış, Y , Akın, S . (2019). Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Urban Areas of Kayseri, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study. Konuralp Medical Journal, 11 (1), 30-35. DOI: 10.18521/ktd.483724
MLA Deniz Şafak, E , Kızılçay, H , Arguvanlı, S , Mazıcıoğlu, M , Mucuk, S , Öztürk, A , Göçer, Ş , Kırış, Y , Akın, S . "Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Urban Areas of Kayseri, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study". Konuralp Medical Journal 11 (2019): 30-35 <http://dergipark.org.tr/ktd/issue/44366/483724>
Chicago Deniz Şafak, E , Kızılçay, H , Arguvanlı, S , Mazıcıoğlu, M , Mucuk, S , Öztürk, A , Göçer, Ş , Kırış, Y , Akın, S . "Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Urban Areas of Kayseri, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study". Konuralp Medical Journal 11 (2019): 30-35
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Urban Areas of Kayseri, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study AU - Elif Deniz Şafak , Hatice Duygu Kızılçay , Sibel Arguvanlı , Mumtaz M. Mazıcıoğlu , Salime Mucuk , Ahmet Öztürk , Şemsinur Göçer , Yusuf Kırış , Sibel Akın Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18521/ktd.483724 DO - 10.18521/ktd.483724 T2 - Konuralp Medical Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 30 EP - 35 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 1309-3878-1309-3878 M3 - doi: 10.18521/ktd.483724 UR - https://doi.org/10.18521/ktd.483724 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Konuralp Medical Journal Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Urban Areas of Kayseri, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study %A Elif Deniz Şafak , Hatice Duygu Kızılçay , Sibel Arguvanlı , Mumtaz M. Mazıcıoğlu , Salime Mucuk , Ahmet Öztürk , Şemsinur Göçer , Yusuf Kırış , Sibel Akın %T Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Urban Areas of Kayseri, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study %D 2019 %J Konuralp Medical Journal %P 1309-3878-1309-3878 %V 11 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18521/ktd.483724 %U 10.18521/ktd.483724
ISNAD Deniz Şafak, Elif , Kızılçay, Hatice Duygu , Arguvanlı, Sibel , Mazıcıoğlu, Mumtaz M. , Mucuk, Salime , Öztürk, Ahmet , Göçer, Şemsinur , Kırış, Yusuf , Akın, Sibel . "Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Urban Areas of Kayseri, Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study". Konuralp Medical Journal 11 / 1 (March 2019): 30-35. https://doi.org/10.18521/ktd.483724