Author Guidelines

    Author Guideline 

 A. General Information 

 A1.1 Manuscript Submission

1.   Before you make your submission, you should ensure that you have all of the related information (e.g., Name-surname, full address, affiliation) and the ORCID numbers of the authors. Unless you have this information, your submission process will not proceed.

2.    Your manuscript should include two-MS Word documents: 1. Title page 2. Main text. In the title page, you should mention the names, affiliations and contact information of the authors. The main text should not involve the author names. Please make sure that you have prepared these two documents.

3.    On your internet server, open this address

4.    After you sign in DergiPark, click on “Submit a manuscript”

5.    Please download copyright form and after you have filled in, upload it by clicking on “file” button.

6.    Click “Save & next”.

7.    Fill in the asked information (e.g., type of document, topic, language, keywords, abstract) on the web page.

8.    Provide information about the authors (e.g., name, affiliation, country, ORCID number)

9.    If there are more than one author, click on “Add author” button and provide related information.

10. Please list all of your references in the space provided leaving a line blank between each reference.

11. By clicking on “File”, upload your manuscript which do not have involve the names of the authors. Name the file as 'full text' by checking the 'I want to enter the file title textually' below.

12. Click on “Add new file” to upload your “title page” document that have the information about the authors. Name the file as 'title page' by checking the 'I want to enter the file title textually' below than click on “Save”.

13. On the page, you may prefer to write DOI numbers of your references. If you do not, please click on “Save” to proceed.

14. If you want, you can add your note for the editor on the opened preview page

15. Please check your submission preview page. You can make corrections by clicking on ‘Go on editing’.

16. If the information displayed in the preview is accurate and complete, please click on ‘Submit’. After this stage, you cannot make any corrections (Send your change requests to the journal secretary).

For more information please visit   

A1.2 Publishing Policy

Kocaeli Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi - Journal of Health Sciences of Kocaeli University is an Open Access journal. Everybody can reach the content of the journal via internet without any payment. When you make manuscript submissions and give the right for publishing to KOU Sag Bil Derg, your articles will be published under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. By this way, the other researchers will reach, modify and publish your content by making attribution to the original material. Commercial use and financial gain are prohibited by this license. Please follow the link to get more knowledge about CCL:

Kocaeli University Journal of Health Sciences includes studies in the field of health sciences and is published online only in January, May and September three times a year. The language of the journal is Turkish or English. Original research, reviews, case reports and letters to the editor, which may be related to health sciences, are published in our journal.

Kocaeli University Journal of Health Sciences does not charge any fee during article submission, evaluation and publication process. In addition, the journal do not charge any fee for open access from authors.

A2.1 Scope of the Journal

Kocaeli Universitesi Saglık Bilimleri Dergisi-Journal of Health Sciences of Kocaeli University is published online three times a year by the Institute of Health Sciences of Kocaeli University and accepts manuscripts written in English or Turkish in all fields of medicine and related health sciences. The following types of papers are welcome: original articles (for the presentation of clinical and laboratory studies), case reports, review articles, and letters to the editor.

The Journal does not charge any fee during the submission, evaluation and publication process. There is not an open access publication fee for authors.

A2.2 Submission Procedures

All manuscripts must be submitted electronically via internet to Kocaeli Universitesi Saglık Bilimleri Dergisi through the online system ULAKBIM DergiPark ( Authors will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of various files. There are no page charges.

Papers are accepted for publication on the understanding that they have not been and will not be published or considered for publication elsewhere. Authors must certify that neither the manuscript nor its main contents have already been published or submitted for publication in another journal. The ‘Copyright & Publishing Policy Acceptance Form’, ‘ICJME Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest Form’, which can be found at after  starting submission, which must be signed by the corresponding author on behalf of all authors and must accompany all papers submitted. Please see the form and read Copyright Policy for additional copyright details. After a manuscript has been submitted, adding, removing or changing the order of authors is not allowed. The peer review process is double-blind, i.e. both authors and referees are kept anonymous. The editor-in-chief is authorized to reject a manuscript without peer review if the authors do not comply with the instructions or if the manuscript is beyond the scope of the journal. Any manuscript that does not conform to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals ( will also be rejected. After a manuscript has been accepted for publication, i.e. after peer-review process is complete, the authors will not be permitted to make changes that constitute significant departures from the text. The galley proofs are always sent to the authors for corrections before publication. Mistakes or omissions that occur due to some negligence on our part during final printing will be rectified in an erratum section in a later issue. This does not include those errors left uncorrected by the author in the galley proof. 

The author(s) doesn’t hold the copyright without restrictions and also doesn’t retain publishing rights without restrictions. Author and general public could not use the work commercially without permission from the publisher (please check Copyright Policy and CC license details for more information). The first publication right belongs to the journal. Exclusive rights (commercial etc.) of the published papers belong to the journal. There is not a payment to the authors as copyright fee.   

In manuscripts based on archive records, a permission document for the retrospective investigation signed by the head of the department, hospital director, or clinical supervisor is required.

A2.3 Preparation of Manuscript Style and Format

Manuscripts should be submitted to as a Microsoft Word file (with .doc or .docx extension) in Times New Roman with 12 font size, 1.5-line space, and justified paragraphs.  

Each page of main text of the manuscript should be numbered to bottom right. Manuscripts should be written in Turkish or English. Contributors who are not native speakers of English are strongly advised to ensure that a colleague fluent in English language or a professional language editor has reviewed their manuscript. It is strongly recommended that the text be run through computer spelling and grammar programs.

A2.4 Symbols, Units, and Abbreviations  

The journal follows the conventions of Scientific Style and Format, The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, Council of Science Editors, Reston, VA, USA (7th ed.).

·        If characters, such as p, ×, µ, η, or ν are used, they should be added using the symbols menu of the word processing program.

·        Degree symbols (°) must be used from the Symbol menu instead of uppercase letter “o” or number “0”.

·        Multiplication symbols (×) must be used instead of the letter “x”. One-character space must be inserted between numbers and units (e.g., “3 kg”), but not between numbers and mathematical symbols (+, –, ±, ×, =, <, >) or between numbers and percent symbols (e.g., ‘45%’).

·        The authors should be consistent in using International System (SI) units. All abbreviations and acronyms should be defined at first mention. Thereafter, generic names should be abbreviated as appropriate without altering the species name. 

A2.5 Journal Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of others' published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source. Self-plagiarism refers to the practice of an author using portions of their previous writings on the same topic in another of their publications, without specifically citing it formally in quote (

Kocaeli Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi-Journal of Health Sciences of Kocaeli University (KOU Sag Bil Derg) does not start manuscript evaluation process if plagiarism/self-plagiarism detected during editorial assessment since 2018. During manuscript submission process, the authors must upload the similarity reports of the manuscript by using an appropriate (iThenticate, Turnitin etc.) plagiarism software. Universities in Turkey are subscribers of a 'plagiarism software', please contact your librarian. Non-Turkish and non-university submissions please contact for information.

Articles that have a similarity rate of more than 30% are considered plagiarized and are rejected.

 From the January 2019 issue, according to the results of similarity report, one of the following three decisions is given about the article:

• It is sent to the editor for evaluation.

• It is sent back to the author for a correction.

• The rejection process is carried out without being taken to the evaluation stage (Articles that have a similarity rate of more than 30% are considered plagiarized and are rejected).

B. Instructions for Authors (Manuscript Guideline)

B1. Types of Manuscripts 

B1.1 Original Article 

It should consist of clearly defined “Introduction”, “Methods”, “Results”, and “Discussion” sections. The conclusion may be written as the last paragraph of discussion; there is no need to add a separate section for conclusion. The word count of the whole text must be 5,000 maximum excluding abstract, acknowledgements and references with a page number upper limit of 15 (page number not indicate submission file, It is about published paper's page number). References should be limited to 50; exceeding this limit may delay manuscript processing. Scientific names should be spelled in italics throughout the text. 

B1.1.2 Systematic Review

It is included in the research article. It is formed by scanning the studies published in the related field in a systematic and comprehensive manner, determining which studies will be included in the review within the framework of various objective acceptance and rejection criteria and synthesizing the information in the relevant subject. Authors should use standard checklists for systematic review and meta-analysis when submitting their drafts, indicating that they comply with the PRISMA ( statement. . It should be up-to-date to include the latest medical literature. It is preferable that the author has published articles on that subject.

B1.1.3 Metanalysis

A type of statistical literature developed by combining the findings of at least two studies to show the effect of a particular situation with a single estimator. By combining the findings of multiple studies, the validity and reliability of the results will be strengthened. Studies with single sampling may not have statistical significance, but this problem combined with meta-analysis can be overcome.

B1.2 Short Communication (Brief Report)

Short Communications are short, peer-reviewed articles focusing on a high-quality, hypothesis-driven, self-contained piece of original research and/or the proposal of a new theory or concept based on existing research (note that short communication is not original full text article!). They should not be preliminary reports or contain purely incremental data and should be of significance and broad interest to the field of health sciences.

 The total length of the article (including the main text and figure legends, but not the title page, abstract, materials and methods section or reference list) should not exceed 2500 words, with a 250-word abstract and a maximum of 3 display items (figures/tables). Supplementary information (figures, tables, movies, datasets) may be published online at the discretion of the editor and reviewers (a strict limit of 50 Mb of supplementary material exists per article). 

 Articles focusing on original research should be divided into the following sections, in this order: ‘Introduction’, ‘Methods’, ‘Results’, and ‘Discussion’ as original article designed. 

 B1.3 Review Article

Authors of Reviews must be a scientific authority for the topic of the manuscript, they must document their relevant own experience for the area by listing their own publications in the cover letter. Manuscript submissions that fail to list relevant own publications in the cover letter will be returned to authors.

The word count of the whole text must be 6,000 words maximum except for abstract and references with a page number upper limit of 20. The author(s) must have at least one paper published in a journal indexed in SCI-E on the subject related to the topic of the review. The abstract should be as one paragraph and written without a section. The numbers of references should be maximum 100. 

 B1.4 Case Report 

The word count must be 1,500 words maximum excluding abstract, acknowledgement and references. Case reports should consist of abstract, keywords, introduction, case report and discussion sections. The number of references and pages should be limited to 10.  Figures or Tables should follow the main text in separate pages.

 B1.5 Letter to the Editor

It should consist of 1,000 words maximum except for abstract and references. One tables or figures are included. If it is written referring to another article, the number and the date should also be added. The name(s), affiliation(s) and address(es) of author(s) should appear at the end of the text. The number of references and pages should be limited to five.  

B2. Manuscript Arrangement  

Manuscripts should be arranged as follows: “Title page”, “Abstract”, “Keywords”, “Main text”, “Acknowledgements”, “References”, “Tables”, and “Figures”.

1.   Cover Letter

2.   Title Page

3.   Manuscript Main Text

i. Abstract (max. 250 words)

ii. Introduction

iii. Methods

iv. Results


Figure Legends

v. Discussion 



vi. References

 B2.1 Title Page

All submissions must include a title page, which is to be uploaded as a separate document. The title page should contain the full title in capital letters (e.g., Urothelial Cancers: Clinical and Imaging Evaluation). The title should be limited to 25 words and must not contain abbreviations. The title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. It should be written in capital letters both in Turkish and in English. When the manuscript is in Turkish, the title in English should be written in italics and vice versa. The first and the family names of the authors should be written in small letters with the first letters capitalized.  

Full names and affiliations of all authors should be given clearly with address with zip code, name of country, and the contact details of corresponding author (e-mail address and phone number). In addition, ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) numbers of all authors should be included on the title page.  

B2.2 Abstract 

The abstract should be brief, indicating the purpose/significance of the research, methodology, major findings and the most significant conclusion(s). The abstract should not contain citations. The abstract should be written in reported speech and past tense as a single paragraph. 

The abstract should be structured to include the study’s four separate headings ‘Objective’, ‘Methods’, ‘Results’, and ‘Conclusion’. Abstracts of review articles should be a brief overview of the main points from the review. In reviews and case reports, abstract should be written without any sections. The abstract (in English and Turkish) should not exceed 250 words.

B2.3 Keywords

The authors must provide three to six keywords for indexing purposes and to facilitate the retrieval of articles with search engines. Keywords should be different from the words that make up the title. Keywords should be written below the Turkish and English abstracts. Acronyms should be avoided. English keywords should be chosen from the terms included in Medical Subjects Headings list ( For Turkish keywords, terms from Türkiye Bilim Terimleri ( or preferably TÜBA Türkçe Bilim Terimleri ( should be used. 

B2.4 Main Text

B2.4.1 Introduction 

The introduction should be clear and concise, with relevant references on the study subject and the proposed approach or solution. There should be no subheadings. Excessive citation of literature should be avoided. Only the latest citations of literature that are required to indicate the reason for the research undertaken and the essential background should be given.  

B2.4.2 Methods 

The author(s) should explain their clinical, technical, or experimental procedures clearly and concisely. A precise description of the selection of the observational or experimental subjects (e.g., patients or laboratory animals including controls) must be presented. Experimental research involving human or animals should be approved by ethical committee. All chemicals and drugs used must be identified correctly, including the generic names and the name of the manufacturer, city and country in parenthesis. The techniques or methodology adopted should be supported with standard references. Novel or substantially modified methods should be briefly described. Detailed description of established procedures is unnecessary. Apparatus should be described only if they are non-standard. Commercially available apparatus used should be stated (including manufacturers’ name and address in parenthesis). Only SI units should be used for each measurement. 

B2.4.3 Results

The result section should provide complete details of the experiment that are required to support the conclusion of the study. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in authors’ experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Speculation and detailed interpretation of the data should not be a part of the results but should be included in the discussion. 

B2.4.3.1 Tables and Figures 

The visual presentations like photographs, graphics, pictures, etc. must be labelled as ‘Figures’. Tables show the classified data. Tables should be added after the ‘References’ section. Figure legends should be placed at the end of the main text. Figures should be uploaded as a separate file following the DergiPark system. 

All tables and figures must have a caption and/or legend and be numbered (e.g., Table 1., Figure 2.), unless there is only one table or figure, in which case it should be labelled as ‘Table’ or ‘Figure’. Captions must be written in sentence case (e.g., Figure 1. Macroscopic appearance of the samples.). The font used in the figures should be Times New Roman. If symbols such as ×, μ, η, or ν are used, they should be added using the symbols menu of Word. All tables and figures must be numbered consecutively as they are referred in the text. Please refer to tables and figures with capitalization and as unabbreviated (e.g., ‘As shown in Figure 2. …’ instead of ‘Fig. 2’ or ‘figure 2’). The resolution of images should not be less than 118 pixels/cm when width is set to 16 cm. Images must be scanned at 300 dpi resolution and submitted in .jpeg, .png or .tif formats. 

Graphics and diagrams must be drawn with a line weight of 0.5-1 point. Scanned or photocopied graphs and diagrams are not accepted. 

Charts must be prepared in two-dimensional view unless required by the data used. 

Charts, diagrams, or drawings must be submitted in a modifiable format, i.e. our graphics personnel should be able to modify them. Therefore, it must be saved as .pdf. If this is not possible, the figure must be copied and pasted into a blank Microsoft Word document as an editable object. It must not be pasted as an image file (.tiff or .jpeg) unless it is a photograph. 

Tables and figures, including caption, title, column heads, and footnotes, must not exceed 16 × 20 cm and should be no smaller than 8 cm in width. For all tables, please use Word’s “Create Table” feature, with no tabbed text or tables created with spaces and drawn lines. Duplication of information that is already presented in the figures should be avoided. 

Tables must be clearly typed, each on a separate sheet, and single-spaced. Tables may be continued on another sheet if necessary, but the dimensions stated above still apply. 

Tables should be arranged with a horizontal borderline as well as below the last line. Moreover, there should be a vertical line on the right of first column on the left hand site. Abbreviations used in the tables should be succeeded by an asterisk (*) and explained below the table in 10-font size.  

Decimal numbers should be written with a dot and comma in English and Turkish tables, respectively.  Percentage symbol (%) should precede and succeed the numbers in Turkish and English text, respectively, with no space in between.  

Example for Table 

Table 1. The reasons of not applying to general practitioner for the first application 

The reasons



Only psychiatrist can do it



No information about general practitioner



Parents decision



Not preferred



   *Total number of patients.

B2.4.4 Discussion

Statements from the “Introduction” and “Results” sections should not be repeated here. The final paragraph should highlight the main conclusions of the study.  


All acknowledgements, poster/oral presentations, financial supports, grants, technical supports and conflicts of interest should be mentioned at the end of the text.  


The type of project or the financial support, such as scientific projects of a university, TUBITAK projects etc., should be mentioned at the end of the text including the numbers and the year of the projects. 

B2.4.6 References 

When mentioning a reference in the text, the correct expression is writing the first author of the paper, followed by et al. 

Citations in the text should be identified by superscript numbers succeeding punctuation with no space in between, such as ‘The results were as follows:4’ 

More than two successive reference numbers are separated with a hyphen whereas multiple non-succeeding reference numbers are separated with commas, for example, ‘Several interventions have been successful at increasing compliance.11,14,21-23’ 

Personal communications, unpublished data, or other unpublished materials should not be shown as references, although such material may be inserted in the text in parentheses. In publications in languages other than English, the published English title should be provided -if one exists- with an annotation, such as ‘article in Turkish with an abstract in English’. If the publication was not published with an English title, only the original title is provided. References should be formatted as follows noting the punctuation and capitalization): 

In following journals, first and the last numbers should be separated by ‘-’, for example: Diabetes mellitus is associated with a high risk of foot ulcers1-3 or ‘As reported previously,1,3-6’

Do not include personal communications, unpublished data, or other unpublished materials as references, although such material may be inserted (in parentheses) in the text. In the case of publications in languages other than English, the published English title should be provided if one exists, with an annotation such as “(article inTurkish with an abstract in English)”. If the publication was not published with an English title, provide the original title only; do not provide a self-translation. References should be formatted as follows (please note the punctuation and capitalization): 

The list of references at the end of the paper should be given in order of their first appearance in the text. Use authors’ surname followed by their initials without periods. If there are ≤ 6 authors, all should be named. If there are > 6 authors, list the first 3 followed by ‘et al.’, followed by ‘et al.’ in English and ‘ve ark.’ in Turkish references.

In order to arrange the reference list easily, our journal suggest the use of reference arrangement programmes such as EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero etc.).

If a supplement of a journal is referred, (suppl.) in English and (ES) in Turkish manuscripts should be used.

The abbreviation of journal names should be in accordance with NLM catalog (Index Medicus/Medline/Index Medicus). If the journal is not indexed in Index Medicus should be written without abbreviations.

1. The list of references at the end of the manuscript should be given in order of their first appearance in the text. All authors should be included in reference lists unless there are more than 6, in which case only the first 3 should be given, followed by ‘et al.’ in English and ‘ve ark.’ in Turkish references.  

2. The number of references should not exceed 60 in original articles, 100 in review articles, 20 in case reports, and 5 in letter to editor. The journal requires digital object identifier (DOI) numbers, when available, to be included in all references. 

3. The journal suggests the use of a citation software, such as EndNote or Mendeley. 

4. For a reference in the reference list, the surname of author, the first letter of author’s name, the title of the reference, the name of the journal, the publication year of the journal, volume, issue and pages numbers should be written. The name of the journal should be abbreviated as in American Medical Association (AMA) ( If the abbreviation is not available, the whole name of the journal should be written.  

i. Published Papers 

1. Keçeli S, Dündar D, Sönmez TG. Anti-candidal activity of clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains and in vitro inhibition of Candida biofilm formation. Mikrobiyol Bul. 2012;46(1):39-46.  

2. Debes-Marun CS, Dewald GW, Bryant S, et al. Chromosome abnormalities clustering and its implications for pathogenesis and prognosis in myeloma. Leukemia. 2003;17:427–436. doi: 10.1038/sj.leu.2402797. 

3. Ozcelik F, Oztosun M, Gülsün M, ve ark. İdiopatik trombositopenik purpura ön tanılı bir olguda EDTA’ya bağlı psödotrombositopeni. Turk J Biochem. 2012;37(3):336–339. doi: 10.5505/tjb.2012.18209 

4. Gage BF, Fihn SD, White RH. Management and dosing of warfarin therapy. Am J Med. 2000;109(6):481488. doi:10.1016/S0002-9343(00)00545-3. 

If a supplement of a journal is referred, “(suppl.)” in English and “(ES)” in Turkish manuscripts should be used.

ii. Electronic Journal Articles 

If a journal from a website is used, the date of publishing is used. Usually, there is no numbers of volume, issue or pages. The web adress and date of download should be given. Author(s) can reach tutorial web site to make AMA style reference via link:

5.1 Aggleton JP. Understanding anterograde amnesia: disconnections and hidden lesions. Q J Exp Psychol. 2008;61(10):1441-1471.      Accessed March 18, 2010  

iii. Web Page

5.2 Purdie, D. (2019). Why we need to talk about losing a baby. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Jun. 2019]. 

iv. Book 

6a. Strunk W Jr., White EB. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York, NY: Longman; 2000. 

6b. Harmening D. Modern Blood Banking & Transfusion Practices. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company; 2012.

v. Chapter in a Book 

7. Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:585-606. 

8. McCall RE, Tankersley CM. Phlebotomy and specimen considerations. In: Bishop ML, Fody EP, Schoeff LE, editors. Clinical Chemistry: Techniques, Principles, Correlations. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Lippincott Williams & Williams; 2010:33-73.

vi. Conference Proceedings 

9. Weber KJ, Lee J, Decresce R, Subjasis M, Prinz R. Intraoperative PTH monitoring in parathyroid hyperplasia requires stricter criteria for success. Paper presented at: 25th Annual American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Meeting; April 6, 2004; Charlottesville, VA. 

10. Chu H, Rosenthal M. Search engines for the World Wide Web: a comparative study and evaluation methodology. Paper presented at: American Society for Information Science Annual Conference; October 19-24, 1996; Baltimore, MD. Accessed February 26, 2004.

vii. Example - Dissertation

Author(s).  Title  [dissertation].  City, State (or, Province or Country) of publication: Publisher name; copyright year.

11. Fenster SD.  Cloning and Characterization of Piccolo, a Novel Component of the Presynaptic Cytoskeletal Matrix [dissertation].  Birmingham: University of Alabama; 2000.

viii. Example - Thesis

Author(s). Title [master's thesis]. City, State (or, Province or Country) of publication: Publisher name; copyright year.

12. Undeman C.  Fully Automatic Segmentation of MRI Brain Images Using Probabilistic Diffusion and a Watershed Scale-Space Approach [master’s thesis]. Stockholm, Sweden: NADA, Royal Institute of Technology; 2001. 

13. Fenster SD. Cloning and Characterization of Piccolo, a Novel Component of the Presynaptic Cytoskeletal Matrix [master’s thesis]. Birmingham: University of Alabama; 2000.

ix. Specific Record of an Online Database 

14. Acetaminophen poisoning. In DynaMed [database online]. EBSCO Information Services. Updated March 09, 2010. Accessed March 23, 2010. 

Statements from the “Introduction” and “Results” sections should not be repeated here. The final paragraph should highlight the main conclusions of the study.