Year 2018, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 166 - 174 2018-09-28

The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents

Ozcan Aygun [1] , Ayse Ergun [2]

71 169

Background: The incidence of skin cancers is steadily increasing. In particular,

because children and adolescents tend to be outdoors during the hours of most

intensive sunlight, schools play an important role in establishing sun protection

behavior among students.

Purpose: The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of a Sun Protection

Program (SPP) on the sun protection behavior of Turkish adolescents.

Methods: This study was designed as pre-/posttest control group semi-experimental

research. The research was carried out with 147 12-15 years-old adolescents in two

schools. One of the schools was randomly designated as consisting of the intervention

group of students; the other represented the control group. The intervention group

comprised 76, the control group 71 students, which together made up the sample.

Covariants were calculated in the pre-test scores and covariance analysis performed

to evaluate the impact of the intervention on both groups. The SPP formed the basis

for the program and consisted of 6 posters, a 12-page student handbook, 4 puzzles,

educational videos, and a UV-sensitive Frisbee game.

Results: The intervention group’s sunscreen use stage of change and sun avoidance,

using sunscreen and hat self-efficacy mean scores were higher and statistically more

significant than in the control group (p<.001). In addition, the increase in the scores

on the posttest as compared to the baseline in the sunscreen stage as well as in the

pros scores was found to be significant in the intervention group but not in the control

group (p<.05).

Conclusion: The study showed that a school-based SPP was effective in the short

term in achieving progress in the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) sunscreen use

stages, perceiving pros and in sun avoidance, sunscreen and hat use self-efficacy,

meaning that the program may be used in schools to increase sun protection behavior.

School-based, nurse-led, short-term studies encompassing group interventions are

successful in developing sun protection attitudes and will be useful in the future in the

context of school nursing activities.

Adolescent, Skin cancer prevention, Sun exposure, Sun protection, Transtheoretical model
  • World Health Organization (WHO). Ultraviolet Radiation and the INTERSUN Program. http://www.who.int/uv/faq/skincancer/en/index1. html Retrieved from: 22/04/2014, 2012
Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Ozcan Aygun

Author: Ayse Ergun

Dates

Publication Date: September 28, 2018

Bibtex @research article { marusbed465483, journal = {Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2459-1459}, address = {Marmara University}, year = {2018}, volume = {8}, pages = {166 - 174}, doi = {10.5152/clinexphealthsci.2017.588}, title = {The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents}, key = {cite}, author = {Aygun, Ozcan and Ergun, Ayse} }
APA Aygun, O , Ergun, A . (2018). The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, 8 (3), 166-174. DOI: 10.5152/clinexphealthsci.2017.588
MLA Aygun, O , Ergun, A . "The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents". Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 8 (2018): 166-174 <http://dergipark.org.tr/marusbed/issue/39474/465483>
Chicago Aygun, O , Ergun, A . "The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents". Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 8 (2018): 166-174
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents AU - Ozcan Aygun , Ayse Ergun Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.5152/clinexphealthsci.2017.588 DO - 10.5152/clinexphealthsci.2017.588 T2 - Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 166 EP - 174 VL - 8 IS - 3 SN - -2459-1459 M3 - doi: 10.5152/clinexphealthsci.2017.588 UR - https://doi.org/10.5152/clinexphealthsci.2017.588 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents %A Ozcan Aygun , Ayse Ergun %T The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents %D 2018 %J Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences %P -2459-1459 %V 8 %N 3 %R doi: 10.5152/clinexphealthsci.2017.588 %U 10.5152/clinexphealthsci.2017.588
ISNAD Aygun, Ozcan , Ergun, Ayse . "The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents". Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 8 / 3 (September 2018): 166-174. https://doi.org/10.5152/clinexphealthsci.2017.588
AMA Aygun O , Ergun A . The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2018; 8(3): 166-174.
Vancouver Aygun O , Ergun A . The Impact of Sun Protection Program on the Sun Protection Behavior of Adolescents. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2018; 8(3): 174-166.